Author Topic: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba  (Read 48003 times)

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Offline darius

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Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« on: June 07, 2005, 06:26:25 AM »
I don´t know if this is a suitable place for this topic. However, as they say that the Duchess of Alba is the premiere aristocrat of Europe and many times a grandee of Spain - I think ythis family merits an inclusion here.
Any info on history etc?

Offline Grand Duke

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #1 on: June 07, 2005, 04:38:29 PM »
Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba



Born 1508
Died 1582, 12th January.

Father: Garcia Alvarez de Toledo
Mother: Beatriz Pimentel

Married with: Maria Enriquez

Children:  
Fradique Alvarez de Toledo, 4th Duke of Alba
Diogo Alvarez de Toledo
Beatriz Alvarez de Toledo y Enríquez

Life: Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, was a Spanish general.
He led the Spanish armies (23000 men) in the Battle of Alcântara against the Portuguese led by King Anthony. The Portuguese (only 8000) were defeated and lost their independence. The Duke of Alba become Governor of Portugal and died in Lisbon. AND HE ROTS IN HELL FOREVER!

More about him: Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba
I'm THE GRAND DUKE of LIPTON-upon-AVON ! Please to meet you. I'm glad you know my name!

Offline umigon

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #2 on: June 07, 2005, 04:47:44 PM »
The House of Alba has its origins in 1429, when John II of Castile named Gutierre Álvarez de Toledo, Archbishop of Seville and Toledo, ''Señor de Alba de Tormes. His nephew and successor, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Sarmiento became ''Earl of Alba de Tormes'' in 1459 and the son of Fernando, García, became the I Duke of Alba in 1469.

Don Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo, II Duke of Alba, signed the capitulation of Granada in 1492 and he faught for Charles V in Flanders and Italy.

His grandson, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, III Duke of Alba, was viceroy of Naples and the expelled the French from Italy in the battle of Pavia (1556). He was Governor of the Netherlands between 1567 and 1573. His brutal methods in his prosecution of protestants gained him an awful reputation and the city of Utrecht rebelled against him.

His son, Fadrique, IV Duke of Alba, won the cities of Malines (1572) and Haarlem (1573). He ran to the exile in Oran in 1576 because of his scandalous love affairs. In 1579 he was put in prison by order of Philip II in Tordesillas, where Joan the Mad had been imprisoned between 1509 and 1555. After Fadrique the family related to the Silva family through their female members.

Don Fernando de Silva Álvarez de Toledo, XII Duke of Alba, was the Spanish ambassador in France between 1746 and 1749 and he would be a person of notorious importance in the movement against the Enlightenment that took place in Spain during Charles III's reign.  


His daughter, Doña María del Pilar Cayetana de Silva Álvarez de Toledo, XIII Duchess of Alba, is a very famous character of Spanish History because of her intimate relations with Francisco de Goya. Although married when she was 13, Cayetana died childless in 1802, when she was forty.

After Cayetana’s death the alba Duchy passed to the grandson of her cousin, Carlos Fitzjames Stuart y de Silva (1794-1835) a descendant of King James II of England. I am now writing down the genealogy that links the XIV Duke of Alba and King James:

1.      James II Stuart (1633-1701). Had an adulterous affair with Arabella Churchill (1648-1730), sister to the Duke of Marlborough from which:

2.      James Fitzjames Stuart (1670-1734), Duke of Berwick. Married firstly Honora de Burgh (1674-1698) in 1695. His second wife was Anne Bulkeley (1681-1751), with whom he married in 1700. From his first wife he had:

3.      James Francis Fitzjames Stuart (1696-1736), Duke of Berwick. Married Catalina Ventura Colón de Portugal y Ayala (1690-1739) in 1716. They had:

4.      Jacobo Francisco Fitzjames Stuart y Colón de Portugal (1718-1785), Duke of Berwick. He married María Teresa de Silva y Álvarez de Toledo (1716-1790), sister of the XII Duke of Alba, in 1738. They had:

5.      Carlos Fernando Pascual Januario Fitzjames Stuart y de Silva (1752-1787), Duke of Berwick. He married Caroline Augusta Maria of Stolberg-Gedern (1755-1828) in 1771. Caroline was the younger sister of Louisa, wife of Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Edward Stuart). They had:

6.      Jacobo Felipe Carlos Pascual Cayetano Fitzjames Stuart y de Stolberg-Gedern (1773-1794), Duke of Berwick. He married María Teresa Fernández de Silva y Palafox (1772-1818) in 1790. They had:

7.      Carlos Miguel Fitzjames Stuart y Fernández de Silva (1794-1835), Duke of Alba and 14th Duke of Alba since 1802. He married Maria Rosalia de Ventimiglia (1798-1868) in 1817. They had:

8.      Jacobo Luis Francisco Pablo Rafael Fitzjames Stuart y de Ventimiglia (1821-1881), 15th  Duke of Alba and  Duke of Berwick. He married María Francisca de Sales de Guzmán Palafox y Kirkpatrick of Closeburn (1825-1860), sister of Empress Eugenia of France, in 1844. They had:

9.      Carlos María Isabel Fitzjames Stuart y de Guzmán Palafox (1849-1901), 16th Duke of Alba. He married María del Rosario Falcó y Osorio (1854-1904) in 1877. They had:

10.      Jacobo María del Pilar Carlos Manuel Fitzjames Stuart y Falcó (1878-1953), 17th Duke of Alba. He married María del Rosario de Silva y Guturbay (1900-1934) in 1920. They had:

11.      Cayetana (María del Rosario Cayetana) Fitzjames Stuart y de Silva (1926-), 18th and current Duchess of Alba. She married firstly Pedro Luis Martínez de Irujo y Artazcoz (1919-1972) in 1948. Her second husband was Jesús Aguirre y Ortiz de Zárate (1934-2001), with whom she married in 1978 and with whom she had no children. With her first husband she had:

12.      Carlos Fitzjames Stuart y Martínez de Irujo (1949-), who married Matilde de Solís y Martínez-Campos (1963-) in 1988. They are divorced, although they have two sons: Fernando (1990-) and Carlos (1991-).

You can see more information on the Fitzjames Stuart family in http://pages.prodigy.net/ptheroff/gotha/berwick.html. If you want more about the Alba Dukes, you can click here: http://genealogia.sapo.pt/pessoas/pes_show.php?id=41076


I hope to have helped you!!

Gonzalo.
Gonzalo Velasco Berenguer

My Family Tree: www.tribalpages.com/tribes?userid=umigon

Royal Families: www.tribalpages.com/tribes?userid=gondan

Offline Grand Duke

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #3 on: June 07, 2005, 06:19:56 PM »
Palace of Dukes of Alba, Ávila, Spain

I'm THE GRAND DUKE of LIPTON-upon-AVON ! Please to meet you. I'm glad you know my name!

Offline TJ Jones

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #4 on: June 07, 2005, 07:41:17 PM »
Are you Portugese, Grand Duke?
Rule TJ! TJ rules the waves, TJ will never, never, never, eat mayonnaise!

Offline Grand Duke

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #5 on: June 08, 2005, 03:40:11 PM »
Quote
Are you Portugese, Grand Duke?


I think you want to ask "are you Portuguese, GD?"

Why do you want to know?
I'm THE GRAND DUKE of LIPTON-upon-AVON ! Please to meet you. I'm glad you know my name!

Offline Blanca

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #6 on: June 09, 2005, 03:49:44 PM »

Hi,

Does anyone have a picture of the "russian diamond tiara" the Duchess owns and  its provenance?

The Duchess also has a diamonds and pearls tiara which belonged to Empress Eugenie of France and her daughter use it in her wedding, does the Duchess own more jewelry from Empress Eugenie?

Thanks,

(Sorry if I make mistakes,  English is not my maternal language)

Offline TJ Jones

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #7 on: June 09, 2005, 04:09:55 PM »
Quote

I think you want to ask "are you Portuguese, GD?"

Why do you want to know?


What? A guy cant make a typo? I was just wondering because you seem to hate the fact that the Duke defeated Portugal.
Rule TJ! TJ rules the waves, TJ will never, never, never, eat mayonnaise!

Offline Grand Duke

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #8 on: June 09, 2005, 06:35:21 PM »
Quote
What? A guy cant make a typo? I was just wondering because you seem to hate the fact that the Duke defeated Portugal.

My hate for the Duke of Alba and my correction for your error, I think it answers your question!  ;)


[size=24]June 10: National holiday of Portugal!
[/size]




I'm THE GRAND DUKE of LIPTON-upon-AVON ! Please to meet you. I'm glad you know my name!

Offline Tom

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #9 on: June 10, 2005, 03:05:15 PM »
High Spanish nobles often have many titles. These pile up, I presume, by heiresses with titles marrying heirs to other titles.
I have also noticed that in many cases younger sons and daughters seem to be granted family titles, an example being the present Duchess of Alba and her children.
Could anyone answer the following question.  If a younger son or daughter gets a title in this way, does it pass to his/her son and future heirs and thus create  new branches of the family with titles?

Offline Eurohistory

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #10 on: June 14, 2005, 12:19:46 PM »
Quote
High Spanish nobles often have many titles. These pile up, I presume, by heiresses with titles marrying heirs to other titles.
I have also noticed that in many cases younger sons and daughters seem to be granted family titles, an example being the present Duchess of Alba and her children.
Could anyone answer the following question.  If a younger son or daughter gets a title in this way, does it pass to his/her son and future heirs and thus create  new branches of the family with titles?


Yes...

Arturo Beéche
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Offline Tom

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #11 on: June 15, 2005, 10:31:37 AM »
Thank you for the information, Arturo.
The Spanish system is very different from the British, and has been more generous to the female members of aristocratic families. Of course it means that aristocratic families are less likely to die out if the title can pass through the female line.

Offline Quin

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #12 on: August 06, 2006, 04:39:53 PM »
Duchess of Alba:

I see the current Duchess of Alba all over Hola (Spanish version of Hello Magazine).  There is much written about earlier Dukes and Duchesses of Alba, but I haven’t been able to find anything about her. 

Not to be judgmental, but the DoA has an odd look to her.  Any information is appreciated.

Offline Eurohistory

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #13 on: August 07, 2006, 02:38:25 PM »
Doña Cayetana has held the title for more than 50 years now.  She has always been rather outspoken.  Her face has been subjected to a tuck here, a nip there, the end result being what one sees today.

Arturo Beéche
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http://erhj.blogspot.com
European Royal History Journal
Kensington House Books
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East Richmond Heights, CA 94805 USA
510/236-1730
books@eurohistory.com
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Offline pouvoir aux canards

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Re: Dukes & Duchesses of Alba
« Reply #14 on: August 11, 2006, 06:10:07 PM »
The sister of Empress Eugénie de Montijo (she was called Paquita) married a Duke of Alba, but she died rather young ( 1861, I guess )...

Have fun with the titles and a map...

M. Canard


« Last Edit: August 11, 2006, 06:25:24 PM by pouvoir aux canards »