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blanche

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Queens of Denmark
« on: August 30, 2005, 11:07:40 AM »
A place for info on Danish Queens.

Offline Tatia

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #1 on: August 30, 2005, 11:44:47 AM »
The only one I can think of is Queen Margrethe, the current Queen of Denmark (reigning since 1972).

Margrethe Alexandrine Torhildur Ingrid was born on the 16th of April, 1940 at Amalienborg, Copenhagen, Denmark (christened on the 14th of May of that year).
She married Henri Marie Jean André de Laborde de Monpezat (=Prince Henrik) on 10 June 1967.

They have two sons:
Frederik André Henrik Christian (26 May 1968) and
Joachim Holger Waldemar Christian (7 June 1969).

And two grandsons:
Nikolai William Alexander Frederik (28 August 1999) and Felix Henrik Valdemar Christian (22 July 2002).

A third grandchild is expected in October.

Offline Prince_Lieven

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #2 on: August 30, 2005, 01:08:50 PM »
Well, the Queens of Denmark since the accession of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg in 1863 are:

#Louise of Hesse-Cassel, wife of Christian IX (1817-1898)
#Louise of Sweden, wife of Frederik VIII (1851-1926)
#Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, wife of Christian X (1879-1952)
#Ingrid of Sweden, wife of Frederik IX (1910-2000)
"How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?"
-Sherlock Holmes

"Men forget, but never forgive; women forgive, but never forget."

Offline Prince_Lieven

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #3 on: August 30, 2005, 01:34:22 PM »
Now, the Queens from 1523-1863!

#Dorothea of Brandenburg, wife of Christian I (1430-1495)
#Christina of Saxe, wife of King John (1461-1521)
#Anne of Brandenburg, first wife of Frederik I (1487-1514)
#Sophia of Pommern, second wife of Frederik I (1498-1568)
#Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg-Ratzenburg, wife of Christian III (1511-1571)
#Sophia of Mecklenburg-Gustrow, wife of Frederik II (1557-1631)
#Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, first wife of Christian IV (1575-1612)
#Christina Munck, second wife Christian IV (1598-1658)
#Sophia of Brunwick-Luneburg, wife of Frederik III (1628-1685)
#Charlotte of Hesse-Cassel, wife of Christian V (1650-1714)
#Louise of Mecklenburg-Gustrow, first wife of Frederik IV (1667-1721)
#Anna of Reventlov, second wife of Frederik IV (1693-1743)
#Sophia of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, wife of Christian VI (1700-1770)
#Louisa of Great Britain, first wife of Frederik V (1724-1751)
#Juliana of Brunswick-Wolfulbuttel (1729-1796)
#Caroline Matilda of Wales, wife of Christian VII (1751-1775)
#Maria of Hesse-Cassel, wife of Frederik VI (1767-1839)
#Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein, wife of Christian VIII
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by Prince_Lieven »
"How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?"
-Sherlock Holmes

"Men forget, but never forgive; women forgive, but never forget."

Offline Rosamund

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #4 on: August 31, 2005, 06:37:20 AM »
Dear Prince Lieven

I hope you don't mind some corrections to this list that you have put so much effort into.

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the first wife of Christian VIII, was divorced from him before he succeeded to the throne.

Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, second wife of Christian VIII, became Queen Consort on his accession to the throne.

Wilhelmine of Denmark was the first wife of Frederick V11.  As they divorced in 1837, she was never a Queen Consort.

Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the second wife of Frederik V11, was divorced from him before he became King in 1848.

Please don't be offended by this.

Rosamund

Offline Prince_Lieven

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #5 on: August 31, 2005, 06:42:33 AM »
Of course I am not offended Rosamund!  :D thanks for that. I will edit accordingly.
"How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?"
-Sherlock Holmes

"Men forget, but never forgive; women forgive, but never forget."

Offline Daniela

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #6 on: September 15, 2005, 07:11:05 AM »
Hello!
I have done a little research and wrote down something on Danish Queens. I must say that I am not at all an expert in the area, I have just done a little surfing on the net and put this informations together.  

I will start with first five from the above list.  

Daniela


Dorothea of Brandenburg, wife of King Christian I (1430-1495)

Her parents were Johann von Hohenzollern, Markgraf von Brandenburg and Barbara, born Princess of Sachsen-Wittenberg.
She had an elder sister, Barbara who married Ludovico II Gonzaga, Marchese di Mantova and had several children with him.
Dorothea was firstly married to Christoffer III von Wittelsbach, King of Denmark from 1440 to1448. She married him on September 12, 1445. They didn't have any children. Christoffer died in 1448. Dorothea then married Christian I of Oldenburg who became King of Denmark, so, he succeded Christoffer.  
They had five children, but only Hans (he succeded his father), Marguerite (she was married to King James III of Scotlend) and Frederik (he succeded his nephew King ChristianII) survived into adulthood.
Apparently, she was a shrewd financial manager and worked to establish her younger son's rights in Slesvig and Holstein. With her sister, the Marchesa of Mantua, she carried on a lively correspondence.  

Queen Dorothea

Christina of Saxony, wife of King Hans (1461-1521)

She was born on December 25, 1461. Her parents were Duke Ernst of Saxony and Elisabeth, born Princess of Wittelsbach.
In 1478 she married Prince Hans who became King of Denmark in 1481. They had five children, but only Christian (who succeeded his father) and Elisabeth (who married Joachim Nestor von Hohenzollern, Kurfürst von Brandenburg) survived into adulthood.
She died on December 8, 1521.

Queen Christina

Isabella of Habsburg, wife of King Christian II (1501-1526)

She was born on July 18, 1501 in Bruxelles. Her parents were Phillip, Archduke of Austria and Juana ''la Loca'' Queen of Castilla.
At the age of thirteen, Isabella was married by proxy to King Christian II of Denmark. Two years later, the Archbishop of Norway was sent to escort her to Copenhagen.  
The marriage was not a success, as the King had a mistress (known as 'The Dove') in residence, and would not hear of getting rid of her. Besides, he was generally considered
to be mad, after he had ninety-four nobles beheaded in the course of a single morning, the nobility turned against him. He was deposed, and imprisoned in a tower, with a dwarf for company.  
After that, Isabella and her three children, Hans, Christina and Dorothea, were dependent on the charity of her brother Emperor Charles. She died at the age of twenty-five on January 19, 1526 in Gent.

Queen Isabella

Anna of Brandenburg, first wife of King Frederik I (1487-1514)

She married her husband on April 10, 1502. She gave him two children Christian (who became King after his father) and Dorothea (who married Duke Albrecht of Prussia).
When she died she was 27 years old.

Queen Anna

Sophia of Pommern, second wife of King FrederikI (1498-1568)
She married her husband on October 9, 1518 as his second wife. They had six children.
In 1522 King Christian II was dethroned, and the crown was offered to her husband, him being King Christians uncle. Frederik accepted the crown, since he always opposed his nephew. Thus making Sophia his Queen.

Queen Sophia

The informations I found are from this sites:
http://worldroots.com/

http://geneweb.inria.fr/roglo

http://genealogia.netopia.pt/home/
Izberi svojo ljubezen, in ljubi svoj izbor!

Offline Daniela

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #7 on: September 15, 2005, 07:44:32 AM »
Here are the other five:

Dorothea of Saxe Lauenburg Ratzenburg, wife of King Christian III (1511-1571)

She was a daughter of Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg and Duchess Katharina of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel.
She was only 14 years old at the time of her marriage to  a future King Christian III. In 1534 she became Queen, since then her husband was crownd as Danish king.
They had five children and all of them survived into adulthood.

Queen Dorothea

Sophia of Mecklenburg Gustrow, wife of King Frederik II (1557-1631)

She was born on September 4, 1557. When she was fourteen years old she married King Frederik, who was 23 years older then Sophia. Apparently they had quite a happy marriage.
During Frederiks reign she had no political power, but after his death she was a Guardian of the Christian IV in Schleswig and Holstein. Because of that she came into conflict with the government, which expelled her to the palace of Nykobing Slot on the island of Falster.
Sophie was an able administrator of her estates on Lolland and Falster. She was also engaged in large-scale trade and money lending, and several European princes borrowed money from her. They included her son, Christian IV, who had to borrow from her because of his costly wars.
Sophia and Frederik had seven children - their second daughter Anna was married to King James I Stuart of Great Britain.

Queen Sophia

Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, first wife of King Christian IV (1575-1612)

Anna Catherine married Christian IV on November 27, 1597. She was the daughter of Margrave Joachim Friedrich of Brandenburg and Katherine, nee of Hohenzollern.
The wedding took place in the castle of Haderslevhus in South Jutland. The previous year Christian was the crowned as King Christian IV of Denmark. Together they had six children, among them Christian, the Prince Elect, who died a year before his father, and Frederik III who introduced absolute monarchy in Denmark. It seems that she didn't have any political power, but she was praised for her modesty and deep religious feelings.

Queen Anna Catherine

King Christian IV and Queen Anna Catharina

Kirsten Munck, second wife of King Christian IV (1598-1658)

She was born on July 6, 1598 in Norlund. Her parents were Ludwig Munch zu Norlund and Ellen Marsvin zu Ellensburg. In 1615 Kirsten Munk became the second wife of King Christian IV. She was intelligent and independent person, but she was also very close to her husband.
In 1630, she left the Court, because of the estrangement between herself and the King; she also had an affair with Rhinegrave Otto Ludwig. From then on she lived at her estates Bollerand Rosenvold in Jutland, where at times she was under house arrest.
Kirsten and King Christian VI had twelve children, of which eight survived. Their five daughters were married to powerful Danish noblemen, who played important roles in the Danish Rigsrad (Government). Because of that the King's son in laws were called "the Party of the Sons-in-law".
Kirsten died on April 19, 1658 in Boller.


Queen Kirsten

Sophia of Braunschweig-Lüneburg, wife of King Frederik III (1628 -1685)

She was the daughter of Duke George of Brunswick Lüneburg and Anna Eleonora, nee Princess of Hesse Darmstadt. She was born on March 24, 1628 in Herzberg.
They had eight children. Of them Christian succeeded his father as King, George married Queen Anna Stuart of Great Britain, Ulrika Eleonora married King Charles IX of Sweden.
Sophia had some influence during her husband and later her son's reign. It was her husband King Frederik that introduced the absolute monarchy in Denmark. In the 1650's she had some power struggle with her sister in law Leonora Christina and her husband Corfitz Ulfeld.
Sophie Amalie loved hunting and in spite of the bad financial situation of the Kingdom, she was the center of a sumptuous Court life, with exclusive luxury items and grand parties.
She died on February 20, 1685.
[img http://www.rosenborgslot.dk/images/pics/a07275wl.jpg[/img]
Queen Sophie

Another link:
http://www.rosenborgslot.dk/


Daniela
Izberi svojo ljubezen, in ljubi svoj izbor!

Offline Daniela

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #8 on: September 21, 2005, 01:51:27 AM »
Here is a little bit more about the rest of Danish Queens

Charlotte of Hesse Cassel, wife of King Christian V (1650-1714)

She was the daughter of Landgrave William VI of Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia of Hohenzollern. She was born on April 27, 1650.
When she was 17 years old, she married at the time Prince Christian. They had eight children, but the only one who had family, was their eldest son and heir to the throne, the future Frederik IV.
Charlotte Amalie was raised in the Reformed faith, and after her marriage to Christian she didn't convert. She was very popular; her popularity even increased in 1700, when she took part in organizing the defense of Copenhagen, when King Charles XII of Sweden invaded Zealand.
Charlotte Amalie owned several estates around the country and she administered them skillfully. After the death of her husband in 1699, she moved to a mansion, which she had bought: Charlottenburg, on Kongens Nytorv in Copenhagen, where she lived from 1700 until she passed away on March 27, 1714.


Queen Charlotte Amalie

Louise of Mecklenburg-Gustrow, first wife of King Frederik IV (1667-1721)

She was born on August 28, 1667 in Gustrow. Her parents were Duke Gustavus Adolf of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and Duchess Magdalena, nee of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. In 1695 she was married to Crown Prince Frederik (IV) and together they had five children. Their first son named Christian died before their second son and successor was born-future Christian VI. Their next two sons died in infancy, daughter Charlotte Amalie who was their last child survived into adulthood, but she was unmarried.
Louise lived quietly at the Danish Court. Unlike Frederik IV she never gained popularity with the population. Queen Louise suffered because her husband had mistresses, which caused embarrassing scenes at the Court. Frederik even entered two morganatic marriages. He raised one of his mistresses, Anna Sophie Reventlow, to the status of Queen just days after Louise's death. Queen Louise was close to her son Christian. She was strongly influenced by Pietism and she sought solace in religion.
She died on March 15, 1721 in Copenhagen.

Queen Louise

Anna of Reventlow, second wife of Frederik IV (1693-1743)

She was the daughter of the Great Chancellor Conrad Reventlow and Sophie Amalie von Hahn. She was born on April 16, 1693.
Anna Sophie met the King at a masked ball in 1711 and fell in love with him. The next year he abducted her and they entered a morganatic marriage. A few days after the death of Queen Louise in 1721, the couple married in full and she became Queen.
Anna Sophie is so far the only Danish Queen who was not of princely descent. The marriage brought about a break within the Royal Family; Crown Prince Christian detested her strongly, and the King's siblings, Prince Carl and Princess Sophie Hedwig, left Copenhagen.
Several of Anna Sophie's relatives, popularly known as the "Reventlow Gang", gained great influence within the government, but it is unknown whether Anna Sophie herself had any real political power. After Frederik IV's death in 1730, she was expelled from Copenhagen to her birthplace, the manor house Clausholm near Randers-Jutland, where she died on January 7, 1743.

Queen Anna

Sophia of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, wife of Christian VI (1700-1770)

She was daughter of Markgraf Christian Heinrich von Brandenburg-Bayreuth and Countess Sophie Christiane von Wolfstein. She was born on November 28,1700 at Castle Schoenberg.
She married Christian on August 7, 1721.
Sophie Magdalene wasn't popular. She was accused of creating certain closed ness around the Court and the Royal Family. Her background in a religious environment, marked by Pietism, was a strong influence on the introduction of the subdued life at the Court. Later she was criticized for never having discarded of her German ness, even though German culture and language were dominant at the Court before her time.
In spite of all that, the Royal Couple's life together was harmonious; they had three children-the heir to the throne future Frederik V, a daughter who died in infancy, and another daughter, Louise who married Ernst Friedrich III Duke of Saxe Meiningen und Hildburghausen.
Sophie Magdalene refused to wear the same crown that the hated Queen Anna Sophie had worn, so that is why, the new Queen's Crown was made. She also established the collection of Crown Jewels, when she bequeathed a large part of her jewellery for that purpose. She had the Palace of Hirschholm built, where she lived after being widowed in 1746. She died there on May 27, 1770.

Queen Sophia

Louisa of Great Britain, first wife of Frederik V (1724-1751)

She was born on December 18, 1724; her parents were King George II of Great Britain and Queen Caroline, nee of Brandenburg-Ansbach at Leicester House in London.
She married Frederik on December 11, 1743.
The Queen made a great effort to learn the Danish language and insisted on teaching it to her children. This contributed to her popularity.
Louise gave birth to five children, of which four survived. Their first son died in infancy, first daughter Sophie Magdalena became Queen of Sweden, after marrying King Gustav III; their younger daughters Caroline and Louise married brothers Wilhelm IX of Hesse Cassel and Karl of Hesse Cassel respectively; Louise of Hesse Cassel was a Grandmother of King Christian IX of Denmark.
Louise's arrival in Denmark meant a change at the Danish Court. Life became much more joyful than it had been during the reign of the strongly Pietist Christian VI and Queen Sophie Magdalene. Louise was fond of parties, theater and dancing. The joyful Queen became exceedingly popular, not least with the population of Copenhagen.
She died during another pregnancy after only five years as Queen of Denmark in December 19, 1751; she was only 27 years old.


Queen Louise

Juliana of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, second wife of King Frederik V (1729-1796)

She was born on September 4, 1729. Her father was Duke Ferdinand Albrecht of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and her mother was Duchess Antoinette Amalie, nee of Braunschweig-Blankenburg. Her sister Elisabeth Christine was married to King Friedrich II »The Great« of Prussia.
On July 8, 1752 she married King Frederik V. She gave birth to Prince Frederik, the Heir Presumptive.
Juliane Marie was the second wife of the unstable Frederik V, after Louise, whose popularity she could not live up to. During the life of Frederik V she did not have much influence, but that changed when she was widowed. She did not enjoy close relations with her stepson, the mentally ill Christian VII, and she probably did what she could, to disclose the affaire between Queen Caroline Mathilde and her lover Struensee, hoping that her own son, Frederik, the Heir Presumptive, could take over the throne after the Queen was sent to exile and her stepson proclaimed mad.
After 1772 when the coup against J.F. Struensee happened she and Ove Hoegh-Guldberg had the real power in the Kingdom, even though was her son Frederik formally in charge of government. Juliane Marie's political influence ended when Crown Prince Frederik (VI) took power in a coup in 1784.
She died on October 10, 1796.

Queen Juliana
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Offline Grand Duke

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #9 on: November 05, 2005, 03:37:37 PM »

Queen Louise of Denmark, consort of Frederik VIII of Denmark.

I'm THE GRAND DUKE of LIPTON-upon-AVON ! Please to meet you. I'm glad you know my name!

Offline Marc

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #10 on: November 06, 2005, 05:20:17 AM »
Are there any good portraits of Queen Marie,Princess von Hesse-Cassel,wife of King Frederik VI?

Offline Rosamund

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #11 on: November 06, 2005, 12:44:54 PM »
A small one is here and there are others on the Frederik V1 thread.

http://www.gravsted.dk/person.php?navn=dronningmariesophiefrederikke

Offline synnadene

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #12 on: November 19, 2005, 03:54:09 AM »

Can somebody post me portraits about the mother of King Christian VIII.?

Offline redlow53

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #13 on: November 22, 2005, 06:15:20 AM »
That is not King Christian VIII's mother - that is King Christian IV's mother, Sofie of Mecklenburg (1557-1631) married to Frederik II.

King Christian VIII', mother was Sofie Frederikke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. King Christian VIII was son of King Christian VII's brother.

Redlow53

Offline synnadene

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Re: Queens of Denmark
« Reply #14 on: November 23, 2005, 03:51:34 AM »

Thank you redlow53, you are right! I will remove the picture!