The Alexander Palace Time Machine Discussion Forum
Discussions about the Imperial Family and European Royalty => Italian Royal Families => Topic started by: amedeo on June 20, 2005, 04:53:18 AM
Charles Albert (October 2, 1798_July 28, 1849) was the Duke of Savoy, Piedmont, Aosta and King of Sardinia from 1831 to 1849. He succeded to Charles Felix but his name is also bound with the first Italian statute and the first war of independence (1848 - 1849). He abdicated after a defeat suffered from the Austrian army at the Battle of Novara.
Born in Turin in 1798, to the son of the Prince of Carignano, Carlo Emanuele, and Albertina Maria Cristina of Saxony. He was educated in the intellectually liberal but Francophil atmosphere of Geneva, then Paris during the First French Empire. At the fall of Napoleon he returned to Turin. He married Maria Teresa of Tuscany in 1817 and displayed some sympathies with liberals. In 1821, as regent for the kingdom in the absence of the new king, Carlo Felice, he conceded a constitution that was disavowed by the king, who sent him to join the French ultra-monarchist forces in Spain to suppress the liberal revolution there and restore Ferdinand VII. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Trocadero in 1823, which annihilated hopes of a constitutional monarchy for Spain.
Carlo Alberto succeeded Carlo Felice to the throne of Sardinia in 1831. Although an Italian patriot opposed to Austrian hegemony in Northern Italy, he put down the Mazzini conspiracy. He introduced a series of reforms that abolished domestic customs barriers within the kingdom, promulgated a law code (the Albertine Code) along Napoleonic lines and supported the arts and sciences.
In the year of revolutions of 1848 he agreed to a constitutional regime that remained in place for the century that the Kingdom of Italy lasted. The same year he declared war on absolutist Austria. However, he was defeated at Novara in 1849 and, rather than redraw the Statute, abdicated in favour of his son, Vittorio Emanuele. He then left for exile in Oporto, Portugal, where he died the same year.
These portraits belong to the first ages of Carlo Alberto's reign. He wears the old costume of the Supreme Order of the Annunziata as you can see below.
They are official portraits.
The official portrait of Carlo Alberto by Horace Vernet, a famous painter who lived in Rome.
This is a copy of Horace Vernet's painting, it became quite normal to copy official portraits of the King in order to show the portraits in the Offices.
Carlo Alberto in Genoa, you can see the Lanterna tower (a medioval lighthouse)
Carlo Alberto is represented with the Order of Santi Maurizio and Lazzaro, becouse every King of Sardinia and Italy is the "Gran Maestro" of the order.
Carlo Alberto is wearing the great uniform of Artillery general with the ivory hilt sword.
This portrait is conserved in the Archivio di Stato of Turin, it is a great archive with all the documents of the Savoia family.
Another portrait of Raccongi Castle, it is in the bedchamber of Queen Maria Teresa.
Carlo Alberto with his son Ferdinando Duke of Genova.
Augusta, Princess of Montléart was half-sister of King Carlo Alberto of Sardaigne (the Italian Charles-Albert of Piemonte, from the Savoia-Carignano royal family).
Princess Augusta de Montléart was born from the second marriage of Maria, Princess of Saxe-Kurland (deceased in Paris, 24 Nov 1851). Augusta received the title of Princess of Montléart from her father Júlio Maximiliano Thibault, prince of Montléart (deceased in Paris, October 1865). She had a brother, called Jules-Maurice, Prince of Montléart (also known as Moritz Julius of Montléart-Sachsen-Kurland) who married Wilhelmine Marie von Arnold and lived in the famous Wilhelminenberg Palace of Viena.
It is not easy to know better the profile of Augusta, for she was a rather discrete princess and her generosity was never used as self-promotion. On the other hand, she lived in several countries, leaving too many trails yet to be discovered and assembled. She died in Poland, in the region of Myslenice (near Cracow).
Here is what I have already know about the last years of Augusta de Montléart in Poland:
- She lived in Poland in a large property with a manor house named Krzyszkowice, in the region of Myslenice, near Siepraw, Zawada and Lanckorona. This property was bought from Lukarz Dobrzanski (married with Natalie Wessel Dobrzanska), probably in 1869. After the death of Augusta de Montléart, according to her will, this property returned to the Dobrzanski family.
- Augusta de Montléart founded the Gimnazium nº 1 (school nº 1) of Myslenice. She also founded other schools in Krzyszkowice and Siepraw and gave numerous scholarships to local young people, in order to finance their studies.
- Augusta de Montléart established a hospital in the yard of her manor house, where she personally cared for local poor people. There were numerous other acts of generosity by the princess, who dressed and lived with simplicity. She was also one of the first to care about animals' rights.
- Augusta de Montléart died tragically in 1885 and was buried in the cemetery of Siepraw. In 1937 her mortal remains were transferred to a tomb in Krzyszkowice.
I would like to find out a lot more about her last years of life in Poland, which is very difficult, since I can't understand Polish.
Here are some examples of important doubts still remaining about Augusta de Montleart:
1) why did she left Paris and decided to live in a rural region of Poland?
2) What kind of relationship she had with his brother Jules-Maurice (Moritz Julius), that owned also some land in the region of Myslenice?
3) Did Augusta de Montléart took any political part or any political role in that time?
4) Why did she died in such a tragic way?
5) What is still left from the princess legacy in this region?
6) Is there any portrait of the princess?
7) Her manor house and the tombs in Siepraw and Krzyszkowice still exists?
8 ) The schools she founded, do they have any architectural features of that time?
9) Is it possible to know exactly how many schools she founded and where?
10) Are there any texts published about the profile of Augusta of Montleart?
11) which are her exact date and place of birth?
12) was she married?
Can anybody help me? I will wait for Alexander Palace Members's amazing knowledge. I would be very grateful for any kind of infomation. Thank you very much.
I think she never married,while her brother married two times and lived in a beautiful palace in Vienna called Wilhelminenberg,after his second wife Wilhelmine FitzGerald von Arnold...while his first wife was Leopoldine Hoffman!
Grand Duke, this is my -little- contribution to your project.
I have found a web with information about princess Maria Christina of Saxe-Courland, the only daughter born in the marriage between the prince Karl of Saxony, briefly Duke of Courland, and his polish wife countess Franciszka Krasinska. By the way, Franciszka Krasinska, maternal grandmother of your Auguste of Montléart, is a fascinating historical figure. She was very known for her beauty and charm, also for her sweet and good-hearted natured.
Maria Christina, as you said, married firstly Carlo Emanuel, prince of Savoie-Carignan. They had a son, Carlo Alberto, later the king Carlo Alberto I of Sardinia, and a daughter, Maria Francesca of Savoie-Carignan. The unexpected death of Carlo Emanuel happened in 1800 at Paris. The widow and the orphans were not wealthy, but impoverished ones. Ten years later, Maria Christina married her second husband, Jules of Montléart.
It seems that Maria Christina and Jules of Montléart had five children:
-Jules Maurice of Montléart.
-Louise Bathilde of Montléart, who lived only for ten years, from 1813 to 1823.
-Frederike AUGUSTE Marie of Montléart.
-Berthe Marie of Montléart, dead in 1831 aged fifteen.
-Marguerite Julia of Montléart, dead in 1832 aged ten.
It seems that three of the children (Louise Bathilde, Berthe Marie and Marguerite Julie) suffered some kind of congenital illness, so they had very short lives. Maria Christina and Jules of Montléart were not happy at the end, and they broke up their marriage.
I´ve found doubts about the marriage of your Auguste of Montléart, Grand Duke. Some sources states that she died unmarried, but there are sources where Auguste of Montléart appeared as the wife, from 1832, of Karl Kurt Maria von Wernitz, created Duke of San Simon (I suppose the tittle was granted to him by the half-brother of Auguste, king Carlo Alberto of Sardinia...).
It seems that the couple Auguste of Montléart & Karl Kurt von Wernitz had at least a son, named Frédéric Charles, born 10th march 1833. This child reached adulthood and he married at Vienna, in 1856, the baroness Maria Magdalena Petróczy z Pétrocz.
I remember you that a lot of sources said that Auguste was unmarried..The Wernitz´s story seems a strange thing, there´s not proofs to claim it.
There´s no strange, for my point of view, that Auguste fled to Poland. Their parents lived in Italy, France, Switzerland. She was a woman who traveled a lot...I´m not sure, but I think that she was often in Portugal. I have read somewhere that she was a very pious woman and she was deeply involved in a number of social works. At the end, it could be that she wished to do her best in Poland, the country of her famous maternal grandmother. I think that she found not happiness in her life, because I have read that she commited suicide somewhere in Galitzia.
Are there any pictures of the famous Countess Corvin-Krasinska?
Here are some key-words to search this topic.
Princess Augusta de Montléart was also known as:
- Maria Augusta de Montleart;
- Augustyna de Montleart;
- Augusta Montleart;
- księżna Auguste de Montleart;
- "Chłopska księżna"; Fryderyka Augustyna;
- Frederica Augusta;
- Fréderique Auguste Marie de Montléart;
- Augusta Maria, Principessa de Montléart;
- Auguste, Princesse de Montléart-Sachsen-Kurland;
- Marie de Montléart
I´ve found doubts about the marriage of your Auguste of Montléart, Grand Duke. Some sources states that she died unmarried, but there are sources where Auguste of Montléart appeared as the wife, from 1832, of Karl Kurt Maria von Wernitz
This is part of a fraud posted by Hungarian-born Andreas "von Wernitz," who
claims through another fantasy descent to be "Prince of Salm-Kyrburg" among other titles.
See an exposé about him at http://www.chivalricorders.org/nobility/wernitz/wernitz-realstory.htm
Jules ( 1787-1865) was 6 marquis de Rumont and was raised to a Sardinian Prince in 1842. He later married Princess Felicie de La Trémouille who was 49 years younger than him ! Addington's House of Stuart has his issue as: Henri Jules 2 Prince de Montleart 1811-87, and Louise Bathildis -1885. No mention of Auguste, but I have a note that Auguste was murdered on her estate at Castle Krzyskovice nr Kraków in 1895 but have no more details.