Alexander Palace Forum

Discussions about the Imperial Family and European Royalty => Iberian Royal Families => Topic started by: kmerov on March 19, 2005, 10:18:26 AM

Title: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: kmerov on March 19, 2005, 10:18:26 AM
What was the story about the empire of Brazil? I know that the Royal family moved to Brazil because of the Napoleonic wars. But how did that go about? Did the Brazilian population like them, and who did they work with in the country?
I find it a bit complicated with some of the family going back to Portugal, due to the civil wars of Portugal with Maria II da Gloria and such. (Much like the Isabella story).
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: ipflo on March 19, 2005, 12:33:06 PM
hi,

you can find some info about the Brazilian empire on the following page:

http://books.guardian.co.uk/reviews/history/0,6121,1333371,00.html

Also there is a website on the summer palace of the brazilian emperors:

http://www.museuimperial.gov.br/

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on March 19, 2005, 08:26:33 PM
When Napoleon invaded the Iberian Peninsula, the Portuguese royal family, aided by Britain, migrated to Brazil, which was the crown jewel of the Portuguese colonial empire.

The Braganças remained in Brazil until 1822 when most of the family returned to Portugal.  That same year, and in agreement with his father King Joao VI, Crown prince Pedro declared brazil's independence from Portugal and had himself proclaimed Emperor of Brazil.  When Joao VI died, Pedro I of Brazil renounced the imperial throne on his only son, Pedro II, and sailed to Lisbon to occupy his father's throne.  Then Pedro abdicated his Portuguese throne in favor of his eldest daughter Maria, whose second husband was Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

The Brazilian Imperial Family are the descendants of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.

The descendants of Maria II ruled Portugal until 1910 when her great-grandson Manuel II was exiled.  This line became extinct in 1932 when Manuel II died suddenly, leaving no children from his marriage to Princess Augusta Viktoria of Hohenzollern.

Today's Portuguese royals are the descendants of Infante dom Miguel, the younger son of King Joao VI and borhter of Pedro I.  Dom Miguel claimed the Portuguese throne for himself in 1828, but was exiled by his brother after six years of war in 1834.  Miguel had been expected to become the husband of baby Queen Maria II, but that never happened.  His descendants were raised in austria and were not able to return to Portugal until the 1930's.  The present Head of the Portuguese Royal Family, Infante dom Duarte, Duke of Bragança, an extremely nice and welcoming gentleman, is a great-grandson of dom Miguel.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Grand Duke on March 20, 2005, 10:26:37 AM
Arturo, I'm sorry but I must made some corrections:

Quote
The Braganças remained in Brazil until 1822 when most of the family returned to Portugal.  That same year, and in agreement with his father King Joao VI, Crown prince Pedro declared brazil's independence from Portugal and had himself proclaimed Emperor of Brazil.
The Braganças returned to Portugal in 1821.
Brazil's independence (1822) was a rebelious act: in fact, Portugal and King João VI recognized Brazil's independence only in 1825.

Quote
When Joao VI died, Pedro I of Brazil renounced the imperial throne on his only son, Pedro II, and sailed to Lisbon to occupy his father's throne. Then Pedro abdicated his Portuguese throne in favor of his eldest daughter Maria
When João VI died (1826), Pedro I of Brazil became also Pedro IV of Portugal.
Since nobody wanted the 2 countries united again, Pedro granted the Constitutional Chart to Portugal and abdicated the Portuguese throne in favor of his infant daughter, Maria da Glória, who became Queen Maria II.
Since she was then only 7 years old (not a baby like Arturo said), he nominated his brother Dom Miguel, an absolutist, as Regent, on the promise that he would marry her and respect the Constitution.
But in 1828, Miguel usurped the throne from young Queen Maria and became an absolutist King. This act started a civil war, known as Liberal Wars.
In 1831, Pedro abdicated the throne of Brazil in favor of his son, Dom Pedro II, who was still a minor. This decision, prompted in part by differences with the Brazilian Parliament, was also motivated by an adventurous spirit which took him back to Portugal to oust his brother Miguel and put Maria II again as Queen.
In 1834 the War ended:
- Miguel lost and went to Austria in exile;
- Maria II was restored as a constitutional Queen;
- Pedro died that same year of tuberculosis, in the same palace room where he was born, with only 36 years old.

It is very ironic to think that today's Portuguese royals are the descendants of the exiled ex-king Miguel and they would be on the throne, if Portugal was a Monarchy. LONG LIVE THE REPUBLIC!

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on March 20, 2005, 11:42:54 AM
I have double checked my sources and you are correct, Joao VI returned to Portugal in 1821, not 1822.

Pedro I of Brazil abdicated his imperial crown on April 7, 1831 - Pedro II was only 5 years old (having been born at the end of 1825), and he was placed under a regency lasting until 1840, when at the age of 15 he assumed full control of his inheritance.  In 1843 he married by proxy in Naples Princess Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1822-1889) and religiously at Rio de Janeiro on 4 September 1843.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: kmerov on March 20, 2005, 05:04:15 PM
Thanks for the info and the links..
So i gather that Pedro II didnt have any sons, since he made his daughter regent?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on March 20, 2005, 05:13:37 PM
Two sons, both died when children.  His daughter Isabel survived until after World War I, his youngest daughter Leopoldine died in 1871 after having four sons in a short period with Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: grandduchessella on March 31, 2005, 11:53:40 PM
According to Paul Theroff's Online Gotha:

The headship of this family is somewhat in dispute. In 1908 Prince Pedro (1875-1940) renounced his rights to the Brazilian throne for himself and for his descendants. This renunciation, if valid, acted to make his nephew, Pr Pedro Henrique, head of the family upon the death of the Princess Imperial in 1921. Since that time members of the senior branch, descended from Prince Pedro, have disputed the validity of his renunciation. If the renunciation was valid, then the current head of this family is Dom Luíz Gastão (b.1938). If, however, it was not valid, then the head is Dom Pedro Gastão (b.1913).
 

All the members of the family (in male line) bear the title Prince(ss) of Orleans-Braganza with the style Royal Highness, even if they do not descend from an equal marriage. The descendants of Prince Dom Pedro Henrique bear the style Prince(ss) Imperial of Brazil, Prince(ss) of Orleans-Braganza with the style Imperial and Royal Highness, only if they descend from an equal marriage. The Imperial princes that contract non-equal marriages have to renounce those titles but keep the title of Prince(ss) of Orleans-Braganza with the style Royal Highness.

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: grandduchessella on April 01, 2005, 12:02:58 AM
They have many close connections to the house of Orleans:

Emperor Pedro I of Brazil (whose eldest daughter was Maria II da Glória, Queen of Portugal--her father had abdicated as King of Portugal in her favor while becoming Emperor of Brazil) 6th child Francisca Carolina Joana Carlota Leopoldina Romana Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga  m. (in Rio) 1843 François d'Orléans Prince de Joinville

Maria da Gloria's brother Pedro II (Emperor until he was deposed 1889) daughter Isabel married  1864 Gaston Pr d'Orléans,Count d'Eu (who died at sea in 1922--anyone know about that?)

Isabel's granddaughter Isabelle (who died in 2003 and who Art knows a great deal about--she had some great jewels) m 1931 Henri d'Orléans, Comte de Paris



Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: grandduchessella on April 01, 2005, 12:09:13 AM
The Orleans (who really got around maritally considering they were deposed) weren't the only well-known house connected to the Brazilians--the Coburgs pop up (of course!) as well. This helps to link them to many other thrones.

(Kohary branch) Ferdinand m. Antonie von Kohary:  
 
Ferdinand August Franz Anton m Maria II of Portugal

August Ludwig Viktor m.Clémentine d'Orléans : their sons (1) Philipp m. Louise of Belgium (a cousin--her father was Leopold II) (2) August m. Leopoldina of Brazil (3) Tsar Ferdinand of Bulgaria



Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Marc on April 01, 2005, 04:40:54 AM
Does anybody have colour picture of Empress Theresa of Brazil?I have searched the web but just found one colour pic of her witch is very small...
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on April 01, 2005, 12:14:55 PM
The Princess Imperial Izabel was very popular with the common folk, not so with the moneyed classes, who turned against her when she freed the slaves.  To this day her decision to put an end to slavery in Brazil remains tremendously courageous.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Grand Duke on April 01, 2005, 04:04:50 PM
MARC, after spending all afternoon searching for a colour painting of Empress Tereza Cristina of Brazil, finally I found this:

Pedro II & Tereza Cristina of Brazil
(http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v488/Sebastiao/impbrasil.jpg)
Painting by François René Moreaux, ca. 1850.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on April 01, 2005, 05:40:30 PM
A funny story fits right in...

Pedro II wanted the Duc de Penthievre, Prince Pierre d'Orléans, to marry his eldest daughter and was quite furious when Pierre turned down the possibility of migrating to Brazil.

Instead, Prince Gaston d'Orléans, Comte d'Eu, and his first cousin, Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Kohary branch), were chosen to marry Leopoldina and Izabel respectively.  It was the family's design that the Brazilian Empire was to become the possession of the vastly influential Coburg clan.

However, and as love would have it, when Gaston and August landed in Rio de Janeiro, Leopoldina fell in love with August and Izabel chose Gaston...the fiancé's were swapped to fulfill the whims of the two sisters...Pedro II was a loving father...and instead the Orléans were posied to inherit Brazil, while the Coburgs lost it.

In the meantime, Leopoldina and August started having children right away, their first arriving in 1866, while Izabel and Gaston tried and tried and tried and their first child, Pedro de Alcantâra, did not arrive until 1875.  If anything had happened to Izabel between 1871-1875, her eldest nephew, Peter August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, would have inherited the Brazilian throne after his grandfather's death.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Marc on April 01, 2005, 07:35:44 PM
Grand Duke,thanks so much!I never saw these paintings!Also,one question:Who is the rightfull heir to Brazilian throne?Pedro Gastao whose mother was Dobrzensky von Dobrzenitz Countess of Prince Louis(maybe a name mistake) who married Bavarian Princess?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: pablo on April 01, 2005, 08:12:54 PM
In 1888, Princess Isabel signed the law that abolished slavery (Lei Áurea). It was one of the determinant factors for the fall of Brazilian Monarchy.

Regards
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on April 02, 2005, 09:59:56 AM
Quote
Grand Duke,thanks so much!I never saw these paintings!Also,one question:Who is the rightfull heir to Brazilian throne?Pedro Gastao whose mother was Dobrzensky von Dobrzenitz Countess of Prince Louis(maybe a name mistake) who married Bavarian Princess?



Dom Pedro de Alcantâra d'Orleans-Braganca signed a renunciation in order to marry Countess Elisabeth Dobrzensky de Dobrzenics.  This was a morganatic marriage and thus his progeny were excluded from the succession line.

Dom Luiz, his next brother, therefore became the heir to the Brazilian dynastic rights of the Princess Imperial.  At his death, dom Luiz' rights were inherited by his son Prince dom Pedro Henrique, who eventually married Princess Maria of Bavaria - they are the parents of the present Brazilian heir, Dom Luiz.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: pablo on April 09, 2005, 12:54:15 PM
Empress Tereza Cristina had a defect in a leg (lame) and Pedro II only discovered after the wedding. It isn't gossip.

Regards.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Marc on April 09, 2005, 04:10:36 PM
Very interesting...That was a ''royal'' problem through the centuries as a result of intermarriage!
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: pablo on April 09, 2005, 06:18:23 PM


  Marc,

 Maybe !!!

  The Royal Family is very popular here in Brazil and there is a Railway  ,Tereza Cristina ,on  her homage.
  Years ago(2000), in a popular referendum the Presidential system won Monarchy's aspiration.

 Regards
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Prince_Leo_Teles on April 25, 2005, 10:08:15 PM
Arturo: Princess Isabel had a miscarriage before 1875... probably early 1870's and she visited many spas in Europe to "cure" her inability to produce children, quite different to her sister Leopoldine, who had 4 sons in such a small period of time.

Talking about Leopoldine... Pedro I's wife was also a Leopoldine: Archduchess Leopoldine of Austria and it is because of this marriage that Brazil's flag is yellow and green, being yellow from the house of Habsburg and green from the house of Braganca.

thank you
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Marc on April 26, 2005, 05:24:29 PM
Ha,such interesting informations...Thanks!If you have any other,please post it!
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: jeremygaleaz on April 29, 2005, 07:35:51 AM
Someone told me that there had been a vote several years ago to see how Brazil felt about bringing back it's Imperial family.Does anyone know much about this vote?

Pablo, is this the referendum you're refering to? Do you know what percentage of the population supported a return of the monarchy?

Thanks
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Prince_Leo_Teles on April 30, 2005, 12:59:16 AM
The royal family name was Braganca and they were reigning in Portugal since 1640. The regent was Joao Vi because his mother, Maria I was mad at the time that Napoleon Bonaparte was going to invade Portugal and imprison the royal family, but fortunately, Portugal had a secret alliance with England (enemy of Napoleon) that helped the family to escape to Brazil witn some financial help. When they first arrived in Rio de Janeiro in 1808, people were amazed, because never ever a royal family menber have visisted brazil before. It was a major change in the routine and habits of this society. What happened next is that there were made changes in the city to accomodate not only the royal family but the whole aristocracy that fled within. When Napoleon finally invaded Portugal, he was furious, because Lisbon was a famine city where all the richness and money had fled to Brazil.

Joao was married to the Spanish princess Carlota Joaquina since 1785 and had several children. In 1816 Maria died and finally Joao became king but the same year he was forced to create a kind of United Kingdom of Brazil and Portugal. The next year, his eldest son, Pedro married Archduchess Leopoldine of Austria.

In 1821 within political complications in Portugal mainly because of the absence of the royal family for more than 13 years, Joao and his family had finally to return to Lisbon (much to his dismay, because he fell in love with Brazil and left Rio de Janeiro completely heartbroken). Hel left his son Pedro as regent in Brazil and now comes the complicated bit, because history books says that Pedro (influenced by liberal politics) decided to declare Brazil independent on 7 September 1822, but what really happened according to proven documents was that Joao (his father) was well aware of the fact and completely agreed with it. Of course England was behind the scenes making the best of it.

Well, Pedro in Brazil had several children, including the eldest Maria da Gloria and the youngest, Pedro (future Pedro II). Pedro was crowned Pedro I of Brazil, but in 1826 his father dies and he engines a plan to keep both countries in the family: he send his daughter (7 years of age) to Lisbon to contract marriage with her uncle, Prince Miguel (18 years her senior), but influenced by his mother, Carlota Joaquina, Miguel decided not to marry his niece and insted declared himself king of Portugal.
Pedro in Brazil was forced then to leave Brazil and his 5 year old son (that only happened in 1830, 4 years later) behind and for the next 4 years he fought his own brother in what was called the Miguelist war (1830-1834) with the result of Miguel being expelled (he fled to Austria) and Pedro's final victory, but dying of tuberculosis the same year. So, his daugther was crowned Maria II in 1834.

I hope I helped to clear your questions.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Prince_Leo_Teles on April 30, 2005, 01:02:47 AM
hi jeremy....

the referendum was done in 1993 but unfortunatley due to the royal family feud against each other and the republican media, the general public really couldnt understand the importance of becoming an empire again, so monarchy was way a looser in that referendum.  Cant remenber the percentage, but can tell you that was very low indeed  :-[
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: pablo on May 08, 2005, 12:05:40 PM
Jeremy,

The percentage was 10,2 % of the population.

Regards.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: kmerov on May 09, 2005, 08:58:23 AM
Prince_Leo, a late thanks for your informations. :)
Do you know how many people moved with the royal family? And did the nobility  build new houses or move into old ones..Does there exist a Brazilian nobility?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Prince_Leo_Teles on May 09, 2005, 12:39:51 PM

hi kmerov

Dont have that info about the exact nr of the aristocrats that fled with the royal familuy, but can tell you that was quite a lot, as i said, when Boanparte arrived in Lisbon ready to steal and explore as much as he can, he was very very angry because all the richness had fled with the royal family only staying the mass.

About the accomodation was something quite funny actually: because Brazil was taken by surprise by their arrival, nothing was prepared and actually the royal family was lodged at first at the house of Governor of Rio de Janeiro. What happened was the middle class was "politely" asked to hand over their house to the "homeless" nobility and as a favour, D Joao (Regent Prince) granted so many new noble titles that almost "everybody" became noble all of sudden. And their titles was quite amusing, like for example a farmer that use to sell hens was granted the title: Conde Cantagalo (something liked Count of Rooster!!!!). This "new" brazilian aristocracy wasnt hereditary, so as their holders were dying, so were the titles, so we dont have a brazilian aritocracy nowadays, only the royla family that was split in 2 branches...but thats ANOTHER STORY  ;D ;D ;D
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Prince_Leo_Teles on May 10, 2005, 04:12:33 PM
Hello all members
 
They way the split between 2 branches happened is easy and sometimes misunderstood.

After Pedro II and his family were exlied from Brazil, they sailed to Europe. Empress Tereza Cristina died "en route" at Porto of a broken heart (as some say). So Pedro, his daughter Isabel with husband Prince Gaston of Orleans and their 3 sons: Prince Pedro (1875-1940), Prince Luis (1878-1920) and Prince Antonio (1881-1918) and also Princess Leopoldine's son: Prince Pedro of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1866-1934) traveled to Paris. From there the family split: the ex-Emperor opted to stay in Paris in a hotel (always visited by so many of his subjects!!), his daugther with Gaston and their 3 sons moved to Eu (a city in France where Gaston had a castle from his family), whilst Pedro of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha went to meet his father in Vienna (Pedro of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha never married).

In 1891 Pedro II died in Paris, and Princess Isabel became the head of the family and her eldest son, Pedro, her heir. Nine years passed and at 25 he met the Czech Countess Elizabeth Dobrzensky von Dobrzenicz. Princess Isabel was happy for her son but sad because according to the succession law, Elizabeth's family wasn't considered of equal birth (they didn't belong to the first part of Almanach de Gotha). Their engagement dragged for long eight years and finally they got married. Days before the wedding, Pedro signed a document renouncing to his rights for the Brazilian crown for himself and his descedants and that's the major dispute, because years later the family sustains that, since there wasn't a monarchy in Brazil anymore in 1908, the document is not legally valid.

The same year, Pedro's brother, Luiz married his cousin, Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Not only was he the next heir after his brother's renunciation, but he made a splendid match. Next year he had his first son (Pedro Henrique 1909-1981).

Prince Pedro's first daughter was born in 1911 (Princess Isabella 1911-2003) and in 1913 finally a son (Prince Pedro Gaston 1913).

well...from here there's a "world of lives" happening and many years passed until the family was granted the right to live in Brazil again (1940) and from there both branches decided to settle down. The elder branch (Pedro's line) live in Petropolis (old imperial city) and still holds the leasing of the whole city (kind of medieval vassal right of the land) while the younger branch (Luiz's branch) moved to Vassouras (in the same state - Rio de Janeiro).

In 1993 Brazil had a plebiscit to decide in favor or against the monarchy, but unfortnately only 10% of the population voted for that system. There were long talks about whom in fact should be nominated as presumptive heir... but it was just speculation, once everything is long dead now about kings and queens in Brazil.

Thank you
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Prince_Leo_Teles on May 10, 2005, 04:19:11 PM
Nice pic of empress Tereza Cristina (1822-1889). She was daughter of King Francis of Naples and his second wife, Princess Maria Isabella of Spain.

Tereza Cristina came to Brazil dreaming about his "charming Prince". The same happened with her fiancee, but in opposite effect: Pedro II almost fainted when saw his bride for the first time. He held his old nanny hands and asked her to take him from there (laugh). He was 18 years old then.

What happened is that they were really good hearted people and both worked hard for the marriage and in many ways they were happy with each other. She had some miscarriages and 2 sons who died in childhood, but they educated very well their 2 daugthers: Isabel and Leopoldine (1847-1871).
Tereza Cristina truly loved Brazil and after the exile she couldn't bear the fact that she would never return. She died "en route" to Paris. She died in Porto, Portugal.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on June 16, 2005, 02:10:16 PM
Below is a partial story that I wrote in 2003 that appeared in Russian as a two part article in the monthly Moscow monarchist journal Dvoryansky Vestnik (January and February of 2004). This article preceeded the visit of HIH Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia to Portugal to be received into the Royal Order of Saint Michael of the Wing by Dom Duarte Pio de Orleans e Bragança Chefe da Casa Real Portuguesa, Duque de Bragança e Grão Mestre Nato da Real Ordem de São Miguel da Ala.


The death of Jose I brought the joint rule of Maria I (reigned 1777-1816) daughter of Jose I and her husband and uncle Pedro III (reigned 1777-1786) son of Joao V. In 1799, Dom Joao son of Maria I and the late Pedro III was made Regent of Portugal after his mother developed a long term mental illness due the grief suffered by the untimely death of the handsome and promising Crown Prince (Joao's elder brother). The French army under Napoleon occupied Portugal in 1807 which caused the entire Portuguese Royal Family to move the capital of the Empire and the Court to Brazil which was raised to the status of co-realm. The British army under the command of the Duke of Wellington expelled the French troops from Portugal and repelled two later invasions. The Duke then used Portugal as a staging area for the many battles which finally drove Napoleon's armies from Spain in 1813. While the Portuguese Royal Family remained in Brazil after the war, the reorganised Portuguese army was commanded by a British officer from the Duke of Wellington's staff, William Beresford, who also served as the Regent of Portugal.

In Brazil, the long ill Queen Maria I died in 1816 and was succeeded by her son Dom Joao, who became Joao VI King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (reigned 1816-1826) and was crowned in Rio de Janeiro which was raised to the dignity of co-capital of the Portuguese Empire. Back in Portugal, the Cortes was re-established in the king's absence. In 1821, King Joao VI returned to Portugal, leaving behind his eldest son Dom Pedro in Brazil as the Regent. After the return of Joao VI, the Cortes implemented the Constitution of 1822 which provided for a limited monarchy with the ministers responsible to the elected legislators and not the king.

To the detriment of his father the king, the Masonic Lodge of Rio de Janeiro declared Dom Pedro Emperor of Brazil in 1822 and Dom Pedro accepted. King Joao VI consented to this arrangement provided he would be allowed to continue to use the title Emperor of Brazil until his death. Four years later in 1826, Joao VI died and the Regency Council of Portugal recognised Dom Pedro, Emperor of Brazil, as the Heir to the Portuguese Throne provided he abdicate the Brazillian Imperial Throne.

While Dom Pedro preferred Brazil to his native Portugal he did return at the insistence of the Portuguese Army as King Pedro IV (reigned 1826). Pedro IV did not care for the limitations placed on his rule by the Constitution of 1822, so he demanded changes from the Cortes which resulted in the Charter of 1826 which expanded the powers of the king. After the Charter was instituted, Pedro IV abdicated the throne of Portugal in favour of his minor daughter Dona Maria da Gloria, who would become Queen Maria II (reigned 1826-1828 and 1834-1853) and marry her uncle, Dom Pedro's younger brother Dom Miguel, who would return from exile to be Regent during Maria's infancy and later marry her and become King Consort. After Emperor Pedro's return to Brazil, his brother Dom Miguel returned from an exile imposed by his father whom he had tried to overthrow to serve as the Regent of the Realm until Maria II reached her majority. Upon his arrival in Lisbon, Dom Miguel was proclaimed the new king as Miguel I (reigned 1828-1834) by the conservative elements of the country: the nobility, the Church and the army. To the delight of Catholic Majority, King Miguel I abolished the Charter of 1826 and ruled Portugal as an absolutist and was politicaly supported by the Vatican, the United States and Spain.

Losing popular political support in Brazil, Emperor Pedro abdicated his imperial throne in 1831 in favour of his infant son Dom Pedro, who ruled Brazil as Emperor Pedro II (reigned 1831-1889). The former Emperor and his daughter, Maria II, then left for England to plan the overthrow of his brother King Miguel I and restore Maria II to the throne of Portugal.


DAP
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Grand Duke on June 17, 2005, 05:05:28 PM
Portrait of Princess Isabel of Brazil

(http://www.ponteiro.com.br/datas/images/6951.jpg)

(http://www.fundacaooscaramericano.org.br/por/250a-ok.jpg) 1863

(http://www.museuhistoriconacional.com.br/images/mh-e506-01p.jpg)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: santiago on June 24, 2005, 04:25:57 PM
The fleet had 15.000 people aboard. Some 9000 should be sailors, 1000 marines, the other 5000 civilians. Of these two thirds were servants. The remaining was the royal house, the administration and the high command. It was just general Junot who came with the first French invading army.
The king took only its privy Puse. Brazil was rich anyway by itself. Joao (Prince Regent) did not grant many new noble titles. Some 30 or 40. Portugal had 3 million people and Brazil also around 3 millions.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Grand Duke on July 10, 2005, 09:57:46 AM
Leopoldine and her children

(http://www.riototal.com.br/boanova/leopold2.jpg)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on July 11, 2005, 09:06:40 AM
The noted Portuguese writer, Eduardo Nobre, wrote two magnificent photo books on the Portuguese royal family...quite an amazing effort.

On the Brazilian branch one can enjoy some new books that have published inthe last two years, on Pedro II and Princess Imperial Izabel - both highly recommended!

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on July 14, 2005, 09:10:15 AM
Princess Françoise of Brazil was born at Rio de Janeiro on August 2, 1824.  Among the surviving children of Pedro I of Brazil and Leopoldina of Austria, Françoise was third, the others were: Queen Maria da Gloria of Portugal (1819-1853), Januaria (1822-1901) and Emperor Pero II of Brazil (1826-1891).

At the young age of 18, Françoise was maried at Rio de Janeiro to Prince François d'Orléans, Prince de Joinville, (1818-1900), seventh child of King Louis-Philippe of the French and his wife, the former Princess Marie-Amélie of Bourbon-Two Sicilies - herself a first cousin of Leopoldina of austria's father, Emperor Franz II (I). Françoise's wedding to the handsome French prince took place on May 1, 1843.

The Prince and Princess de Joinville settled in France and their first child, and only one to leave legitimate descendants, was born at the Château de Neuilly outside Paris in 1844.  Named Françoise in honor of her mother, he went on to marry her first cousin Prince Robert d'Orléans, Duke de Chartres, and became thus the grandmother of the late Monseigneur, the Count of Paris (1908-1999) - Among her other descendants are Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este (husband of Princess Astrid of Belgium), Queen Anne of Romania, the Duke of Magenta, Prince Michael of Greece, Countess Isabelle Shönborn-Buchheim, the present Count of Paris, the Dowager Countess Limburg Stirum, the Duke d'Orléans, the Duchess of Calabria, the Duchess of Württemberg and the Duke of Puglia, heir to the Savoy-Aosta line.

The Princess of Joinville led quiet life away from the limelight.  Her second child, Pierre, was born in 1845 and died in 1919.  Prince Pierre d'Orléans was a great navigator and explorer.  It wa shoped that e would marry his first cousin, the Princess Imperial of Brazil, but Pierre refused such an arrangement, causing no uncertain tremors within the family for keeping himself away from Brazil.  Pedro II was furious that Pierre would destroy his future plans for his eldest daughter Izabel.  Pierre remained a bachelor, although he fathered at least two children with a mistress.

The Prince and Princess of Joinville's youngest child was born in exile in England in 1849.  The baby, whose gender I do not know, was stillborn.  No more chdilren were born to the couple after this.

François and Françoise eventually returned to live in France, after the fall of Napoléon III.  The Prince de Joinville had inherited vast properties and remained the rest of his life involved with the running of his estate.

Princess Françoise died in Paris on March 27, 1898. She is buried at the Royal Chapel, St. Louis-de-Dreux.  her husband followed her on June 16, 1900, and he is also buried next to her at Dreux.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Grand Duke on July 14, 2005, 04:48:55 PM
Empress Amélia of Leuchtenberg, 2nd wife of Peter I

(http://www.arqnet.pt/imagens/pd_amelia1.jpg)

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: cantacuzene on July 15, 2005, 06:18:37 AM
The last bal


  On the night 10-Nov-1889 a great feast was celebrated in the Island of the rats 'Ilha dos ratos'. Also
known as 'Fiscal Island'.

            5000 persons danced all night long polkas and valses. Sis days after, the Republic was proclamated by Mrshall Deodoro.

           In this island, a palace built in mourish style received the crème of the empire: 12000 buttles (garrafas) of Oporto and Algarve wine were drunk. Women bought expensive french robes de nuit in Oveiro
Street. Magazins reported that men entered into the ballrooms uncorrectly couvered whith english hats. It was a scandal the underwear french clothes found the next day loosed . The brasilian court seemed not to be as serious and pious as one could imagine.

           Today, this island belongs to the 'Ministerio da Marinha' and can be visited with militar guides. It's over 200 m. to the center of Rio.

           There is a lot of folklore and imagination about this last feast (There is always a last bal at the end of an empire, someone said)

           Curiously,some republicans were present in that
mega-party and festivities (chilian feasts) in honour of the ship 'amiral Cochrane' continued under the new regime.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on November 24, 2005, 09:29:56 PM
Below is a short introduction to Bragança genealogy and the history of the Empire of Brazil. Part of this text comes from the entry for the Imperial House of Brazil that I wrote for the 2004 edition of the Almanach de Gotha and the remainder of the text was meant for a heretofore unfinished update of the Brazilian entry in the Almanch de Bruxelles.

Brazil

On 22 April 1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral, the commander of the Portuguese fleet en route to India, landed on the South American continent and took possession of the area in the name of King Dom Manoel I. Bahia, settled there in 1503 and named this new territory Vera Cruz and then Santa Cruz (Holy Cross). The name Brazil comes from the tree pau-brasil, also known as brazilwood or pernambuco, which was a common tree in the country but is now endangered. The 1525 Bajadoz Conference between Emperor Charles V, King of Spain and King João III of Portugal gave Brazil to Portugal The title of Prince of Brazil was first bestowed on the heir apparent to the Portuguese Throne 27 Oct 1645. The Portuguese Royal family and over 15,000 followers sailed to the colony of Brazil to elude capture by French Marshal Junot in 1807. They established their new capital at Rio de Janeiro and choose to remain in Brazil after the defeat of Napoleon. In 1815, the mentally unsound Dona Maria I was declared Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarve, with her son Dom João remaining Prince Regent. Upon the death of the queen in 1816, Dom João succeeded to the thrones of Portugal and Brazil as King Dom João VI.  The king returned to Portugal in 1821, leaving his eldest son Dom Pedro as Prince Regent and Lieutenant of Brazil. With the Brazilians of all classes demanding independence from Portugal, Dom Pedro was popularly proclaimed Emperor of Brazil on 7 Sept 1822 (Brazilian National Day), reigning as Emperor Dom Pedro I, after his coronation on 1 Dec 1822 at the Imperial Cathedral in Rio de Janeiro. He was later created Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil according to Title 5, Capital I, Article 100 of the Constitution of 22 April 1824. The independence of Brazil as a separate nation with the dignity of empire was recognized by Portugal in the treaty of 25 August 1825. A term of this treaty was that King João VI be accorded the title of João I Emperor of Brazil for the remainder of his life. Seven months later on 10 March 1826, João VI died leaving his son Dom Pedro the throne of Portugal, who reigned shortly as Dom Pedro IV. The same year Dom Pedro IV abdicated in favor of his six-year-old daughter, who became Queen Dona Maria II da Glória with his brother Dom Miguel, Duke of Bragança as Prince Regent and then returned to rule Brazil. On 7 April 1831, Dom Pedro I abdicated the Brazilian Throne in order to go to the aid of his daughter who had been deposed by his brother, now reigning in Portugal as, King Dom Miguel. A regency was established in Rio de Janeiro for his minor son Dom Pedro, Prince of Grão Pará, who succeeded to the throne of Brazil as Emperor Dom Pedro II. Although a minor, Dom Pedro II was declared to have reached his majority by the Senate and Chamber of Deputies on 23 July 1840. On 18 July 1841, the coronation of the new Constitutional Emperor was held at Rio de Janeiro. On 4 September 1843, the young emperor married Princess Theresa Carolina Maria de Bourbon, daughter of Francis I, King of the Two Sicilies. In 1865, the Emperor declared war against Paraguay with both Argentina and Uruguay as military allies. In September 1865, he accepted the surrender of the invading Paraguayan army at Uruguayana. At the insistence of the Emperor, the parliament voted on an initial measure to emancipate slaves held within the Empire. The Emperor had earlier banned the sale of slaves within the interior of the country.

In 1887, the Emperor Pedro II sailed to Europe for a recuperatetory visit. He named his daughter Dona Isabel, Imperial Princess Regent of the Empire in his absence. On 13 May 1888, the Imperial Princess Regent issued Law No. 3353 that declared slavery extinct within the Brazilian Empire. In 1889, the Emperor abdicated and a republic was proclaimed.

In the contract of marriage between Dona Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil and Prince Gaston d’Orléans, Count d’Eu dated 15 Oct 1864, the latter renounced any position or employment outside Brazil (by implication his Orleanist French rights, although such renunciation contravened the laws of the ancient French Monarchy). This was revised by the terms of a Pact between the Duke of Orléans (then Head of the Branch of Bourbón-Orléans) and the Count and Countess of Eu dated 26 April 1909, by which the Family of Orléans and Bragança, the Imperial House of Brazil, would retain its rights of succession to the throne of France, but take last place in the order of primogeniture. On 21 April 1993, a referendum was held in Brazil on the issue of the restoration of the monarchy with 12% of the 67 million people voting in favor of  monarchy.


David
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on November 24, 2005, 09:39:17 PM
Below is the text of the 1824 Constitution of the Empire of Brazil in variuos parts:


CONSTITUICÃO POLITICA DO IMPERIO DO BRAZIL (DE 25 DE MARÇO DE 1824)

EM NOME DA SANTISSIMA TRINDADE.

TITULO 1º

Do Imperio do Brazil, seu Territorio, Governo, Dynastia, e Religião.

Art. 1. O IMPERIO do Brazil é a associação Politica de todos os Cidadãos Brazileiros. Elles formam uma Nação livre, e independente, que não admitte com qualquer outra laço algum de união, ou federação, que se opponha á sua Independencia.

Art. 2. O seu territorio é dividido em Provincias na fórma em que actualmente se acha, as quaes poderão ser subdivididas, como pedir o bem do Estado.

Art. 3. O seu Governo é Monarchico Hereditario, Constitucional, e Representativo.

Art. 4. A Dynastia Imperante é a do Senhor Dom Pedro I actual Imperador, e Defensor Perpetuo do Brazil.

Art. 5. A Religião Catholica Apostolica Romana continuará a ser a Religião do Imperio. Todas as outras Religiões serão permitidas com seu culto domestico, ou particular em casas para isso destinadas, sem fórma alguma exterior do Templo.

TITULO 2º

Dos Cidadãos Brazileiros.

Art. 6. São Cidadãos Brazileiros

I. Os que no Brazil tiverem nascido, quer sejam ingenuos, ou libertos, ainda que o pai seja estrangeiro, uma vez que este não resida por serviço de sua Nação.

II. Os filhos de pai Brazileiro, e Os illegitimos de mãi Brazileira, nascidos em paiz estrangeiro, que vierem estabelecer domicilio no Imperio.

III. Os filhos de pai Brazileiro, que estivesse em paiz estrangeiro em sorviço do Imperio, embora elles não venham estabelecer domicilio no Brazil.

IV. Todos os nascidos em Portugal, e suas Possessões, que sendo já residentes no Brazil na época, em que se proclamou a Independencia nas Provincias, onde habitavam, adheriram á esta expressa, ou tacitamente pela continuação da sua residencia.

V. Os estrangeiros naturalisados, qualquer que seja a sua Religião. A Lei determinará as qualidades precisas, para se obter Carta de naturalisação.

Art. 7. Perde os Direitos de Cidadão Brazileiro

I. O que se nataralisar em paiz estrangeiro.

II. O que sem licença do Imperador aceitar Emprego, Pensão, ou Condecoração de qualquer Governo Estrangeiro.

III. O que for banido por Sentença.

Art. 8. Suspende-so o exercicio dos Direitos Politicos

I. Por incapacidade physica, ou moral.

II. Por Sentença condemnatoria a prisão, ou degredo, emquanto durarem os seus effeitos.

TITULO 3º

Dos Poderes, e Representação Nacional.

Art. 9. A Divisão, e harmonia dos Poderes Politicos é o principio conservador dos Direitos dos Cidadãos, e o mais seguro meio de fazer effectivas as garantias, que a Constituição offerece.

Art. 10. Os Poderes Politicos reconhecidos pela Constituição do Imperio do Brazil são quatro: o Poder Legislativo, o Poder Moderador, o Poder Executivo, e o Poder Judicial.

Art. 11. Os Representantes da Nação Brazileira são o Imperador, e a Assembléa Geral.

Art. 12. Todos estes Poderes no Imperio do Brazil são delegações da Nação.

TITULO 4º

Do Poder Legistativo.

CAPITULO I.

Do: Ramos do Poder Legislativo, e suas attribuições

Art. 13. O Poder Legislativo é delegado á Assembléa Geral com a Sancção do Imperador.

Art. 14. A Assembléa Geral compõe-se de duas Camaras: Camara de Deputados, e Camara de Senadores, ou Senado.

Art. 15. E' da attribuição da Assembléa Geral

I. Tomar Juramento ao Imperador, ao Principe Imperial, ao Regente, ou Regencia.

II. Eleger a Regencia, ou o Regente, e marcar os limites da sua autoridade.

III. Reconhecer o Principe Imperial, como Successor do Throno, na primeira reunião logo depois do sem nascimento.

IV. Nomear Tutor ao Imperador menor, caso seu Pai o não tenha nomoado em Testamento.

V. Resolver as duvidas, que occorrerem sobre a successão da Corôa.

VI. Na morte do Imperador, ou vacancia do Throno, instituir exame da administração, que acabou, e reformar os abusos nella introduzidos.

VII. Escolher nova Dynastia, no caso da extincção da Imperante.

VIII. Fazer Leis, interpretal-as, suspendel-as, e rovogal-as.

IX.Velar na guarda da Constituição, e promover o bem geral do Nação.

X. Fixar annualmente as despezas publicas, e repartir a contribuição directa.

XI. Fixar annualmente, sobre a informação do Governo, as forças de mar, e terra ordinarias, e extraordinarias.

XII. Conceder, ou negar a entrada de forças estrangeiras de terra e mar dentro do Imperio, ou dos portos delle.

XIII. Autorisar ao Governo, para contrahir emprestimos.

XIV. Estabelecer meios convenientes para pagamento da divida publica.

XV. Regular a administração dos bens Nacionaes, e decretar a sua alienação.

XVI. Crear, ou supprimir Empregos publicos, e estabelecer-lhes ordenados.

XVI. Determinar o peso, valor, inscripção, typo, e denominação das moedas, assim como o padrão dos pesos e medidas.

Art. 16. Cada uma das Camaras terá o Tratamento - de Augustos, e Dignissimos Senhores Representantes da Nação.

Art. 17. Cada Legislatura durará quatro annos, e cada Sessão annual quatro mezes.

Art. 18. A Sessão Imperial de abertura será todos os annos no dia tres de Maio.

Art. 19. Tambem será Imperial a Sessão do encerramento; e tanto esta como a da abertura se fará em Assembléa Geral, reunidas ambas as Camaras.

Art. 20. Seu ceremonial, e o da participação ao Imperador será feito na fórma do Regimento interno.

Art. 21. A nomeação dos respectivos Presidentes, Vice Presidentes, e Secretarios das Camaras, verificação dos poderes dos seus Membros, Juramento, e sua policia interior, se executará na fórma dos seus Regimentos.

Art. 22. Na reunião das duas Camaras, o Presidente do Senado dirigirá o trabalho; os Deputados, e Senadores tomarão logar indistinctamente.

Art. 23. Não se poderá celebrar Sessão em cada uma das Camaras, sem que esteja reunida a metade, e mais um dos seus respectivos Membros.

Art. 24. As Sessões de cada uma das Camaras serão publicas á excepção dos casos, em que o bem do Estado exigir, que sejam secretas.

Art. 25. Os negocios se resolverão pela maioria absoluta de votos dos Membros presentes.

Art. 26. Os Membros de cada uma das Camaras são inviolaveis polas opiniões, que proferirem no exercicio das suas funcções.

Art. 27. Nenhum Senador, ou Deputado, durante a sua deputação, póde ser preso por Autoridade alguma, salvo por ordem da sua respectiva Camara, menos em flagrante delicto de pena capital.

Art. 28. Se algum Senador, ou Deputado fòr pronunciado, o Juiz, suspendendo todo o ulterior procedimento, dará conta á sua respectiva Camara, a qual decidirá, se o processo deva continuar, e o Membro ser, ou não suspenso no exercicio das suas funcções.

Art. 29. Os Senadores, e Deputados poderão ser nomeados para o Cargo de Ministro de Estado, ou Conselheiro do Estado, com a differença de que os Senadores continuam a ter assento no Senado, e o Deputado deixa vago o seu logar da Camara, e se procede a nova eleição, na qual póde ser reeleito e accumular as duas funcções.

Art. 30. Tambem accumulam as duas funcções, se já exerciam qualquer dos mencionados Cargos, quando foram eleitos.

Art. 31. Não se pode ser ao mesmo tempo Membro de ambas as Camaras.

Art. 32. O exercicio de qualquer Emprego, á excepção dos de Conselheiro de Estado, o Ministro de Estado, cessa interinamente, emquanto durarem as funcções de Deputado, ou de Senador.

Art. 33. No intervallo das Sessões não poderá o Imperador empregar um Senador, ou Deputado fóra do Imperio; nem mesmo irão exercer seus Empregos, quando isso os impossibilite para se reunirem no tempo da convocação da Assembléa Geral ordinaria, ou extraordinaria.

Art. 34. Se por algum caso imprevisto, de que dependa a segurança publica, ou o bem do Estado, fôr indispensavel, que algum Senador, ou Deputado sáia para outra Commissão, a respectiva Camara o poderá determinar.



Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on November 24, 2005, 09:40:44 PM
Second Part:

CAPITULO II

Da Camara dos Deputados.

Art. 35. A Camara dos Deputados é electiva, e temporaria.

Art. 36. E' privativa da Camara dos Deputados a Iniciativa.

I. Sobre Impostos.

II. Sobre Recrutamentos.

III. Sobre a escolha da nova Dynastia, no caso da extincção da Imperante.

Art. 37. Tambem principiarão na Camara dos Deputados

I. O Exame da administração passada, e reforma dos abusos nella introduzidos.

A discussão das propostas, feitas polo Poder Executivo.

Art. 38. E' da privativa attribuição da mesma Camara decretar, que tem logar a accusação dos Ministros de Estado, e ConseIheiros de Estado.

Art. 39. Os Deputados vencerão, durante as Sessões, um Subsidio, pecuniario, taxado no fim da ultima Sessão da Legislatura antecedente. Além disto se lhes arbitrará uma indemnisação para as despezas da vinda, e volta.

CAPITULO III.

Do Senado.

Art. 40. 0 Senado é composto de Membros vitalicios, e será organizado por eleição Provincial.

Art. 41. Cada Provincia dará tantos Senadores, quantos forem metade de seus respectivos Deputados, com a differença, que, quando o numero dos Deputados da Provincia fôr impar, o numero dos seus Senadores será metade do numero immediatamente menor, de maneira que a Provincia, que houver de dar onze Deputados, dará cinco Senadores.

Art. 42. A Provincia, que tiver um só Deputado, elegerá todavia o seu Senador, não obstante a regra acima estabelecida.

Art. 43. As eleições serão feitas pela mesma maneira, que as dos Deputados, mas em listas triplices, sobre as quaes o Imperador escolherá o terço na totalidade da lista.

Art. 44. Os Logares de Senadores, que vagarem, serão preenchidos pela mesma fórma da primeira Eleição pela sua respectiva Provincia.

Art. 45. Para ser Senador requer-se

I. Que seja Cidadão Brazileiro, e que esteja no gozo dos seus Direitos Politicos.

II. Que tenha de idade quarenta annos para cima.

III. Que seja pessoa de saber, capacidade, e virtudes, com preferencia os que tivirem feito serviços á Patria.

IV. Que tenha de rendimento annual por bens, industria, commercio, ou Empregos, a somma de oitocentos mil réis.

Art. 46. Os Principes da Casa Imperial são Senadores por Direito, e terão assento no Senado, logo que chegarem á idade de vinte e cinco annos.

Art. 47. E' da attribuição exclusiva do Senado

I. Conhecer dos delictos individuaes, commettidos pelos Membros da Familia Imperial, Ministros de Estado, Conselheiros de Estado, e Senadores; e dos delictos dos Deputados, durante o periodo da Legislatura.

II. Conhecer da responsabilidade dos Secretarios, e Conselheiros de Estado.

III. Expedir Cartas de Convocação da Assembléa, caso o Imperador o não tenha feito dous mezes depois do tempo, que a Constituição determina; para o que se reunirá o Senado extraordinariamente.

IV. Convocar a Assembléa na morte do Imperodor para a Eleição da Regencia, nos casos, em que ella tem logar, quando a Regencia Provisional o não faça.

Art. 48. No Juizo dos crimes, cuja accusação não pertence á Camara dos Deputados, accusará o Procurador da Corôa, e Soberania Nacional.

Art. 49. As Sessões do Senado começam, e acabam ao mesmo tempo, que as da Camara dos Deputados.

Art. 50. A' excepção dos casos ordenados pela Constituição, toda a reunião do Senado fóra do tempo das Sessões da Camara dos Deputados é illicita, e nulla.

Art. 51.O Subsidio dos Senadores será de tanto, e mais metade, do que tiverem os Deputados.

CAPITULO IV.

Da Proposição, Discussão, Sancção, e Promulgação das Leis.

Art. 52. A Proposição, opposição, e approvação dos Projectos de Lei compete a cada uma das Camaras.

Art. 53.O Poder Executivo exerce por qualquer dos Ministros de Estado a proposição, que lhe compete na formação das Leis; e só depois de examinada por uma Commissão da Camara dos Deputados, aonde deve ter principio, poderá ser convertida em Projecto de Lei.

Art. 54. Os Ministros podem assistir, e discutir a Proposta, depois do relatorio da Commissão; mas não poderão votar, nem estarão presentes á votação, salvo se forem Senadores, ou Deputados.

Art. 55. Se a Camara dos Deputados adaptar o Projecto, o remetterá á dos Senadores com a seguinte formula - A Camara dos Deputados envia á Camara dos Senadores a Proposição junta do Poder Executivo (com emendas, ou sem ellas) e pensa, que ella tem logar.

Art. 56. Se não puder adoptar a proposição, participará ao Imperador por uma Deputação de sete Membros da maneira seguinte - A Camara dos Deputados testemunha ao Imperador o seu reconhecimento polo zelo, que mostra, em vigiar os interesses do Imperio: e Lhe supplica respeitosomente, Digne-Se tomar em ulterior consideração a Proposta do Governo.

Art. 57. Em geral as proposições, que a Camara dos Deputodos admittir, e approvar, serão remettidas á Camara dos Senadores com a formula seguinte - A Camara dos Deputados envia ao Senado a Proposição junta, e pensa, que tem logar, pedir-se ao Imperador a sua Sancção.

Art. 58. Se porém a Camara dos Senadores não adoptar inteiramente o Projecto da Camara dos Deputados, mas se o tiver alterado, ou addicionado, o reenviará pela maneira seguinte - O Senado envia á Camara dos Deputodos a sua Proposição (tal) com as emendas, ou addições juntas, e pensa, que com ellas tem logar pedir-se ao Imperador a Sancção Imperial.

Art. 59. Se o Senado, depois de ter deliberado, julga, que não póde admittir a Proposição, ou Projecto, dirá nos termos seguintes - O Senado torna a remetter á Camara dos Deputodos a Proposição (tal), á qual não tem podido dar o seu Consentimento.

Art. 60. O mesmo praticará a Camara dos Deputados para com a do Senado, quando neste tiver o Projecto a sua origem.

Art. 61. Se a Camara dos Deputados não approvar as emendas, ou addições do Senado, ou vice-versa, e todavia a Camara recusante julgar, que o projecto é vantojoso, poderá requerer por uma Deputação de tres Membros a reunião das duas Camaras, que se fará na Camara do Senado, e conforme o resultado da discussão se seguirá, o que fôr deliberado.

Art. 62. Se qualquer das duas Camaras, concluida a discussão, adoptar inteiramente o Projecto, que a outra Camara lhe enviou, o reduzirá a Decreto, e depois de lido em Sessão, o dirigirá ao Imperador em dous autographos, assignados pelo Presidente, e os dous primeiros Secretarios, Pedindo-lhe a sua Sancção pela formula seguinte - A Assembléa Geral dirige ao Imperador o Decreto incluso, que julga vantajoso, e util ao Imperio, e pede a Sua Magestade Imperial, Se Digne dar a Sua Sancção.

Art. 63. Esta remessa será feita por uma Deputação de sete Membros, enviada pela Camara ultimamente deliberante, a qual ao mesmo tempo informará á outra Camara, aonde o Projecto teve origem, que tem adoptado a sua Proposição, relativa a tal objecto, e que a dirigiu ao Imperador, pedindo-lhe a Sua Sancção.

Art. 64. Recusando o Imperador prestar seu consentimento, responderá nos termos seguintes. - O Imperador quer meditar sobre o Projecto de Lei, para a seu tempo se resolver - Ao que a Camara responderá, que - Louva a Sua Magestade Imperial o interesse, que toma pela Nação.

Art. 65. Esta denegação tem effeito suspensivo sómente: pelo que todas as vezes, que as duas Legislaturas, que se seguirem áquella, que tiver approvado o Projecto, tornem successivamente a apresental-o nos mesmos termos, entender-se-ha, que o Imperador tem dado a Sancção.

Art. 66. O Imperador dará, ou negará a Sancção em cada Decreto dentro do um mez, depois que lhe for apresentado.

Art. 67. Se o não fizer dentro do mencionado prazo, terá o mesmo effeito, como se expressamente negasse a Sancção, para serem contadas as Legislaturas, em que poderá ainda recusar o seu consentimento, ou reputar-se o Decreto obrigatorio, por haver já negado a Sancção nas duas antecedentes Legislaturas.

Art. 68. Se o Imperador adoptar o Projecto da Assembléa Geral, se exprimirá assim - O Imperador consente - Com o que fica sanccionado, e nos termos de ser promulgado como Lei do Imperio; e um dos dous autographos, depois de assignados pelo Imperador, será remettido para o Archivo da Camara, que o enviou, e o outro servirá para por elle se fazer a Promulgação da Lei, pela respectiva Secretaria de Estado, aonde será guardado.

Art. 69. A formula da Promulgação da Lei será concebida nos seguintes termos - Dom (N.) por Graça de Deos, e Unanime Acclamação dos Povos, Imperador Constitucional, e Defensor Perpetuo do Brazil: Fazemos saber a todos os Nossos Subditos, que a Assembléa Geral decretou, e Nós Queremos a Lei seguinte (a integra da Lei nas suas disposições sómente): Mandamos por tanto a todas as Autoridades, a quem o conhecimento, e execução do referida Lei pertencer, que a cumpram, e façam cumprir, e guardar tão inteiramente, como nella se contém. O Secretario de Estado dos Nogocios d.... (o da Repartição competente) a faça imprimir, publicar, e correr.

Art. 70. Assignada a Lei pelo Imperador, referendada pelo Secretario de Estado competente, e sellada com o Sello do Imperio, se guardará o original no Archivo Publico, e se remetterão os Exemplares della impressos a todas as Camaras do Imperio, Tribunaes, e mais Logares, aonde convenha fazer-se publica.

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on November 24, 2005, 09:42:04 PM
Third part:

CAPITULO V.

Dos Conselhos Geraes de Provincia, e suas attribuições.

Art. 71. A Constituição reconhece, e garante o direito de intervir todo o Cidadão nos negocios da sua Provincia, e que são immediatamente relativos a seus interesses peculiares.

Art. 72. Este direito será exercitado pelas Camara dos Districtos, e pelos Conselhos, que com o titulo de - Conselho Geral da Provincia-se devem estabelecer em cada Provincia, aonde não, estiver collocada a Capital do Imperio.

Art. 73. Cada um dos Conselhos Geraes constará de vinte e um Membros nas Provincias mais populosas, como sejam Pará, Maranhão, Ceará, Pernambuco, Bahia, Minas Geraes, S. Paulo, e Rio Grande do Sul; e nas outras de treze Membros.

Art. 74. A sua Eleição se fará na mesma occasião, e da mesma maneira, que se fizer a dos Representantes da Nação, e pelo tempo de cada Legislatura.

Art. 75. A idade de vinte e cinco annos, probidade, e decente subsistencia são as qualidades necessarias para ser Membro destes Conselhos.

Art. 76. A sua reunião se fará na Capital da Provincia; e na primeira Sessão preparatoria nomearão Presidente, Vice-Presidente, Secretario, e Supplente; que servirão por todo o tempo da Sessão: examinarão, e verificarão a legitimidade da eleição dos seus Membros.

Art. 77. Todos os annos haverá Sessão, e durará dous mezes, podendo prorogar-se por mais um mez, se nisso convier a maioria do Conselho.

Art. 78. Para haver Sessão deverá achar-se reunida mais da metade do numero dos seus Membros.

Art. 79. Não podem ser eleitos para Membros do Conselho Geral, o Presidente da Provincia, o Secretario, e o Commandante das Armas.

Art. 80. O Presidente da Provincia assistirá á installação do Conselho Geral, que se fará no primeiro dia de Dezembro, e terá assento igual ao do Presidente do Conselho, e á sua direita; e ahi dirigirá o Presidente da Provincia sua fala ao Conselho; instruindo-o do estado dos negocios publicos, e das providencias, que a mesma Provincia mais precisa para seu melhoramento.

Art.. 81. Estes Conselhos terão por principal objecto propôr, discutir, e deliberar sobre os negocios mais interessantes das suas Provincias; formando projectos peculiares, e accommodados ás suas localidades, e urgencias.

Art. 82. Os negocios, que começarem nas Camaras serão remettidos officialmente ao Secretario do Conselho, aonde serão discutidos a portas abertas, bem como os que tiverem origem nos mesmos Conselhos. As suas resoluções serão tomadas á pluralidade absoluta de votos dos Membros presentes.

Art. 83. Não se podem propôr, nem deliberar nestes Conselhos Projectos.

I. Sobre interesses geraes da Nação.

II. Sobre quaesquer ajustes de umas com outras Provincias.

III. Sobre imposições, cuja iniciativa é da competencia particular da Camara dos Deputados. Art. 36.

IV. Sobre execução de Leis, devendo porém dirigir a esse respeito representações motivadas á Assembléa Geral, e ao Poder Executivo conjunctamente.

Art. 84. As Resoluções dos Conselhos Geraes de Provincia serão remettidas directamente ao Poder Executivo, pelo intermedio do Presidente da Provincia.

Art. 85. Se a Assembléa Geral se achar a esse tempo reunida, lhe serão immediatamente enviadas pela respectiva Secretaria de Estado, para serem propostas como Projectos de Lei, e obter a approvação da Assembléa por uma unica discussão em cada Camara.

Art. 86. Não se achando a esse tempo reunida a Assembléa, o Imperador as mandará provisoriamente executar, se julgar que ellas são dignas de prompta providencia, pela utilidade, que de sua observancia resultará ao bem geral da Provincia.

Art. 87. Se porém não occorrerem essas circumstancias, o Imperador declarará, que - Suspende o seu juizo a respeito daquelle negocio - Ao que o Conselho responderá, que - recebeu mui respeitosamente a resposta de Sua Magestade Imperial.

Art. 88. Logo que a Assembléa Geral se reunir, Ihe serão enviadas assim essas Resoluções suspensas, como as que estiverem em execução, para serem discutidas, e deliberadas, na fórma do Art. 85.

Art. 89. O methodo de proseguirem os Conselhos Geraes de Provincia em seus trabalhos, e sua policia interna, e externa, tudo se regulará por um Regimento, que lhes será dado pela Assembléa Geral.

CAPITULO VI.

Das Eleições.

Art. 90. As nomeações dos Deputados, e Senadores para a Assembléa Geral, e dos Membros dos Conselhos Geraes das Provincias, serão feitas por Eleições indirectas, elegendo a massa dos Cidadãos activos em Assembléas Parochiaes os Eleitores de Provincia, e estes os Representantes da Nação, e Provincia.

Art. 91. Têm voto nestas Eleições primarias

I. Os Cidadãos Brazileiros, que estão no gozo de seus direitos politicos.

II. Os Estrangeiros naturalisados.

Art. 92. São excluidos de votar nas Assembléas Parochiaes.

I. Os menores de vinte e cinco annos, nos quaes se não comprehendem os casados, e Officiaes Militares, que forem maiores de vinte e um annos, os Bachares Formados, e Clerigos de Ordens Sacras.

II. Os filhos familias, que estiverem na companhia de seus pais, salvo se servirem Officios publicos.

III. Os criados de servir, em cuja classe não entram os Guardalivros, e primeiros caixeiros das casas de commercio, os Criados da Casa Imperial, que não forem de galão branco, e os administradores das fazendas ruraes, e fabricas.

IV. Os Religiosos, e quaesquer, que vivam em Communidade claustral.

V. Os que não tiverem de renda liquida annual cem mil réis por bens de raiz, industria, commercio, ou Empregos.

Art. 93. Os que não podem votar nas Assembléas Primarias de Parochia, não podem ser Membros, nem votar na nomeação de alguma Autoridade electiva Nacional, ou local.

Art. 94. Podem ser Eleitores, e votar na eleição dos Deputados, Senadores, e Membros dos Conselhos de Provincia todos, os que podem votar na Assembléa Parochial. Exceptuam-se

I. Os que não tiverem de renda liquida annual duzentos mil réis por bens de raiz, industria, commercio, ou emprego.

II. Os Libertos.

III. Os criminosos pronunciados em queréla, ou devassa.

Art. 95. Todos os que podem ser Eleitores, abeis para serem nomeados Deputados. Exceptuam-se

I. Os que não tiverem quatrocentos mil réis de renda liquida, na fórma dos Arts. 92 e 94.

II. Os Estrangeiros naturalisados.

III. Os que não professarem a Religião do Estado.

Art. 96. Os Cidadãos Brazileiros em qualquer parte, que existam, são elegiveis em cada Districto Eleitoral para Deputados, ou Senadores, ainda quando ahi não sejam nascidos, residentes ou domiciliados.

Art. 97. Uma Lei regulamentar marcará o modo pratico das Eleições, e o numero dos Deputados relativamente á população do Imperio.

TITIULO 5º

Do Imperador.

CAPITULO I.

Do Poder Moderador.

Art. 98. O Poder Moderador é a chave de toda a organisação Politica, e é delegado privativamente ao Imperador, como Chefe Supremo da Nação, e seu Primeiro Representante, para que incessantemente vele sobre a manutenção da Independencia, equilibrio, e harmonia dos mais Poderes Politicos.

Art. 99. A Pessoa do Imperador é inviolavel, e Sagrada: Elle não está sujeito a responsabilidade alguma.

Art. 100. Os seus Titulos são "Imperador Constitucional, e Defensor Perpetuo do Brazil" e tem o Tratamento de Magestade Imperial.

Art. 101. O Imperador exerce o Poder Moderador

I. Nomeando os Senadores, na fórma do Art. 43.

II. Convocando a Assembléa Geral extraordinariamente nos intervallos das Sessões, quando assim o pede o bem do Imperio.

III. Sanccionando os Decretos, e Resoluções da Assembléa Geral, para que tenham força de Lei: Art. 62.

IV. Approvando, e suspendendo interinamente as Resoluções dos Conselhos Provinciaes: Arts. 86, e 87.

V. Prorogando, ou adiando a Assembléa Geral, e dissolvendo a Camara dos Deputados, nos casos, em que o exigir a salvação do Estado; convocando immediatamente outra, que a substitua.

VI. Nomeando, e demittindo livremente os Ministros de Estado.

VII. Suspendendo os Magistrados nos casos do Art. 154.

VIII. Perdoando, e moderando as penas impostas e os Réos condemnados por Sentença.

IX. Concedendo Amnistia em caso urgente, e que assim aconselhem a humanidade, e bem do Estado.

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on November 24, 2005, 09:43:20 PM
Fourth part:

CAPITULO II.

Do Poder Executivo.

Art. 102. O Imperador é o Chefe do Poder Executivo, e o exercita pelos seus Ministros de Estado.

São suas principaes attribuições

I. Convocar a nova Assembléa Geral ordinaria no dia tres de Junho do terceiro anno da Legislatura existente.

II. Nomear Bispos, e prover os Beneficios Ecclesiasticos.

III. Nomear Magistrados.

IV. Prover os mais Empregos Civis, e Politicos.

V. Nomear os Commandantes da Força de Terra, e Mar, e removel-os, quando assim o pedir o Serviço da Nação.

VI. Nomear Embaixadores, e mais Agentes Diplomaticos, e Commerciaes.

VII. Dirigir as Negociações Politicas com as Nações estrangeiras.

VIII. Fazer Tratados de Alliança offensiva, e defensiva, de Subsidio, e Commercio, levando-os depois de concluidos ao conhecimento da Assembléa Geral, quando o interesse, e segurança do Estado permittirem. Se os Tratados concluidos em tempo de paz envolverem cessão, ou troca de Torritorio do Imperio, ou de Possessões, a que o Imperio tenha direito, não serão ratificados, sem terem sido approvados pela Assembléa Geral.

IX. Declarar a guerra, e fazer a paz, participando á Assembléa as communicações, que forem compativeis com os interesses, e segurança do Estado.

X. Conceder Cartas de Naturalisação na fórma da Lei.

XI. Conceder Titulos, Honras, Ordens Militares, e Distincções em recompensa de serviços feitos ao Estado; dependendo as Mercês pecuniarias da approvação da Assembléa, quando não estiverem já designadas, e taxadas por Lei.

XII. Expedir os Decretos, Instrucções, e Regulamentos adequados á boa execução das Leis.

XIII. Decretar a applicação dos rendimentos destinados pela Assembléa aos varios ramos da publica Administração.

XIV. Conceder, ou negar o Beneplacito aos Decretos dos Concilios, e Letras Apostolicas, e quaesquer outras Constituições Ecclesiasticas que se não oppozerem á Constituição; e precedendo approvação da Assembléa, se contiverem disposição geral.

XV. Prover a tudo, que fôr concernente á segurança interna, e externa do Estado, na fórma da Constituição.

Art. 103. 0 Imperador antes do ser acclamado prestará nas mãos do Presidente do Senado, reunidas as duas Camaras, o seguinte Juramento - Juro manter a Religião Catholica Apostolica Romana, a integridade, e indivisibilidade do Imperio; observar, e fazer observar a Constituição Politica da Nação Brazileira, e mais Leis do Imperio, e prover ao bem geral do Brazil, quanto em mim couber.

Art. 104. O Imperador não poderá sahir do Imperio do Brazil, sem o consentimento da Assembléa Geral; e se o fizer, se entenderá, que abdicou a Corôa.

CAPITULO III.

Da Familia Imperial, e sua Dotação.

Art. 105. O Herdeiro presumptivo do Imperio terá o Titulo de "Principe Imperial" e o seu Primogenito o de "Principe do Grão Pará" todos os mais terão o de "Principes". O tratamento do Herdeiro presumptivo será o de "Alteza Imperial" e o mesmo será o do Principe do Grão Pará: os outros Principes terão o Tratamento de Alteza.

Art. 106.0 Herdeiro presumptivo, em completando quatorze annos de idade, prestará nas mãos do Presidente do Senado, reunidas as duas Camaras, o seguinte Juramento - Juro manter a Religião Catholica Apostolica Romana, observar a Constituição Politica da Nação Brazileira, e ser obediente ás Leis, e ao Imperador.

Art. 107. A Assembléa Geral, logo que o Imperador succeder no Imperio, lhe assignará, e á Imperatriz Sua Augusta Esposa uma Dotação correspondente ao decoro de Sua Alta Dignidade.

Art. 108. A Dotação assignada ao presente Imperador, e á Sua Augusta Esposa deverá ser augmentada, visto que as circumstancias actuaes não permittem, que se fixe desde já uma somma adequada ao decoro de Suas Augustas Pessoas, e Dignidade da Nação.

Art. 109. A Assembléa assignará tambem alimentos ao Principe Imperial, e aos demais Principes, desde que nascerem. Os alimentos dados aos Principes cessarão sómente, quando elles sahirem para fóra do Imperio.

Art. 110. Os Mestres dos Principes serão da escolha, e nomeação do Imperador, e a Assembléa lhes designará os Ordenados, que deverão ser pagos pelo Thesouro Nacional.

Art. 111. Na primeira Sessão de cada Legislatura, a Camara dos Deputados exigirá dos Mestres uma conta do estado do adiantamento dos seus Augustos Discipulos.

Art. 112. Quando as Princezas houverem de casar, a Assembléa lhes assignará o seu Dote, e com a entrega delle cessarão os alimentos.

Art. 113. Aos Principes, que se casarem, e forem residir fóra do Imperio, se entregará por uma vez sómente uma quantia determinada pela Assembléa, com o que cessarão os alimentos, que percebiam.

Art. 114. A Dotação, Alimentos, e Dotes, de que fallam os Artigos antecedentes, serão pagos pelo Thesouro Publico, entregues a um Mordomo, nomeado pelo Imperador, com quem se poderão tratar as Acções activas e passivas, concernentes aos interesses da Casa Imperial.

Art. 115. Os Palacios, e Terrenos Nacionaes, possuidos actualmente pelo Senhor D. Pedro I, ficarão sempre pertencendo a Seus Successores; e a Nação cuidará nas acquisições, e construcções, que julgar convenientes para a decencia, e recreio do Imperador, e sua Familia.

CAPITULO IV.

Da Successão do Imperio.

Art. 116. O Senhor D. Pedro I, por Unanime Acclamação dos Povos, actual Imperador Constittucional, e Defensor Perpetuo, Imperará sempre no Brazil.

Art. 117. Sua Descendencia legitima succederá no Throno, Segundo a ordem regular do primogenitura, e representação, preferindo sempre a linha anterior ás posteriores; na mesma linha, o gráo mais proximo ao mais remoto; no mesmo gráo, o sexo masculino ao feminino; no mesmo sexo, a pessoa mais velha á mais moça.

Art. 118. Extinctas as linhas dos descendentes legitimos do Senhor D. Pedro I, ainda em vida do ultimo descendente, e durante o seu Imperio, escolherá a Assembléa Geral a nova Dynastia.

Art. 119. Nenhum Estrangeiro poderá succeder na Corôa do Imperio do Brazil.

Art. 120. O Casamento da Princeza Herdeira presumptiva da Corôa será feito a aprazimento do Imperador; não existindo Imperador ao tempo, em que se tratar deste Consorcio, não poderá elle effectuar-se, sem approvacão da Assembléa Geral. Seu Marido não terá parte no Governo, e sómente se chamará Imperador, depois que tiver da Imperatriz filho, ou filha.

CAPITULO V.

Da Regencia na menoridade, ou impedimento do Imperador.

Art. 121. O Imperador é menor até á idade de dezoito annos completos.

Art. 122. Durante a sua menoridade, o Imperio será governado por uma Regencia, a qual pertencerá na Parente mais chegado do Imperador, segundo a ordem da Successão, e que seja maior de vinte e cinco annos.

Art. 123. Se o Imperador não tiver Parente algum, que reuna estas qualidades, será o Imperio governado por uma Regencia permanente, nomeada pela Assembléa Geral, composta de tres Membros, dos quaes o mais velho em idade será o Presidente.

Art. 124. Em quanto esta Rogencia se não eleger, governará o Imperio uma Regencia provisional, composta dos Ministros de Estado do Imperio, e da Justiça; e dos dous Conselheiros de Estado mais antigos em exercicio, presidida pela Imperatriz Viuva, e na sua falta, pelo mais antigo Conselheiro de Estado.

Art. 125. No caso de fallecer a Imperatriz Imperante, será esta Regencia presidida por seu Marido.

Art. 126. Se o Imperador por causa physica, ou moral, evidentemente reconhecida pela pluralidade de cada uma das Camaras da Assembléa, se impossibilitar para governar, em seu logar governará, como Regente o Principe Imperial, se for maior de dezoito annos.

Art. 127. Tanto o Regente, como a Regencia prestará o Juramento mencionado no Art. 103, accrescentando a clausula de fidelidade na Imperador, e de lhe entregar o Governo, logo que elle chegue á maioridade, ou cessar o seu impedimento.

Art. 128. Os Actos da Regencia, e do Regente serão expedidos em nome do Imperador pela formula seguinte - Manda a Regencia em nome do Imperador... - Manda o Principe Imperial Regente em nome do Imperador.

Art. 129. Nem a Regencia, nem o Regente será responsavel.

Art. 130. Durante a menoridade do Successor da Corôa, será seu Tutor, quem seu Pai lhe tiver nomeado em Testamento; na falta deste, a Imperatriz Mãi, em quanto não tornar a casar: faltando esta, a Assembléa Geral nomeará Tutor, com tanto que nunca poderá ser Tutor do Imperador menor aquelle, a quem possa tocar a successão da Corôa na sua falta.

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on November 24, 2005, 09:45:59 PM
Fifth part:

CAPITULO VI.

Do Ministerio.

Art. 131. Haverá differentes Secretarias de Estado. A Lei designará os negocios pertencentes a cada uma, e seu numero; as reunirá, ou separará, como mais convier.

Art. 132. Os Ministros de Estado referendarão, ou assignarão todos os Actos do Poder Executivo, sem o que não poderão ter execução.

Art. 133. Os Ministros de Estado serão responsaveis

I. Por traição.

II. Por peita, suborno, ou concussão.

III. Por abuso do Poder.

IV. Pela falta de observancia da Lei.

V. Pelo que obrarem contra a Liberdade, segurança, ou propriedade dos Cidadãos.

VI. Por qualquer dissipação dos bens publicos.

Art. 134. Uma Lei particular especificará a natureza destes delictos, e a maneira de proceder contra elles.

Art. 135. Não salva aos Ministros da responsabilidade a ordem do Imperador vocal, ou por escripto.

Art. 136. Os Estrangeiros, posto que naturalisados, não podem ser Ministros de Estado.

CAPITULO VII.

Do Conselho de Estado.

Art. 137. Haverá um Conselho de Estado, composto de Conselheiros vitalicios, nomeados pelo Imperador.

Art. 138. O seu numero não excederá a dez.

Art. 139; Não são comprehendidos neste numero os Ministros de Estado, nem estes serão reputados Conselheiros de Estado, sem especial nomeação do Imperador para este Cargo.

Art. 140. Para ser Coaselheiro de Estado requerem-se as mesmas qualidades, que devem concorrer para ser Senador.

Art. 14I. Os Conselheiros de Estado, antes de tomarem posse, prestarão juramento nas mãos do Imperador de - manter a Religião Catholica Apostolica Romana; observar a Constituição, e às Leis; ser fieis ao Imperador; aconselhal-o segundo suas consciencias, attendendo sómente ao bem da Nação.

Art. 142. Os Conselheiros serão ouvidos em todos os negocios graves, e medidas geraes da publica Administração; principalmente sobre a declaração da Guerra, ajustes de paz, nogociações com as Nações Estrangeiras, assim como em todas as occasiões, em que o Imperador se proponha exercer qualquer das attribuições proprias do Poder Moderador, indicadas no Art. 101, á excepção da VI.

Art. 143. São responsaveis os Conselheiros de Estado pelos conselhos, que derem, oppostos ás Leis, e ao interesse do Estado, manifestamente dolosos.

Art. 144. O Principe Imperial, logo que tiver dezoito annos completos, será de Direito do Conselho de Estado: os demais Principes da Casa Imperial, para entrarem no Conselho de Estado ficam dependentes da nomeação do Imperador. Estes, e o Principe Imperial não entram no numero marcado no Art. 138.

CAPITULO VIII.

Da Força Militar.

Art. 145. Todos os Brazileiros são obrigados a pegar em armas, para sustentar a Independencia, e integridade do Imperio, e defendel-o dos seus inimigos externos, ou internos.

Art. 146. Emquanto a Assembléa Geral não designar a Força Militar permanente de mar, e terra, substituirá, a que então houver, até que pela mesma Assembléa seja alterada para mais, ou para menos.

Art. 147. A Força Militar é essencialmente obediente; jamais se poderá reunir, sem que lhe seja ordenado pela Autoridade legitima.

Art. 148. Ao Poder Executivo compete privativamente empregar a Força Armada de Mar, e Terra, como bem lhe parecer conveniente á Segurança, e defesa do Imperio.

Art. 149. Os Officiaes do Exercito, e Armada não podem ser privados das suas Patentes, senão por Sentença proferida em Juizo competente.

Art. 150. Uma Ordenança especial regulará a Organização do Exercito do Brazil, suas Promoções, Soldos e Disciplina, assim como da Força Naval.

TITULO 6º

Do Poder Judicial.

CAPITULO UNICO.

Dos Juizes, e Tribunaes de Justiça.

Art. 151. O Poder Judicial independente, e será composto de Juizes, e Jurados, os quaes terão logar assim no Civel, como no Crime nos casos, e pelo modo, que os Codigos determinarem.

Art. 152. Os Jurados pronunciam sobre o facto, e os Juizes applicam a Lei.

Art. 153. Os Juizes de Direito serão perpetuos, o que todavia se não entende, que não possam ser mudados de uns para outros Logares pelo tempo, e maneira, que a Lei determinar.

Art. 154. O Imperador poderá suspendel-os por queixas contra elles feitas, precedendo audiencia dos mesmos Juizes, informação necessaria, e ouvido o Conselho de Estado. Os papeis, que lhes são concernentes, serão remettidos á Relação do respectivo Districto, para proceder na fórma da Lei.

Art. 155. Só por Sentença poderão estes Juizes perder o Logar.

Art. 156. Todos os Juizes de Direito, e os Officiaes de Justiça são responsaveis pelos abusos de poder, e prevaricações, que commetterem no exercicio de seus Empregos; esta responsabilidade se fará effectiva por Lei regulamentar.

Art. 157. Por suborno, peita, peculato, e concussão haverá contra elles acção popular, que poderá ser intentada dentro de anno, e dia pelo proprio queixoso, ou por qualquer do Povo, guardada a ordem do Processo estabelecida na Lei.

Art. 158. Para julgar as Causas em segunda, e ultima instancia haverá nas Provincias do Imperio as Re1ações, que forem necessarias para commodidade dos Povos.

Art. 159. Nas Causas crimes a Inquirição das Testemunhas, e todos os mais actos do Processo, depois da pronuncia, serão publicos desde já.

Art. 160. Nas civeis, e nas penaes civilmente intentadas, poderão as Partes nomear Juizes Arbitros. Suas Sentenças serão executadas sem recurso, se assim o convencionarem as mesmas Partes.

Art. 161. Sem se fazer constar, que se tem intentado o meio da reconciliação, não se começará Processo algum.

Art. 162. Para este fim haverá juizes de Paz, os quaes serão electivos pelo mesmo tempo, e maneira, por que se elegem os Vereadores das Camaras. Suas attribuições, e Districtos serão regulados por Lei.

Art. 163. Na Capital do Imperio, além da Relação, que deve existir, assim como nas demais Provincias, haverá tambem um Tribunal com a denominação de - Supremo Tribunal de Justiça - composto de Juizes Letrados, tirados das Relações por suas antiguidades; e serão condecorados com o Titulo do Conselho. Na primeira organisação poderão ser empregados neste Tribunal os Ministros daquelles, que se houverem de abolir.

Art. 164. A este Tribunal Compete:

I. Conceder, ou denegar Revistas nas Causas, e pela maneira, que a Lei determinar.

II. Conhecer dos delictos, e erros do Officio, que commetterem os seus Ministros, os das Relações, os Empregados no Corpo Diplomatico, e os Presidentes das Provincias.

III. Conhecer, e decidir sobre os conflictos de jurisdição, e competencia das Relações Provinciaes.

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on November 24, 2005, 09:48:55 PM
Sixth part:

TITULO 7º  

Da Administração e Economia das Provincias.  

CAPITULO I.

Da Administração.

Art. 165. Haverá em cada Provincia um Presidente, nomeado pelo Imperador, que o poderá remover, quando entender, que assim convem ao bom serviço do Estado.

Art. 466. A Lei designará as suas attribuições, competencia, e autoridade, e quanto convier no melhor desempenho desta Administração.

CAPITULO II.

Das Camaras.

Art. 167. Em todas as Cidades, e Villas ora existentes, e nas mais, que para o futuro se crearem haverá Camaras, ás quaes compete o Governo economico, e municipal das mesmas Cidades, e Villas.

Art. 168. As Camaras serão electivas, e compostas do numero de Vereadores, que a Lei designar, e o que obtiver maior numero de votos, será Presidente.

Art. 169. O exercicio de suas funcções municipaes, formação das suas Posturas policiaes, applicação das suas rendas, e todas as suas particulares, e uteis attribuições, serão decretadas por uma Lei regulamentar.

CAPITULO III.

Da Fazenda Nacional.

Art. 170. A Receita, e despeza da Fazenda Nacional será encarregada a um Tribunal, debaixo de nome de 'Thesouro Nacional" aonde em diversas Estações, devidamente estabelecidas por Lei, se regulará a sua administração, arrecadação e contabilidade, em reciproca correspondencia com as Thesourarias, e Autoridades das Provincias do Imperio.

Art. 171. Todas as contribuições directas, á excepção daquellas, que estiverem applicadas aos juros, e amortisação da Divida Publica, serão annualmente estabelecidas pela Assembléa Geral, mas continuarão, até que se publique a sua derogação, ou sejam substituidas por outras.

Art. 172. O Ministro de Estado da Fazenda, havendo recebido dos outros Ministros os orçamentos relativos ás despezas das suas Repartições, apresentará na Camara dos Deputados annualmente, logo que esta estiver reunida, um Balanço geral da receita e despeza do Thesouro Nacional do anno antecedente, e igualmente o orçamento geral de todas as despezas publicas do anno futuro, e da importancia de todas as contribuições, e rendas publicas.

TITULO 8º

Das Disposições Geraes, e Garantias dos Direitos Civis, e Politicos

dos Cidadãos Brazileiros.

Art. 173. A Assembléa Geral no principio das suas Sessões examinará, se a Constituição Politica do Estado tem sido exactamente observada, para prover, como fôr justo.

Art. 174. Se passados quatro annos, depois de jurada a Constituição do Brazil, se conhecer, que algum dos seus artigos merece roforma, se fará a proposição por escripto, a qual deve ter origem na Camara dos Deputados, e ser apoiada pela terça parte delles.

Art. 175. A proposição será lida por tres vezes com intervallos de seis dias de uma á outra leitura; e depois da terceira, deliberará a Camara dos Deputados, se poderá ser admittida á discussão, seguindo-se tudo o mais, que é preciso para formação de uma Lei.

Art. 176. Admittida a discussão, e vencida a necessidade da reforma do Artigo Constitucional, se expedirá Lei, que será sanccionada, e promulgada pelo Imperador em fórma ordinaria; e na qual se ordenará aos Eleitores dos Deputados para a seguinte Legislatura, que nas Procurações lhes confiram especial faculdade para a pretendida alteração, ou reforma.

Art. 177. Na seguinte Legislatura, e na primeira Sessão será a materia proposta, e discutida, e o que se vencer, prevalecerá para a mudança, ou addição á Lei fundamental; e juntando-se á Constituição será solemnemente promulgada.

Art. 178. E' só Constitucional o que diz respeito aos limites, e attribuições respectivas dos Poderes Politicos, e aos Direitos Politicos, e individuaes dos Cidadãos. Tudo, o que não é Constitucional, póde ser alterado sem as formalidades referidas, pelas Legislaturas ordinarias.

Art. 179. A inviolabilidade dos Direitos Civis, e Politicos dos Cidadãos Brazileiros, que tem por base a liberdade, a segurança individual, e a propriedade, é garantida pela Constituição do Imperio, pela maneira seguinte.

I. Nenhum Cidadão póde ser obrigado a fazer, ou deixar de fazer alguma cousa, senão em virtude da Lei.

II. Nenhuma Lei será estabelecida sem utilidade publica.

III. A sua disposição não terá effeito retroactivo.

IV. Todos podem communicar os seus pensamentos, por palavras, escriptos, e publical-os pela Imprensa, sem dependencia de censura; com tanto que hajam de responder pelos abusos, que commetterem no exercicio deste Direito, nos casos, e pela fórma, que a Lei determinar.

V. Ninguem póde ser perseguido por motivo de Religião, uma vez que respeite a do Estado, e não offenda a Moral Publica.

VI. Qualquer póde conservar-se, ou sahir do Imperio, como Ihe convenha, levando comsigo os seus bens, guardados os Regulamentos policiaes, e salvo o prejuizo de terceiro.

VII. Todo o Cidadão tem em sua casa um asylo inviolavel. De noite não se poderá entrar nella, senão por seu consentimento, ou para o defender de incendio, ou inundação; e de dia só será franqueada a sua entrada nos casos, e pela maneira, que a Lei determinar.

VIII. Ninguem poderá ser preso sem culpa formada, excepto nos casos declarados na Lei; e nestes dentro de vinte e quatro horas contadas da entrada na prisão, sendo em Cidades, Villas, ou outras Povoações proximas aos logares da residencia do Juiz; e nos logares remotos dentro de um prazo razoavel, que a Lei marcará, attenta a extensão do territorio, o Juiz por uma Nota, por elle assignada, fará constar ao Réo o motivo da prisão, os nomes do seu accusador, e os das testermunhas, havendo-as.

IX. Ainda com culpa formada, ninguem será conduzido á prisão, ou nella conservado estando já preso, se prestar fiança idonea, nos casos, que a Lei a admitte: e em geral nos crimes, que não tiverem maior pena, do que a de seis mezes de prisão, ou desterro para fóra da Comarca, poderá o Réo livrar-se solto.

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: David_Pritchard on November 24, 2005, 09:49:47 PM
Seventh part:

X. A' excepção de flagrante delicto, a prisão não póde ser executada, senão por ordem escripta da Autoridade legitima. Se esta fôr arbitraria, o Juiz, que a deu, e quem a tiver requerido serão punidos com as penas, que a Lei determinar. O que fica disposto acerca da prisão antes de culpa formada, não comprehende as Ordenanças Militares, estabelecidas como necessarias á disciplina, e recrutamento do Exercito; nem os casos, que não são puramente criminaes, e em que a Lei determina todavia a prisão de alguma pessoa, por desobedecer aos mandados da justiça, ou não cumprir alguma obrigação dentro do determinado prazo.

XI. Ninguem será sentenciado, senão pela Autoridade competente, por virtude de Lei anterior, e na fórma por ella prescripta.

XII. Será mantida a independencia do Poder Judicial. Nenhuma Autoridade poderá avocar as Causas pendentes, sustal-as, ou fazer reviver os Processos findos.

XIII. A Lei será igual para todos, quer proteja, quer castigue, o recompensará em proporção dos merecimentos de cada um.

XIV. Todo o cidadão pode ser admittido aos Cargos Publicos Civis, Politicos, ou Militares, sem outra differença, que não seja dos seus talentos, e virtudes.

XV. Ninguem será exempto de contribuir pera as despezas do Estado em proporção dos seus haveres.

XVI. Ficam abolidos todos os Privilegios, que não forem essencial, e inteiramente ligados aos Cargos, por utilidade publica.

XVII. A' excepção das Causas, que por sua natureza pertencem a Juizos particulares, na conformidade das Leis, não haverá Foro privilegiado, nem Commissões especiaes nas Causas civeis, ou crimes.

XVIII. Organizar–se-ha quanto antes um Codigo Civil, e Criminal, fundado nas solidas bases da Justiça, e Equidade.

XIX. Desde já ficam abolidos os açoites, a tortura, a marca de ferro quente, e todas as mais penas crueis.

XX. Nenhuma pena passará da pessoa do delinquente. Por tanto não haverá em caso algum confiscação de bens, nem a infamia do Réo se transmittirá aos parentes em qualquer gráo, que seja.

XXI. As Cadêas serão seguras, limpas, o bem arejadas, havendo diversas casas para separação dos Réos, conforme suas circumstancias, e natureza dos seus crimes.

XXII. E'garantido o Direito de Propriedade em toda a sua plenitude. Se o bem publico legalmente verificado exigir o uso, e emprego da Propriedade do Cidadão, será elle préviamente indemnisado do valor della. A Lei marcará os casos, em que terá logar esta unica excepção, e dará as regras para se determinar a indemnisação.

XXIII. Tambem fica garantida a Divida Publica.

XXIV. Nenhum genero de trabalho, de cultura, industria, ou commercio póde ser prohibido, uma vez que não se opponha aos costumes publicos, á segurança, e saude dos Cidadãos.

XXV. Ficam abolidas as Corporações de Officios, seus Juizes, Escrivães, e Mestres.

XXVI. Os inventores terão a propriedade das suas descobertas, ou das suas producções. A Lei lhes assegurará um privilegio exclusivo temporario, ou lhes remunerará em resarcimento da perda, que hajam de soffrer pela vulgarisação.

XXVII. O Segredo das Cartas é inviolavel. A Administração do Correio fica rigorosamente responsavel por qualquer infracção deste Artigo.

XXVIII. Ficam garantidas as recompensas conferidas pelos serviços feitos ao Estado, quer Civis, quer Militares; assim como o direito adquirido a ellas na fórma das Leis.

XXIX. Os Empregados Publicos são strictamente responsaveis pelos abusos, e omissões praticadas no exercicio das suas funcções, e por não fazerem effectivamente responsaveis aos seus subalternos.

XXX.. Todo o Cidadão poderá apresentar por escripto ao Poder Legislativo, e ao Executivo reclamações, queixas, ou petições, e até expôr qualquer infracção da Constituição, requerendo perante a competente Auctoridade a effectiva responsabilidade dos infractores.

XXXI. A Constituição tambem garante os soccorros publicos.

XXXII. A Instrucção primaria, e gratuita a todos os Cidadãos.

XXXIII. Collegios, e Universidades, aonde serão ensinados os elementos das Sciencias, Bellas Letras, e Artes.

XXXIV. Os Poderes Constitucionaes não podem suspender a Constituição, no que diz respeito aos direitos individuaes, salvo nos casos, e circumstancias especificadas no paragrapho seguinte.

XXXV. Nos casos de rebellião, ou invasão de inimigos, pedindo a segurança do Estado, que se dispensem por tempo determinado algumas das formalidades, que garantem a liberdede individual, poder-se-ha fazer por acto especial do Poder Legislativo. Não se achando porém a esse tempo reunida a Assembléa, e correndo a Patria perigo imminente, poderá o Governo exercer esta mesma providencia, como medida provisoria, e indispensavel, suspendendo-a immediatamente que cesse a necessidade urgente, que a motivou; devendo num, e outro caso remetter á Assembléa, logo que reunida fôr, uma relação motivada das prisões, e d'outras medidas de prevenção tomadas; e quaesquer Autoridades, que tiverem mandado proceder a ellas, serão responsaveis pelos abusos, que tiverem praticado a esse respeito.

Rio de Janeiro, 11 de Dezembro de 1823.- João Severiano Maciel da Costa.- Luiz José de Carvalho e Mello.- Clemente Ferreira França.- Marianno José Pereira da Fonseca.- João Gomes da Silveira Mendonça.- Francisco Villela Barboza.- Barão de Santo Amaro.- Antonio Luiz Pereira da Cunha.- Manoel Jacintho Nogueira da Gama.- Josè Joaquim Carneiro de Campos.

Mandamos portanto, a todas as Autoridades, a quem o conhecimento e execução desta Constituição pertencer, que a jurem, e façam jurar, a cumpram, e façam cumprir, e guardar tão inteiramente, como nella se contem. O Secretario de Estado dos Nogocios do Imperio a faça imprimir, publicar, e correr. Dada na Cidade do Rio de Janeiro, aos vinte e cinco de Março de mil oitocentos e vinte e quatro, terceiro da Independencia e do Imperio.

IMPERADOR Com Guarda.

João Severiano Maciel da Costa.

Carta de Lei, pela qual VOSSA MAGESTADE IMPERIAL Manda cumprir, e guardar inteiramente a Constituição Politica do Imperio do Brazil, que VOSSA MAGESTADE IMPERIAL Jurou, annuindo às Representações dos Povos.

Para Vossa Magestade Imperial ver.

Luiz Joaquim dos Santos Marrocos a fez.

Registrada na Secretaria de Estado dos Negocios do Imperio do Brazil a fls. 17 do Liv. 4º de Leis, Alvarás e Cartas Imperiaes. Rio de Janeiro em 22 de Abril de 1824.

Josè Antonio de Alvarenga Pimentel.
 
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on January 12, 2006, 04:42:38 PM
The Princess of Joinville led quiet life away from the limelight.  Her second child, Pierre, was born in 1845 and died in 1919.  Prince Pierre d'Orléans was a great navigator and explorer.  It wa shoped that e would marry his first cousin, the Princess Imperial of Brazil, but Pierre refused such an arrangement, causing no uncertain tremors within the family for keeping himself away from Brazil.  Pedro II was furious that Pierre would destroy his future plans for his eldest daughter Izabel.  Pierre remained a bachelor, although he fathered at least two children with a mistress.

Does anybody know the name of the mistress, the children and what happened to them?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Grand Duke on January 12, 2006, 06:25:11 PM
Quote
Does anybody know the name of the mistress, the children and what happened to them ?


Mistress: Angélique Marie Augustine Lebesque  

children:
1) Pierre Lebesque (1881-1962) married to Yvonne Jeanne Gabrielle Patrigean, no children

2) Jeanne Lebesque (1879-?) married to Jean, marquis of Gouy d' Arsy, one daughter Pierrette de Gouy d' Arsy (1904-1981)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Paola on August 31, 2006, 09:32:26 AM
Iam searching for information and pictures of  Princes Peter(1866-1934), August (1867-1922), Joseph (1869-1888) and Louis(1870-1942), the four sons of Prince Augusto of Saxe Coburg Gotha (1845-1907) and Princess Leopoldine of Brasil (1847-1871).
I would like to know more, specialy about Peter, who had mental problems and died in an insane asylum in Austria and Joseph, who died only with 19.

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: MarieCharlotte on September 01, 2006, 06:24:42 AM
Dear Paola,

I only have some information about Prince August Leopold, the second son of August and Leopoldine. He was an Officer in the Brazilian Navy, but was forced to go into exile when the Republic was declared in 1889. August and his wife Caroline, a daughter of Archduke Karl Salvator and Princess Maria Immaculata of Bourbon - Two Sicilies, had eight children. They lived in Vienna and on their country estates in Lower Austria and Styria.

Princess Teresa (1902-1990), the sixth child of Caroline and August was married to Lamoral Frhr Taxis di Bordogna e Valnigra (1900-1966). Their four children (Carl Eduard, Alice Caroline, Philipp Josias and Maria Christina) officially assumed the surname "Tasso de Saxe-Coburgo e Braganca" with permission of the Brazilians Department of Justice.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Paola on September 02, 2006, 06:15:45 AM
Dear Marie,

thanks so much for the nice pictures. Do you know where August Leopold and Karoline lived in Austria?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Agneschen on September 02, 2006, 08:33:57 AM
I guess that the couple sitting are Isabel's parents Pedro II. of Brazil and his wife Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon -Two Sicilies. Maybe the woman behind Teresa is her younger daughter Leopoldine and the man on the far right is August von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha.

You guessed right Marie. Sitting are Emperor Pedro and his Neapolitan wife Teresa Cristina. Standing right are Pcess Leopoldina and her husband August. The 2 first cousins Gaston Eu and August were sent to Brasil to marry Emperor Pedro's daughters. The family had planned that August should marry the eldest and Gaston the youngest but, in the end, Gaston chose Isabel and August Leopoldina. One of the princesses was at some point considered as a potential bride for another first cousin Philippe of Flanders who seemed interested at first. His father King Léopold I of Belgium and his sister Charlotte were enthusaistic about the projected match and much disappointed when, in the end, Philippe changed his mind and refused to go to Brazil and meet the princesses.
Charlotte's husband Archduke Max also thought about one of the Brazilian princesses for his youngest brother Ludwig Viktor.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: MarieCharlotte on September 03, 2006, 04:11:14 AM
Dear Marie,

thanks so much for the nice pictures. Do you know where August Leopold and Karoline lived in Austria?

Dear Paola,

I couldn't find the answer to your question in my books. But I think that August and Caroline lived in Schladming / Styria for quite a while. August died in Schladming in October 1922 and was also buried there. (In 1933 his tomb was brought to Coburg.) I don't think that he would have been buried there if the family lived far away from that city. I also found out that August's daughter Maria Karolina died in Schladming in 1941. Some descendants of August's children Rainer and Teresa were also born in this city. So there is some kind of connection between August's family and Schladming.

If you have a look at Theroff's sites, you will also see that the family lived in Gerasdorf for at least from 1905-1908. August's eldest son  August Clemens died there in September 1908 and the two youngest children, Léopoldine (born 1905) and Ernst (born 1907), were born in Schloss Gerastorf. This city is also called "Gerasdorf bei Wien" (= Gerasdorf near Vienna) ... maybe the castle still exists or maybe August Clemens was buried in Gerasdorf.

I will send you an e-mail in the afternoon.  ;)

Best wishes, Marie
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Paola on September 03, 2006, 06:03:13 AM
Dear Marie,

thanks.I read the Town Hall in Schladming was the former Palais Coburg. It could be that August and Karoline lived there. What was the cause of death of August Clemens? He died only with 12. And of his uncle Joseph (1869-1888), who died also quite young with 19?
 Iam not sure, but I think I read somewhere that Joseph was a pupil in the military academy in Wiener Neustadt.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: MarieCharlotte on September 03, 2006, 07:22:03 AM
Hi Paola,

in fact I don't know much about the family of Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha. So I don't have any information about August Clemens and his uncle Joseph.

On mardam's great website I read that August's children August Clemens, Maria Karolina and Rainer are buried in the church St. Augustin in Coburg.
There are memorials on the wall of the crypt with quite shocking information: Maria Karolina was gased to death on June 6th 1941 in Linz. Her brother Rainer is missed somewhere in Hungary since spring 1945. What about August's wife Caroline? I read somewhere that she was shot and that nobody knows where er dead body is.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on September 03, 2006, 11:07:10 PM
Schladming is one of the many homes Prince August Leopold possessed in Austria.  Besides this there was a hunting lodge in Gröbming, which is still owned by his descendants and where I have stayed as a guest of Princess Fe Coburg.  Added to the list were the Coburg Palais in Viena and estates at Gerarsdorf, Walterskirchen and Ebenthal.

The Coburg Palais was badly sold in the 1980s.  Gera\sdorf, Ebenthal and Schladming were also eventually sold.  Gröbming and Walterskirchen are among the few properties the descentans of August and Maria Karoline still retains.  All the remaining Hungarian and Czech estates, part of the Kohary inheritance, wer elost after 1945.

Prince August Leopold suffered from an illness which he passed to his wife and some of his children, hence the mental and physical problems suffered by some of them.

Archduchess Maria Karoline died in Hungary just before the Russians took over the country in 1945. 

Prince August Clemens, who sufferred from mental defficiencies, died in 1908.

Princess Klementine died of old age in 1975.

Princess Maria Karoline was euthanized by the Nazis for her mental defficiencies.

Prince Rainer was executed by Communist partisans in 1945.

Prince Philipp dies of old age in 1985.

Princess Theresia died of old age in 1990.

Princess Leopoldine died in Hungary, where she had remained after 1945, of old age in 1978.  She also suffered from menal defficiencies.

Prince Ernst died of natural causes in 1978.  He divided his remaining Coburg-Kohary inheritance among his nephews (Philipp, Johannes) and nice (Fé).

Arturo Beéche

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Paola on September 05, 2006, 07:49:21 AM
Thanks Arturo. Is there a book about this branch of the Saxe Coburg Kohary?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on September 05, 2006, 10:54:29 AM
Not really...they will be included at length in my book on the Coburgs.  Both Prince Philipp and Princess Felizitas have given me copie sof amazing documents and photos to use.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on September 05, 2006, 12:11:13 PM
Iam searching for information and pictures of  Princes Peter(1866-1934), August (1867-1922), Joseph (1869-1888) and Louis(1870-1942), the four sons of Prince Augusto of Saxe Coburg Gotha (1845-1907) and Princess Leopoldine of Brasil (1847-1871).
I would like to know more, specialy about Peter, who had mental problems and died in an insane asylum in Austria and Joseph, who died only with 19.


Pr.Peter was the eldest son of Pr.August and Pss. D. Leopoldina.
He was just 5 years old when his mother died.
Pss D.Leopoldina was very missed by Emperor D.Pedro II and he took Pr.Peter under his wing, after asking his son-in-law to let him come to Brazil to live with the IF.

At that time the Hereditary Princess D.Isabel's wedding with the Count of Eu was still childless.
Both D.Isabel and D.Leopoldina had married in 1864 and while D.Leopoldina's first son was born in 1866 (Pr.Peter), D.Isabel's firstborn - another D.Pedro-was born only in 1875.

(Don't know why they took 11 years to have their first son, may be some illness from either spouse)

So Pr.Peter became second in line to the throne until 1875 and later after his cousin's birth he remained bery close to his grand-parents and accompanied them in many visits in Brazil and to other countries.

Due to the huge unpopularity of the Count of Eu, (and the influence he had on Pss. D.Isabel), at a certain time the Emperor considered appointing Pr.Peter as his heir to secure the throne.
But soon the first signs of Pr.Peter's madness appeared and the project was set aside.

As to Pr.Joseph, he died of pneumonia while he was at the Military Academy.

Wonder why Pr.August never remarried, a widower at just 26 with a family of 4 children... 
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Paola on September 05, 2006, 03:24:11 PM
Thanks José.
I once read that Prince August thought of marry again( I don't know with whom, but I think a morganatic marriage). Maybe later he changed his mind as this could mean he would lose his rights to the Kohary inheritance?

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: MarieCharlotte on September 08, 2006, 03:08:49 AM
Due to the huge unpopularity of the Count of Eu, (and the influence he had on Pss. D.Isabel), at a certain time the Emperor considered appointing Pr.Peter as his heir to secure the throne.

Dear José,

do you know why the people didn't like Gaston d'Eu? What kind of influence did he have on Isabel?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on September 09, 2006, 02:30:17 PM
Eu and the Princess Imperial lost several pregnancies between 1864-1875.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: TampaBay on September 12, 2006, 07:36:32 PM
Who is  Don Philippe de Saxe-Coburg & Orleans and Braganza and is he really an insurance salesperson in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania USA?

Does he claim a throne?

TampaBay
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on September 12, 2006, 08:09:40 PM
do you have a website where you found him?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on September 13, 2006, 06:54:37 PM
Dear José,

do you know why the people didn't like Gaston d'Eu? What kind of influence did he have on Isabel?

He mingled too much in state affairs.
Also he held a major rank in the brazilian army due to his family connections but his perfomance in the Brazilian-Paraguay war was less than satisfactory.
And according to the book "As barbas do Imperador" (The Emperor's beard) by Lilia Schwrcz, he ran a number of brothels in Rio...
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: TampaBay on September 13, 2006, 07:21:37 PM
do you have a website where you found him?


Arturo,

No, I found him mentioned in the book Queen Victoria's Gene  by Potts & Potts, ISBN number 0 7509 1199 9.

TampaBay
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on September 16, 2006, 05:42:04 PM
do you have a website where you found him?


Arturo,

No, I found him mentioned in the book Queen Victoria's Gene  by Potts & Potts, ISBN number 0 7509 1199 9.

TampaBay

Oh my...that hapens to be one of the worst royal books around...it is terrible...so many mistakes...beware of what it says and the familial connections it presents as many are erroneous.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on September 16, 2006, 05:49:13 PM
Who is  Don Philippe de Saxe-Coburg & Orleans and Braganza and is he really an insurance salesperson in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania USA?

Does he claim a throne?

TampaBay

There is one person by the name of Prince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha (b. 1944) - he is a landowner and lives in Vienna and Walterskirchen, Austria.  He is the only child of the late Prince Philipp Josias of Saxe-Coburg & Gotha (1901-1985) and the late Sarah Aurelia Halasz (1914-1994), of Jewish Hungarian extraction.  He is NOT an insurance salesman in the Eastern seaboard of the USA.  Trust me  on this one - I know Pr. Philpp quite well.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Agneschen on November 12, 2006, 09:06:53 AM
Eu and the Princess Imperial lost several pregnancies between 1864-1875.

Arturo Beéche

Indeed. Isabel was pregnant twice before she gave birth to Pedro. Her first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage. The second time, she gave birth to a stillborn daughter. Then followed 3 healthy sons Pedro, Luis and Antonio. I have recently read that Pedro's birth was complicated and that forceps had to be used which left one of his arm and hand impaired, just like Kaiser Wilhelm II. Does anyone know more about that ? It is not obvious looking at pictures of him so I guess his handicap must have been less important then Wilhelm's.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: britt.25 on February 27, 2007, 05:37:31 AM
For being informed not too longish, but quite well there is also a lot on on the Life of Pedro II of Brazil and his mother, Archduchess Leopoldine & husband in the book "Habsburgs vergessene Kinder" by Thea Leitner.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Agneschen on February 27, 2007, 11:47:39 AM
Thanks Britt. There's a bio of Isabel entitled Princess Isabel of Brazil by Roderick J. Barman. This book contains numerous wonderful pics of Isabel but only a couple of Leopoldina.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on March 09, 2007, 07:42:49 PM
And the book happens to be excellent!

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Linnea on March 18, 2007, 10:13:33 AM
Maria Amalia was born 1 december 1831 in Paris as the only child of Emperor Pedro I of Brasil by his second wife, Princess Amélie of Leuchtenberg. She died 4 february 1853 at Funchal (Madeira) due to her weak lungs.

I would like to know more about this princess and I wonder if it is true that it was planned that she should marry Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, the younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph?

Portraits and pictures are of course very welcome! :D
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Vecchiolarry on March 18, 2007, 11:11:00 AM
Hi Linnea,

The European Royal History Journal, number LV, has a whole story on Maria Amelia titled "The Perfect Princess"......

You can order a copy from Arturo Beeche at: eurohistory.com .........

Larry
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Yseult on March 18, 2007, 02:20:35 PM
Maria Amalia was born 1 december 1831 in Paris as the only child of Emperor Pedro I of Brasil by his second wife, Princess Amélie of Leuchtenberg. She died 4 february 1853 at Funchal (Madeira) due to her weak lungs.

I would like to know more about this princess and I wonder if it is true that it was planned that she should marry Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, the younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph?

Portraits and pictures are of course very welcome! :D

Amalia was the only daughter of Pedro I who was born in exile. After the abdication, Pedro fled with her wife Amélie of Leuchtenberg to Paris and here the empress was happily delivered from a daughter named Maria Amalia. In her first four years of life, Amalia was under the care of her mother Amélie, with her elder half-sister Maria da Gloria (later queen of Portugal) and her illegitimate sister Isabel Maria de Alcántara, duchess of Goias. Isabel Maria was the daughter of Pedro and his former mistress, Domitila, marchioness of Santos.

When Maria da Gloria became queen of Portugal, her step-mother Amélie and Maria Amelia fled to Lisboa, where they lived in Queluz. After the death of Pedro, mother and daughter were settled in the Palacio das Janelas Verdes.

In 1850, Amèlie returned to Bavaria with her daughter Maria Amelia. I suppose young Maria Amelia met again her illegitimate sister Isabel, since 1843 married to the count Ernst von Treuberg. At this time, Amèlie wished to marry her daughter to archduke Maximilian. The couple was to marry, but Maria Amalia became very ill.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Linnea on March 18, 2007, 04:08:42 PM
Quote
At this time, Amèlie wished to marry her daughter to archduke Maximilian. The couple was to marry, but Maria Amalia became very ill.

That´s what I have read in Adalbert of Bavaria´s book on the Leuchtenberg family too, but I wonder why? After all Maximilian was "only" a second born Archduke and two years younger than Amelie (which was considered a lot back then).
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Yseult on March 18, 2007, 04:57:02 PM
Linnea, you ask "why?". I answer you: "why not?"
Maria Amalia was just the younger daughter of an exiled emperor by a second marriage. The three elder daughters of Pedro (who had survived childhood) were queen Maria da Gloria, infanta Januária and infanta Francisca. Januária was married to Luigi of Two Sicilies, count of Aquila, the fifth born son of Francis I of Two Sicilies by a second marriage. And Francisca was married to Francis of Orleans, prince of Joinville, the third born son of Louis Philippe of France.
What´s wrong with Maximilian being a second born son?
And, at the end, remember that Amélie was a daughter of Amalia Augusta of Leuchtenberg, elder half-sister of archduchess Sophie, mother of Maximilian.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on March 18, 2007, 05:28:45 PM

In 1850, Amèlie returned to Bavaria with her daughter Maria Amelia. I suppose young Maria Amelia met again her illegitimate sister Isabel, since 1843 married to the count Ernst von Treuberg. At this time, Amèlie wished to marry her daughter to archduke Maximilian. The couple was to marry, but Maria Amalia became very ill.

Princess D.Amélia caught tb.
Her mother, D.Amélia, Dowager Empress of Brazil, was advised to seek the mild climate of Madeira, so on 28.Aug.1852, mother and daughter went to Funchal, the island's capital.

They had a stunning reception by the locals, moved by the kindness of the two princesses and the sickness of D.Amélia.
Regretfully the princess' condition was so advanced that five months later she died on 4.Feb.1853, and her death caused even greater consternation among the islanders.

On 6.May.1853, the Dowager-Empress embarked to Lisbon with her daughter's coffin

But the little princess did not die in vain.
The Empress founded the Hospital Princesa D.Maria Amélia to treat those affected by the disease.
She committed her sister, the Queen of Sweden, to make sure that everything should be done according to her will.

I am not sure if any former Queen of Sweden has visited the Hospital but Queen Silvia took that commitment seriously and visited it more than once.



Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: MarieCharlotte on March 25, 2007, 08:43:48 AM
It seems to me that Archduke Max was madly in love with Amélie. Where ever he went, he took a ring containing some hair of Amélie with him. The day before he was executed, he sent this ring to his mother Sophie.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Bernardino on April 13, 2007, 05:35:33 PM
Empress Dona Amelia seems to have been very attached to her Portuguese family...her stepchildren were very fond of her...
Unfortunately she had many shocks :

Besides becoming a widow at the age of 22 (Sep 1834) many of her lover ones died tragically:

-Mar 1835: her brother Prince Consort Dom Augusto of Portugal, Duke of Leuchtenberg and Santa Cruz (who was just married to the Queen for little over a month);
-Feb 1853: her only real daughter (Princess Dona Maria Amelia);
-Nov 1853: her 'daughter' Queen Dona Maria II and her infant child Dom Eugenio;
-and in 1861, the terrible year for the Coburgs around Europe, the deaths of her 'grandchildren': Infante Dom Fernando (Nov 6), King Dom Pedro V (Nov 11) and Infante Dom João, Duke of Beja (Dec 27).

Apparently she felt these deaths very painfully.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Bernardino on April 13, 2007, 05:44:29 PM
Just a correction:

1) The Princess' name was Maria Amélia (not Amalia).

2) She wasn't legally an Infanta of Portugal, and was always called Her Highness The Princess Dona Maria Amelia (of Brazil)...of course her surname was 'de Bragança'...Undoubtedly she had potential rights of succession to the Portuguese throne, but wasn't know as an Infanta nor should she be named that...

It's curious that her brother the Emperor Dom Pedro II of Brazil, in his 2 years of exile in Europe, was sometimes called 'Principe Dom Pedro de Bragança, Infante de Portugal'...
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: edtash on April 28, 2007, 10:26:40 AM
I really enjoyed the article Ms Pollock wrote for ERHJ 55 about this little-known princess. Congratulations!

Eddie
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: dmitri on August 04, 2007, 09:58:27 AM
Brazil became a republic by anti-democratic means. The Crown Princess as Regent had abolished slavery which won international recognition but upset the wealthy in Brazil. The military conducted an illegal coup and the monarchy was overthrown. The people were never asked about any of it. It seems to be how most republics are founded. The people never have a say. Certainly Brazil was extremely unstable after the overthrow of the monarchy.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on August 04, 2007, 05:41:23 PM
It is an interesting point you raise for the same happened in Portugal, Romania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Austria, Italy and Greece...if real referendums without the dark hand of the Communists or corrupt military and political elites had been conducted, I believe these monarchies would have survived.

One of the most troubling issues of WWII is the fact that the Allies overthrew the regency of Prince Paul and accused him, unfairly, of being a Nazi-sympathizer. Although King Peter II joined the Allied effort, his fortunes were sacrificed to the Soviets, as were those of King Michael of Romania and King Simeon of Bulgaria...and the people never had a say in these matters!

In Spain in 1931 Alfonso XIII (who was somewhat inept anyhow), fell victim to political ambitions from his opponents. I still believe that he gave the crown up too easily for after all he had the support of the countryside, where the monarchy remained vastly popular.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: dmitri on August 04, 2007, 09:50:08 PM
Yes you are quite correct. It is like in Italy where it is said that millions of votes from the southern pro-monarchist area were conveniently lost so that the republic coulc come into being and look how very unstable it has been. 
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Bernardino on August 06, 2007, 06:24:26 AM
Yes and all these republics say their foundation is the popular sovereignty...how democratic they are indeed!
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: dmitri on August 06, 2007, 06:37:23 AM
There was nothing popular about the foundation of the Portuguese republic. It was imposed on the people by the military with disastrous consequences. The people never had a say.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Bernardino on August 06, 2007, 07:04:48 AM
Indeed the 16 years that followed the exile of King Manuel II were a complete disaster to the country...but oh no they don´t tell that on the official history books...not even that the country got dived in two when the King was restaured (though briefly) in the North of the country...it is like this 'the Kings were very bad, then the good ones (Republicans) expelled the King in a popular and glorious revolution...and that's the end of it'..

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on September 28, 2007, 04:19:32 PM
Indeed the 16 years that followed the exile of King Manuel II were a complete disaster to the country...but oh no they don´t tell that on the official history books...not even that the country got dived in two when the King was restaured (though briefly) in the North of the country...it is like this 'the Kings were very bad, then the good ones (Republicans) expelled the King in a popular and glorious revolution...and that's the end of it'..


A very traumatic restauration.
D. Manuel II was a very indecisive person. Besides as an exiled in England he had to restrain from major politics as the british government had recognized the republic.
The restauration was a brief and romantic period to which thw king did not gave his agrément and left his most able lieutenants in despair as they had to face the consequences of their act, convinced that the king would support them.
The king never return to Portugal (in life) unless for his burial, organized with extreme tactfulness by Salazar.
He didn't even allow the RF to be present at the ceremonies.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on July 06, 2008, 05:20:40 PM
All of you who know me by now have noticed that when referring to "my" Royal Family I write  Bragança with a "ç", to the much upset of a fellow poster at the Franco-Iberian MB :-)

Now I am looking for the Braganzas, the branch of the family who settled in the States.

They are the descendants of D.Miguel II's eldest son, another D.Miguel, duke of Viseu (1878-1923) and Anita Stewart

1. D.Isabel Nada (Nadjejda) 1910-46 m. (1) Wlodzimierz Dorozinsky (1906- ? ) m. (2) Renè Millet (1910- ? ) son  Alexandre Dorozinsky (1931-...)     
2. John Miguel of Braganza (1912-91)  m.  (1)  Winifried Dodge Seymour (1918- ? ) -from the Dodge car manufacturer family; m. (2)  Katherine King     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                2.1. Michael (1951-...) m. Barbara Fales (1955-...)     2.2.   Miguel Samuel (1986-...)  2.3. Annabel (1989-...)  2.4. Camilla (1990-...)         
                                       
3. Michael Luis (1915-96) m. Anne Hughson (1921-...) 3.1.  Anita (1947-...) m. (1) George A.Wardman (1946-...) m.(2) John J. Stockbridge (1943-...)     3.2. Michele (1953-...)                                                                                                     
 

Please post photos of this much unknown branch of the Bragança family                                                                                                                                                                                                             
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Norbert on July 07, 2008, 01:42:34 AM
Alexander D m 1963 Adriane Duplaix and has a dau, Tatiana born 2 Feb 1966

john and Winifred div 1955 and he remarried 1971.

I have Michele down as MICHAEL

Anita remarried secondly in 1982
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on July 07, 2008, 03:44:39 PM
Nope, Miguel (Michael) of Braganza had two daughters: Anita and Michele

http://www.geneall.net/P/per_page.php?id=6818

There are photos of both at D.Duarte's wedding
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eric_Lowe on November 07, 2008, 02:35:06 PM
I was wondering if there are photos and news of this family ? they seemed to be scarely reported.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on November 08, 2008, 01:26:52 PM
They are private people who live in the states and hardly ever come to the european royal gatherings.

First time I saw pictures from the present generation was at D.Duarte's wedding as HRH made clear he would like to have his american cousins present.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eric_Lowe on November 08, 2008, 06:48:16 PM
How many are they in States ?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on November 09, 2008, 05:06:17 PM
From P.Theroff's An Online Gotha

1e) Miguel Maximiliano Sebastão Maria, Duque de Viseu; renounced his rights to the throne 21 Jul 1920 (Reichenau 22 Sep 1878-New York 21 Feb 1923); m.Tulloch Castle 15 Sep 1909 Anita Stewart (Elberson, New Jersey  7 Aug 1886-New York 15 Sep 1977)

   2f) John Miguel Guilherme Aloísio Maria José Rafael Gabriel Francisco de Assis Carlos Henrique António Sebastião Huberto de Braganza (Pippingford, Sussex 7 Sep 1912-West Palm Beach, Florida 12 Mar 1991); m.1st New York 21 May 1948 (div 1953) Winifred Dodge Seyburn (b.Detroit 1 Apr 1917); m.2d 15 May 1971 Katherine King

       1g) Michael William de Braganza (b.Long Island 25 Sep 1951); m.Boston, Mass. 27 Sep 1980 Barbara Haliburton Fales (b.Miami 1955)
            1h) Miguel Samuel de Braganza (b.Boston 3 Feb 1986)
            2h) Annabel Barbara de Braganza (b.Boston 6 May 1989)
            3h) Camilla Fales de Braganza (b.Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts 21 Oct 1990)

   3f) Michael Luís Guilherme Maria de Braganza (Berlin 7 Sep 1915-West Palm Beach 19 Feb 1996); m.Miami 18 Nov 1946 Anne Hughson (b.Roanoke, Virginia 16 Nov 1921)

      1g) Anita de Braganza (b.Stamford, Connecticut 24 Oct 1947); m.1st Bedford, New York 28 Mar 1968 George Alfred Wardman (b.New York 30 Jan 1946); m.2d 17 Sep 1982 John Jason Stockbridge (b.Kingston, New York 28 Feb 1943)
           1h) George Stewart Wardman, b.Pittsfield, Massachusetts 15 Nov 1968
           2h) Tiffany Ann Wardman, b.Carmel-by-the-Sea, California 20 Dec 1971
 

     2g) Michael de Braganza (b.Stamford 5 Oct 1953)

P.Theroff has an error. 2g) is not Michael but Michele.

So you have Michael and his 3 sons, Anita with a son and daughter and Michele, unmarried.

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: aleksandr pavlovich on November 09, 2008, 06:46:26 PM
Thank you for your interesting reply, Jose!   (By the way, I note that you are from Lisbon.  I have visited your beautiful country several times and have been to Lisbon as well.  Most interesting!)   Best regards,  AP.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on November 11, 2008, 12:11:01 PM
Yes, I am from Lisbon.
Glad you enjoyed when you stayed here.
And hope you have visited the surroundings where our RF used to live: Queluz, Sintra, Cascais, Mafra, etc., just to mentione the closest to the capital.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Lucien on March 25, 2009, 05:54:38 AM
Infante Alfonso,Prince of Beira,eldest son of TRH The Duke and Duches de Braganza,celebrates his 13th birthday today. :)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 26, 2009, 06:46:04 PM
Just to remind: This child (adorable nevertheless) can't be called «a Prince», since no Portuguese Prince was ever the son of a «Duke». To be a Prince he would have to be the son of a King.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Jose II on March 27, 2009, 12:44:26 PM
That's a bit semantyc, don't you agree ?

After all, in Portugal, the son's of a king were known as Infantes and Infantas.

Only the elder son of the King was the Principe Real, as in the garden/square :-)

OTOH the son of the "Duke" of Braganças' title is indeed "Prince" of Beira, so.....
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eric_Lowe on March 27, 2009, 01:03:38 PM
Indeed. There is no official title as Portugal is a republic.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 27, 2009, 05:48:41 PM
That's a bit semantyc, don't you agree ?

After all, in Portugal, the son's of a king were known as Infantes and Infantas.

Only the elder son of the King was the Principe Real, as in the garden/square :-)

OTOH the son of the "Duke" of Braganças' title is indeed "Prince" of Beira, so.....

Not semantic at all, I'm affraid. The eldest son of the King or rulling Queen was «Principe Real» (Prince Royal) and that title passed on to any heir to the throne (not his/her child). The other children could either be called «Infantes/Infantas» or «Princes/Princesses». The young prince Manuel (later King Manuel II) was often referred to in newpapers as «Prince», not «Infante», since «Infante» was the title given to his uncle, D. Afonso, and people didn't want to confuse them.

The Portuguese title of «Duque» (Duke) is not, like in England, confined to the Royal Family. Most of the Portuguese Duques were honored with that title after the Napoleonic or the Liberal wars, to grace their courage in combat (Duque of Saldanha, Duque of Terceira, Duque of Avila, etc.). «Duque» being the title above Marquis, which is above Count, which is above Baron.

Thus, no Duques ever fathered princes, except when they became kings themselves, like King Joao IV after the Restauration of Independence in 1640.

It is ridiculous to call «a prince» to the son of a «duque» who never was a king, whose father never was a king, whose grandfather never was a king. Even if his father's title was considered legitimate by every Portuguese citizen, or by every Portuguese royalist - which it isn't.

But, of course, that would leave us to another topic altogether... ...
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 27, 2009, 06:42:16 PM
Indeed. There is no official title as Portugal is a republic.

When I alluded to the title I was refering to the law that was still rulling until October 5, 1910, when Portugal was turned into a Republic. That is the same law that bans forever «the descendents of the ex-prince Miguel».

Since King Manuel died without issuing any known document changing that law, and since he was «de factum» the last King of Portugal, I think that is still the only law available to deal with any matter concerning successions and/or titles of the Portuguese Monarchy. The Republic has nothing to do with this. We all know that republics do not have princes :-)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Lucien on March 28, 2009, 04:32:36 AM
Just to remind: This child (adorable nevertheless) can't be called «a Prince», since no Portuguese Prince was ever the son of a «Duke». To be a Prince he would have to be the son of a King.
As he is the son of the Pretender of the Portuguese Throne,he is a Prince and Heir-Apparent.
And you can not change that.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 28, 2009, 11:53:46 AM
Hello and thanks for your for your oppinion.

The fact: The person I was referring to is indeed Duarte Pio de Bragança.
 

Facts:

He was the son of an Austrian father and a Brazilian mother.
His mother was sister-in-law of Queen Amelia.

His father did have older sons who fought for the German side in World War I.
His father barely spoke Portuguese. He himself has an accent, as everybody knows.
His father was supported by the «Integralismo Lusitano» right wing in the 1920's.

After King Manuel died without any heirs and without indicating who should be the heir to the Bragança House, Queen Amelia became the only representant of that house.
King Manuel's wife, Augusta Victoria, established a fund after her husband's death concerning all the Bragança House properties that were his.
Queen Augusta Victoria remarried and was «forgotten» by the Portuguese royalists.
Queen Amelia agreed with dictator Salazar that all the sub-branches of the Braganças could be allowed to return to Portugal after King Manuel's death.
These branches included the descendents of usurpator «ex-prince Miguel», as he is referred to in the Monarchic Constitution that was still in use in 1910.

Queen Amelia returned to Portugal and received a State reception with Salazar's agreement.
Duarte Nuno emerged as a pretendant.
Being conservative and descending from the absolutist sub-branch he is accepted both by the Portuguese Gorvenment (a dictatorship) and by the Portuguese conservative Monarchists.

The Portuguese Monarchists who support democracy turn to Maria Pia, biological daughter of King Carlos, who also has no rights to claim the title.
Duarte Nuno comes to live in Portugal with his family.
Maria Pia of Bragança visits Lisbon and the political police (PIDE) tries to arrest her. She meets some of the top Portuguese intlectuals, including Poetress Sophia de Mello-Breyner (grand-daughter of king Manuel's doctor), who call her «Duchess of Bragança».
Maria Pia is received by opposition leader Mario Soares (future President of the Portuguese Republic) as Duchess of Bragança.
Duarte Nuno is received by the regime as Duke of Bragança.


Next generation.
Facts:

Duarte Pio is Queen Amelia's godson.
His wife Isabel is the great-grandaughter of the man who bought the arms that killed King Carlos in 1908 (Heredia-Viscount of Ribeira Brava).
Duarte Pio, by his own merit, becomes famous in the so-called tabloid press.
Duarte Pio gains supporters after Maria Pia loses her mind and sells her so-called «rights» to the title.

Duarte Pio's relation to the Portuguese throne is his great-grandfather, ex-King Miguel, who was banned for life, along with his descendents, from that same throne.
There are a lot of descendents from more recent generations of the Braganças.
2 years ago a book called «The Usurpator» was published. It was the first time anyone revealed how much power and money the title of Duke of Bragança included (like, for example, the properties of the D. Manuel II Foundation).


Historical facts:

King Pedro IV of Portugal abdicated in favor of his daughter Maria II and became Emperor of Brazil.
Queen Maria II was sworn as a Liberal sovereign (like in the English Monarchy, as opposed to in the German, for example).
King Pedro's brother Miguel usurpates the throne and tries to make a return to autocracy.
King Pedro leaves Brazil and comes to fight for the rights of his daughter.
King Pedro wins the so-called Liberal Wars.
King Pedro and/or his Generals have their names in the most important streets and squares of Portugal, includng the main square in the capital, Lisbon.
The Portuguese Monarchy becomes democratic and stays democratic until 1910.
Ex-king Miguel's heirs are forever banned from succession.
Ex-King Miguel's son is applauded as an heir by the ultra-conservative people and starts a paralel «line» in exile.
King Miguel's son is sworn as an Austrian soldier.
The Countess of Rio-Maior says, in her memoires, that this side of the family barely speaks Portuguese anymore (in the 1920's).


Conclusions:

1-If the title of Duke of Bragança may be given to someone whose ancestors lived abroad, it must be given to the descendants of the latest generation of Portuguese Sovereigns.

Generation 1: King Manuel had no legal descendants.

Generation 2: King Carlos had no legal descendants alive after the 1940's.

Generation 3: King Luis had no legal descendants alive after the 1940's. King Pedro V had no descendants.

Generation 4: Queen Maria II HAS many descendants.

Generation 5: King Pedro IV has descendents. His younger brother Miguel has descendants.
The present «heir» descends from ex-King Miguel.



2- If the title of Duque of Bragança may only be given to someone whose ancestors were all Portguese, we must find a branch that never left Portugal.

No such branches in generations 4 or 5.

Generation 6: King Joao VI had a daughter whose descendants were all born on Portuguese soil: Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria.


The facts are these and thus, as all who read us with no parties taken must conclude, one thing is for sure:

We cannot know who should be Duke of Bragança. But we can and do know that the person who calls himself that is not.

This is the imparcial point of view.
No parties taken, or I would had mentioned either the Ana de Jesus Maria side or the Queen Maria II side. Both of which, by the way, seem to be totally unaware and could not care less for all of this.

Since the vast majority of the Portuguese do not care also (either because they are Republicans or because they are ignorant of what I have just explained), maybe it doesn't matter.


Personal view;
It is ironic that the Portuguese Royalists came to support a couple formed by the descendent of an usurpator (ex-King Miguel) and the descendent of a person involved in the murder of a King.
And it is sad to know that, had King Carlos survived in 1908, none of them would even be in Portuguese soil.

I hope this shows the readers and/or leaders of this forum who are not Portuguese the reason why there is such polemic around this matter.

I though I should do it telling the whole story and the whole History.
My excuses to the Portuguese readers who already know all this and who have, in face of it all, made the opinion they think is correct.





 



Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 28, 2009, 12:57:41 PM
Just 1 correction, according to the books: Francisca of Bragança was not Queen Amelia's sister-in-law, but sister-in-law of her nephew, the Duke of Orleans, head of the Orleans house who welcomed Queen Amelia in exile in France.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 28, 2009, 01:31:25 PM
King Carlos as Duke of Bragança

(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/Royal%20Portugal/carlosportugal1863-7.jpg)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 28, 2009, 01:33:48 PM
Prince Luiz Filipe, his eldest son, as Duke of Bragança.

(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/Royal%20Portugal/DLuizPhilipe.jpg)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 28, 2009, 01:35:46 PM
The day both King Carlos and Crown Prince (Duke of Bragança) Luiz Filipe were killed in Lisbon (1908), forever changing the course of Portuguese history.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 28, 2009, 01:36:45 PM
(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/Royal%20Portugal/Regicidio1908.jpg)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Jose II on March 28, 2009, 02:17:45 PM
To Dona Antonia

This and the following post have revealed you...
Another Poidimani/Loulé/Câmara Pereira supporter !

But you could spare us from so much rubbish !

"The Portuguese title of «Duque» (Duke) is not, like in England, confined to the Royal Family."
Since when is the title of Duke confined to the RF in England ?
Have you ever heard of the Duke of Westminster, Wellington, Northumberland, Devonshire, Norfolk and so many others ?
Many of them older than the RF at least in its latest dynasties...

All members of the Portuguese RF - namely of male descendance- were indeed Princes.
There was the King and Queen and all the others were Princes and Princesses who happened to be styled as Infantes/Infantas.
Unlike other dynasties, the Braganças never had a cadet branch, except for D.Miguel's descendance.
He was indeed a king, so I guess you wouldn't have a problem of styling his son as a Prince.
Should f.i. Infante D.João, duke of Beja, have got married and fathered sons, they would be Princes of Portugal.
Before being royal dukes, they were princes and infantes !

Have you ever read about the descendancy of King D.João I ?
His younger son, Infante D.João (another Duke of Beja) had a son Prince D.Diogo, Portugal's condestável...and a daughter, Infanta D.Beatriz, who married Infante D.Fernando Duke of Viseu, a duke who actually fathered several princes/cesses and even a King, D.Manuel I

And it is not correct to say that most dukes appeared after the napoleonic and liberal wars.
Cadaval (1648), Lafões (1718) or the Duke of Caminha, condemned to death after the Independence Revolution.

It is silly to say that D.Duarte Pio (you forgot the Dom, did you notice ?) was Austrian.
He never had such nationality.
Emperor Franz Josef had conferred to D.Miguel II's house the statute of extra-territoriality, allowing his children to be Portuguese.

Infantes D.Miguel and D.Francisco served on the austrian army.
D.Miguel II, when Portugal joined the allies, immediately relinquished his position in the austrian army and dedicate himself to the Red Cross service.
His sons could not abandon the austrian army due to their contract, but asked to be posted in a front where there weren't any portuguese regiments.

"The Portuguese Monarchists who support democracy turn to Maria Pia, biological daughter of King Carlos, who also has no rights to claim the title."
Ridiculous !!!!!!!
Which portuguese monarchists turned to Maria Oia as you like to call her ?
May be Mário Soares :-)  :-)
But he would support whoever he fancied, that incongruent "bag of wind".
Who happened to attend D.Duarte's wedding, despite in times favouring your precious Mª Pia, remember ?????
"Maria Pia" supported Mário Soares, not the opposite. She was a left-winged woman who campaigned against Salazar - nothing to comment on that, it was her right to choose who to support.
She was also the crook who install herself at the Sheraton Hotel during the hot summer of 75 (then called the CIA Head-Quarters in Lisbon :-))and left without paying her sejourne, saying : "I am the Duchess of Bragança. Send the bill to the Foundation of the House of Bragança", who has nothing to do with the present RF and was the "legal" way Salazar found to steal the Braganças their heirloom.

Believe me, if PIDE wanted to arrest Maria Pia, they would have done it. They just escorted her out of the country on the basis of lack of proper documents and usurpation of identity.
She could have been worse treated.
As to Sophia de Mello Breyner, a great poetess, but ... not a very stable woman.
Did you know that her son Miguel Sousa Tavares also attend D.Duarte's wedding with his (at the time) wife Laurinda Alves ?

About D.Isabel's gr.grand-father:
Are the children responsible for their ancestors acts, namely after almost one century ?

D.Duarte and his merits:
Are you talking about his quixotesque campaign for Timorese independence ?
At the time noone paid much attention and he was even considered a pain in the a... for keep campaigning for the human rights and Timor independence.
In the end he was prooven right and his crown of glory was that all the politicians who undermined his campaignain rushed for holidays in Timor - with a brief stop for the Independence Cerimonies - but "forgot" to invite the person who never forgot the timorese people, brutally sacrified and tortured by the indonesian authorities.

"O Usurpador" - You must be kidding.
A booklet written by revenge by a frustrated fado singer .
The Câmara Pereira clan were long-time supporters of D.Duarte, having participated in many musical events before, at and after D.Duarte's wedding and at the 1st December cerimonies.
But one day, Nuno decided he should be "Dom", as a descendant from D.João VI, even if through an illegitimate line...
Even so, D.Duarte send the petition to the Nobility Council who decided against.
Since then, Nuno cut relations with D.Duarte and grabs every oportunity to "open fire" against him, and, suddenly, moved his "loyalty" to dear cousin Loulé, who would better keep a distance from him, as his loylaties are rather vague and change with the wind.
The book is full of crap and totally inaccurate.
Badly written, incapable of a phrase who makes sense, appalling grammar and worstly spelt - throughout the book there are references of Ghota.
May be nuno is suffering from mental ghota, "gout".

"King Pedro and/or his Generals have their names in the most important streets and squares of Portugal, includng the main square in the capital, Lisbon."
Is that your best argument ?
History is written by the winners. Should D.Miguel have won the war there would be streets and squares named after him and his generals.
Should Hitler and his gang have won WW2, there would be streets and squares honouring him and his guys.

There have been much discussion on the Loulé dynastic ability.
D.Ana de Jesus Maria's wedding was just authorized by D.Carlota Joaquina, who, at the time, had no legal powers, being just the Queen-Mother.
Children from that marriage were never considered eligible for succession, nor until 1910, nor until D.Manuel's death, nor after.
The present duke's father paid hommage to both D.Duarte Nuno and D.Duarte Pio.

"2- If the title of Duque of Bragança may only be given to someone whose ancestors were all Portguese, we must find a branch that never left Portugal."
The Loulés don't fit on your interesting argument .
The Marquess of Loulé at first rallied with D.Miguel, but, influenced by his wife, he joined D.Pedro.
A highly dubious man and politician, he decided to leave the country and settle abroad, although there have never been any arrest orders against him, so ... your precious Loulés also left the country at one time.
And on their own will, not forced by an army !

D.Maria II's lots of descendants are not able to succeed the portuguese throne.
The Infantas renounced their rights when they got married.
And where is your coherence ?
D.Duarte Nuno was born in Austria and (says you) could hardly speak Portuguese.
Do you want to invite the Margarave of Meissen or the Furst of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, both born in Germany and who certainly can't speak a word in Portuguese ???

"The facts are these and thus, as all who read us with no parties taken must conclude"
Which is your case, of vourse LOL LOL LOL
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 28, 2009, 03:12:28 PM
Hello Jose II,

I tried to be civilized and impartial here.

I have not mocked your posts, not even when you say there was a King Miguel II.

So please mind your language with all your LOLs and calling me «Podi???(what)/Luolé/Camara pereira» suporter.

I do not support or know any of there people and, even following your oppinion, how could anyone support them all at one time? I suggest you go back to History books and may be be a little less partial.

For me, I am through talking with non-democratic Royalists. Thank you.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eric_Lowe on March 28, 2009, 07:45:04 PM
It is quite usual that people get fired up emotionally in these threads. Anyway, the monarchy in Portugal is gone, and any possible reinstatement would require the will of the people going for it. It is the same in Russia.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Amelio on March 31, 2009, 03:49:15 AM
Please do not sulk, Dona Antonia! This «Jose» has been spreading his Duarte Nuno propaganda for quite some time now. He has been from topic to topic and from post to post shooting at anything that sounds like Democracy for quite some time now. And you only have to look at the original photos he posts to find out that he is someone close to Duarte Pio himself.  ;)
Let me tell you that Duarte Pio's people see their pretender as a taboo, as if he were the Pope himself. That is why they never discuss or bother to mention all you said. And nothing of what he answered refutes what you said. He gives you more names of Dukes who had their titles because of military actions and he decides that Duarte Nuno is Portuguese because the Emperor of Austria said so. Even if the Emperor ever did, how could he had decided who was Portuguese or not?  ::)
I have been following this forum for quite a while and it is the first time anyone states all the facts about the false pretendant, the pretender, saying and teaching what must be known by everyone.  :)
José: you should be ashamed to insult your fellow posters here in the forum. You should be ashamed to insult your own country, calling a head of State a bag of air and a major poet an instable woman in an International Forum!
Who are you, José, to insult your country and say we have statues of a king like Hitler?
King Pedro IV was a liberator and you compare him to Hitler. And you say his statues are on our squares because Hitler's would also be everywhere had he gained the war?
For your information, King Pedro IV's statues have been on our major squares for 150 years, through all kinds of regimes. He was a liberator and is seen as such by every Portuguese and by Portuguese history books. If you don't like the streets of your country, sir, you should try to live somewhere else.  :o
I am a proud citizen of Oporto, a city that was always by Pedro IV and Maria II's side when they fought Absolutism.  >:(
We do have a King Pedro statue in our main square.
It is in the exact same place where his baby brother Miguel used to hang anyone who was against his own oppinion!!!!! That goes to prove who you can compare to Hitler!!!!
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on March 31, 2009, 07:38:57 PM
A lady does not sulk, Amelio. I just want to have moderation here. Thank you.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: PrinceEddy1864 on March 31, 2009, 10:03:30 PM
and i LOVE your photos dona antonia.

have you got any rare ones of Pedro V or Franzisca de Joinville (Pedro II's sister).
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on April 01, 2009, 08:11:33 PM
Thank you so much PrinceEddy! I will try to post some of their photos here soon. Francisca's photos are rare because she was born into a generation that was only photographed in later life. There is a book about her travels, do you know it?

and i LOVE your photos dona antonia.

have you got any rare ones of Pedro V or Franzisca de Joinville (Pedro II's sister).
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: PrinceEddy1864 on April 02, 2009, 03:12:02 AM
Thank you so much PrinceEddy! I will try to post some of their photos here soon. Francisca's photos are rare because she was born into a generation that was only photographed in later life. There is a book about her travels, do you know it?

and i LOVE your photos dona antonia.

have you got any rare ones of Pedro V or Franzisca de Joinville (Pedro II's sister).

It is TOO bad she was such a beauty...based on earlier paintings...
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Svetabel on April 02, 2009, 05:16:28 AM
...based on earlier paintings...

Exactly. Only in her early portraits. The adult photos shows not even the pretty but somewhat ugly woman.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Paola on April 02, 2009, 06:42:33 AM
Thank you so much PrinceEddy! I will try to post some of their photos here soon. Francisca's photos are rare because she was born into a generation that was only photographed in later life. There is a book about her travels, do you know it?

and i LOVE your photos dona antonia.

have you got any rare ones of Pedro V or Franzisca de Joinville (Pedro II's sister).



DonaAntonia, which is the book about Francisca's trips? I know of a book about her trip from Brasil to Europe to marry the Prince of Joinville. Is this one?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on April 02, 2009, 01:42:05 PM
Hi, PrinceEddy,

These are all I have got at least with a quick search. The 2 famous Winterhalter portraits plus 2 CDV's.
Hope you like these last 2.
Francisca was known here in Portugal as the «linda (pretty) Francisca».
One of the times her boat was arriving in Lisbon, she heard the sound of the cannons and asked what had happened. It took sometime before anyone dared to tell her that her siter the Queen had just died. She had come to assist her in childbirth.
This princess is also a very interesting topic.

(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/Europe%20Royals/franciscabragancajoineville1824.jpg)

(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/Europe%20Royals/FranciscaBraganca2joinville.jpg)

(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/Europe%20Royals/FranciscaBrasilJoinville.jpg)

(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/Europe%20Royals/FranciscaBragancaJoineville.jpg)


and i LOVE your photos dona antonia.

have you got any rare ones of Pedro V or Franzisca de Joinville (Pedro II's sister).

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on April 02, 2009, 02:39:20 PM
King Pedro IV the Liberator, our first Portuguese king who reigned in Democracy with a Parliament and a Constitution. He was Princess Francisca's father.

(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/Royal%20Portugal/DPedroIVa.gif)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on April 02, 2009, 05:29:33 PM
Hi Paola,
Yes, it is the book about her trip. It is called «Diario da Vigem de D. Francisca de Bragança» and was written by Victorine Emilie (n. 1812), future Baroness of Langsdorff, between 1842 and 1843.

Thank you so much PrinceEddy! I will try to post some of their photos here soon. Francisca's photos are rare because she was born into a generation that was only photographed in later life. There is a book about her travels, do you know it?

and i LOVE your photos dona antonia.

have you got any rare ones of Pedro V or Franzisca de Joinville (Pedro II's sister).



DonaAntonia, which is the book about Francisca's trips? I know of a book about her trip from Brasil to Europe to marry the Prince of Joinville. Is this one?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on April 02, 2009, 05:36:27 PM
Here is the book's cover:


(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/livroFrancisca.jpg)

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: DonaAntonia on April 02, 2009, 05:41:46 PM
Here is another.

(http://i714.photobucket.com/albums/ww149/AntoniaHohen/FranciscaBrasilJoinville2b.jpg)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: barbershopsinger on April 04, 2009, 02:23:35 PM
Hello to you all. I am new to this forum but very interested in finding out more about the Braganzas in America. Does anyone have any photos of John Braganza (1912-1991) or of his son Michael(born 1951)? I am also trying to find out if John spent time in London as a young man. I know King Manuel lived at Fulwell park in Twickenham, London and Iwondered if anyone knows if John spent time here. I am interested in all your different views on the Portuguese Royal line of succession. maybe someone knows where I could source some photos of the American line.
Thanks
Jennifer
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Jose II on April 07, 2009, 05:56:24 PM


Please do not sulk, Dona Antonia! This «Jose» has been spreading his Duarte Nuno

Really ???

propaganda for quite some time now. He has been from topic to topic and from post to post shooting at anything that sounds like Democracy for quite some time now.

Complete nonsense

And you only have to look at the original photos he posts

Sorry, I never posted any photo on this forum; I have no scanner

to find out that he is someone close to Duarte Pio himself.  ;)

But yes, I was last year at the event remembering the coward assassination of King D.Carlos, where TRH the Duke and Duchess of Bragança were Present, together with the Prince of Beira and the Dukes of Viseu and Coimbra.
Unfortunately I never met personally HRH, nor have I ever spoken with him.

I have been following this forum for quite a while and it is the first time anyone states all the facts about the false pretendant, the pretender, saying and teaching what must be known by everyone.  :)

As we say "Vais por bom caminho" (You are following the rightful path (irony) in defending the Loulés, the Câmara Pereiras or the infamous Poidimani.
Diz-me com quem andas...

José: you should be ashamed to insult your fellow posters here in the forum. You should be ashamed to insult your own country,

Rubbish !!!

 calling a head of State a bag of air

Which he really is ! I respect the person, not the post when that person shows himself unworthy or undignified !!!

and a major poet an instable woman in an International Forum!

On an international forum ? Does it mean one should not "wash the dirty laundry outdoors" ?

Who are you, José, to insult your country and say we have statues of a king like Hitler?

Read my post. Since you say you are portuguese, if you need, I will translate it for you  

King Pedro IV was a liberator and you compare him to Hitler.

No, I did not ! I said History is made by the winners.
And as to a Liberator ...
The Brazilians he galantly liberated, got rid of him at the first occasion.

And you say his statues are on our squares because Hitler's would also be everywhere had he gained the war?
For your information, King Pedro IV's statues have been on our major squares for 150 years,

Specially the one on Rossio, sorry Praça D.Pedro IV, who happens to be the one of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico and was bought in a sale after the Emperor's death and put in such a high column so that nobody could see the lack of resemblance :-)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Amelio on April 08, 2009, 05:51:05 PM

Please do not sulk, Dona Antonia! This «Jose» has been spreading his Duarte Nuno

Really ???

propaganda for quite some time now. He has been from topic to topic and from post to post shooting at anything that sounds like Democracy for quite some time now.

Complete nonsense


Oh, José,
I am tired of discussing the sex of the angels. Your beloved Duarte Pio is not an heir to anything and you never even once mention a valid reason why he should be considered such. So I redirect my fellow posters to this thread:

http://forum.alexanderpalace.org/index.php?topic=12801.0

or to this link:

http://ponteeuropa.blogspot.com/2009/03/o-sr-duarte-pio-e-o-opusculo.html

It's all there, black in white.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: grandduchessella on June 01, 2009, 09:11:24 PM
In the aircrash (or disappearance, really) of that French plane from Brazil was "Pedro Luiz de Orléans e Bragança, a 25-year-old relative of Dom Pedro II, the Portuguese royal and emperor of Brazil deposed in 1889, was on board, a family spokesman said, as was a senior official in the Rio's city government." Marlene wrote on her blog that "the prince, who worked for a bank in Luxembourg, was returning there after spending some time with his family in Sao Paulo. "He came to visit his family, and now he is missing," said Pedro's uncle, Dom Francisco de Orleans-Braganca."

Prince Pedro Luís of Orléans-Braganza (Pedro Luís Maria José Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga de Orléans-Bragança e Ligne,b. Jan 12, 1983 ) is the eldest son of Prince António of Orléans-Bragança e Wittelsbach and Christine, Princesse de Ligne. He is fourth in the line of the Brazilian throne after his uncles Luís and Bertrand and his father. Prince Pedro's grandmother was Princess Alix of Luxemburg and Princess Christine is a descendant in the fifth generation of King John VI of Portugal, and a great-granddaughter of Miguel I of Portugal, and a great-great-niece of Brazil's first emperor, Pedro I.

Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil  m Gaston, comte d'Eu
Luíz m Maria Pia Pss of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (daughter of Prince Alfonso of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Count of Caserta and his wife Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies)
PEDRO HENRIQUE  m. Maria Pss of Bavaria (daughter of Franz of Bavaria & Isabella of Croy)
Antônio m Christine Pss de Ligne (granddaughter of GDss Charlotte)
Pedro Luíz
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Vasaborg on June 02, 2009, 04:32:54 PM
Prince Pedro Luis of Orleans-Braganza was killed in the Air France plane crash.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Lucien on June 03, 2009, 05:17:23 AM
Dom Duarte,the Heir of Portugal,has ordered a Mass to be held in Lisbon today in honour of the deceased Prince.Dom D and D Isabel are grief stricken by this sudden loss.Prince Pedro Luiz was only recently with them in Portugal,and was expected to visit again next month.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Lucien on June 03, 2009, 10:52:31 AM
http://www.monarquia.org.br/dompedroluiz.html

R.I.P.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Lucien on June 06, 2009, 10:48:51 AM
From the belgian Royal website:

TR&IH Prince Amedeo and Princess Maria Laura,on behalve of the Belgian Royal Family,attended a Holy Mass in
remembrance of Prince Dom Pedro Luiz de Orléans and Braganca at the church of St.Peter,Beloeil.Many members
of the de Ligne Family were also in attendance to mourn their beloved nephew/cousin.

TAR&I Le Prince Amedeo et la Princesse Maria Laura on réprésenté la Famille Royale,en fin de matinée à l'église Saint-Pierre a Beloeil,
lors du un messe célébré à la suit de disparation de Prince Pedro Luiz de Orléans et Bragance,survenue dans lacatastrophe aérrienne
du vol AF447 entre Rio de Janeiro et Paris de 1er juin dernier.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on June 17, 2009, 11:22:19 AM
It is a great loss, indeed, for the Imperial Family.  Now his brother Rafael, as well as their sisters, move up one place on the line of succession.  I have noticed that several news agencies and royal watchers forget that women also hold inheritance rights in Brazil.

The late dom Pedro Luiz d'Orléans-Bragança has been addressed as Perdro Luiz of Brazil, which he as not.  The descendants of the Princess Imperial of Brazil are Prince(ss) d'Orléans-Bragança with the predicate of "royal highness."  The titular head of the family and his/her heir are Princes of Brazil.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Marc on June 17, 2009, 12:30:28 PM
They don't hold "imperial highness" even if they are pretenders to Imperial throne or just the Head and his wife are entitled to that?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on June 17, 2009, 01:11:00 PM
The Head of House, his heir...the law does not refer to their spouses, but by courtesy they would.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Bernardino on June 19, 2009, 06:12:11 AM
Yes the descendents of Dona Isabel de Bragança, Imperial Princess of Brazil, were indeed intitled Princes of Orléans and Bragança, Royal Highness, after an agreement made with the Head of the French Royal House (Orléans), but that agreement does not affect the titles given by the Brazilian Imperial Constitution...So every dynast is a Prince of Brazil, Highness...in addition they are also Ps of O-B, Royal Highness...This way, a dynast is His/Her (Royal) Highness X/Y de Orleans e Bragança, Prince(ss) of Brazil, Prince(ss) of Orléans and Bragança...Only the Head of the House and his/her heir would be styled Imperial Highness, they use the style Imperial and Royal Highness...but apparently many times this style is accorded informally to all Orléans-Braganças even non dynasts...
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Marc on June 21, 2009, 06:48:19 AM
Ok,I asked just because in the official royal site of Serbia for example Maria da Gloria d'Orleans-Braganca was styled her Imperial and Royal Highness...here is the link...just scroll down to see how they styled her...

http://www.royalfamily.org/family/hrhcpa_bio.htm
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Lucien on October 16, 2009, 01:05:09 PM
HI&RH Princess Isabel of Orléans Braganca will marry Alexander Count zu Stolberg - Stolberg In Rio de Janeiro today.

Several European Royal Families are represented in Rio,among them TRH Prince Jaime and Princess Maria-Carolina de Bourbon Parma,
who represent the House de Bourbon Parme.

Princess Isabel (31) is a psychologist and a great great grandchild of the last Emperor,Pedro II of Brazil,
the groom is the son of Jozef,Count zu Stolberg-Stolberg and his belgian born wife Jaqueline,Countess zu Stolberg-Stolberg,néé Lady de Duikinberg .
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: REMI on October 17, 2009, 03:09:04 AM
HI&RH Princess Isabel of Orléans Braganca will marry Alexander Count zu Stolberg - Stolberg In Rio de Janeiro today.


In Brazil, only Dom Luiz,  the Head of House and imperial and his brother prince  Dom Bertrand, heir apparent, are " imperial and royal highness".
The other princes an princesses de Orleans e Bragança are "royal highness",  by vertue of an agreement concluded in 1909 between the head of the House of Orléans, Philippe, duke of Orléans et his cousin, Count of Eu, imperial princess Isabel of Brazil's husband. Before 1909, they were simply "highness"  provided that ... the marriage of their parents was "equal"...The children born from a marriage unequal were untitled. They were: N... of Orleans e Bragança

REMI
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Paola on December 14, 2009, 06:57:36 AM
I read Prince Peter August of Saxe Coburg Braganza died in a mental hospital in Wien, Austria,  after staying there 40 years. Anyone knows if he received visits from his relatives during all those years? His case remembered the insane King Otto of Bavaria who was also confined for 40 years.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eric_Lowe on December 15, 2009, 08:32:40 PM
Really Who is this Peter of Saxe-Coburg-Braganza. How is he related to the current pretender ?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Paola on December 17, 2009, 02:44:11 AM
Prince Peter August was the eldest son of Princess Leopoldina of Brasil and August of Saxe Coburgo Kohary. The current pretender descends from Peter's  maternal aunt Isabel of Brasil.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eric_Lowe on December 17, 2009, 10:39:49 AM
Thanks. Someone should do a book on the Brazillian Imperial Family. Most books deal only with Crown Princess Isabel of Brazil. A family bio with family trees would be more helpful and in order.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on December 27, 2009, 12:52:53 PM
Your request is included in Chapter V of The Gotha – Still a Continental Royal Family. This chapter is dedicated to the Brazilian royal family and it is updated to the wedding of Princess Isabel and Count Alexander of Stolberg-Stolberg.

This wedding s also covered in Issue LXXI of The European Royal History Journal. Both bride and groom were extremely helpful in our reporting of their wedding.


Arturo Beéche

Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eric_Lowe on December 27, 2009, 01:52:27 PM
Sounds good. Is that a first of aseries of books ?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eurohistory on December 28, 2009, 12:19:30 AM
This is Volume I. Volume II and III will be dedicated to the German Empire. Volume IV includes the remaining monarchies: Iberian Monarchies, Italian monarchies, Scandinavian Monarchies, Russian Empire and The United Kingdom.

Arturo Beéche
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Eric_Lowe on December 28, 2009, 01:06:30 PM
Actually the Royal House of France and Portugal are a bit complicated since they have other branches. The House of Bourbon has four (France (Orleans), Spain, Parma and Naples), while Portugal has two (Portugal & Brazil). Sometimes it is easier to see it in a family context than in geographical locations. For example since The Bourbon-Sicilies family do not reside or rule the terriotory. Not to mention of the same family having rival claims to being head of the House. They cross too when The Duke Of Cadiz died, his son revert back to claims of the Bourbons in France, in direct confrontation with his Orleans cousins.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Marc on December 30, 2009, 09:48:39 PM
And Bourbon and Braganca are two lines of the same male-line family,the House of Capet ;-)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Marie Valerie on May 27, 2010, 09:41:36 AM
Are there any pics or paintings of Joseph von Sachsen-Coburg (Petrópolis, 21 May 1869 – Vienna, 13 August 1888), third son of Ludwig August and Leopoldina of Brazil?
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: José on April 19, 2011, 12:32:08 PM
 SAIR Princess D. Teresa of Orléans Bragança, aka as Princess D. Tété, died yesterday, at the age of 91, in her house in Estoril, near Lisbon.

She was the last surviving of the 5 children of Pr. D.Pedro and Countess Elisabeth Dobrzensky de Dobrzenicz.

She was the sister of the late Countess of Paris and Duchess of Bragança, and her two brothers were D.Pedro-Gastão and D. João.

A very popular figure among the Gotah, it was rumoured she might marry none other than Archduke Otto of Habsburg.

She ended up marrying an industrialist Mr. Ernesto Martorell, with whom she had 2 daughters, Elisabeth and Nuria.

http://ppf21.wordpress.com/2011/04/18/ultima-hora-morreu-s-a-i-r-dona-teresa-de-orleaes-e-braganca-tia-materna-de-s-a-r-o-senhor-dom-duarte-duque-de-braganca/
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: LisaG on June 25, 2012, 03:56:13 PM
Does anyone know how Prince Luís Gastão of Orléans-Braganza died at age 20?  He was, until his death, Prince Pedro Henrique's heir.
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: grandduchessella on February 26, 2013, 03:31:24 PM
"As part of a study, the remains of the first brazilian Emperor and of his two wives (D. Leopoldina and D. Amélia) have been exumed. They were analized and CT scans were performed. D. Pedro had four broken ribs (the result of a horse fall and a carriage accident, and could have aggravated the tuberculosis condition that lead to his death. He was buried with portuguese medals. D. Leopoldina had no broken bones, so the rumour that she had died after being pushed to a flight of stairs during a fight with D. Pedro is probably false. She was buried in her coronation dress. D. Amélia body was perfectly preserved, mummified. "

http://g1.globo.com/ciencia-e-saude/noticia/2013/02/cientistas-brasileiros-exumam-restos-mortais-de-d-pedro-i-e-suas-mulheres.html

http://infograficos.estadao.com.br/public/familiaimperial/dpedro.shtml

http://members3.boardhost.com/Francoiberian/msg/1361304891.html (message and discussion)
Title: Re: Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty
Post by: Ayla C. on May 14, 2018, 10:42:34 AM
Does anyone know how Prince Luís Gastão of Orléans-Braganza died at age 20?  He was, until his death, Prince Pedro Henrique's heir.

Prince Luís died during the WWI. He became ill during the war and died at age 20. He was buried at France.