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Topics - JamesAPrattIII

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1
Marie Feodorovna / Maria Fed red cross hospital pictures
« on: March 16, 2017, 04:37:56 PM »
On the great war forum 1914-1918invasionzone.com medical services section there is a posting from the Russian state archives of photos of Maria Fed and her red cross hospital. A few  pictures I have seen before but many are new to me. They are worth a look at. Note all the captions are in Russian a translation is needed.

2
Nicholas II / Nicholas Diary 30 March/12 April 1916
« on: October 11, 2016, 01:59:38 PM »
Can anyone help me find out what or if Nicholas wrote in his diary on 30 March/12 April 1916 about the air attack that happened while he was reviewing the 3rd Trans-Amur Infantry Division? The next day 31 march/13 April 1916 he writes Alexandra "During the review we heard our guns firing at Austrian aeroplanes wh. were dropping bombs on both of the bridges over the Dnester." This is for an article I am writing. there is some disagreement between Russian and Austrian accounts as to what happened.

3
Having Fun! / The Eastern Front 1914-1917 wargame
« on: October 30, 2015, 03:45:57 PM »
The wargame company SPW has the Der Weltkrieg Series board wargaming WWI see www.spwgame.com which lists the games and has an step by step video on how to play it. The introductory game is tannenberg. There is also The Eastern Front 1914-1917 6 separate games Tannenberg, Galicia , Serbia, Rumania, GorliceTarnow,and the Brussilov Offensive as well as East front campaign game. For those of us who want to refight WW I in the East.

4
Having Fun! / 1917 Russian Offensives
« on: October 22, 2015, 06:42:56 PM »
This is in the way of what if Nicholas worked something out there was no Feb/Mar 1917 revolution and the Russian army remains fit to fight and in 1917 launches a series of offensives. This is what I understand they were planning to do:
The Russian and Rumanian forces outnumbered the Central powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria by 2 to 1 in manpower and the central powers were holding a front line that went from the Baltic to the Black sea. The Russians planned to attack after the thaw late april/early may. They were going to begin with secondary attacks by the Northern, Western and Rumanian fronts mainly to draw off Central powers reserves. Then the main offensive was to be launched by the SouthWest front towards Lemberg/Lvov and Kovel just to the south of them the Russian and rebuilt Rumanian army was also going to launch an offensive.
 I would say the South West fronts offensive would breakthrough the lines in part because most of the troops they were up against were Austrians who collapsed rather quickly during the failed Kerensky offensive. The Germans would have some troops to deploy to the East as they did during the Kerensky offensive but I don't think it would have stopped this Russian breakthrough. I would say the Russians would have captured Kovel and while they probably would not have been able to capture Lemberg/Lvov they would have at least gotten close to it before their troops were to exhausted to carry on. The Rumanians to the South did quite well in 1917 only this time there are no real reserves to stop them as what happened in real life.  I would also expect the Northern, Western and Rumanian fronts to make some gains. The Rumanian front was to attack along the coast and should have done well. As for the other two fronts if the front commanders Ruzsky of the Northern and Evert of the Western were fired and replaced with better generals they certainly would have done very well.  To be continued.

5
Star Media who gave us the House of Romanov 1613-1917 has another documentary out title World War I that deals with the fighting on the Eastern Front in WW I. It's in 8 parts plus six more parts of short clips. I would rate it as average. I found a number of errors and omissions. Like no mention of Rasputin. I did learn some things. This is similar in format to the house of Romanov 1613-1917 and if you liked that you will like this one. I would recommend this to people who frequent this site. It's on youtube. I found this on the Axis History Forums First World War section . On a posting of Review of WW I Russian Documentary. Will someone with more computer skills than I have please post this here.

6
Having Fun! / Some funny and not so funny things
« on: March 04, 2015, 01:51:42 PM »
I have some period humor which is mostly black humor for you

From "Thou Shalt Kill"

Witte (the Finance Minister) decided to replace gold currency with dynamite since dynamite is streaming into Russia and gold is streaming out

Last evening, his Excellency the Govenor General held a small reception at his residence at which he accepted congratulations from his subordinates on the two week anniversary of his successful command of this area.

The difference between European minister and ours theirs are thrown out and ours are blown out

Due to the increase in the incidence of bank robberies, the mask and costume business are showing large profits a domino mask goes for 60 rubles (rental and A harlequin for more than 80. The administration intends to institute price controls in order to curb the merchants greed.

Bank satire in 1905 in the old days this was a place to safeguard your money

Latvian terrorist exhibit A real live Latvia: A german castle not destroyed and a policeman who has not been shot

Newspaper staffer "The biography of the new Govenor-General has arrived what do I do with it?"
Editor: "Send it to the obituary department"

The police:
1: Go to sites that have been robbed
2:Report all robberies less than an hour after they happened
3; Photogragh all criminals who have disappeared
4:Send the entirely of stolen sums to police headquarters with out delay as material evidence
5: Travel around and ask all inhabitants if they stole money from the bank

The greatest inventor of the century (John ) Browning

A Liberal kneeling in front of Nicholas II: "Your Majesty grant us a constitution or the SRs will shoot."

From Autocracy Under Siege:
Grand Duke Serge after he was assassinated "The Grand Duke had for once been obliged to cast his brain around an issue"

7
Nicholas II / The Tsar's Air defense
« on: December 23, 2014, 07:00:33 PM »
I have been doing some research on air defense and air attacks on Nicholas. I think you will find this interesting:

Pre WWI some SR terrorists considered flying a dynamite packed airplane into the Winter palace. The Okhrana in 1909 hearing of this ordered the monitoring of all flights as well as monitoring people learning how to fly and members of flying clubs. The SRs tried to recruit a airplane designer to build them a airplane for an air attack but the designer fled the country. I have read, but can't remember the book's title, but I believe at the start of WW I the one and only anti-aircraft battery in the Russian Imperial army was stationed in the Tsarskoe  Selo area to in case of a terrorist air attack.
  In April 1915 an AA (anti-aircraft) battery of 12- 76mm AA guns on stationary mounts, an automotive half battery and a machine gun section of 6 Machine guns were stationed in the Tsarskoe Selo area. The automotive half battery was sent in 1916 to support the Guards or Special army in the Lutsk area in the July-October period. They were the only anti-aircraft guns in this army. In June 1915 the Tsarskoe Selo aviation section was formed for air defense of this area it had 8 aircraft and 5 pilots. In November 1915 a second aviation section the defense of the Tsar's Mogilev headquarters. On 14 August 1916 the two sections were combined into the Imperial Resdence Defense detachment. They contained 14 pilots and 13 observers. There were no attacks on either places during the war.
 The Germans did try on two occasions to bomb Petrograd during the war the first was on 26 December 1916 by two naval airships the LZ35 and the LZ38 both ran into severe winter weather the LZ 35 barely made it home while the LZ38 had to put down in a field where it was wrecked. The other occasion was on 30 January 1917 by the Army airship LZ98 which also had to turn back do to severe winter weather. Note the winter of 1916/17 was unusally harse and helped lead to the breakdown in transportation that led to the Februray 1917 revolution.

8
Imperial Russian History / U-26 and Akula wrecks found
« on: July 31, 2014, 06:13:14 PM »
Just recently the wrecks of two WW I submarines were found in the Baltic:
German U-26 found off the coast of Finnland which sank after it hit a Russian mine 30 August 1915. This U-boat is best known for sinking the Russian crusier Pallada in 1914. The Pallada's wreck was found in 2012.
Russian Akula found off the Estonia coast where it sank after hitting a German mine 30 November 1915.

Both submarines were lost with all hands and both were cruising on the surface when they hit mines.

I hope this is of some use or interest.

9
Imperial Russian History / The Prokudin-Gorski photo collection
« on: March 05, 2014, 04:16:32 PM »
The library of congress , loc.gov has posted online the Prokudin-Gorski photo collection of Russia from 1908-12. it has 2606 pictures some in color of the Russian Empire "before the Storm" as one might say. I found it mentioned on the great war forum and looked through it and I am sure most of us here will like it.

10
The Final Chapter / Some errata for the final chapter
« on: November 26, 2013, 09:22:53 PM »
Here is some errata for the Final Chapter:
from the book "Thou Shalt Kill:
The Urals in 1905 was an area of widespread Boloshevik Terror attacks
Y Sverdrov, A Bolo high up who helped decide the fate of the IF was in 1905 in Ekaterinberg the leader of a "Combat Detachment" which conducted a terror campaign against government supporters and members and supporters of the "Black Hundreds. I think this is one of the reasons why Purishkevich had a handgun a the time of Rasputin's murder.

Two other men who played roles in the IF fate Vassily Yakolev and Peter Ermakov were both "combatants" (revolutionaries/terrorists) during the 1905-07 period

A. Miasnikov who was involved in the killing of GD Michael A. supposedly became mentally unbalanced in prison after being jailed for combatant activities during the 1905-07 period.

This is from Romanov Autumn:

Alexander Kerensky according to his memoirs decided the IF can't go to the Crimea because it was unsafe for them to travel there. This book states he would have allowed the children to go there to be with their grandmother the DE but they did not want to leave their parents. Nelpa's book on the murder of Rasputin states Kerensky had links to Toblosk and also some of the Decembrists were exciled there. Kerensky was also paranoid that he was going to overthrown in a coup by the military and totally ignored the threat posed by lenin according to the book "The Russian Revolution". The book "Young Stalin" has Kerensky using both Cocaine and Morphia at this time. So it looks like he sent them to Siberia to get them away from Petrograd.

11
The Final Chapter / Another Sailor in Siberia
« on: July 12, 2013, 08:13:32 PM »
I have found some information on a former sailor who had a role in the final months of the IF. From the book "the Russian Revolution and the Baltic Fleet": Stoker 1st Cl. pavel Khokhriakov a 25 year old rating from the Zaria Svobody (Dawn of Freedom ex Imperator Alexander II a old battleship/training ship). He arrived in the Urals in September 1917 where he was elected the head of the Ekaterinburg Red Guard. In March 1918 he was sent to Tobolsk to bring the former imperial family back to Ekaterinberg' as chairman of the Tobolsk Soviet he prevented their escape and ensured that they were escorted to Ekaterinberg-and death." He was later killed in the civil war. He was one of 40,000 Baltic fleet sailors who went home during the summer to winter 1917 period to spread the revolution. One other was Stephen Vaganov who helped kill the IF.

The book gives the following sources; TShSV, Vol1 413; Krasnyi flot 1924 no1,40: S Zhakharov, "P.D. Khokriakov (Sverdovsk 1959), 11-40: A.D. Avdeev. 'Nikolai Romanov v Tobol'ske I v Ekaterinburge (Iz vospominanii komendanta)', Kransnaia nov, 1928 no.5 187-201.

I hope this is of some use or interest.

12
Books on the Russian Civil War:
Civil War in Siberia, John P. Smele is an excellent book on the the Russian Civil War in Siberia. For people who have read LDR, FOTR, and File on the Tsar this book gives you the big picture on whats going on.
Civil War in South Russia 1918 Peter Kenez
Civil War in South Russia 1919-1920 Peter Kenez  are 2 volumes are good accounts of the Russian Civil war in South Russia
The White Armies of Russia George Stewart older book on the White armies
The White generals R Luckett on the white leaders
The Fate of Admiral Kolchak a bio of the White leader
White against red The Life of General Anton Denikin  Dimitry V. Lehovich a bio of one of the main white leaders
The Ignorant Armies E.M. Hallidy the US intervention in North Russia
The Midnight War Richard Goldhart on the allied intervention
The Day they Almost Bombed Moscow Chris Dobson and John Miller on the Allied intervention

13
Imperial Russian History / Great war forum
« on: January 17, 2013, 09:32:05 PM »
The Great war forum's eastern front section has a couple of new postings that might interest some people here. One is a colection of color photos taken by a YMCA man in Russia during the 1917-1918 period. The other if you live in England is a upcoming lecture by the Manchester Military History society on the battle of lake Narocz in march 1916 in Russia.

14
The following is some errata for Nicholas and Alexandra and other books on Imperial Russia. I hope it will be of some use to all the young and not so young Barins (Master) and Marinas (Mistress) out there
N&A P355 the great victory the Germans and Austrians won over the Italians at Caporetto didn't occur until October 1917. The Offensive the Austrian launched against the Italians in May 1916 was the trentine or Asiago offensive where they managed to advance about 10 miles before they were stoped by bad weather, mountainous terrain and the italian army.
P290 the 20 August 1914 battle fought by General Rennenkampf 1st army was called Gumbinnen. His army really fired off alot of ammo and asked for a big resupply but the Russian high command didn't have much to give. Note the other Russian armies were soon asking for more ammo too but they got the same answer the 1st army did. Note: Olgas regiment the 3rd hussars was part of the 3 cavalry division that fought in this battle.
to be continued.

15
Alexandra Feodorovna / Alexandra's regiments
« on: May 15, 2012, 08:49:27 PM »
Here is a listing of the regiments Alexandra was honorary Colonel of:
21st Her Imperial Highness Alexandra Foedorovna's Siberian Rifle Regiment with the 6th Siberian Division V Siberian corps was with the 8th Army during the Brusilov offensive mention in the 6 & 18 June 1916 letters of the Tsar to the Tsarista
5th Her Supreme Majesty Alexandra Feodoronva's Aleksandriya Hussars with the 5th Cavalry division 4th army at the start of the war mentioned in the 24 Oct 1914 letter Tsar to the Tsarista
Her Imperial Highness the Sovereign Empress Axandra Feodorovna's Crimean horse Regiment was with the VII corps at the start of WW I later was with the XXXXI corps 9th army during the Brusilov offensive mentioned in the 18 june 1916 letter Tsar to the tsarista.
If I find more on these units I will post it. i hope this is of some interest.

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