Here is another little piece of data that illustrates the landed incomes of all the extant Dukes of the five realms as of 1879. I have included the future Duke of of Fife because of his elevation a decade later! It may be of interest to some to note the incomes the sovereign and heir to the throne received from their Duchies. All second figures are pounds sterling in 'gross' income received per annum as of 1879! I have not included the Royal Dukes of Cambridge, Edinburgh or Connaught as their primary income did not come from landed interests but instead came in the form of 24,000 pounds per annum for George Duke and Cambridge and 25,000 pounds pa. each for Alfred E. and Arthur C. all of which were granted to them by Parliament as annuities!
Abercorn - 79,662 acres - 53,400 pounds pa.
Argyll - 175,114 acres - 50,842 pounds pa.
Atholl - 201,640 acres - 42,030 pounds pa.
Beaufort - 51,085 acres - 56,226 pounds pa.
Bedford - 86,335 acres = 141,793 pounds pa. (Excludes income from the Bloomsbury and Covent Garden estates in London)
Buccleuch and Queensberry - 460,108 acres - 217,163 pounds pa. (Excludes income generated from minerals etc of 4,091 pounds and further income from Granton Harbour valued at 10,601 pounds per annum.)
Buckingham and Chandos - 10,482 acres - 18,080 pounds pa.
Cleveland - 104,194 acres - 97,398 pounds pa.
Cornwall - 96,781 Pounds pa. (The Prince of Wales as Duke received a further 40,000 pounds pa. in the form of a parliamentary annuity)
Devonshire - 198,572 acres - 181,000 pounds pa.
Fife - 249,220 acres - 72,653 pounds pa. (An Earl at the time, but still relevant in light of his future elevation!)
Grafton - 25,773 acres - 39,284 pounds pa.
Hamilton and Brandon - 157,386 acres - 73,636 pounds pa. (Excludes mineral rent of 67,000 pounds per annum.)
Leeds - 24,237 acres - 33,381 pounds pa.
Lancaster - 76,186 pounds pa. (Queen Victoria as Duke of Lancaster received a further 385,000 pounds pa. from the treasury for the maintenance of her household etc. Out of this, the Queen had 60,000 pounds deposited into her privy purse for her personal use.)
Leinster - 73,100 acres - 55,877 pounds pa.
Manchester - 27,312 acres - 40,360 pounds pa.
Marlborough - 23,511 acres - 36,557 pounds pa.
Montrose - 103,447 acres - 24,872 pounds pa.
Newcastle - 35,547 acres - 74,547 pounds pa.
Norfolk - 49,866 acres - 75,596 pounds pa. (Excludes mineral income and urban income. In several sources the 15th Duke of Norfolk was purportedly in receipt of a total income of about 200,000 pounds per annum.)
Northumberland - 192,080 acres - 185,806 pounds pa. (Believed to exclude some portion of mineral income that is presently unverified.)
Portland - 183,199 acres - 88,350 pounds pa. (Excludes 19,571 pounds from mines)
Richmond, Gordon and Lennox - 286,411 acres - 79,683 pounds pa.
Roxburghe - 60,418 acres - 50,917 pounds pa.
Rutland - 70,137 acres - 97,486 pounds pa.
St Albans - 8,998 acres - 10,955 pounds pa. (Excludes mineral royalties of approximately of 8,750 pounds per annum)
Somerset - 25,387 acres 37,577 pounds pa.
Sutherland - 1,358,545 acres - 141,667 pounds pa.
Wellington - 19,116 acres - 22,162 pounds pa. (Excludes entailed estates in Belgium and Spain)
Westminster - 19, 749 acres - 38,994 pounds pa. (Excludes income from all land holdings within the city of London.)
A pound from 1879 is comparable to the RPI of 72.82 pounds as of 2007 or comparable to the average earnings value of 518.27 pounds as of 2007!
If one wants to take in to consideration the 1st Duke of Westminster's entire income from all his properties including his London holdings, his annual income in 1879 amounted to about 290,000 pounds. His Grace of Bedford's income in 1879 including his London rents stood at about 225,000 pounds , putting him into third place behind Westminster and Buccleuch in terms of ducal earnings!
At the bottom end of this league of ducal earners is the 9th Duke of St Albans, whose acreage is more comparable to a member of the gentry rather than the very highest echelons of the Victorian aristocracy. Nevertheless with the discovery of a highly lucrative seam of coal beneath the picturesque fields of his modest Nottinghamshire estate, the 9th Duke of St Albans' income was greatly enhanced in the form of extra income generated from mineral rights. This twist of geological good fortune thus nudged St Albans' earnings above those of his nearest peer, the 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, who inherited a patrimony of the verge of complete bankruptcy in 1861. This admirable Duke, the only one of his line worthy of such a sobriquet, spent his tenure actually 'working' tirelessly to clear the debts burdening the remnants of the once vast Nugent- Brydges - Grenville patrimony and maintain enough of his landed interests with which to justify the dignity of his exulted status.