Author Topic: Palaces,residencies, estates of the Habsburgs  (Read 42452 times)

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Offline ipflo

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Palaces,residencies, estates of the Habsburgs
« on: February 25, 2006, 01:20:13 PM »
hi,

Does any one know where I could find plans of the royal palace of Budapest? Plans on which one can see where the Habsburgs lived when they resided in the palace. It is a huge palace, and I was also wondering where did they use the palace for besides lodging the Habsburgs.

Thx in advance,

ipflo












Offline Eric_Lowe

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« Reply #1 on: February 25, 2006, 06:45:53 PM »
Anybody know about the Hapsburg estate of Alauth, where the Hungarian family lived. Is it still a private home or a museum ? Thanks... ;)

Offline ipflo

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Palaces,residencies, estates of the Habsburgs
« Reply #2 on: February 27, 2006, 01:29:13 PM »
Never heart of Alauth, do you maybe also have an other name of the estate?

ipflo

Offline Eric_Lowe

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« Reply #3 on: February 27, 2006, 08:57:23 PM »
The estate goes by this name is both bio's of Archduchess Henriette (Queen of Belgium)'s daughters , Louise of Saxe-Coburg and Crown Princess Stephanie of Austria. It was located some miles out of Budapest.

Offline ipflo

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« Reply #4 on: February 28, 2006, 01:50:57 PM »
hmmm, it does not ring a bell with me. The only Habsburg residence I know outside of Budapest is Godollo.

Nor when I have a look on google, also when I have a look on the maps, I do not find a village called Alauth unfortunately.


Offline dboro

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« Reply #5 on: March 01, 2006, 04:41:37 AM »
Quote
hi,

Does any one know where I could find plans of the royal palace of Budapest? Plans on which one can see where the Habsburgs lived when they resided in the palace. It is a huge palace, and I was also wondering where did they use the palace for besides lodging the Habsburgs.

Thx in advance,

ipflo



So, here's some information in sequences.
First, the anrecedents:

the first royal palace of Buda (in the Middle Ages, Buda and Pest were sepatete cities) was built between the 13th and the 16th centuries. A view from the 1460s, from the Hartmann-Schedel "Weltchronik":



The palace was almost completely destroyed during the turkish occupation (1541-1686) and the fights of its deliberation (see the ruins of the palace on the left):



In the 18th century, during the reign of Emperor Charles IV (III as king of Hungary) and Empress/Queen Maria Theresia. The "true" residence was in Vienna, so the Buda palace was not used so often. Later the Empress gave it to the Sisters of St. Clare. When Emperor Joseph II dissolved the order, the palace was given to the Pest University. Also an observatory tower was built... The palace became royal residence during Archduke Joseph Anton (1776-1827) (Palatin of Hungary, son of Emperor Leopold II) again.


More to come... (also plans :-)

Offline dboro

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« Reply #6 on: March 01, 2006, 05:08:27 AM »
...The palace was burned out during the Revolution and War of Liberty (against the Habsburgs - King/Emperor Ferdinand V/I, then Franz Joseph I) in 1848-49.
The interiors were reconstructed in the 1850s.
At the end of the century, new wings (and a new dome) were added by architects Miklós Ybl and Alajos Hauszmann. See two plans from c. 1857 and 1912. I marked the main rooms as well.
The palace was seriously damaged in the WW2. After the war, because of different (art historical, political etc.) reasons the remains of the interiors were replaced with modern ones, the facades and the roofs were rebuilt with simplified forms... Now it houses different institutions. In the 1950s, ruins of the medieval palace were excavated under the (neo)baroque palace. Some of them were reconstucted and also the royal gardens received a medieval form.







1 - guards' office (destroyed in the early 1970s)
2 - equerry - demolished in the 1950s
3 - riding-school - demolished in the 1950s
4 - hungarian pavilion of Empress Elisabeth - demolished in the 1950s
5 - entrance to the royal gardens - almost in ruins...

Offline dboro

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« Reply #7 on: March 01, 2006, 05:13:52 AM »
Some of the marked interiors:

Marble Hall:


North salon with mirrors:


Ballroom:

Buffet gallery:

Offline dboro

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« Reply #8 on: March 01, 2006, 05:22:11 AM »
And the three historical-memorial rooms:

Saint Stephan's Hall commemorating the first king, Stephan (1000-1038 ) and the Árpád Dinasty (1000-1301) in neoromanesque style:

The King Mathias'(1458-1490) Hall (the statue remained :-)

The Habsburg Hall (with busts of Charles III, Maria Theresia, Franz joseph and Elisabeth) in neobaroque style:

Offline dboro

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« Reply #9 on: March 01, 2006, 05:29:02 AM »
And finally  ;),

the main staircase:

the original dome:

courtyard in original form:

ruins in the 1950s:

Offline dboro

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« Reply #10 on: March 01, 2006, 05:40:32 AM »
Quote
Anybody know about the Hapsburg estate of Alauth, where the Hungarian family lived. Is it still a private home or a museum ? Thanks... ;)


You mean Alcsút (most accurately Alcsútdoboz near Alcsút)
The palace was built between 1819-1827 by Mihály Pollack for Archduke Joseph Anton (Florence, 1776 - Buda, 1847), Palatin of Hungary, son of Emperor Leopold II:

(some more pics of his crypt in the royal palace of Buda:
http://mek.oszk.hu/01500/01599/html/08.htm

The palace was damaged in the WW2, the ruins were demolished in the 1950s. Only the portico (and the huge park) remained:


Offline ipflo

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« Reply #11 on: March 01, 2006, 02:39:21 PM »
thx very much for the info  :D :D :D

Offline Eric_Lowe

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« Reply #12 on: March 01, 2006, 08:09:26 PM »
Thanks ! Save me a trip there. I do wonder if there are photos of the interior of Alcuit survies in archievs ?

Offline dboro

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« Reply #13 on: March 02, 2006, 07:14:25 AM »
Quote
Thanks ! Save me a trip there. I do wonder if there are photos of the interior of Alcuit survies in archievs ?


Yes, there are, but most of them are not published yet. I'll try to do something...
One more of the portico:

some more of the park:
http://www.schefferj.ps.hu/Arb_Alcsuti2.htm

Offline Eric_Lowe

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« Reply #14 on: March 02, 2006, 08:29:11 PM »
Thanks for the info and the photos. Sad that the estate did bot survive. If one want to go to search in the archievs, which one should I go when I get to Budapest ? Do want to do the Palace, Godollo and some info on Alcuit and the Hungarian Hapsburgs once I do get there. Thanks again for the help.