Author Topic: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands  (Read 42116 times)

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Offline thijs

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Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« on: November 26, 2005, 05:50:49 AM »
Queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands



« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by thijs »

Offline Aline

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #1 on: November 26, 2005, 07:19:05 AM »
Please, write information about queen Anna Pavlovna of Nethelands. I know only that she existed and propably her marriage was an unhappy one. So please, if You know more and have pictures etc so tell me. Aline

Offline Teddy

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #2 on: November 26, 2005, 10:05:39 AM »
Ok, Anna Pavlovna is born  in St. Petersburg on 7/18 Januar 1795.

Her father was Tsar Paul I Petrowitsj and Sophia Dorothea Louise, Duchess of Wurtemberg. Also known as Tsarina Feodorovna. She has 4 brothers and 2 sisthers.

Her 2 younger brothers Konstantin and Michael are also her friends and with them she has secret clubmeetings under the name: Triopatie.  

In 1797 her father became the ruling Tsar and is murdered in 1801. So her brother, Alexander is head of the family.

She learned French, German and Russian and also paints and got music lessons. She gets also lesson in mathematics and natural sciences.  

In 1809 the Emporor Napoleon wants to marry Anna but her mother is against it.

In 1814 her brother Alexander mets Crown Prince William of the Netherlands. And a wedding is soon arranged.

Anna gets 1 million rouble as a dowry, about which the Dutch king, pays 5 per cent interest over.  Also she may keep her Orthodox faith and she is known as Her Imperial and Her Royal Highness, Grand Duchess Anna Paulowna. In 1816 she will marry the Dutch Crown Prince in St. Petersburg 9/12 Februar. And settled soon afterwards in Holland in the Palace Lange Voorhout and later at the Kneuterdijk in The Hague.

She kepts close contact with many of her relatives in Russia.

In 1829 her Jewels are stolen out of the Palace of Brussel. She ask her brother to send her new Jewels, what she also get. Some years later many of her Jewels are found, but the new jewels of her brother she won't give them back.

Anna and William have some childeren, Willem, Alexander, Hendrik, Casimir and Sophie.

In 1840 she and her husband are beiing crowned as King and Queen of Holland. She is a dominating person in a positive way. Who dont really like those orinary and strange Dutch people, who don't keep a distant.

So in 1845 she says:  It is a honor for the country to have a Grand Duchess as their Queen.  The king was amused that he could get me.

When her husband dies she keeps a further distant of the people and appairs only sometimes in public. She is not amused with her daughter in law, Princess Sopie of Wurtemberg, who is a daugher of her sister, who she didn't like.

She dies, in The Hague on the first of March 1865.

« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by Teddy »

Offline crazy_wing

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #3 on: November 27, 2005, 12:09:21 AM »
She had 4 brothers and 6 sisters.  She was closest to Nikolai and Mikhail, not Konstantin, due to their closeness in age.  

Anna was nicknamed Annette.  

In 1809, yes Napoleon wanted marry her.  Originally, Napoloen wanted to marry her elder sister Ekaterina but she was quickly engaged to the Duke of Oldenburg to avoid marrying him.   Napoleon than asked for Anna.  Alexander didn't want a union between him and one of his sisters so he made an excuse by saying to Napoleon's minister Talleyrand, "My mother has retained an authority over her daughters which it is not for me to contest".  15 yr old Anna, her mother wrote, was "not even formed, in the veiw of the irregularity of certain periods".  Finally, after a family council, it was annouced that Anna was not nubile and thus could not marry the Emperor.  

Offline crazy_wing

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #4 on: November 29, 2005, 02:26:28 AM »
There were also talks of Anna marrying Charles the Duke of Berry, son of Count of Artois and grandson of Louis XV.  However, her brother Alexander rejected this match as well because he felt that the throne of Louis XVIII (Charles' uncle) was not firmly established and was annoyed by the Bourbon's arrogance.  

Then Alexander suggested the match again to bring France and Louis XVIII to his side in the Congress of Vienna but Louis rejetted the idea.  
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by crazy_wing »

Offline Lucien

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #5 on: December 17, 2005, 03:56:24 AM »
Quote
Please, write information about queen Anna Pavlovna of Nethelands. I know only that she existed and propably her marriage was an unhappy one. So please, if You know more and have pictures etc so tell me. Aline


A complex and spoiled woman,Anna Pavlovna,Grandduchess of Russia,and never making anyone forget.A resentfull personality,she always strongly disliked,if not hated,her daughter in law,Queen Sophie,as she had hated her mother.Catharina,Sophie's mother was highly favorable to her brother Alexander I of Russia,Anna was not,not to the same extent.Catharina was pro english,Anna was not.
Catharina was a strong socially engaged woman,Anna mainly kept herself busy with the Orthodox Faith and charities.People who had known Catharina said Sophie was very much like her mother,Anna must have been aware of that as well,jealous,she transferred the hate she'd felt towards her sister to Sophie.

After Anna's son became King in 1849,Anna wrote her son she wished to pick and choose the Ladies-in-waiting for his wife,wished,well,demanded.This outraged Sophie who saw this as yet another sign of the manipulative nature of Anna.Willem III,suggested that he and his mother could both make these choises,Sophie didn't want to hear of it,and it never happened.

Anna had a interesting correspondance with her brother Nicholas I,both Nicholas and Anna were strongly anti-british and somewhere shortly after her son became King she wrote her brother"I will try to gently persuade him into that direction(a anti-british act of State)for if I show and convince my young son he needs my advice,he accepts that fully,what pity he has that destructive harmfull element at his side,his torment.Just imagine,ever since she became Queen she doesn't kiss my hand anymore nor does she walk towards me to welcome me".

Sophie on Anna:"she's getting fat,and bores everyone with her biljart evenings and tea's.

To "top it off" Sophie wrote a friend in march 1865 that "this life of intense selfishness and evil is coming to an end,no sign,not the least,of better feelings".Allthough conscious till at least one hour before she died,she never spoke one friendly word,not to anyone".
Anna didn't wish to be embalmed,Sophie:"Due to her excessive eating and drinking the stanch was awful,and that terrible russian custom of having to visit that corps every day,just horrible".

Upon opening the Anna's testament,Willem III and Sophie learned they were desinherited,as were their children,and all went to the Sachsen-Weimar children and the Tsar and his children.(Grandduches Sophie,néé Princess of The Netherlands,Anna's favorite child).
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by Lucien »
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Offline thijs

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #6 on: December 17, 2005, 05:52:20 AM »
Queen Anna Paulowna




King William ll

« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by thijs »

Offline thijs

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #7 on: December 19, 2005, 12:38:45 PM »
Quote
She had 4 brothers and 6 sisters.  She was closest to Nikolai and Mikhail, not Konstantin, due to their closeness in age.  

Anna was nicknamed Annette.  

In 1809, yes Napoleon wanted marry her.  Originally, Napoloen wanted to marry her elder sister Ekaterina but she was quickly engaged to the Duke of Oldenburg to avoid marrying him.   Napoleon than asked for Anna.  Alexander didn't want a union between him and one of his sisters so he made an excuse by saying to Napoleon's minister Talleyrand, "My mother has retained an authority over her daughters which it is not for me to contest".  15 yr old Anna, her mother wrote, was "not even formed, in the veiw of the irregularity of certain periods".  Finally, after a family council, it was annouced that Anna was not nubile and thus could not marry the Emperor.  





Offline thijs

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #8 on: December 19, 2005, 12:40:18 PM »
Queen Anna Paulowna, the only known photograph of the queen.


Offline thijs

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #9 on: December 20, 2005, 05:51:05 AM »
Quote
Please, write information about queen Anna Pavlovna of Nethelands. I know only that she existed and propably her marriage was an unhappy one. So please, if You know more and have pictures etc so tell me. Aline


King William ll and queen Anna Paulowna




Offline CountessKate

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #10 on: December 20, 2005, 06:03:13 AM »
Quote
propably her marriage was an unhappy one


Actually, from her letters her marriage appeared to be very happy.  She was very supportive of her husband and her brothers were fond of him, too.

She seemed to be happier living in Belgium, which she found a more sophisticated environment than the Netherlands, and was furious when she had to leave with the Dutch royal family, when Belgium declared its independence from the Netherlands.

Offline thijs

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #11 on: January 12, 2006, 07:13:17 AM »
This is my favorite portrait of queen Anna Paulowna


Offline thijs

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #12 on: January 20, 2006, 02:03:16 PM »
Portrait of queen Anna Paulowna from 1852. She is painted by the Dutch courtpainter J.B. van der Hulst as a widow, next to the bust of her husband King William ll.


Offline thijs

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #13 on: January 20, 2006, 02:05:33 PM »
Queen Anna Paulowna viiting in 1852 the school in Scheveningen (near The Hague) she founded for young girls. In this she was following the example of her mother, the empress Maria Feodorowna allthough the latter had a real and honest interest in improving the situation of woman and the empress was socially engaged. Anna id her best and did her share on charity, but she was a bit narrowminded and had a medium intellect and perhaps that might be the explanation for the differences in character and sympathy between Anna and her sister Catharina Paulowna (and I personally think that was also the real difference between Anna and her niece/daughter in law, queen Sophie). Catharina was intelligent and had a talent for oganizing, she was an active queen and had many interest. Catharina Paulowna, the sister Anna detested, was as talented as her mother, the empress Maria Feodorwna and had indeed social inerests and founded many socially engaged organizations of which some are still existing today. Catharina however was eager and overambitious (her governess princess Lieven found she had a strange character and wrote that Catharina was the only one of The empress children she did not like). Sophie was intellectual that is for sure but she missed the grandeur and strong character of he mother Catharina.

« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by thijs »

Offline thijs

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Re: Anna Pavlovna, Queen of the Netherlands
« Reply #14 on: January 21, 2006, 07:33:47 AM »
The empress Maria Feodorowna, mother of queen Anna Paulowna. The empress had a very high rank in the family and was very influential. She was a wise woman and knew had to use the power she had in a good and constructive way.