CARLO EMANUELE III
The second-born of Vittorio Amedeo II and Anna d'Orleans, born in Turin in 1701. He married Cristina Luigia of Baviera Sulzbach in 1722 and later, Polissena d'Assia Rheinfels. He came to the throne in 1730. He was a sober hard-working man and immediately strengthened both armed forces and fortifications. Following this, he took part in the Polish and Austrian wars of succession. In the first conflict he joined France and Spain against Austria, hoping to acquire Milan as a consequence. He advanced as far as Parma and Piacenza and won at Guastalla in 1734 but peace in Vienna in 1735 forced him to leave Lombardy and concede Novara, Tortona and cease conflicts in the Langhe regions. In 1737, he married Elisabetta Teresa of Lorraine. During the war of Austrian succession he allied himself with Maria Teresa of Austria against France and Spain. He moved down through Italy as far as Rimini before returning to Piedmont, which was being threatened by the Spanish, who had won in Montmelian and Barraux in Savoy. In 1743, he liberated Cuneo from a French siege. Beaten at Bassignana in 1745, he liberated a besieged Alessandria the next year and on the 19th of July 1747, his troops routed an army of twenty-two thousand French at Colle dell'Assietta. It was a victory that brought Carlo Emanuele III Novarese, Tortonese and the other lands beyond the River Po at the peace of Aquisgrana in 1748. In domestic politics, he continued the work of his father, although with less energy and incisiveness. However, he was shrewd in his choice of ministers, like the Marquis of Ormea and Giambattista Bogino. He died in 1773.
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