Author Topic: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)  (Read 98994 times)

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Offline Svetabel

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Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« on: February 20, 2006, 03:07:49 AM »
Empress Alexandra Fedorovna in 1852.Though she doesn't look like herself... :-/



Offline Lisa

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #1 on: May 07, 2006, 08:46:53 AM »
Alexandra Feodorovna and children by Dau in the 1820's:
                                      

Offline Daniela

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Offline grandduchessella

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #3 on: December 13, 2006, 08:51:50 AM »
Charlotte was the 3rd child and 1st daughter of the famous King Friedrich Wilhelm III & Queen Louise of Prussia. Charlotte's siblings:

Friedrich Wilhelm IV, King of Prussia (1795-1861); married Elisabeth, Pss of Bavaria. No children

Wilhelm I, King of Prussia and first German Emperor (1797-1888)  ; married Auguste Pss of Saxe-Weimar (herself the daughter of GDss Marie Pavlovna). Their son, Friedrich III, would marry Queen Victoria's eldest daughter 'Vicky'.

Friederike (1799-1800)

Karl (1801-1883); m. Marie Luise Pss of Saxe-Weimar. They had 3 children: Friedrich Karl, Louise (Landgravine of Hesse- Philippsthal but they divorced in 1861) and Anna, Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel (she married Wilhelm, widower of GDss Alexandra of Russia; Anna also became sister-in-law to Queen Louise of Denmark (Marie Feodorvna's mother); Anna's son 'Fischy' would marry Princess Margaret 'Mossy' of Prussia). Their granddaughter, Louise of Prussia, would marry Queen Victoria's son, Arthur (Duke of Connaught).

Princess Alexandrine (1803-1892). She married Paul Friedrich, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and had  3 children: Friedrich Franz II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; Princess Luise  and Prince Wilhelm. Grand Duchess Marie Pavlovna (Miechen) was Alexandrine's granddaughter and GDss Anastasia M would marry Alexandrine's grandson Friedrich Franz III.

Ferdinand (1804-1806)

Princess Louise (1808-1870). She married Prince Friedrich of the Netherlands and had 2 children: Louise, who married Charles XV of Sweden, and Maria, who married Prince Wilhelm of Wied, brother of Queen Elizabeth of Romania. Queen Louise of Denmark (wife of Frederick VIII and sister-in-law to Marie Feodorovna and Queen Alexandra) was Louise's granddaughter--the only surviving child of Louise & Charles XV. Oscar II of Sweden was another grandson.

Prince Albrecht (1809-1872). He married (and divorced) Princess Marianne of the Netherlands (Louise's daughter and his first cousin) and had 3 children: Princess Frederike, who married Georg II of Saxe-Meiningen (their son Bernard married Charlotte, Vicky's daughter); Prince Albert, who married Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg and Alexandrine, who married her first cousin Wilhelm of Mecklenberg-Schwerin. 
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Offline grandduchessella

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« Last Edit: February 14, 2011, 01:34:05 AM by Svetabel »
They also serve who only stand and wait--John Milton
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Offline gogm

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #5 on: December 13, 2006, 08:29:16 PM »
Here's another. I've only seen it at this size.



This thread has good information about her. :)

Offline gogm

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Offline GDNastya

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #7 on: December 31, 2006, 05:42:31 AM »
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna by A. Malyukov, 1836

« Last Edit: December 31, 2006, 06:12:15 AM by GDNastya »

Offline GDNastya

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #8 on: December 31, 2006, 05:58:03 AM »
Empress Alexandra Feodorovna by Christina Robertson

« Last Edit: December 31, 2006, 06:25:08 AM by GDNastya »

Offline Yseult

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #9 on: February 10, 2007, 02:02:14 PM »
I´m sure she deserves a thread ;)



She was born Frederika Louisa Charlotte Wilhelmina of Prussia, on July 13, 1798. The years of her childhood were marked by the Napoleonic Wars: after the defeat of the prussian armies and the entry of the french armies into the kingdom, all the royal family was forced to flee to Memel, where little Charlotte grew up. She was just a twelve years old girl when her very alluring mother, queen Louisa, was dead.

Four years later, at sixteen, Charlotte met her future husband: grand duke Nicholas Pavlovich of Russia, younger brother of tsar Alexander I. Nicholas visited Berlin for a second time after one year. The couple fell in love and they married two years later, in 1817. So, Charlotte of Prussia dissapeared from history: she became the grand duchess, later the tsarina, Alexandra Feodorovna.

Nicholas was really fond of his frail and charming german wife, whom he nicknamed Mouffy. She was also in good terms with her mother-in-law, Maria Feodorovna, born princess of Württemberg. Alexandra Feodorovna was a devoted mother for her own children...
« Last Edit: February 07, 2010, 01:28:08 AM by Svetabel »

Offline Rebecca

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #10 on: February 10, 2007, 03:14:16 PM »
She also had quite an impressive collection of necklaces...  ;)
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Offline Linnea

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #11 on: February 10, 2007, 04:39:19 PM »
She is said to have been very much like her famous mother, both in character and looks.

Offline kmerov

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #12 on: February 13, 2007, 06:39:55 PM »
The empress was also a favorite among her siblings, and I think that her death was much morned in the Prussian family.
The photo of her on wikipedia is the only one I have ever seen of her, but probably not many were taken of her since she died in 1860.

Offline grandduchessella

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #13 on: February 13, 2007, 09:39:21 PM »
Some of what wikipedia reports on her:

In the fall of 1814, Grand Duke Nicholas ...and his brother...Michael, visited Berlin. Arrangements were made between the two royal families for Nicholas to marry Princess Charlotte, and on the second visit the following year, Nicholas fell in love with the then seventeen year old Princess Charlotte. The feeling were mutual, "I like him and am sure of being happy with him." She wrote to her brother, "What we have in common is our inner life; let the world do as it pleases, in our hearts we have a world of our own." Hand in hand they wandered over the Postdam country side, and attended the Berlin Court Opera. By the end of his visit, Grand Duke Nicholas and Princess Charlotte were engaged. The wedding would not take place for another two years....On her birthday, July 13, 1817, she and Nicholas were married in the Chapel of the Winter Palace. "...I felt myself very, very happy when our hands joined..." she would later write about her wedding. "With complete confidence and trust, I gave my life into the hands of my Nicholas, and he never once betrayed it.

Weeks after the wedding, Alexandra was pregnant. On April 17, 1818 she gave birth to her first son, the future Alexander II, and the next year she had a daughter, Grand Duchess Maria...In 1820 Alexandra produced a stillborn daughter, her third pregnancy in three years, which brought on a deep depression. Her doctors advised a holiday, and in the autumn of 1820 Nicholas took her to see her family in Berlin, where they remained until the summer of 1821, returning again in the summer of 1824. They did not come back to St. Petersburg until March of 1825 when Alexander I required their presence in Russia....spent her first years in Russia trying to learn the language and customs of her adopted country under the tutelage of the poet Vasily Zhukovsky, whom she characterized as being "too much of a poet to be a good tutor." The Imperial family spoke German and wrote their letters in French, and as a consequence, Alexandra never completely mastered the Russian language. Nicholas and Alexandra were private people who found great pleasure in each other’s company. She wrote in her memoirs of her first years in Russia, "We both were truly happy only when we found ourselves alone in our apartments with me sitting on his knees while he was loving and tender.

Alexandra was tall, slender with a small head of refine features. Her blue eyes were set deep in her head. She had an air of regal majesty. Her quick, light walk was graceful. She was frail, often in poor health. Her voice was hoarse, but she spoke rapidly and with decision.

....was an avid reader and enjoyed music. She was kind and liked privacy and simplicity. She dressed elegantly, with a decided preference for light colors, and collected beautiful jewels. Neither arrogant nor frivolous, Alexandra was not without intelligence and had an excellent memory; her reading was quite extensive; her judgment of men sure, slightly ironical. However, her interests were mostly shallow. She loved to dance and the fantastic world of the Palaces and court balls filled her horizon. She did not worry about knowing the real problems of the Russian people that demanded from its Empress the energy to take care of the needed and the sick.

By 1832 the Nicholas and Alexandra had seven children ...Nicholas I never wavered in his love for his wife, whom he nicknamed “Mouffy”. In 1837, when much of the Winter Palace was destroyed by fire, Nicholas reportedly told an aide-de-camp "Let everything else burn up, only just save for me the small case of letters in my study which my wife wrote to me when she was my betrothed.

They also serve who only stand and wait--John Milton
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Offline grandduchessella

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Re: Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte von Preußen)
« Reply #14 on: February 13, 2007, 09:39:49 PM »
Only after more than twenty five years of fidelity did Nicholas take a mistress. He turned to Barbara Nelidova, one of Alexandra's ladys-in-waiting, as Doctors had forbidden the Empress from sex due to her poor health and recurring heart-attacks. Nicholas continued to seek refuge from the cares of state in Alexandra’s company. "Happiness, joy, and repose - that is what I seek and find in my old Mouffy." he once wrote.

In 1845 Nicholas wept when Court doctors urged the Empress to visit Palermo for several months due to poor health. "Leave me my wife." he begged her physicians, and when he learned that she had no choice, he made plans to join her, if only for a brief time. Nelidova went with them, and though Alexandra was jealous in the beginning, she soon came to accept the affair, and remained on good terms with her husband's mistress.

The Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, was always frail and in bad health. At forty she looked far older than her years, becoming increasingly thin. For a long time she suffered from a nervous twitching that became a convulsive shaking of her head. In 1837 the Empress chose the resort in the Crimea for a new residence. There, Nicholas ordered that the Palace of Oreanda be built for her. She was only able to visit the Palace once however, as in 1852 the Crimean War began. Towards the end of 1854 Alexandra Fyodorovna became very ill, and she came very close to death, though she managed to recover. In 1855 Tsar Nicholas I contracted influenza, and he died on 6/18 February.

Alexandra Feodorovna survived her husband for five more years. She retired to the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoe Selo, and remained in good terms with her husband’s mistress Barbara Nelidova, who she made her personal reader.

The Dowager Empress's health became more and more fragile with the years. Unable to spend the harsh winters in Russia, she was forced to make long sojourns abroad. She wrote in September 1859 "I am homesick for my country and I reproached myself for costing so much money at a time when Russia has need of every ruble. But I cough and my sick lungs cannot go without a southern climate." In the autumn of 1860, her doctors told her that she would not live through the winter if she did not return once more to the south. Knowing the danger, she preferred to stay in St. Petersburg, so that if death did come it would happen on Russian soil. The night before her death, she was heard to say, "Niki, I am coming to you." She died in her sleep at the age of sixty-two on November 1, 1860 at Alexander Palace in Tsarskoe Selo.

Much of the wikipedia information, and quotes, seem to come from Romanov Autumn which has some of the best information on Charlotte.
They also serve who only stand and wait--John Milton
Come visit on Pinterest--http://pinterest.com/lawrbk/