Author Topic: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)  (Read 6729 times)

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Offline Grand Duchess Valeria

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Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« on: April 13, 2010, 12:21:38 PM »
I am looking for infornation and paintings about the second wife of Frederick IV of Denmark. She was a Danish noble, royal mistress, spouse by bigamy and, later, queen consort of Denmark and Norway 1721-30

Thanks in advance!
And when he shall die, // Take him and cut him out in little starres, // And he will make the Face of heaven so fine, // That all the world will be in Love with night, // And pay no worship to the Garish Sun.

Naslednik Norvezhskiy

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #1 on: April 13, 2010, 12:28:49 PM »
Her home in Jutland, from where King Frederik IV abducted her. Clausholm Castle
Her arms as Duchess of Slesvig, featuring the two leopards of Slesvig and the knight of Dithmarschen (a territory which was part of the Duchy of Slesvig): Anna Sophie, Countess Reventlow, Duchess of Slesvig.
« Last Edit: April 13, 2010, 12:36:52 PM by Fyodor Petrovich »

Offline kmerov

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #2 on: April 14, 2010, 07:15:16 PM »
Link to Wiki article about her and with a portrait.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anne_Sophie_Reventlow

She was called Die Hure, which is German for the whore at the court among other names, and the family of Frederik IV of course all blamed her for twisting their father around.

She is, and will probably remain, the only non royal woman to be crowned as queen.

A portrait of Anna Sophie before she became queen
« Last Edit: April 14, 2010, 07:44:22 PM by kmerov »

Offline Grand Duchess Valeria

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #3 on: April 15, 2010, 04:29:10 AM »
what was her character like? was she a loving woman or a pain in the neck?
And when he shall die, // Take him and cut him out in little starres, // And he will make the Face of heaven so fine, // That all the world will be in Love with night, // And pay no worship to the Garish Sun.

Naslednik Norvezhskiy

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #4 on: April 15, 2010, 10:30:46 AM »
what was her character like? was she a loving woman or a pain in the neck?

According to Dansk Biografisk Lexikon she was neither. Her reputation has mostly been stained by how her relatives, some of them not admirable persons obtained a lot of government positions and influence. Even though Anna Sophie was a carefree, gay woman with an inclination to intrigue,  such doings can of course not exclusively be blamed on a young woman who seems to have loved her husband devotedly. Her father was already Grand Chancellor of Denmark and her sister, among her numerous siblings was the ancestrerss of two powerful comital families: The Frijs of Frijsenborg and the Holsteins of Holsteinsborg. (The latter no relations to the Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein.) One other sister was married to a Count Danneskiold-Laurvig, her brother to a Countess Danneskiold-Samsøe. (Both morganatic lines of the RF!) So one can imagine this "Reventlow gang" as they were called, pressing their highest-placed relative for favours....

In her own time it was of course the scandalous marriage that stained her reputation: There was death penalty for bigamy for everybody except the "Hereditary Absolutist King", who was above the law. When he finally married her to the right hand, it was on the day after his right-hand queen's funeral! Her stepchildren hated her and Christian VII broke the promise he had given his father that he would take good care of her. Instead she was banished to a very comfortable retirement on Clausholm in Jutland. There she became very religious, pondering her sins (she believed that the fact that all her children had died as babies was God's punishment) - a Pietist, just like her stepson Christian VII. His queen, from a tiny German principality, of course also abhorred the fact that Anna Sophie was a mere, noble countess and not of princely stock.

BTW Woolworth heir Barbara Hutton's husband Count Curt Hardenberg-Haugwitz-Reventlow, discussed in this thread  was descended from Anna Sophie's brother. Count Christian Ditlev Reventlow. From his first wife, a Brockdorff, he acquired Krenkerup, the manor on Lolland that might have been the Danish castle where Barbara Hutton and her husband lived for a while. BTW Krenkerup has not been subjected to a sale since the 14th century, only inherited! Truly aristocratic!
« Last Edit: April 15, 2010, 10:52:11 AM by Fyodor Petrovich »

Offline kmerov

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #5 on: April 16, 2010, 05:19:39 PM »
Her step daughter-in-law, Queen Sophie Magdalena hated her very much. She thought that Queen Anna Sophie had soiled the crown of the Queen, and thus she had a new one made for her coronation.
« Last Edit: April 16, 2010, 05:53:21 PM by kmerov »

Offline Margot

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #6 on: April 16, 2010, 05:38:07 PM »
You are wonderful Kmerov....honestly I think you are such a beautiful and generous contributor here, so please do not take offense when I correct your English herel! I think 'bewitched' may be what you really meant when you wrote 'besotted the crown'. I hope you do not mind me adding this comment, but I think 'besotted' may confuse some posters to whom English is a second language! 'Besotted' makes it sound as though the crown itself was actually  in love with  Anna Sophie!

Offline kmerov

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #7 on: April 16, 2010, 05:58:23 PM »
Thank you for your kind words. And thank you for the correction. I didn't mean that at all, I was trying to write that the crown in Sophie Magdalenas eyes had been contaminated, soiled by Anna Sophie wearing it. I have corrected my original post. Besotted is close to the Danish word, besudle (or to me it is), so I wrote a bit too fast.

Anyways, that is the reason why today the Queen's crown is younger than the King's.
« Last Edit: April 16, 2010, 06:14:45 PM by kmerov »

Naslednik Norvezhskiy

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #8 on: April 16, 2010, 06:18:19 PM »
Oh yes, I had quite forgotten about how Sophie Magdalena didn't want to be crowned with the same crown as "the whore"!

BTW to the corrupt "Reventlow gang or camarilla" belonged also Anna Sophie's half-siblings, her father's illegitimate children with his second wife's lady-in-waiting Anna Cathrine Haagensen, a daughter of the Mayor of Åbenrå. In examples of that wonderfully parodic Scandinavian penchant for making up faux German-sounding noble names, she was ennobled as Anna Cathrine von Hagen (a play upon on her patronymic surname) and her children as Von Revenfeldt. A play upon the name Reventlow, but in Danish it looks like faux German for Foxfield! ("Field" as in heraldic field. Their arms don't feature any foxes though, only the Reventlow colours red and white and the generic charges helmet and shield.

Many, many years later mad Christian VII died in the arms of Chamberlain Conrad Revenfeldt, his hated stepmother's half-grand nephew.

More funny trivia:
I think the reason why Anna Sophie's arms as Duchess of Slesvig also featured the arms of Dithmarschen was that the Reventlows allegedly originated there in the Middle Ages.
Oh and returning to comical arms: I had never realized that the first wife of Anna Sophie's father was Anna Margrethe Gabel, daughter of King Frederik III's bourgeois-born advisor Christoffer Gabel, who was ennobled with these arms: Upon four quite meaningsless quarterings an inescutcheon featuring two golden forks (Gabel in German) stuck through a golden crown! :-)
« Last Edit: April 16, 2010, 06:42:49 PM by Fyodor Petrovich »

Offline Marc

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #9 on: April 16, 2010, 07:41:15 PM »
Maybe she wasn't of royal birth,but her Reventlow family is/was very old and distinguished one...her other ancestors were also from equally very old families such as RantzauAhlefeldt,Brockdorff,Blücher,Hahn,Sparre...but,obviously even that wasn't enough...

Naslednik Norvezhskiy

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #10 on: April 16, 2010, 08:23:27 PM »
Many, many years later mad Christian VII died in the arms of Chamberlain Conrad Revenfeldt, his hated stepmother's half-grand nephew.
Oops. Of course Christian VII was not Anna Sophie's stepson. He was her step-great grandson!
Wherever else I wrote "Christian VII" above I did of course mean "Christian VI".

Maybe she wasn't of royal birth,but her Reventlow family is/was very old and distinguished one...her other ancestors were also from equally very old families such as RantzauAhlefeldt,Brockdorff,Blücher,Hahn,Sparre...but,obviously even that wasn't enough...
She could probably count herself lucky that her mother was a Von Hahn and not her father's first wife Anna Margrethe Gabel, who was not born noble....

Not forgetting though, that this deficiency was in the eyes of the Hohenzoller (!) Sophie Magdalena of Brandenburg-Kulmbach and the other relatives of princely blood. As bad as Anna Sophie and the rest of the Reventlow Camarilla may have been, one can, as a descendant of her subjects, take a certain patriotic pride in the fact that the King of Denmark and Norway was not bound by haughty German prejudices, but married whomever his absolutist, sovereign will fancied. (Part of Countess Danner's popularity stemmed from exactly the same reason.)

Paraphrasing the Marquis of Lorne, one could say that the Reventlows were Sheriffs in Dithmarschen while the Hohenzollerns were almost equally parvenu Burggraves of Nürnberg. :-)
« Last Edit: April 16, 2010, 08:47:05 PM by Fyodor Petrovich »

Naslednik Norvezhskiy

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #11 on: April 16, 2010, 09:18:57 PM »
LOL, I see that Anna Sophie may share her meagre royal ancestry with yours truly: Her maternal grandmother Sidsel Kaas of Sparre descends way back from the noble Løvenbalk family, which allegedly is a bastard line descended from disastrous 14th-century King Christoffer II of Denmark's liaison with a noblewoman of the Lunge family. (The family's canting arms (Løvenbalk means Lion Beam) can be seen as derived from the Danish royal arms. I myself may descend from a possible bourgeois line of the family who came to Norway as priests in the 17th century, after the Løvenbalks officially had gone extinct because one Løvenbalk who had captured the renegade Christian II and was Frederik I's envoy in Scotland had married a Scottish woman of the name Craigengelt. His sister, married to a Skram, challenged her nephew's right to the ancestral estate Tjele in Northern Jutland on account of his mother not being noble. And that was the end of the noble Løvenbalks.
« Last Edit: April 16, 2010, 09:34:55 PM by Fyodor Petrovich »

Naslednik Norvezhskiy

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #12 on: April 17, 2010, 12:00:25 AM »
I think the reason why Anna Sophie's arms as Duchess of Slesvig also featured the arms of Dithmarschen was that the Reventlows allegedly originated there in the Middle Ages.

I see from a Reventlow family site that a more direct reason was that Frederik IV had given her de udendigse lande, the lands beyond the dykes, in Dithmarschen (which is in the Duchy of Holstein, not Schleswig, as I wrote), in addition to the County of Vallø on Zealand. Both estates she had to return upon her husband's death. Her successor Sophie Magdalene made Vallø with its gorgeous castle into a (Protestant) convent for unmarried noble ladies.  
« Last Edit: April 17, 2010, 12:10:50 AM by Fyodor Petrovich »

Naslednik Norvezhskiy

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Re: Anna Sophie of Reventlow (1693-1743)
« Reply #13 on: April 17, 2010, 12:33:32 AM »
His sister, married to a Skram, challenged her nephew's right to the ancestral estate Tjele in Northern Jutland on account of his mother not being noble. And that was the end of the noble Løvenbalks.

Oh no. Now I see that through her paternal great grandmother Anna Below, Anna Sophie also descended from this Løvenbalk-Skram union which may have deprived my ancestors' family of their manor and nobility. Of course now I agree with Queen Sophie Magdalene that that devil's spawn was a whore :-)