Discussions about the Imperial Family and European Royalty > Iberian Royal Families

Dukes & Duchesses of Alba

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Eurohistory:
I believe the Red Duchess is not the Duchess of Alba, but the Duchess of Medina Sidonia, dona Luisa Isabel Alvarez de Toledo y Maura (b. Estoril, Portugal August 18, 1936).

Arturo Beeche

Eurohistory:
The Duchy of Alba de Tormes was created in 1472 by King don Enrique IV of Castille (elder half-brother of Queen Isabel I) for don Garcia Alvarez de Toledo, Marques de Coria, Conde de Salvatierra and Conde de Alba de Tormes.

The title remained in the hands of the Alvarez de Toledo family until the time of the XIth Duchess of Alba (Maria Teresa Alvarez de Toledo d. 1755). Upon her death, she was succeeded as XIIth Duke of Alba by her son, don Fernando de Silva y (Alvarez de) Toledo, who died in 1776 and was succeeded by his granddaughter, dona Cayetana de Silva Alvarez de Toledo y Silva (1762-1802), she was the  child of don Francisco de Paula de Silva y Toledo (Duke of Huescar) and of donna Maria del Pilar de Silva, a daughter of the Marques de Santa Cruz and the Condesa de  Pie de Concha.

Cayetana de Silva, XIIIth Duchess of Alba de Tormes, was famous for her licentiousness and her myriad affairs, the most famous one being her entanglement with renowned Spanish painter don Francisco de Goya y Lucientes, who painted her several times.  She was a force to be reckoned with in the Madrid of the first years of Carlos IV's reign.  In 1775 Cayetana married don Jose Alvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga, the son of a distant relation, the Marques of Villafranca.  That fateful year also witnessed the first time Cayetana and Goya met.  She was not yet thirteen years old.  Their next meeting would not take place until a few years later.

The XIIIth Duchess of Alba died in 1802 without leaving any issue.  Her husband had predeceased her in 1796.

Cayetana's succcessor was her nephew don Carlos Fitz-James Stuart y Silva, Duke of Berwick, Liria and Jerica.  He became the XIVth Duke of Alba de Tormes.  He was the father of Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y Ventimiglia, XVth Duke of Alba, who married donna Maria Francisca de PALAFOX Y KIRKPATRICK, Condesa de Miranda, sister of the Empress of the French.

Jacobo and Maria Francisca were the parents of don Carlos Fitz-James Stuart y Palafox, XVIth Duke of Alba de Tormes (1849-1901), who in 1877 married Maria del Rosario Falco y Osorio, Countess of Siruela.  They were parents of: Jacobo XVIIth Duke of Alba (1878-1953); Eugenia Countess de Teba (1880-1962) and Hernando, XVth Duke of Penaranda de Duero.

The XVIIth Duke of Alba was the intimate friend of King Alfonso XIII of Spain.  He married in 1920 Maria del Rosario de Silva y Gurtubay, Marquesa de San Vicente del Barco and heiress to the duchy of Hijar.  Their only child, Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart y Silva (b. 1926) is the present Duchess of Alba, XVIIIth title holder.

Cayetana de Alba was firstly married to Luis Martinez de Irujo y Artazcoz, a son of the Dukes of Sotomayor, in a multitudinous ceremony held in Sevilla on October 12, 1948.  They were the parents of six children:

Carlos Fitz-James Stuart:

                          XVIIIth Duque de Huéscar (Grandeza de España)

Alfonso Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart:

                          Duque de Aliaga (Grandeza de España)

Jacobo Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart:

                          Conde de Siruela (Grandeza de España)

Fernando Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart:

                          Marqués de San Vicente del Barco (Grandeza de España)

Cayetano Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart:

                          Conde de Salvatierra (Grandeza de España)

Eugenia Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart:

                           Duquesa de Montoro (Grandeza de España)


Not that Cayetan de Alba's eldest son has chosen the last name Fitz--James Stuart instead of that of Martinez de Irujo.  This was done to preserve the Fitz-James Stuart name attached to the ancient title of Duke of Alba de Tormes.  In Spain one's name can be changed thus and a son can adopt the last name of his mother.

Arturo Beeche

Luke:
Arturo is correct.  I think people tend to get the Duchesses of Alba, Medina Sidonia, and Medinaceli confused --I know I do.  The title "La Duquesa Roja" refers to Doña Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo y Maura, Duquesa de Medina Sidonia. She is a direct descendant of the admiral of the Spanish Armada, and like the Duchess of Alba has vast estates throughout Spain. 

She had strong socialist opinions and was eventually exiled by Franco but returned to Spain in 1976.  She has kept up her writing and has written several historical tomes. 

I think one of the pics of the Duchess of Alba posted above is actually Princess Irene of Greece (the Queen's sister). 

As for the Duchess of Alba, I thiink the best pic ever taken of her was by Avedon which Ursula has posted here
http://www.royal-magazin.de/spain/diadem-ansorena-bracelet.htm

Eurohistory:
Here is Cayetana de Alba's descent from Cristobal Colon, Almirante del Mar-Oceano:

17. Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, XVIII Duquesa de Alba 1926-

16. Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, XVII Duque de Alba 1878-1953

15. Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, XVI Duque de Alba 1849-1901

14. Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, XV Duque de Alba 1821-1881

13. Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, XIV Duque de Alba 1794-1835

12. Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, Duque de Liria y Jerica 1773-1794

11. Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, Duque de Liria y Jerica 1752-1787

10. Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, Duque de Liria y Jerica 1718-1785

9. Catalina Ventura y Colón de Portugal, Duquesa de Veragua, Liria y Jerica 1690-1739

8. Pedro Manuel de Colón, Duque de Veragua 1651-1710

7. Pedro Colón, Duque de Veragua 1628-1673

6. Alvaro Colón, Duque de Veragua 1598-1636

5. Nuño Colón, Duque de Veragua 1568-1622

4. Alvaro de Portugal y Colón, Conde de Gelves 1532-1581

3. Isabel de Colón de Toledo, Condesa de Gelves d. 1549

2. Diego Colón, Duque de Veragua 1474-1526

1. Cristóbal Colón 1451-1506


Arturo Beeche

Eurohistory:
Here is another interesting line shared by the Duchess of Alba and myself as descendants of Christopher Columbus (Cristobal Colon):


                                 Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, XVIII Duquesa de Alba 1926-

                              Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, XVII Duque de Alba 1878-1953

                            Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, XVI Duque de Alba 1849-1901

                          Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, XV Duque de Alba 1821-1881

                        Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, XIV Duque de Alba 1794-1835

                      Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, Duque de Liria y Jerica 1773-1794

                    Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, Duque de Liria y Jerica 1752-1787

                  Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart, Duque de Liria y Jerica 1718-1785

                 Catalina Ventura y Colón de Portugal, Duquesa de Veragua, Liria y Jerica 1690-1739

               Pedro Manuel de Colón, Duque de Veragua 1651-1710

            Pedro Colón, Duque de Veragua 1628-1673

          Alvaro Colón, Duque de Veragua 1598-1636

        Nuño Colón, Duque de Veragua 1568-1622

      Alvaro de Portugal y Colón, Conde de Gelves 1532-1581

    Isabel de Colón y Alvarez de Toledo, Condesa de Gelves d. 1549

  Diego Colón, Duque de Veragua 1474-1526

Cristóbal Colón 1451-1506

   Diego Colón, Duque de Veragua 1474-1526

    Cristobal Colón y Alvarez de Toledo 1523-1571

      Francisca Colón de Toledo d. 1616

         Josefa Colón de Toledo y Ortegón b. 1597

          Josefa Gabriela Paz de la Serna y Colón te Toledo

            Francisco Colón de Toledo 1646-1705

              Pedro Colón de Larreátegui 1695-1770 – DUKES OF VERAGUA y DE LA VEGA
              Felix Colón de Larreátegui
     
                Pedro Antonio Colón de Larreátegui

                  Isabel Colón de Larreátegui

                    Margarita Dávila y Colón de Larreátegui

                      Evarista Arana y Dávila Colón de Larreátegui 1803-1862

                        Eduardo de Beéche y Arana 1827-1875

                          Eduardo de Beéche y Argüello 1859-1936

                            Rafael Beéche y Cañas 1891-1982

                              Arturo Beeche Titzck 1916-1998
             
                                Arturo Beéche Lizano b. 1941

                                  Arturo Beéche Bravo b. 1965

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