Author Topic: Kings of Castile  (Read 10202 times)

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Offline umigon

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Kings of Castile
« on: September 27, 2005, 06:50:39 AM »
Enrique IV el Impotente (1425-1474), King of Castile

Enrique was born in Valladolid on January 4th, 1425. He was the third child of King Juan II and María of Aragon. He had two older sisters, Catalina and Leonor, but they both died aged two! He would be followed by another sister, María, who lived between 1429 and 1430. By then Enrique's parents were already getting separated. They never got along very well and Juan never visited his wife's bed very oftenly (this gave as a result the rumours of the King being a homosexual).


María then made an alliance with her very ambitious siblings, the princes of Aragon: King Alfonso V, King Juan II of Navarre, Enrique of Villena, Queen Leonor of Portugal and Pedro. All of them conspired to gain more power in Castilian affairs. Juan and María faught for Enrique's custody until they reconciled in order to keep the peace in the reign. María, however, hated Álvaro de Luna, Juan's favourite, so she left the Court again. She arranged the marriage of Enrique to Blanca of Navarre, celebrated in 1440 and she then went to live to Villacastín, in Segovia, with her sister Leonor, Dowager Queen of Portugal. Both were poisoned to death under the orders of don Álvaro de Luna on the 18th February 1445.


Enrique was by then a grown man of 20. He was very tall, blond and blue-eyed. With an athletic body, Enrique was a very insecure person and was pathologically shy! Although he was forced to live with his beautiful wife, he never consummated the marriage. In 1447 his father remarried, this time to infanta Isabel of Portugal, three years Enrique's junior, who gave Juan two children: Isabel (1451) and Alfonso (1453). Enrique wasn't in good terms with his stepmother, mainly because he was afraid of powerful women.

Isabel of Portugal was able to keep Juan by her side (the same thing in which Enrique's mother had failed) and she was also able to get rid of Alvaro de Luna, who was beheaded (this was the initial reason for the guilt that killed Juan II and that turned Isabel mad!). In 1453 Enrique wanted to annull his marriage in order to get married again. Although Isabel wanted him to remain married to Blanca (that would have meant a childless marriage, so her son would become king), Juan II started the annullment negotiations. Blanca defended herself with great dignity, but there was nothing she could do, repudiated and sent to Navarre, she would be poisoned under the orders of her father Juan and her sister Leonor 11 years after her divorce.


Enrique became King a year later, in 1454, after his father's death. He started the search for a new wife and he found it in infanta Juana of Portugal. Juana was his cousin, the youngest and posthumous daughter of King Duarte I of Portugal and Leonor of Aragon. She was very pretty and happy and everybody she was absolutely adorable. They were married in Cordoba on the 21st May 1455, but we will never know what happened that night, as Enrique had abolished the tradition of witnesses being present at the consummation of a royal marriage.
« Last Edit: October 16, 2017, 07:56:50 PM by trentk80 »
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Offline Prince_Lieven

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #1 on: September 27, 2005, 11:54:17 AM »
Thanks Umigon!  :)

The Impotent . . . the imagination you Spaniards have!  ;)
"How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?"
-Sherlock Holmes

"Men forget, but never forgive; women forgive, but never forget."

Offline ilyala

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #2 on: September 28, 2005, 04:52:48 AM »
now i wouldn't wanna ruin the story but i believe his wife gave birth to a girl and most people didn't believe she was his because he was thought to be impotent. and his younger sister, isabel, plotteld against the girl and married her cousin ferdinand and got on the throne and so la reconquista was finished :)
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Offline bell_the_cat

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #3 on: September 28, 2005, 07:06:58 AM »
Wasnt there the story that Enrique liked to dress up incognito and go around the streets at night and into bars , getting into fights and such?

This story seems to related about several monarchs though!
Never put off until tomorrow what you can put off until the day after tomorrow. (Mark Twain)

Offline Lucien

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #4 on: September 28, 2005, 07:20:43 AM »
Quote
Thanks Umigon!  :)

The Impotent . . . the imagination you Spaniards have!  ;)


Ah,so right Prince_Lieven,just imagine,to go down in history with a nickname like that....... :-/....

« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by Lucien »
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Offline aron

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #5 on: October 01, 2005, 03:10:25 AM »
Joana was banished form the court and went living with her lover with whom she had more children.
Wo was this lover and does anyone have details about these children?

Offline umigon

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #6 on: October 01, 2005, 11:29:45 AM »
Sorry for this long break, but here I am again to write the second part of Enrique's bio.


As Bell said, Enrique liked to go out in disguise, but he started to turn more and more reserved each day. His marriage was not an unhappy and, although he was proud of his beautiful wife, he was afraid of her personality. Juana was in contstant movement, and she was a decisive woman, something to which Enrique was not used to. By 1460 the Court was concerned because the  king's second marriage hadn't produced any children. People gossiped about the King being impotent or homosexual. The arrival of special Moor doctors increased the suspicions.

On February 28th 1462 a daughter, Juana, was born. Surprisingly enough, she was declared Princess of the Asturias few days later. Her aunt, infanta Isabel, was made her godmother. The fact that they named Juana Princess so early after her birth, without waiting for the birth of a prince (the king was 37 and the queen was 23, so they were still young enough!), made that suspicions grew even more. The Court believed that the baby had been really fathered by Enrique's favourite, don Beltrán de la Cueva, Juana's lover (it was rumoured that he was also Enrique's lover!). Juana would become pregnant again and it was attributed to Enrique, but she miscarried a son in July 1465.


Two different groups were starting to be created at Court. One of them was loyal to the king, the others denounced the king's little interest in State affairs and his consentment to his wife's dissolute life. In 1467 Juana started a relationship with don Pedro de Castilla (1436-1499), one of her stewards, who was an illegitimate great-grandson of Pedro I the Cruel of Castile. Pregnant, she was taken to Alcalá de Henares, when on August 5th 1468 she gave birth to a healty son, Pedro Apóstol de Castilla (1468-1506). By that stage she hadn't been living with Enrique for months and she was taken in custody to Buitrago, where she lived with her lover, her daughter Juana and her son. Enrique had disinherited his supposed daughter and had made his half-sister Isabel the new heiress (their brother Alfonso died in 1468 after being an usurper King in some parts of Castile). In 1469, however, Isabel disobeyed Enrique by marrying Fernando of Aragon and Enrique, in 1470 decided to make an alliance with the French and name Juana the heiress again. In the Treaty of Val de Lozoya, Enrique saw his wife again after three years of living apart. They were friendly to each other, despite the fact the Juana was 7 months pregnant (she tried to disguise it with her dresses). Enrique said he believed Juana (who was called "la beltraneja" because the name of her purported father) his daughter and Juana of Portugal said that she "thought" that Juana was Enrique's daughter.

Next December (30/12/1470) Juana gave birth to a second son, Andrés de Castilla (1470-1529) in Buitrago de Lozoya. Locked up in a castle, her sexual life acted against her daughter's claim, she managed to escape with her lover. Enrique was constantly hating or making peace with Isabel, while no one asked infanta Juana what her wishes were. When Enrique died on December 11th, 1474, aged 49, Juana of Portugal had been shut away in a convent. War broke between Portugal whose king Alfonso V supported his niece Juana of Castile's claim, and most of Castile, which supported Isabel, who had proclaimed herself queen.

Juana of Portugal hadn't seen her daughter for three years, and she never saw her again. Eloped from the convent again, she was again shut away in a convent of Madrid, the convent of Saint Francis, nowadays dissapeared. Pregnant again, she died after a miscarriage on the 13th June 1475, aged 36. We said something of Juana of Castilè's fate in other thread. I would like to add that Juana la Beltraneja was very probably, in my opinion, Enrique's daughter. She was tall, blonde, and blue-eyed, like Enrique. Neither Juana of Portugal, who was very dark, nor Beltrán de la Cueva, had those features.


About the queen's bastards, they were brought up by Isabel the Catholic, and they were refered to as "the queen's sons". They both married and had issue, that has survived until nowadays.
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by umigon »
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Offline ilyala

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #7 on: October 03, 2005, 06:16:37 AM »
after isabella and ferdinand had gotten married (1469) and the whole scandal between henry and her started, the papal representative sent to sort the problem was rodrigo borgia (future pope alexander 6th, probably the most famous pope after john paul 2nd). henry claimed that the marriage was incestuous because, apparently, it had been done without papal approval. rodrigo was sent in 1474, to sort out the mess.

before meeting up with the king, he had met up with ferdinand and isabella, making an agreement with them. he advised the then pope sixtus 6th to prepare their matrimonial union and offered to be the godfather of their first born. he did that because he wanted to control a couple of titles in spain, which he did later through his son juan, duke of gandia (who received his title because of his father's agreement to the two). at that time, rodrigo was eyeing the title for his older son, pedro luis, who died young.

the cardinal managed to convince henry that isabella recognizes juana's rights to the throne. the king repaid him with money while his accomplice, mendoza, gets the cardinal hat for his efforts. after rodrigo left, henry received ferdinand and isabella to a make-up fiest, where they supposedly poisoned him. juana was sent to the convent.
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by ilyala »
'loving might be a mistake, but it's worth making'
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Offline aron

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #8 on: October 20, 2005, 04:48:23 AM »
The children of Alfonso VIII (1155-1214)

González, Julio. El reino de Castilla en la época de Alfonso VIII.
1. Berenguela b. Segovia 1180 d. Burgos 8.11.1246
2. Sancho b. Burgos 05.04.1181- d. july 1181
3. Sancha b. (before 20.03)1182- d. (before 03.02.)1184
4. Enrique b. 1183-d.1183
5. Fernando b. 1184- d. bet 1187/1189
6. Urraca b. (before 28.05.)1187- d. 02.11.1220
7. Blanca b. (before march)1188- d. Paris 27.11.1252
8. Fernando b. Cuenca 29.11.1189-d. Madrid 14.10.1211
9. Mafalda b. 1191- d. Salamanca 1204
10. Constanza b. ca 1195- d. Las Huelgas 07.09.1242
11. Leonor b. ca 1200- d. Las Huelgas 1244
12. Enrique b. 14.04.1204- d. 06.06.1217

Anyone more info/details?
« Last Edit: October 16, 2017, 07:59:32 PM by trentk80 »

Offline umigon

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #9 on: October 22, 2005, 05:36:31 AM »
Here is my list of their children:


1.      Berenguela (5/6/1180-8/11/1246)

2.      Sancho (0/5/1181-6/12/1181)

3.      Sancha (0/7/1182-3/2/1184)

4.      Enrique (3/5/1183-14/12/1184)

5.      Urraca (4/11/1186-3/11/1220)

6.      Blanca (22/3/1188-27/11/1252)

7.      Fernando (29/9/1189-14/10/1211)

8.      Mafalda (15/9/1190-13/12/1204)

9.      Constanza (6/8/1195-5/6/1200)

10.      Leonor (22/4/1202-19/3/1244)

11.      Constanza (4/4/1203-18/11/1243)

12.      Enrique (14/4/1204-6/6/1217)
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Offline aron

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #10 on: October 22, 2005, 08:50:45 AM »
What is your source? I see you have even have the day of births besides the birthyear and so far i have not seen this in any source, like Europaische Stamtafeln.
González, Julio in his book 'El reino de Castilla en la época de Alfonso VIII' did a full research and doens't have e.g. the exact year of birth for Leonor (he estimated the year as 1200) and Constanza he estimated the year as 1195).


Offline umigon

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #11 on: October 22, 2005, 09:05:15 AM »


I can't remember where I got them from. Those are the dates I recorded about two or three years ago in my private family trees. Of course, they could be wrong, but I just wanted to share them.
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Offline aron

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Re: Kings of Castile
« Reply #12 on: October 22, 2005, 11:08:43 AM »
Okay thank you for sharing. But i have my doubt on these dates since no other (professional, academic) source mentions them.
And as it seems González, Julio is the expert on Alfonso VIII.