Alexander Palace Forum

Discussions about the Imperial Family and European Royalty => BeNeLux Royalty => Topic started by: thijs on November 26, 2005, 05:50:49 AM

Title: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on November 26, 2005, 05:50:49 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/Afbeelding026.jpg)

Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Aline on November 26, 2005, 07:19:05 AM
Please, write information about queen Anna Pavlovna of Nethelands. I know only that she existed and propably her marriage was an unhappy one. So please, if You know more and have pictures etc so tell me. Aline
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Teddy on November 26, 2005, 10:05:39 AM
Ok, Anna Pavlovna is born  in St. Petersburg on 7/18 Januar 1795.

Her father was Tsar Paul I Petrowitsj and Sophia Dorothea Louise, Duchess of Wurtemberg. Also known as Tsarina Feodorovna. She has 4 brothers and 2 sisthers.

Her 2 younger brothers Konstantin and Michael are also her friends and with them she has secret clubmeetings under the name: Triopatie.  

In 1797 her father became the ruling Tsar and is murdered in 1801. So her brother, Alexander is head of the family.

She learned French, German and Russian and also paints and got music lessons. She gets also lesson in mathematics and natural sciences.  

In 1809 the Emporor Napoleon wants to marry Anna but her mother is against it.

In 1814 her brother Alexander mets Crown Prince William of the Netherlands. And a wedding is soon arranged.

Anna gets 1 million rouble as a dowry, about which the Dutch king, pays 5 per cent interest over.  Also she may keep her Orthodox faith and she is known as Her Imperial and Her Royal Highness, Grand Duchess Anna Paulowna. In 1816 she will marry the Dutch Crown Prince in St. Petersburg 9/12 Februar. And settled soon afterwards in Holland in the Palace Lange Voorhout and later at the Kneuterdijk in The Hague.

She kepts close contact with many of her relatives in Russia.

In 1829 her Jewels are stolen out of the Palace of Brussel. She ask her brother to send her new Jewels, what she also get. Some years later many of her Jewels are found, but the new jewels of her brother she won't give them back.

Anna and William have some childeren, Willem, Alexander, Hendrik, Casimir and Sophie.

In 1840 she and her husband are beiing crowned as King and Queen of Holland. She is a dominating person in a positive way. Who dont really like those orinary and strange Dutch people, who don't keep a distant.

So in 1845 she says:  It is a honor for the country to have a Grand Duchess as their Queen.  The king was amused that he could get me.

When her husband dies she keeps a further distant of the people and appairs only sometimes in public. She is not amused with her daughter in law, Princess Sopie of Wurtemberg, who is a daugher of her sister, who she didn't like.

She dies, in The Hague on the first of March 1865.

Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: crazy_wing on November 27, 2005, 12:09:21 AM
She had 4 brothers and 6 sisters.  She was closest to Nikolai and Mikhail, not Konstantin, due to their closeness in age.  

Anna was nicknamed Annette.  

In 1809, yes Napoleon wanted marry her.  Originally, Napoloen wanted to marry her elder sister Ekaterina but she was quickly engaged to the Duke of Oldenburg to avoid marrying him.   Napoleon than asked for Anna.  Alexander didn't want a union between him and one of his sisters so he made an excuse by saying to Napoleon's minister Talleyrand, "My mother has retained an authority over her daughters which it is not for me to contest".  15 yr old Anna, her mother wrote, was "not even formed, in the veiw of the irregularity of certain periods".  Finally, after a family council, it was annouced that Anna was not nubile and thus could not marry the Emperor.  
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: crazy_wing on November 29, 2005, 02:26:28 AM
There were also talks of Anna marrying Charles the Duke of Berry, son of Count of Artois and grandson of Louis XV.  However, her brother Alexander rejected this match as well because he felt that the throne of Louis XVIII (Charles' uncle) was not firmly established and was annoyed by the Bourbon's arrogance.  

Then Alexander suggested the match again to bring France and Louis XVIII to his side in the Congress of Vienna but Louis rejetted the idea.  
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Lucien on December 17, 2005, 03:56:24 AM
Quote
Please, write information about queen Anna Pavlovna of Nethelands. I know only that she existed and propably her marriage was an unhappy one. So please, if You know more and have pictures etc so tell me. Aline


A complex and spoiled woman,Anna Pavlovna,Grandduchess of Russia,and never making anyone forget.A resentfull personality,she always strongly disliked,if not hated,her daughter in law,Queen Sophie,as she had hated her mother.Catharina,Sophie's mother was highly favorable to her brother Alexander I of Russia,Anna was not,not to the same extent.Catharina was pro english,Anna was not.
Catharina was a strong socially engaged woman,Anna mainly kept herself busy with the Orthodox Faith and charities.People who had known Catharina said Sophie was very much like her mother,Anna must have been aware of that as well,jealous,she transferred the hate she'd felt towards her sister to Sophie.

After Anna's son became King in 1849,Anna wrote her son she wished to pick and choose the Ladies-in-waiting for his wife,wished,well,demanded.This outraged Sophie who saw this as yet another sign of the manipulative nature of Anna.Willem III,suggested that he and his mother could both make these choises,Sophie didn't want to hear of it,and it never happened.

Anna had a interesting correspondance with her brother Nicholas I,both Nicholas and Anna were strongly anti-british and somewhere shortly after her son became King she wrote her brother"I will try to gently persuade him into that direction(a anti-british act of State)for if I show and convince my young son he needs my advice,he accepts that fully,what pity he has that destructive harmfull element at his side,his torment.Just imagine,ever since she became Queen she doesn't kiss my hand anymore nor does she walk towards me to welcome me".

Sophie on Anna:"she's getting fat,and bores everyone with her biljart evenings and tea's.

To "top it off" Sophie wrote a friend in march 1865 that "this life of intense selfishness and evil is coming to an end,no sign,not the least,of better feelings".Allthough conscious till at least one hour before she died,she never spoke one friendly word,not to anyone".
Anna didn't wish to be embalmed,Sophie:"Due to her excessive eating and drinking the stanch was awful,and that terrible russian custom of having to visit that corps every day,just horrible".

Upon opening the Anna's testament,Willem III and Sophie learned they were desinherited,as were their children,and all went to the Sachsen-Weimar children and the Tsar and his children.(Grandduches Sophie,néé Princess of The Netherlands,Anna's favorite child).
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on December 17, 2005, 05:52:20 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna


(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/Afbeelding050.jpg)

King William ll

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/Afbeelding028.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on December 19, 2005, 12:38:45 PM
Quote
She had 4 brothers and 6 sisters.  She was closest to Nikolai and Mikhail, not Konstantin, due to their closeness in age.  

Anna was nicknamed Annette.  

In 1809, yes Napoleon wanted marry her.  Originally, Napoloen wanted to marry her elder sister Ekaterina but she was quickly engaged to the Duke of Oldenburg to avoid marrying him.   Napoleon than asked for Anna.  Alexander didn't want a union between him and one of his sisters so he made an excuse by saying to Napoleon's minister Talleyrand, "My mother has retained an authority over her daughters which it is not for me to contest".  15 yr old Anna, her mother wrote, was "not even formed, in the veiw of the irregularity of certain periods".  Finally, after a family council, it was annouced that Anna was not nubile and thus could not marry the Emperor.  


(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/Scannen0009_edited.jpg)

Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on December 19, 2005, 12:40:18 PM
Queen Anna Paulowna, the only known photograph of the queen.

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/Afbeelding037_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on December 20, 2005, 05:51:05 AM
Quote
Please, write information about queen Anna Pavlovna of Nethelands. I know only that she existed and propably her marriage was an unhappy one. So please, if You know more and have pictures etc so tell me. Aline


King William ll and queen Anna Paulowna

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/2005-12-19-2224-54_edited.jpg)

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/2005-12-19-2134-56_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: CountessKate on December 20, 2005, 06:03:13 AM
Quote
propably her marriage was an unhappy one


Actually, from her letters her marriage appeared to be very happy.  She was very supportive of her husband and her brothers were fond of him, too.

She seemed to be happier living in Belgium, which she found a more sophisticated environment than the Netherlands, and was furious when she had to leave with the Dutch royal family, when Belgium declared its independence from the Netherlands.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 12, 2006, 07:13:17 AM
This is my favorite portrait of queen Anna Paulowna

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/2006-01-12-1217-01_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 20, 2006, 02:03:16 PM
Portrait of queen Anna Paulowna from 1852. She is painted by the Dutch courtpainter J.B. van der Hulst as a widow, next to the bust of her husband King William ll.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-01-20-1721-57_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 20, 2006, 02:05:33 PM
Queen Anna Paulowna viiting in 1852 the school in Scheveningen (near The Hague) she founded for young girls. In this she was following the example of her mother, the empress Maria Feodorowna allthough the latter had a real and honest interest in improving the situation of woman and the empress was socially engaged. Anna id her best and did her share on charity, but she was a bit narrowminded and had a medium intellect and perhaps that might be the explanation for the differences in character and sympathy between Anna and her sister Catharina Paulowna (and I personally think that was also the real difference between Anna and her niece/daughter in law, queen Sophie). Catharina was intelligent and had a talent for oganizing, she was an active queen and had many interest. Catharina Paulowna, the sister Anna detested, was as talented as her mother, the empress Maria Feodorwna and had indeed social inerests and founded many socially engaged organizations of which some are still existing today. Catharina however was eager and overambitious (her governess princess Lieven found she had a strange character and wrote that Catharina was the only one of The empress children she did not like). Sophie was intellectual that is for sure but she missed the grandeur and strong character of he mother Catharina.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-01-20-1721-57_edited-copy.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 21, 2006, 07:33:47 AM
The empress Maria Feodorowna, mother of queen Anna Paulowna. The empress had a very high rank in the family and was very influential. She was a wise woman and knew had to use the power she had in a good and constructive way.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-01-20-1637-57_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 23, 2006, 12:15:53 PM
PAUL, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias (Summer Palace 1 Oct 1754-murdered at Summer Palace 24 Mar 1801); m.1st St.Petersburg 10 Oct 1773 Wilhelmine (who took the name Natalia Alexeivna), Landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt (Prenzlau 25 Jun 1755-St.Petersburg 26 Apr 1776); m.2d St.Petersburg 7 Oct 1776 Sophie (who took the name Maria Feodorovna), Dss of Württemberg, Stettin 25 Oct 1759-St.Petersburg 5 Nov 1828.

Father of Anna Paulowna

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/paultsarofrussia.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 24, 2006, 10:10:58 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna


(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-01-24-1337-02_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 24, 2006, 10:14:08 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna kneeling at her dead husband William ll. Behind her stand prince Henry, the brother of the king. At Palace Soestdijk Anna Paulowna had the bedroom of William ll closed down with bricks untill she died herself.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-01-24-1333-44_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 24, 2006, 10:17:21 AM
Tsar Alexander l visiting his sister queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands. This painting was made of the visit of the future queen Anna and the tsar at the so called Tsar Peter House in Zaandam (near Amsterdam). Wiliam stand at the left of the tsar. This little house was a gift from king William l to his daughter in law Anna Paulowna. Tsar Peter the Great had lived there when he stayed in the Netherlands to learn all about shipbuilding. It is now a museum.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-01-24-1324-29_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 30, 2006, 10:11:51 AM
Catherine the Great, grandmother of queen Anna Paulowna

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/470px-Rokotov_ekaterina.jpg)

Tsar Paul, father of queen Paulowna

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/Paul_I_of_Russia_by_Shchukin.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 30, 2006, 10:48:30 AM
This throne was a gift from Anna to her husband King William ll, when he bacame king in 1840. In 1849 she gave the throne to her son, King William lll.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/troonzetelwillemllenwillemlll.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on January 30, 2006, 11:17:09 AM
Inaugeration of William ll in Amsterdam 1840. Queen Anna Paulowna watching her husband, with on the left, princess Louise (wife of prince Frederick) and on the right crownprincess Sophie and next to Sophie, Anna`s daughter Sophie, the grandduchess of Sachsen Weimar Eisenach.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/inhuldigingwillemll.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 06, 2006, 08:25:28 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna and her brother Tsar Alexander l of Russia.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/annapaulowna.jpg)

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/alexanderl.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 06, 2006, 08:30:08 AM
Catherine the Great of Russia, grandmother of queen Anna Paulowna.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/catharinadegrote.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 08, 2006, 06:32:45 AM
King William ll and queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands.


(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-02-07-1019-52_edited.jpg)

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-02-07-1021-34_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 11, 2006, 08:00:16 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/annapaulowna_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 12, 2006, 11:01:36 AM
King William ll of the Netherlands.

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/Afbeelding049.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 12, 2006, 11:02:59 AM
King William ll and queen Anna with their children, painted in front of their Brussels residence Palace Tervuren.

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/Afbeelding051.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 12, 2006, 11:09:58 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna

(http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b164/bernogreat/Afbeelding026.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Lisa on February 14, 2006, 08:19:39 AM
ANNA PAVLOVNA 1795-1865

1797 by BOROVIKOVSKI with Nicholas: (http://img400.imageshack.us/img400/1729/1797borovikovskiavecnicolas305.th.jpg) (http://img400.imageshack.us/my.php?image=1797borovikovskiavecnicolas305.jpg)
by WALTER: (http://img115.imageshack.us/img115/2016/walterg117cm93cmgatchina8nc.th.jpg) (http://img115.imageshack.us/my.php?image=walterg117cm93cmgatchina8nc.jpg)

1800-1810's: (http://img47.imageshack.us/img47/1292/sanonymeannapavlovna0gs.th.jpg) (http://img47.imageshack.us/my.php?image=sanonymeannapavlovna0gs.jpg)  RAABE: (http://img115.imageshack.us/img115/3582/iraabe2jc.th.jpg) (http://img115.imageshack.us/my.php?image=iraabe2jc.jpg)   (http://img146.imageshack.us/img146/7407/giblehopwoodgravure5ld.th.jpg) (http://img146.imageshack.us/my.php?image=giblehopwoodgravure5ld.jpg)

by VINBERG : (http://img146.imageshack.us/img146/2337/dbut19vinbergannapavlovna5rein.th.jpg) (http://img146.imageshack.us/my.php?image=dbut19vinbergannapavlovna5rein.jpg)

as Queen of the Netherlands: 1831  j.b. van der HULST
(http://img383.imageshack.us/img383/7557/anna9xk.jpg) (http://imageshack.us)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 14, 2006, 02:02:11 PM
King William ll of the Netherlands, painted when still prince of Orange.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-02-07-1454-36_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on February 17, 2006, 02:41:48 PM
Anna Paulowna (courtesy to Lisa and fellowposters)

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/walterg117cm93cmgatchina8nc.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 11, 2006, 10:00:44 AM
Anna Paulowna and her brother Nicolas, the later tsar Nicolas l.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/1797borovikovskiavecnicolas305nicol.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 11, 2006, 10:01:54 AM
Maria Feodorowna, empress of Russia and mother of queen Anna Paulowna.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/12mariafodorovnaanonymefinxvii.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 12, 2006, 08:50:29 AM
Anna Paulowna painted as princess of Orange.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/annapaulowna.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: crotalo on March 13, 2006, 05:19:58 AM
She had a gorgeous breast ;)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 13, 2006, 06:23:27 AM
Marmor bust of Anna Paulowna.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/annapaulowna1843.jpg)

Marmor bust of William ll.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/02118b76.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 13, 2006, 06:44:32 AM
King William ll, painted as prince of Orange in 1817, together with count Van Bylandt, his adjudant.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/633a0286.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 13, 2006, 08:31:10 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/dbut19vinbergannapavlovna5rein.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 13, 2006, 12:40:54 PM
King William ll of the Netherlands.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/2bd3f289.jpg)

King William ll died suddenly and unexpected. This is a picture of his state funeral.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/willemll1849.jpg)

Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 13, 2006, 12:42:18 PM
King William ll.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/willemlltepaard.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 14, 2006, 10:07:04 AM
Youngest son of William ll and Anna Paulowna, prince Henry of the Netherlands and his first wife princess Amalia da Gloria of Sachsen Weimar Eisenach.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/hendrik1870.jpg)

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/amalia1865.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 14, 2006, 10:17:43 AM
Queen Anna Paulowna with her only  daughter princess Sophie, the later grandduchess of Sachsen Weimar Eisenach.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/annapaulownaensophie.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on March 19, 2006, 08:14:33 AM
King William ll of the Netherlands as prince of Orange.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/7a04c4bc.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: thijs on April 08, 2006, 01:27:09 PM
King William ll of the Netherlands.

(http://i43.photobucket.com/albums/e358/henrylooking123/willemll.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: berno on December 25, 2007, 06:52:27 AM

(http://i232.photobucket.com/albums/ee160/bernophotobucket/annapaulownaenalexander1.jpg)

Anna Pavlovna of Russia (Russian: Анна Павловна; 18 January 1795 - 1 March 1865) was Queen of the Netherlands. On this painting she can be seen with her brother and sister in law Prince Frederik of the Netherlands (full names: Willem Frederik Karel), Prince of Orange-Nassau, (Berlin, February 28, 1797 – Wassenaar, September 8, 1881) and Princess Louise of the Netherlans (néé Prussia) born Kaliningrad, 1 February 1808; died Wassenaar, The Netherlands, 6 December 1870). Als on this painting her brother 's son the future tsar Alexander ll.

From left to right: prince Willem Alexander Frederik (Anna's son), prince Willem Frederik Hendrik (Hendrik) (Anna's son), Elisa Martha, countess van Limburg Stirum, Sophia Wilhelmina Petronella, countess van Wassenaar, crownprince Willem (III) (anna's eldest son, prince Willem Frederik Karel (Frederik) of the Netherlands, Anna Pauwlona, princess Louise of Prussia, Willem II van Oranje-Nassau, Alexander II of Russia and his aide-de-camp Gcount Orloff en near de door Baron d'Ivoy en Baron Mackay.

Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: berno on December 25, 2007, 07:12:51 AM



Anna Paulowna was born as the eighth child and sixth daughter of Paul I of Russia and Empress Maria Feodorovna (born Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg), and thus was Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia. In the Netherlands, due to 19th century Dutch transliteration conventions, she is better known as Anna Paulowna.

She was a younger sister to Alexander I of Russia; Constantine Pavlovich, Viceroy of Poland; Alexandra Pavlovna, Archduchess of Austria; Elena Pavlovna, Hereditary Princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; Maria Pavlovna, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach; Catherine Pavlovna, Queen of Württemberg; and Olga Pavlovna, who died as a child. She was also an older sister to Nicholas I of Russia and Michael Pavlovich. At one time, Emperor Napoleon I of France had asked for her hand in marriage and been refused.

On 21 February 1816 at the Chapel of the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg, she married Prince William of Orange, later King William II of the Netherlands. On 7 October 1840, on the abdication of her father-in-law, William I of the Netherlands, she became Queen Consort of the Netherlands. She was the mother of the later King William III.



Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: berno on December 30, 2007, 06:28:42 AM
(http://i232.photobucket.com/albums/ee160/bernophotobucket/assetimageCAJ982C0.jpg)

Painting of the inaugarition of King William ll.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: berno on January 11, 2008, 11:48:10 AM
(http://i232.photobucket.com/albums/ee160/bernophotobucket/willemllking.jpg)

King William ll of the Netherlands
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: berno on January 13, 2008, 05:52:23 AM
(http://i232.photobucket.com/albums/ee160/bernophotobucket/annapaulowna.jpg)

Queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: berno on January 13, 2008, 06:03:54 AM
(http://i232.photobucket.com/albums/ee160/bernophotobucket/willemll.jpg)

King William ll of the Netherlands.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Luc on June 29, 2008, 07:58:52 AM
Anna paid in 1824-1825 a visit to her mother Maria Feodorovna and the Russian court. She was accompanied by Willem and some imnportanr mebers of the royal household. One of her ladies in waiting, countess Marie Cornelie van Wassenaer Obdam, who also accompanied her, wrote a diary about this year at the Russian court of tsar Alexander I. It's a very interesting story.  :)

Here a link to the book:
http://www.nl.bol.com/is-bin/INTERSHOP.enfinity/eCS/Store/nl/-/EUR/BOL_DisplayProductInformation-Start?BOL_OWNER_ID=1001004001951138&Section=BOOK
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Luc on July 08, 2008, 12:44:41 PM
In the Royal Collection in The Hague is a toilet set of queen Anna Pavlovna, it was at an exposition at the palace Het Loo last year. It is made from silver and crystal and was part of her trousseau that her mother Maria Feodorovna made up in 1815. It consists of 29 pieces, among them a mirror, candelabras, a pincushion, flacons with covers and baskets. It was made in St.Petersburg.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Hector on May 01, 2009, 05:55:25 PM
It's Prince Frederick, not Prince Henry. Really nice picture.

Queen Anna Paulowna kneeling at her dead husband William ll. Behind her stand prince Henry, the brother of the king. At Palace Soestdijk Anna Paulowna had the bedroom of William ll closed down with bricks untill she died herself.

(http://i45.photobucket.com/albums/f87/henry-looking/2006-01-24-1333-44_edited.jpg)
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Lucien on March 17, 2010, 12:10:46 PM
On this day,march 17th 1865,the Dowager Queen was interred at the Royal Mausoleum in Delft.

If not by the size of it,then by a brilliant shining diamond Russian Orthodox Cross on her coffin one can recognize her
last resting place.Good.HM Queen Beatrix had the whole Mausoleum "re - shuffled" to create more space.

No,the Mausoleum is not open to the public,it is considered private grounds by the Royal Family.

http://www.royaltyguide.nl/countries/netherlands/delft/nieuwekerk.htm

Courtesy Mardam's incredible site.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Naslednik Norvezhskiy on April 21, 2010, 12:41:53 AM
I think Anna Pavlovna was the only Romanov who married into a Calvinist RF (though she stayed Orthodox herself), wasn't she?
What a contrast Calvinism is to the opulence of Orthodoxy!
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Grand Duchess Valeria on April 21, 2010, 04:04:03 AM
Looking at the portraits and paintings, I think she was not very beautiful, was she?
Her sisters (especially Helena) looked somehow more "fairy"
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: violetta on January 06, 2011, 02:13:21 PM
Anna Pavlovna`s niece, GD Olga Nikolaevna, claimed that the Dutch Queen`s marriage was unhappy. But she doesn`t provide any evidence. She only writes that the couple had some arguments concerning their eldest son`s upbringing. So, what about their marriage? I read letters of Anna Pavlovna`s mother and found no indication of marital problems in them. Probably Anna Pavlovna was a dutiful princess and queen who didn`t disclose her deepest secrets?
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: CountessKate on January 07, 2011, 08:06:44 AM
Anna Pavlovna`s niece, GD Olga Nikolaevna, claimed that the Dutch Queen`s marriage was unhappy. But she doesn`t provide any evidence. She only writes that the couple had some arguments concerning their eldest son`s upbringing. So, what about their marriage? I read letters of Anna Pavlovna`s mother and found no indication of marital problems in them. Probably Anna Pavlovna was a dutiful princess and queen who didn`t disclose her deepest secrets?

'Romanov Relations', edited by S W Jackman, which contains letters between Anna Pavlovna and her brother Nicholas I, with some correspondence she had with her other brothers Alexander I and Constantine and Michael, never show the slightest indication that the marriage was unhappy.  The couple may have had some arguments, but it would be hard to gloss over a marriage in trouble in over 50 years of writing to a beloved sibling.  Anna was always intensely loyal to Wilhelm and in August 1831, at the beginning of the war with Belgium, she presented him with a portrait with the inscription "Plutot une cabane avec mon Guillaume que de souscrire au deshonneur" (Better a cabin with my William than to subscribe to dishonour) which in the context of her letters seems genuinely sincere, and her correspondence throughout is admiring: "William has given all his heart and zeal to affairs with an impartiality which really does him honour"; "...this dear being - for I love William and not the Prince Royal" (i.e. she loves the man and not the princely title); "...my sole wish is to present to my William the fruits of my labours...."; "..they feel deeply, in all classes, everthing that they owe to William...."  and so on and on.  When he died, she was devastated; references to "the cherished remains", "the dearly loved remains", "the bitterness of my just grief" etc., are not those of a woman who has escaped from an unhappy marriage, unless Anna Pavlovna was a complete hypocrite in writing to her dearly loved brother Nicholas.  All her letters show rather the reverse - she had poor relations with her eldest son, although far worse ones with his Wurttemburg wife, Sophie, and all attempts of Nicholas to ameliorate her dislike of her daughter-in-law failed.  Given her very open views of these relationships, and her frank discussions of various ups-and-downs with her Dutch in-laws, it seems highly unlikely that she would have given no demonstration that her marriage was a mere convenience, whereas in fact it seems to have been very happy and she was genuinely admiring and supportive of a husband whom she loved.  Which is not to say that they had no disagreements, as in any strong marriage.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: violetta on January 07, 2011, 08:31:04 AM
Thanks, CountessKate! I wonder why GD Olga Nikolaevna expresses such an opinion on her aunt`s marriage. may be she had her own reasons? I`m reading letters of the Empress Marie Feodorovna to Anna Pavlovna. So far I haven`t come across any mention of Anna`s marital problems. Anna Pavlovna`s mother never mentions any problems in her letters. Neither does she give any advice to her daughter how to solve her problems. I`ve come across a book on Anna Pavlovna in Russian. I `ll try to read it in the nearest future (it`s in the library) and I`ll get to know more of her life.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: CountessKate on January 08, 2011, 09:15:57 AM
I would be interested to see if you can find anything out as to why Olga Nikolaevna should have thought as she did about her aunt's marriage.  Of course, Olga was unhappily married herself, and could have seen marital disagreements from a skewed perspective - considering them more painful than they actually were.  In addition, Anna Pavlovna didn't get on particularly well with her Wurttemburg relations - she disliked her sister Catherine Pavlovna, who married the King of Wurttemburg, and she disliked Catherine's daughter Sophie, who became her own daughter-in-law - a dislike fully reciprocated by Sophie herself.  So there may have been something there also.  As the daughter of her beloved brother Nicholas, Olga may have escaped the anti-Wurttemburg feelings, but might have seen Anna Pavlovna's hostility in action, without exactly knowing their origin - and drawn the wrong conclusions.  Additionally, Olga may have been influenced by her sister-in-law Sophie, who loathed Anna Pavlovna ("the old Queen, like a she-tiger is lying in the bush and the best thing for perverse people and furious animals is to stare in their eyes, never turn our backs on them.....") and who wrote of Anna's reaction to Nicholas I's death, "The Queen Mother here learnt of it through a telegraphic message from the new Emperor.  I saw her an hour and a half afterwards, there was no tear, no pang - she made des phrases just as she had made on her son's and her husband's deaths."  Sophie was incapable of seeing any good in Anna Pavlovna, and, while she and Olga were not especially friendly, she nevertheless might have coloured Olga's views on Anna's behaviour which were incredibly unfair.  Not that Anna Pavlovna's views on Sophie were any better!
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: violetta on January 13, 2011, 07:58:49 AM
GD Olga Nikolaevna`s memories:

1834, visit of Anna Pavlovna and her husband and their son , the future king Willem

"Anna Pavlovna was a real grand dame whose French was impeccable", writes Olga Nikolaevna.

But her impression of Anna Pavlovna`s son was far from positive, she calls him a 'moron" who often misbehaves e.g. by throwing a dog in the face of Alexandra Nikolaevna`s governess who selected him as a partner in one of the games. In fact, nobody wanted to have anything in common with the young prince. He was often punished for his misdeeds. THE PRINCE OF ORANGE ADMITTED THAT HE DIDN`T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT CHILDREN`S UPBRINGING. NEVERTHELESS HE OBJECTED TO HIS WIFE`S DECISION`S CONCERNING THEIR SON. THE COUPLE`S FAMILY LIFE WAS UNHAPPY.

this is all that I`ve found in GD Olga Nikolaevna`s memories on her aunt`s marriage. No more info on Anna Pavlovna`s presumably unhappy life.

 
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: violetta on January 13, 2011, 08:02:47 AM
this is what empress maria feodorovna wrote to anna pavlovna about her daughter`s marriage:


letter, 0f 16.08.1822

your happy marriage,my dear, is the joy of my life. may god preserve it and prolong it...

Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Lucien on January 13, 2011, 09:30:50 AM
Marie Feodorowna had no clue,I think,or choose not to have one.Her own marriage with Paul,well,anything else must
have been heaven to the poor woman,and besides,I think all and each was well aware that letters & other documents
would end up in archives for all to read later,another reason not to be too open officially.But Marie must have known.
Especially after the robbery of Anna's jewelry and her subsequent refusal of seeing her Guillaume for a while,she had heard
the "rumours" too.Lets say " she had to give them a place"...before she was on speaking terms with her husband again.
At that time,Anna made requests for new jewelry and precious stones.Peanuts for her family as they didn't know where
with it so Anna did receive another impressive collection from mama and her brother,the Tsar.


Unhappy,in a way yes,it certainly would be called a dysfunctional family these days.CP and later King Willem II had his
ins- and outs.One was the conflict with his father,King Willem I,on the running of the country and him being unhappy
for the keeping at arms lenght by his father from state affairs.He was a coniving man,making deal with the King of France
of separating the Wallone part of Belgium,treason,a slap in the face of his father Willem I,again.Willem I didn't see his heir
fit to rule and preserve what Willem I had so carefully build up after the french occupation was ended and the Orange-Nassau's
were requested to return to The Netherlands.Willem I was right on Willem II,he didn't particularly do all that much,but
the debts kept building up....

Later he,Willem II,got his revenge if one can call it that,as his father decided to marry a catholic former Lady in Waiting to his
first wife Mimi,néé Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia.A belgian Countess and catholic,while the Northern and the Southern Netherlands
just had ended the conflict (and the most silly revolution there ever has been I hurry to add...).Willem I was forced,saw no other
way then to Abdicate in 1840 and moving to Berlin with his Henriette.From that moment on the son and Anna found eachother in
totally rejecting the idea of his fathers marriage and the subsequent ignoring of the father and his new bride.Anna was perfect
at that,never forgetting she was a born Grand Duchess of Russia who married one of the heroes of Waterloo,she held her pretty
little nose up and pretended no-one else was there except her,an egocentric woman.Another problem in the marriage was the
gambling,or making incredible debts anyway,and the manouvering into blackmail positions.
The latter lead to the believe that the robbery of most if not all of Anna Pavlovna's jewelry from their Palace in Brussels,
was something of a scheme by Willem to pay his debts or the blackmailer(s).Willem was said to be bi-sexual,I said:
said,I never bedded him so it's only hear say allthough persistent I must admit.

Anna comforted herself with her russian chapel,her russian choir and the immens chainsmoking Russian woman who was
her "personal assistant",while Willem had his way with his fling for anything gothic,designing and building new edifices
in that style.When he died in his own design neo-gothic  Palace in Tilburg,Anna was at Soestdijk and travelled to Tilburg
immediatly.She was,and always had been,besotted with her "Guillaume" ,and had a room dedicated to him at Soestdijk that
is unchanged till today.
At his death in 1849,the debts were such,especially those to his brother in law Tsar Nicolas I,that Anna saw no other
way out as to give most of the Dutch Masters from the private collection,including many Rembrandt's,to Nicolas which is
how and why  the Hermitage St.Petersburg has that many of them.Thanks to a Prince with a hole in his hand....

The son and Heir,the future Willem III had no contact with his father and only very rarely with his mother,a disfunctional kid.
He was downright angry at his father for signing the Constitution of 1848 which abolished Absolute Monarchy and
the start of the Constitutional Monarchy we know here since.He was in England when Willem II died,and,refused to return home
and take up his task as a Monarch.It took days and a lot of words I won't repeat here,before he finally decided to return.
The son had always been a problem child,yes.His marriage with Sophie was a disaster,their son Maurits's dead meant an even wider
gap between Willem III and Sophie,who,I must say,wasn't the easyest kid on the block either.Far superior to her husband in
the intellectual field,she wasn't intellectual enough to stand above that and to guide him with a gentle hand.Not that that would
have made that much of a difference,Willem III was a difficult man,misunderstood maybe we would say today.Conflicts with his
sons,perticularly his Heir Willem,Wiwill in the family,who moved to Paris out of protest as his father forbid him to marry the woman
he loved,a second son who died of TBC at Madeira,and then finally,only his youngest son was left,Alexander with whom he hardly
had any contact at all.Alexander became Heir after Wiwill died in Paris,a position this lonely looner didn't want.He was totally
besotted with his mother Queen Sophie,and was lost when she died.He lived alone in his little Palace in The Hague,and he lived there
at the time of the marriage of the King to Emma.As a sign of disapproval he closed the windowshutters all day.His half-sister Wilhelmina
was born the next year and the year after that he himself died.Wilhelmina had never actually known her three half-brothers,yet she
would speak affectionately about;" the four of us" in her later life.Difficult to judge all the family now really,you have to see it all in the day
and age,the time but you don't have to envy a Royal for being Royal at any time,even tho times have changed.

Anna's daughter Sophie was the apple in mommy's eye and was married off to the Grand Duke of Saxen-Weimar.
In her later years she was a immense support her sister in law,the Queen Regent Emma and to her niece,
the Princess Wilhelmina and it was a blow to both to loose the Lady that gave such valuable advice to two young
and unexperienced Ladies.They would catch-up on that later..

But back to Anna.When she died all was according to the rituals of the Russian Orthodox Church,meaning the next of kin were
to mourn next to an open coffin.Here comes d-i-l Queen Sophie,true or highly exaggerated but she claims;"  the stence was such
she didn't know where to turn" .....Even in death,there was the constant bickering between unhappy people.
Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Alexandrina-Sofia on August 02, 2013, 09:53:40 AM
(http://www.gogmsite.net/_Media/1816_grand_duchess_anna_p-2.jpeg)

This portrait of young Anna Pavlovna by Jean Desire Muneret bringing Isabey style portraiture with swirling scarves east to Russia. 1816
Title: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Lucien on October 01, 2013, 09:44:45 PM
A wonderfull exhibition opened at the Hermitage Sint Petersburg on King Willem II and Queen Anna Pavlovna"

"Royal Splendour at the Netherlands Court" ,Armorial Hall,Hermitage.From september 25th till january 12th 2014.

And an exhibition on Dutch architecture will open at the General Staff Building,St.Petersburg on october 16th.


http://www.hermitagemuseum.org/


Title: Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Yelena Aleksandrovna on May 25, 2015, 02:21:52 PM
Portrait of Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna, daughter of Paul I and Queen consort of the Netherlands. Painted by Timoteo Neff  in 1856. It was in the collection of a the Museum of Fine Arts of Yeketerinburg simply labeled as “portrait of a woman” but recently the real identity of the lady was pointed out by the Head of the Department of Russian and foreign art, Olga Gornug.

(http://i601.photobucket.com/albums/tt94/KaiserinCharlotte/DarlingCharlotte/annap_zpsaekkkem0.jpg) (http://s601.photobucket.com/user/KaiserinCharlotte/media/DarlingCharlotte/annap_zpsaekkkem0.jpg.html)

Credits and source in the image.
Title: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
Post by: Lucien on July 28, 2015, 03:52:29 AM
Beautifull portrait Yelena!!!It is clear this is Anna indeed!