Author Topic: Frederik V1 and his Family  (Read 22858 times)

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Offline Daniela

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #15 on: September 21, 2005, 02:05:19 AM »
Maria of Hesse Cassel, wife of Frederik VI (1767-1839)

Marie Sophie Frederikke was Queen Consort of Denmark and Norway. She was born as "Marie Sophie Friederike von Hessen-Kassel", the eldest child of Prince Charles of Hesse-Cassel and Princess Louise of Denmark.
Her paternal grandparents were Landgrave Frederick II of Hesse-Cassel and Princess Mary of Great Britain. Mary was a daughter of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach. Her maternal grandparents were Frederick V of Denmark and Louise, another daughter of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach. Her father was the second son of the Landgrave and as such, had no own principality. Thus he acted in several such positions that were offered to cadet members of royal houses by their reigning relatives. Denmark was offering more and better positions than the small Cassel.
She grew up largely in Denmark, where her father held remarkable positions, such as governorate of provinces. Her mother was third and youngest daughter of king Frederik V of Denmark and his consort, Louise of Great Britain. As such, she was niece of King Christian VII and of Prince Regent Frederik, as well as first cousin of Regent, Crown Prince Frederik, the Danish rulers of that period.
In 1790 she married her first cousin, Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark (1768-1839), then Regent of the Realm, the future king Frederick VI of Denmark, despite objections from the government and the advisors of the Royal House. Her husband had been since 1784 (16 years old) the Regent on behalf of his insane father Christian VII of Denmark, who died 1808. The royal couple assumed the throne officially only upon king Christian's death, having acted as de facto monarchs already some couple of decades. In the aftermath of the defeat of Denmark's ally, Emperor Napoleon of the French, Denmark lost its dominion Norway, and the royal couple ceased to be Norway's king and queen in 1814.
They had eight children. However, none of Frederick VI's sons survived infancy and when he died in 1839, he was succeeded by his cousin, Christian VIII of Denmark. The surviving children of King Frederick VI and Queen Marie Sophie Frederikke were their two daughters:
- Caroline of Denmark (1793-1881), married her father's first cousin, Hereditary Prince Frederick Ferdinand of Denmark (died 1863), some months before his nephew Frederick VII of Denmark, Hereditary Prince of Denmark, youngest son of Hereditary Prince and sometime Regent Frederik of Denmark and as such brother of Christian VIII of Denmark. She had no children
- Wilhelmine of Denmark (1808-1891), firstly married her second cousin Prince Frederik of Denmark, the future Frederick VII of Denmark, but they divorced, and she married secondly Duke Charles of Lyksborg, Duke of Glucksburg, who was eldest brother of the future Christian IX of Denmark. Both her marriages were childless.
Queen Marie Sophie Frederikke lamented the total lack of sons and of grandchildren of her own. When her youngest sister, Duchess Louise Caroline of Lyksborg, became widow when most of her large brood of children yet very young, Queen Marie accepted some of the younger ones into her tutelage in the Royal Household. They were much younger than queen's own two surviving daughters, which implies that the queen felt like a grandmother. One such foster child of hers was prince Christian of Lyksborg, born 1818, the future Christian IX of Denmark.
Christian of Lyksborg and his wife Louise of Hesse named their second daughter, Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar of Lyksborg (born 1847), in Queen's honor and her namesake. After her death (1852), that girl became Tsarina Maria Fedorovna of Russia, preserving there the Queen's first name (Maria/Marie).

BTW, Princess Wilhelmine looks very pretty on those portraits.

Daniela
Izberi svojo ljubezen, in ljubi svoj izbor!

Offline Marc

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #16 on: September 21, 2005, 11:15:01 AM »
Are there some more colour portraits of Princess Caroline?

Offline Rosamund

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #17 on: October 02, 2005, 11:10:50 AM »
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Maria of Hesse Cassel, wife of Frederik VI (1767-1839)


Queen Marie Sophie Frederikke lamented the total lack of sons and of grandchildren of her own. When her youngest sister, Duchess Louise Caroline of Lyksborg, became widow when most of her large brood of children yet very young, Queen Marie accepted some of the younger ones into her tutelage in the Royal Household. They were much younger than queen's own two surviving daughters, which implies that the queen felt like a grandmother. One such foster child of hers was prince Christian of Lyksborg, born 1818, the future Christian IX of Denmark.
Christian of Lyksborg and his wife Louise of Hesse named their second daughter, Marie Sophie Frederikke Dagmar of Lyksborg (born 1847), in Queen's honor and her namesake. After her death (1852), that girl became Tsarina Maria Fedorovna of Russia, preserving there the Queen's first name (Maria/Marie).


I am pleased that Queen Marie found an outlet for her grandmotherly feelings with her sisters' children.  I wonder if Hans was one of them.  

Wilhelmine does look very attractive, particularly in the full-length portrait.  I have cut and pasted more information about her from the Rosenborg Castle site.

Princess Vilhelmine was the daughter of Frederik VI and Marie Sophie Frederikke. She was married to Prince Frederik (VII) from 1828 to 1837 and from 1838 to Duke Carl of Schleswig-Holstein.

Vilhelmine's marriage to Prince Frederik united the two lines of the Royal House, but the liaison soon turned out to be an unhappy one. That was not least because of Frederik's debauched life with infidelity and heavy drinking. The couple were separated in 1834 and divorced three years later. In 1838 Vilhelmine was married to Carl of Schleswig-Holstein, an elder brother of the later King Christian IX.

Carl was active on the Schleswig-Holstein side of the war against Denmark in 1848-1851 (the Three Years War). That caused Vilhelmine's relations with the Danish Royal family to be severed for some time. In 1852 there was reconciliation and she again enjoyed a close relationship with her family in Copenhagen.

It is surprising that she was able to divorce in a time when women were expected to accept these situations, especially as her father was intent on uniting the family.  Did the fact that she was childless influence the situation?  I hope Carl was a better husband to her.


Offline kmerov

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #18 on: October 02, 2005, 04:06:40 PM »
Well, Frederik VI was pretty tired of Prince Frederiks behavour, and after he threatend to kill Wilhelmine ( I think he was drunk), he agreed to the divorce.  Maybe the lack of children made it easier for FVI to make that decision. I think her marriage with Duke Carl was happier, eventhough he was very unpopular in Denmark.

Offline kmerov

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #19 on: October 02, 2005, 04:46:54 PM »
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Are there some more colour portraits of Princess Caroline?

I don't have any to post right now, but I will look.
Here is a portrait of Carolines husband, Prince Ferdinand.


Offline kmerov

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #20 on: October 02, 2005, 04:58:45 PM »
And some photos. Caroline wasn't very pretty and it didn't help that she was burned in the face in an accident in 1830 which left permant scars.

Ferdinand and Caroline


Offline Daniela

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #21 on: October 03, 2005, 02:44:20 AM »
Beautiful photos, Kmerov.

What happened to Caroline, that she was burnt? What kind of accident?

Daniela
Izberi svojo ljubezen, in ljubi svoj izbor!

Offline kmerov

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #22 on: October 06, 2005, 06:23:19 PM »
It was an accident that happend while she was doing her evening toilette. A piece of her hair- arrangement caught on fire and she was burned in the face..

Offline Rosamund

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #23 on: October 26, 2005, 05:42:28 AM »
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Well, Frederik VI was pretty tired of Prince Frederiks behavour, and after he threatend to kill Wilhelmine ( I think he was drunk), he agreed to the divorce.  Maybe the lack of children made it easier for FVI to make that decision. I think her marriage with Duke Carl was happier, eventhough he was very unpopular in Denmark.


Had Carl been unpopular in Denmark before he took Prussia's side in the Schleswig-Holstein war?  I am surprised that Wilhelmine was able to be reconciled with her relatives knowing the animosity to the winning side that was held forever afterwards by Alix and others.



Offline kmerov

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #24 on: November 02, 2005, 11:08:11 AM »
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Had Carl been unpopular in Denmark before he took Prussia's side in the Schleswig-Holstein war?  I am surprised that Wilhelmine was able to be reconciled with her relatives knowing the animosity to the winning side that was held forever afterwards by Alix and others.



No,I wouldn't say that. Prior to the war he and Wilhelmine lived a quiet life in S-Holstein.
Well, Wilhelmine was popular among the family, and her status as daugher of a king helped. Carl however remained unpopular in Denmark fot the rest of his life.

Offline Rosamund

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #25 on: November 06, 2005, 05:53:41 AM »

Thank for all the information Kmerov.  If you eventually find more portraits or photographs to add to this thread I would appreciate you posting them.  

Offline kmerov

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #26 on: November 06, 2005, 02:21:17 PM »
You are welcome..
Another family portrait.

Offline kmerov

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #27 on: November 06, 2005, 02:23:52 PM »
Queen Marie.

Offline Rosamund

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #28 on: November 06, 2005, 02:27:52 PM »
That is lovely!!  Going for a walk by the river with his family, just as his subjects would.  I can see why King Frederik was popular.

Offline kmerov

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Re: Frederik V1 and his Family
« Reply #29 on: June 08, 2006, 06:45:24 PM »
Princess Vilhelmine Marie, Duchess of Glücksborg.


Her husband, Duke Carl of Glücksborg, older brother of Christian IX.