Author Topic: Czartoryski Family  (Read 12567 times)

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Offline Grand Duke

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Czartoryski Family
« on: August 12, 2005, 11:11:48 AM »
Bl. Augusto Czartoryski (1858-1893)
Priest of the Salesians of Don Bosco

Augusto Czartoryski was born on 2 August 1858 in Paris, France, the firstborn son to Prince Ladislaus of Poland and Princess Maria Amparo, daughter of the Duke and Queen of Spain. The noble Czartoryski Family had been living in exile in France for almost 30 years, in the Lambert Palace. Here, with the hope of restoring unity in Poland, they continued to direct activities between their fellow Polish countrymen and the European chancellery.

Plans for a future Prince

It was already planned that Augusto would be a future "reference point" for this restoration and would carry on the "Czartoryski" name. God's designs, however, were to unfold differently.

When Augusto was 6, his mother died of tuberculosis; the disease was also transmitted to him, and for the rest of his life he would be plagued by ill health. Although he had to make "forced pilgrimages" with his father to Italy, Switzerland, Egypt and Spain in search of a cure, he never regained his health.

As he grew up, Augusto felt that he was not meant for the life of nobility, and one day, when he was 20 years old, he wrote to his father: "I confess to you that I am tired [of all the parties]; they are superficial entertainments that cause me anguish and I feel myself 'forced' to make acquaintances with others at these banquets".

Augusto already received spiritual direction from his tutor, Joseph Kalinsowski, who would later become a Carmelite, and who, before leaving for Carmel in 1877, wrote to Prince Ladislaus to suggest that it would be wise, considering the boy's love for God, to entrust him to the direction of a priest.

Encounter with Don Bosco

Prince Ladislaus accepted the counsel given by Augusto's tutor, and Fr Stanislaus Kubowicz began to guide him. Augusto was already feeling more and more called to religious life and was hoping for a clearer indication of what God wanted from him: this "decisive event" took place when he was 25 and met Don Bosco, founder of the Salesians.

When Don Bosco came to Paris and celebrated Mass in the family chapel of the Lambert Palace, Augusto saw in this holy founder and teacher the "father of his soul" and guide for his future. While Augusto remained quiet and withdrawn in the face of matrimony plans made for him by his father, he had no intention of continuing the "noble line". Indeed, after his first encounter with the Salesian saint, he was more resolute than ever to answer God's call by becoming a Salesian.

When his father gave him permission, Augusto would travel to Turin to meet with Don Bosco and participate in spiritual retreats. He became comfortable with the "poverty" of the Salesian Oratory and was not disturbed by his frequent ill health or his father's opposition; he instead saw God's hand in all these circumstances.

He would say: "If God wants this, all will go well since he can take away every obstacle. If he does not want this, then neither do I".

A 'Prince' for God's Kingdom

Don Bosco was somewhat reluctant to accept Augusto into the Salesian community: it took Pope Leo XIII to remove his doubts when he gave Augusto this message: "Tell Don Bosco that it is the Pope's will that he receives you among the Salesians".

Don Bosco replied: "Well then, my dear son, I accept you. From this moment, you are a part of the Salesian Family and I desire that you belong here until you die".

In 1887 he began his novitiate under the guidance of Don Giulio Barberis. The young man had to overcome many "habits" and adjust to community life, schedule, frugal meals and other sacrifices. All this he did with great serenity and abandonment to God.

When his father came to try to convince him to return home and accept his nobility as "Prince", he refused. On 24 November 1887, the day of his vesting in the hands of Don Bosco, the holy founder whispered into Augusto's ear: "Courage, my prince! Today we have conquered, and I can also say with great joy that one day when you become a priest you will do much for your Country".

One year as Christ's priest

Don Bosco died two months later. Augusto's health was also worsening and his father continued to try to dissuade him from becoming a priest, using his ill health as an "excuse".

When Prince Ladislaus asked the "help" of Cardinal Parocchi to dismiss him from the Saiesians, Augusto wrote: "In full liberty I made my vows and I did this with great joy of heart. From that day I continue to live in the Congregation with an immense peace of spirit, and I thank the Lord for allowing me to know the Salesian Family and for having called me to become a Salesian".

On 2 April 1892 he was ordained a priest by the Bishop of Ventimiglia, Although Prince Ladislaus was not present at the Ordination, a month later, coined by the entire family in Mentone, he reconciled himself with his son's decision and renounced his own dreams of prestige and nobility for Augusto.

Fr Augusto died on 8 April 1893 in Alassio, where he lived his year as a priest, occupying a room which looked out onto the courtyard where the children of the Oratory played. He was 35 years old.


(I copied this from a site, so I don't know if it has any mistakes).

« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by Grand_Duke »
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Offline umigon

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #1 on: August 12, 2005, 11:19:22 AM »
Thank you very much Grand Duke! a wonderful account!


Weeks ago cimbrio asked me if I had any info on Frantisek Augustus, I tried searching in the Internet, but I was unable to find anything! Were did you copy it from!??
Gonzalo Velasco Berenguer

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Offline Grand Duke

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #2 on: August 12, 2005, 11:30:40 AM »
Quote
Weeks ago cimbrio asked me if I had any info on Frantisek Augustus, I tried searching in the Internet, but I was unable to find anything! Were did you copy it from!??

I just made a Google search with these words: Francis Augusto Czartoryski (1858-1893), and in the 1st page I found an English site with this bio: http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/bios2004.htm.

I think there are more Spanish sites than English ones about this Blessed. See: http://www.aciprensa.com/santos/santo.php?id=533


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Offline Grand Duke

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #3 on: August 12, 2005, 11:53:27 AM »
Some photos:





Some portraits (based on the previous photos):


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Offline Eurohistory

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #4 on: August 13, 2005, 12:59:32 PM »
I have had an interesting article about Prince August Czartoriski among the articles awaiting publication in THE EUROPEAN ROYAL HISTORY JOURNAL, now it may be time to consider accelerating the publication date for it.

Personally, I enjoyed it tremendously when contriobutors send us articles on rare, lesser known royal, princely and aristocratic people.

Arturo Beéche
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Offline Eric_Lowe

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #5 on: July 05, 2008, 11:28:10 AM »
Hi I just read the "The Red Prince" and one of his sisters married into the Polish Czartoryski family, who also intermarry into other Catholic dynasties (including the Spanish Royal Family). Anybody know about their family tree and relations to one another ?

Marriages I know.

1. Archduchess Mathilde married a Prince Czartoryski
2. Princess Alfonsa of Boubon-Orleans (daughters of Infanta Mecedes) married a Prince Czartoryski
3. Princess Esparenza of Borbon-Orleanr (half sister of Alfonsa) married another Prince Czartoryski

Thanks,


Offline Eurohistory

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #6 on: July 07, 2008, 12:43:56 PM »
Czartoriski-Royalty marriages:

a. Wladislaw (1828-1894) married 1872 Princess Marguerite of Orléans (1846-1893)

b. Olgierd (1888-1977) married 1913 Archduchess Mechtildis of Austria (1891-1966)

c. Izabelle (1902-1929) married in 1927 Prince Gabriel of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1897-1975)

d. Jozef August (1907-1946) married 1937 Princess María de los Dolores of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1909-1996)



The Infanta Isabel Alfonsa, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (NOT Bourbon-Orleans) (1904-1985) did not marry a Czartoriski, as you mention, but instead married Count Jan Zamoyski (1900-1961), while her half sister Princess doña María de la Esperanza of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (NOT Bourbon-Orleans) (1914-2005) married Prince dom Pedro Gastão of Orleans-Braganza (1913-2007).

The Czartoriski entered the royal marriage market with the alliance between Prince Wladislaw and Princess Marguerite of Orléans, a daughter of Prince Louis, Duke de Nemours and his wife Princess Victoire of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Kohary Line). Their Parisian residence, the Hôtel Lambert, was the sire of many a royal event in its time before being acquired by the Rothschild family.

Arturo Beéche
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Offline Marc

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #7 on: July 07, 2008, 03:38:17 PM »
Some more info's about their position in the royal circles?Technicaly,they were considered equal,but were they...?Anyone?

Offline grandduchessella

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Offline grandduchessella

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #9 on: July 07, 2008, 06:00:13 PM »
Czartoriski-Royalty marriages:

a. Wladislaw (1828-1894) married 1872 Princess Marguerite of Orléans (1846-1893)


The family website listed this about Wladislaw:

Younger son but political heir to his father, and artistic heir to his Grandmother Izabela. Marries Maria Amparo Countess of Vista Alegre, daughter of Queen Cristina of Spain, by morganatic relation to the Duke of Riancares. The couple becomes friends with Emperor Napoleon III and Empress Eugenia de Montijo, due to Spanish origin of both Ladies.

In 1872 Marries his second wife Princess Marguerite Orleans, grandaughter of King Loius-Philippe of France.

Also, his son Auguste from his first marriage, was beatified by the RCC. Prince Wladyslaw was totally opposed to his son's choice (to join the  Salesian order) and even went as far as to plead his case to the Pope Leon XIII. But in June 1887 Auguste renounced to all his family rights and inheritance, in favour of brothers from his father marriage with Princess Marguerite de Orleans. On the 24th of November 1887 Prince Auguste received his cloak from the hands of Don Bosco with these words, "My dear Prince today we have won a great victory. Be courageous and with God's will you will do a lot of good to your Country" His priesthood was very short and he died on Easter Day the 8th of April 1893 at the age of thirty-five leaving behind an example of strength, faith and love he is buried in Poland in the Silesian church in Przemysl.

His Holiness Pope Jean Paul II beatified Prince Auguste in Rome on the 25th of April 2004. Prince Adam Karol and Princess Josette Czartoryski attended with the Polish Ambassador to the Vatican Mrs. Hannah Suchocka. Around fifty members of the Czartoryski Family joined the ceremony along with all the people who came from Poland for the occasion. That evening and His Holiness granted a private audience to the Family with his benediction to all participants.
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Offline grandduchessella

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #10 on: July 07, 2008, 06:06:52 PM »
Wladislaw  (1828-1894); m.1st 1855 Marie Amparo Muñoz y Borbón Cdsa de Vista-Alegre (1834-1864); m.2d 1872 Marguerite Pss d'Orléans (1846-)

1) Franciszek August, Duque de Vista Alegre (1858-1893)

2) Adam Ludwyk (1872-1937); m.1901 Maria-Luisa Gfn Krasinska

a) Izabelle (1902-1929); m.1927 Gabriel of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
b) Elzbieta (1905-1989); m.1929 Ct Stefan Adam Zamoyski
c) Jozef (1907-1946); m 1937 Dolores of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
d) Anna Maria (1914-1987); m.1936 (div 1948) Pr Wladislaw Radziwill
e) Wladislaw (1918-1978); m. 1949 Elizabeth York
f) Tereza (1923-1967); m.1945 Jan Groda-Kowalski
g) Ludwyk Adam (1927-KIA 1944)

3) Witold (1876-1911)
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Offline Eric_Lowe

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Re: Czartoryski Family
« Reply #11 on: July 07, 2008, 09:33:30 PM »
Thanks Arturo and granduchessella for the info ! It is a bit difficult finding books on that family, especially in English (at least the Radziwill had a few...).  ???