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I would like to post this link to a topic that may interest you:

There is the film in Romania.

Personally, I love seeing them in this movie. He says so much about the children's personality.

That would be great. Hearing their voices would be a real pleasure.

The Imperial Family / Re: The publication of diaries and letters
« on: August 08, 2018, 11:28:38 AM »
I do not reply directly to the message above, but I think it's a good place to post this link:

It's in Russian, but the site includes many letters from the imperial family. Some are known, others less frequent, it may be interesting for those who do not have some books.

I continue in presenting my views on the imperial family and those around them.

From my research, nothing allows me to say that Sophie Buxhoeveden betrayed the imperial family. At least, no more than other relatives. I think for example of Lili Dehn. When I read Markov's book, it seemed rather strange to me. Moreover, unlike Mrs. Viroubova, the imperial family often says they have no news of Lili Dehn in exile.

But I will not say that Lili Dehn has betrayed the imperial family. Such an accusation requires more than a strange attitude in a book, even if it is written by a witness.

For the rest, I think that Markov (the officer, not the politician who betrayed the imperial family) was a very honest man in his intentions to free the imperial family, and yet he was unknowingly involved in a plot. I stress that he, too, has known Bolshevik prisons. He admits to having worked for them to be released. Yet, in parallel, he continued to work for the imperial family.

Reading the writings of Sophie Buxhoeveden she appears as a clever, resourceful woman. She was cunning to reach the imperial family, but to betray me seems very surprising.

I will conclude by saying that it is an interesting ambition to want to reverse the "romantic and ideal myth of the Romanovs", but we need tangible elements. However, for the moment, judging tangible evidence, there are some crumbs on one side and a documentary mass on the other.

I do not respond to Steinberg's message in particular.

My opinion on Nicolas II.

A very great man, an idealistic leader who unfortunately was surrounded by little minds, entangled in the narrowness of the pragmatism and ambitions of his collaborators.

What reassures me is that the critics of Nicolas II who spoke on this topic do not know anything about which they approach.

Nicholas II was surrounded by incompetents (officers generally very bad strategists, pathetic ministers, an extended family full of conspiracy theories, an aristocracy that lived on rumors and gossip).

Russia has never been stronger, rich and I will say "human" than under the reign of Nicholas II.

Honestly, I'm sick and tired of hearing that Nicolas II was weak, anti-Semitic, despotic, cruel, stupid ... without any proof, just because you have to dwell on a whole historiography that takes Witte or Maria Pavlovna elder as the best sources on Nicolas II.

Tsarevich Alexei Nicholaievich / Re: Tennis photos - Finland and Crimea
« on: August 05, 2018, 04:58:40 AM »
I did not really know where to post this link: an article on the tennis courts of the imperial family in Finland. It's in Russian, and a bit depressing. It's sad to think that one hundred years ago the imperial family spent some of their best moments in what is now a jungle!

Alexandra Feodorovna / Re: Alexandra and her Health Part 2
« on: August 04, 2018, 08:34:52 PM »
"Charlotte of Prussia"

Alexandra Feodorovna / Re: Alexandra and her Health Part 2
« on: August 04, 2018, 08:34:13 PM »
I agree, but Charlotte Prussia had the crucial symptoms (including strong abdominal pain and orange urine). The Empress did not have these symptoms (present in 95 percent of porphyria attacks).

Porphyria is a disease with critical periods, then a "normal" life outside. It corresponds to the existence of Charlotte of Prussia, but the empress was almost always sick. In the last years she could hardly walk anymore.

Porphyria is a chronic disabling disease but not very progressive, while the Empress was declining from year to year.

Alexandra Feodorovna / Re: Alexandra and her Health Part 2
« on: August 04, 2018, 02:10:58 AM »
"except that the Empress never complains of her hands or arms"

"so much the empress, except during the war, was getting up rather late".

It's better.

Alexandra Feodorovna / Re: Alexandra and her Health Part 2
« on: August 04, 2018, 02:03:32 AM »
What intrigues me is that acute porphyria are, in women, generally more common in adolescence (onset of menstruation) and during pregnancy (the maximum of crises occur between 20 and 40 years). However, I have never read that the Empress had especially suffered acute attacks of her illness at these times of her life. It is really from 1910 (I think) that she spends most of her time lying or sitting.

I also know that porphyria is the enemy of the sun. Yet the Empress felt much better in Crimea for example. While she was not exposing herself as her daughters in the sun, but the Crimea is still much sunnier than St. Petersburg.

The witnesses often speak of the redness of the empress, but it does not really resemble the dermic attacks of a porphyria in their description. More like a kind of stress-related eczema, developing on the arms and neck.

Porphyria usually affects the gums, with frequent bleeding. The Empress often speaks of her heart, her redness, her tiredness, her headaches, never bleeding gums.

Porphyria usually includes a mental disorder. Frankly, the Empress wrote every day between 1914 and 1917, and very regularly before and after, and nothing in her letters suggests a mental disorder. She spent her days in her hospital, and no one ever noticed a neurological disorder in her conversations or gestures. She had an excellent memory, she spoke with logical sharp religious subjects, she even gave classes to her children.

The Empress often complains about her legs. This is not a porphyrian symptom, unless it is also associated with weakness of the arms (out, the Empress never complains of her hands or arms). I think it's more related to poor blood circulation or fluid retention associated with heart weakness (which also weakens the kidneys, it goes together).

Porphyria is generally associated with serious sleeplessness, yet as much as I know that the emperor suffered from frequent sleeplessness, so much the empress, except during the war, rose rather late.

The abdominal symptom is largely predominant in porphyria (95 percent of cases). Yet here again, I do not remember reading a single line about it in the empress's letters. I know she often complains of chest pain (cramps), but very rarely in the stomach. I have read the writings of Dr. Botkin, he also does not speak of abdominal pain in his patient but of her pains in the chest.

The phases of improvement or aggravation of the empress's symptoms also indicate an intermittent illness. Acute intermittent porphyria (the one that corresponds most to the symptoms of the empress) is always reinforced during pregnancy (epilepsy, hallucination, delusions ...). Anesthetics also cause severe seizures, if administered without adequate treatment. Yet the Empress, I believe, to give birth under anesthesia. Nobody found the Empress particularly mad during her pregnancies.

Porphyria is a convenient idea, because it can be extended to other ruling families. But if the empress had suffered porphyria, it is obvious that her situation as a young woman would have been much more serious and problematic at 45 years.

Alexandra Feodorovna / Re: Alexandra and her Health Part 2
« on: August 03, 2018, 09:20:50 AM »
It's probably genetic. His father died of a heart attack.

For the rest, having read Dr. Botkin's correspondence with her brother, the Empress did not look like a very obedient patient. She did not really respect the advice of her doctors.

But frankly, it's obvious that the Empress was not crazy or hypochondriac. You talk to someone convinced.

The Russian Revolution / Memories of Ivan Manukhin
« on: August 03, 2018, 08:28:36 AM »
I did not find on the forum the name of Ivan Manukhin. He was a doctor. Supporting the February Revolution, he treated Gorky. He later worked with monarchist prisoners at St. Peter and St. Paul fortress, including Anna Viroubova. I think he makes the link between Gorky and Mrs. Viroubova (see the memories of Mrs. Viroubova)

He left (brief) memories of his work during the revolution. I put the link. It's in Russian.

Alexandra Feodorovna / Re: Alexandra and her Health Part 2
« on: August 03, 2018, 03:09:10 AM »
About Ignatia

I read that this plant was mostly used (and known in the nineteenth century) for the treatment of violent headache. Nevertheless, it was used in many treatments (digestion, fever, hiccups ...)

It is the same for aconite. It's hard to draw a real conclusion. These are obviously essential homeopathic medicines in a medical kit at the time.

For those who read French, I put the link of a homeopathic guide of 1860 which lists all the uses of Ignatia and Aconite.

Alexandra Feodorovna / Re: Alexandra and her Health Part 2
« on: August 03, 2018, 02:57:33 AM »
Personally I never believed in the hypochondria of the Empress.

Your hypothesis is interesting. For my part, I really think she had heart problems.

My grandmother had big heart problems, and I really saw the empress's symptoms.

Among them: blue hands, shortness of breath, fear of heat, cramps in the chest, legs often swollen making walking difficult, she also frequently had red patches (I do not know if it is related but she often suffered from shingles or exczema). This generates an almost constant anxiety, a bad self-esteem "I am good for nothing" which brings some depression to the active people (my grandmother was very active), and can also make the patient agoraphobic (painful exits, crowd suffocating, afraid of a heart attack ...)

I think the empress was a vegetarian or almost, and I know the doctors also recommended my grandmother to eat little meat. Heart problems are often related to kidney problems.

Finally, let's not forget that the Empress was taking very powerful medications (veronal for example). This can explain the moments of big fatigue that she met, her reactions sometimes difficult to understand.

I know the Empress had difficulties with her eyes, but she read a lot, wrote a lot, did a lot of painstaking work. I think she's talking about glasses only in Tobolsk (in a letter to Ana Viroubova). I think she was suffering from eye fatigue in Tsarskoie-Selo, and in Tobolsk she was beginning to be presbyopic.

The Imperial Family / Re: The publication of diaries and letters
« on: August 02, 2018, 06:07:40 AM »
To check of course, but for the diary of Nicolas II I found this edition which, it seems to me is the oldest

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