Alexander Palace Forum

Discussions about the Imperial Family and European Royalty => Rulers Prior to Nicholas II => Topic started by: Yseult on August 29, 2006, 04:41:59 AM

Title: Tzar Ivan V and his family
Post by: Yseult on August 29, 2006, 04:41:59 AM
I´m interested on the tsaritsa Praskovia, wife of tsar Ivan V. If I´m not wrong, the marriage was a choice made by the grand duchess regent Sophia Alexeyevna, sister of Ivan V and half-sister of Peter I.

Ivan and Peter were "double tsars". In fact, Ivan was de "senior tsar", because he was six year older than his half-brother Peter; but, really, he had not a chance to rule since he was mental retarded and suffered a poor health. But, when Ivan had eighteen years old, his sister Sophia was persuaded that the deficient young man could procreate...and she bethroted him to Praskovia Saltykova, aged sixteen, daughter of Feodor Saltykov and Anna Tatishcheva.

The couple had five daughters: Maria, Feodosia, Ekaterina, Anna and Praskovia. Maria and Feodosia died in childhood, but the three others grand duchess reached adulthood. Anna became, years later, grand duchess of Curland by marriage, then empress of Russia as Anna I. And Ekaterina was the mother of Anna Leopoldovna, so the maternal grandmother of Ivan VI.

I read somewhere that Praskovia was not a sweet and tender mother to her daughters. When Ivan died, Ekaterina had almost four, Anna three and little Praskovia two years. The three sisters were established with their mother at Ismailov, near to Moscow. It seems that Praskovia neglected their education and was really abussive to the three daughters. Is that true?
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on August 29, 2006, 12:09:25 PM
That is possible, yes, I think she was in many ways a typical muscovite Tsarina. There were rumours her daughters were not really Ivan's children, but the children of her and a lover. Of course, this was inevitable, this rumour, given that Ivan was mentally retarded and so on. But that doesn't make that true, I am just mentioning that, as it relates to her, not saying it was true. One understands why people might think that though.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: ilyala on August 30, 2006, 01:55:54 AM
one must remember that in those days women in russia were pretty much to be ignored. they had no future. especially if they were born in an imperial family. no boyar was important enough to marry them and because of their religion they couldn't marry a foreign prince. sure, things changed soon after that, but at that time this is how it was. so maybe praskovia simply didn't think they were important enough to take care of them. bad attitude, not at all motherly, but in concordance with the times and the place...
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on August 30, 2006, 08:33:36 AM
That might make sense. I haven't read that much about her and her daughters, but I don't think she was a shining example of motherhood, nor perhaps particularly bad either.Her daughters did have much later importance though, than she might not have assumed they would have when they were growing up. One became Tsarina and another's descendants were on the russian throne briefly.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on August 30, 2006, 10:46:45 AM
That might make sense. I haven't read that much about her and her daughters, but I don't think she was a shining example of motherhood, nor perhaps particularly bad either.Her daughters did have much later importance though, than she might not have assumed they would have when they were growing up. One became Tsarina and another's descendants were on the russian throne briefly.

She was not a shining example of motherhood but anyway loved very much Ekaterina, her favourite daughter. Praskovia was quite a character,wise in her way, conservative  but she never opposed Emperor Peter the Great -- she knew how to live at the court.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on August 30, 2006, 01:12:02 PM
Ekaterina was the one whose descandants were basically kicked off the Russian throne, Anna Leopoldovna, a rather weak woman, and her son who was Czar for a while as an infant, her whole family was overthrown by Elizabeth, Peter the great's daughter.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Yseult on August 31, 2006, 02:10:31 AM
I have found a portrait of Tsaritsa Praskovia Saltykova painted by Nikitin:

(http://i37.photobucket.com/albums/e56/vanozzacatanei/TsaritsaPraskoviapaintedbyIvanNikit.jpg)

And portraits of her daughters Anna, later Anna I, and Praskovia, who secretly married prince Mamonov:

-Anna Ivanovna:

(http://i37.photobucket.com/albums/e56/vanozzacatanei/AnnaIvanovna.jpg)

-Praskovia Ivanovna:

(http://i37.photobucket.com/albums/e56/vanozzacatanei/PraskoviaIvanovnapaintedbyNikitin.jpg)

But I can not find a portrait of elder sister Ekaterina, the mother of Anna Leopoldovna.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on August 31, 2006, 10:35:16 AM
I had never seen a portrait of Praskovia Ivanovna before. I think she was the prettiest of all the daughters of Ivan and Praskovia actually. She never married I don't think, and died relatively young.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Yseult on August 31, 2006, 03:45:11 PM
Imperial Angel...Praskovia Ivanovna, If I´m not confused, married, secretly, Ivan Mamonov circa 1623. She died, I think, in 1633, when her daughter Anna was empress.

;)
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: bell_the_cat on August 31, 2006, 05:36:24 PM
I think it would be 1733! I'm finding this conversation fascinating though!
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Yseult on September 01, 2006, 12:51:09 AM
I think it would be 1733! I'm finding this conversation fascinating though!

For sure, it was 1733 ;) I made I big mistake because I was writting so hurrily ;)

I don´t know much about the daughters of Praskovia. I mean...I don´t know how were really the three woman. If we focused on Anna Ivanovna, it seems that she was a poor educated princess, not well-mannered, with a lot of ignorant and foolish maids. I think that she found some pleasure and delight in humiliating people that she never like, as happened with the prince Mikhail Golitsyn (the story about Ice Palace constructed in a very harsh winter).

But I suppose she was also a victim: daughter of a mad father and an abussive mother, married to a prince that was dead shortly after the wedding, sended to the little court of Mittau to play the role of grand duchess...
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on September 01, 2006, 02:20:03 PM
Imperial Angel...Praskovia Ivanovna, If I´m not confused, married, secretly, Ivan Mamonov circa 1623. She died, I think, in 1633, when her daughter Anna was empress.

;)

Praskovia-younger indeed married secretly to Ivan Dmitriev-Mamonov, seemed she was slightly mentally retarded, calm and uninteresting person. Ekaterina Ivanovna was quite an opposite character - noisy,chitchatty,arrogant,whimsical.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on September 05, 2006, 10:21:56 AM
Ekaterina was the mother of Anna Leopoldovna, and probably the most interesting of the sisters. I didn't know Praskovia I.had secretly married; I am sure this marriage would have been regarded as morgantic.I don't know what her personality was like, but thanks for the info. Anyway, I was just remarking on her looks. I have always thought her sister Anna was plain. How old was Praskovia I. when she died?
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on September 05, 2006, 12:38:29 PM
Ekaterina was the mother of Anna Leopoldovna, and probably the most interesting of the sisters. I didn't know Praskovia I.had secretly married; I am sure this marriage would have been regarded as morgantic.I don't know what her personality was like, but thanks for the info. Anyway, I was just remarking on her looks. I have always thought her sister Anna was plain. How old was Praskovia I. when she died?

Praskovia-elder was born in 1664 and died in 1723.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on September 05, 2006, 03:38:26 PM
What about her daughter, the one who secretly married?
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on September 06, 2006, 11:53:54 AM
Praskovia-younger (1694-1731), married secretly in 1723 (after her mother's death) Ivan Dmitriev-Mamonov (1680-1730).
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on September 06, 2006, 03:17:30 PM
thanks. I don't know much about this branch beyond reading the Five Empresses.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Rebecca on September 09, 2006, 06:41:47 AM
I remember reading somewhere that Praskovia Ivanovna (1694-1731) had scrofula. Can anyone confirm or refute this?  ???
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on September 10, 2006, 12:14:06 PM
I remember reading somewhere that Praskovia Ivanovna (1694-1731) had scrofula. Can anyone confirm or refute this?  ???

Somewhere I read such info, though I don't remember the source exactly. :-\
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Yseult on September 21, 2006, 05:10:32 PM
We have seen portraits of Anna Ivanovna and Praskovia Ivanovna, but finally I´ve found also a portrait of Ekaterina Ivanovna, the mother of Anna Leopoldovna, so the grand-mother of poor Ivan VI ;)

(http://i37.photobucket.com/albums/e56/vanozzacatanei/KatherineIvanovna.jpg)

Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on September 22, 2006, 04:48:33 AM
The portarit is very flattering as Ekaterina was not a beauty at all according to her contemporaries. :)
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Yseult on September 22, 2006, 05:37:37 AM
I remember reading somewhere that Praskovia Ivanovna (1694-1731) had scrofula. Can anyone confirm or refute this?  ???

Yes. In the late days, I´ve been reading "Terribles Tsarines", a book wrotte by Henri Troyat. He explains that, after the death of Peter II, the members of the Secret Privy Council looked at the three daughters of tsar Ivan V...Ekaterina, Anna and Praskovia. Ekaterina was a frivolous and capricious woman. Praskovia had scrofula and not a clever mind. Anna seemed to be the right one, because she had done her role of duchess of Courland very well.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on September 26, 2006, 10:30:15 AM
Thanks for more information and the portrait. I think Ekaterina looks very Romanov, and a bit like Peter the Great's daughter, Anna? What do you think? They have the same dark hair and eyes, unless the portraits are simply from the same era, and perhaps the same painter? Some did call Anna frivolous, and she was in some ways. But it seems from your information, Yseult, that she was the best of the sisters. It isn't that surprising that she was.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on September 26, 2006, 12:08:12 PM
Thanks for more information and the portrait. I think Ekaterina looks very Romanov, and a bit like Peter the Great's daughter, Anna? What do you think? They have the same dark hair and eyes, unless the portraits are simply from the same era, and perhaps the same painter? Some did call Anna frivolous, and she was in some ways. But it seems from your information, Yseult, that she was the best of the sisters. It isn't that surprising that she was.

Seems you are mixing up Anna Petrovna and Anna Ioannovna.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on September 26, 2006, 01:23:43 PM
Anna Ivanovna was the one mentioned in Ysuelt's post I believe? I was just saying that Ekaterina I. looked very much like her cousin, Anna Petrovna, at least in my view. Of course, there could be reasons why they looked like alike, aside from actual similarity.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on September 26, 2006, 02:02:02 PM
that Ekaterina I. looked very much like her cousin, Anna Petrovna, at least in my view.

I don't think so  :-\. That portrait is very flattering to say the least, though the cousins all were indeed brunettes.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: imperial angel on September 27, 2006, 08:47:52 AM
Well, perhaps not, then. They all had dark looks, certainly. I had never heard that Anna Petrovna was regarded as a beauty, unlike her famous sister. Judging from the portraits I have seen of her, she wasn't, although she was rather striking, and resembled her mother. I am sure the portrait of Ekaterina was flattering.. ;)
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Suzanne on December 03, 2007, 01:30:14 AM
Natalia Pushkareva's work "Women in Russian history" contains a short biography of Tsarina Praskovia. p. 125-127. Here's the main events. She married Ivan V in 1684, observers described her as a very attractive woman - tall, full figured with long dark curls. She lived the traditional life in the terem until Peter the Great ascended to the throne, then she began dressing in the western manner and appearing at social events. She arranged for her daughters to have a western education and she became a great confidant of Peter the Great. In the 1690s, she began holding lavish receptions at her Moscow home and staged amateur theatricals. Peter thought so well of Praskovia that he overlooked her liason with the boyar Vassily Yushkov, which began after Ivan V's death. She moved to St. Petersburg in 1708. Peter I is said to have "esteemed her counsel" and Catherine I encouraged the friendship between them. She spent her last years raising her granddaughters, especially her favourite, Anna Leopoldovna - there exist an extensive correspondence between these two women. Praskovia died in 1723 and Peter gave her a lavish European style funeral.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: lexi4 on December 04, 2007, 10:11:02 AM
Praskovia-younger (1694-1731), married secretly in 1723 (after her mother's death) Ivan Dmitriev-Mamonov (1680-1730).


I am enjoying reading about all of this. I have a question, why was the marriage in secret?
Thank you,
Lexi
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on December 05, 2007, 12:52:27 AM
Praskovia-younger (1694-1731), married secretly in 1723 (after her mother's death) Ivan Dmitriev-Mamonov (1680-1730).


I am enjoying reading about all of this. I have a question, why was the marriage in secret?
Thank you,
Lexi

Well, Dmitriev-Mamonov was not considered an equal for Praskovia. After all she was a niece of the powerful Emperor Peter I and a possible spouse-to-be for a German Prince. Russian Tsarevnas did not marry officially common people those times.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: lexi4 on December 06, 2007, 05:41:02 PM
Praskovia-younger (1694-1731), married secretly in 1723 (after her mother's death) Ivan Dmitriev-Mamonov (1680-1730).


I am enjoying reading about all of this. I have a question, why was the marriage in secret?
Thank you,
Lexi

Well, Dmitriev-Mamonov was not considered an equal for Praskovia. After all she was a niece of the powerful Emperor Peter I and a possible spouse-to-be for a German Prince. Russian Tsarevnas did not marry officially common people those times.

Thank you very muich,
Lexi
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: ivanushka on April 01, 2008, 04:23:52 PM
I've read that Praskovia loved her eldest daughter Ekaterina to bits, but never liked her second daughter, Anna.  Apparently when Peter the Great decided that one of his nieces would be the first Romanov Princess to marry a non Russian (as the bride of the Duke of Courland) Ekaterina would have been the obvious choice as she was the eldest sister.  However Praskovia couldn't bear the thought of losing her beloved child and insisted that Anna marry the Duke instead.

I don't know anything about Praskovia's relationship with her youngest daughter.  She does seem to be a very shadowy figure, completely outshone by her two elder sisters.

Though I think that the widowed Anna was bored and restless in dreary Courland she was at the same time relieved to be away from her mother's constant nagging and troublemaking.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Svetabel on April 02, 2008, 12:32:11 AM
I've read that Praskovia loved her eldest daughter Ekaterina to bits, but never liked her second daughter, Anna.  Apparently when Peter the Great decided that one of his nieces would be the first Romanov Princess to marry a non Russian (as the bride of the Duke of Courland) Ekaterina would have been the obvious choice as she was the eldest sister.  However Praskovia couldn't bear the thought of losing her beloved child and insisted that Anna marry the Duke instead.


That's right. According to contemporaries,Ekaterina was a fave of her mother among the sisters.
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Alexandrina-Sofia on July 26, 2008, 03:24:41 AM
Praskovia Fyodorovna

(http://bp3.blogger.com/_9P9yVlSbIoo/R8z0nXiYKkI/AAAAAAAAAD8/RPuvOtX805g/s320/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%8C%D1%8F+%D0%A4%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B0.jpg)

Ekaterina Ivanovna

(http://bp1.blogger.com/_9P9yVlSbIoo/RxR1RtgtT6I/AAAAAAAAAAs/esbCcEMAwrM/s320/%D0%95%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0+%D0%98%D0%BE%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B0.jpeg)

Praskovia Ivanovna

(http://bp0.blogger.com/_9P9yVlSbIoo/RyMXvnDRJ0I/AAAAAAAAACA/cBzsbFBL8nM/s320/%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2%D1%8C%D1%8F.jpeg)
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Marc on July 27, 2008, 04:26:23 PM
Great to see those images...it's very hard to find them...
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Ally Kumari on February 15, 2009, 03:20:48 PM

Tsar Ioann (Ivan)
(http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/th_Untitled39.jpg) (http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/Untitled39.jpg)

His wife Praskovya Fyodorovna
(http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/th_Untitled38.jpg) (http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/Untitled38.jpg)
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Ally Kumari on February 15, 2009, 03:26:26 PM


Ekaterina Ivanovna, daughter of tsar Ivan V.
(http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/th_Untitled44.jpg) (http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/Untitled44.jpg)

Praskovya Ivanovna, another daughter of Ivan V.
(http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/th_Untitled45.jpg) (http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/Untitled45.jpg)
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Ally Kumari on February 15, 2009, 03:36:04 PM


Empress Anna Ivanovna
(http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/th_Untitled53.jpg) (http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/Untitled53.jpg)

Anna Leopoldovna
(http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/th_Untitled54.jpg) (http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/Untitled54.jpg)

Anna Leopoldovna and her son Emperor Ivan VI.
(http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/th_Untitled55.jpg) (http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/Untitled55.jpg)
Title: Re: Tsaritsa Praskovia Fyodorovna Saltykova
Post by: Ally Kumari on February 17, 2009, 07:43:40 AM
Tsar Ivan Alexeyevich
(http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/th_Untitled181-1.jpg) (http://i243.photobucket.com/albums/ff287/VelkokneznaMaria/Romanovci/Untitled181-1.jpg)

Title: Ivan V's Offspring.
Post by: Ausmanov on October 21, 2013, 12:39:31 AM
I am trying to construct a Romanov Family tree from the first Romanov Tsar right through to todays generation listing as many descendants as possible. I am stuck with three of Ivan V's daughters and was hoping to get some help with the following:
#Tsarevna Maria Ivanovna: when was she born and when did she die? Did she get married and to whom? What was his name, when was he born and when did he die? Did they have any children?
#Tsarevna Feodosia Ivanovna: when was she born and when did she die? Did she get married and to whom? What was his name, when was he born and when did he die? Did they have any children?
#Tsarevna Praskovia Ivanovna: was born in 1694 and died in 1731. She was married to Ivan Dmitriev-Mamonov  who interestingly was of Rurikid descent. He was born in 1680 and died in 1730. Did they have any children?
Title: Re: Ivan V's Offspring.
Post by: Превед on October 21, 2013, 07:30:35 AM
I am trying to construct a Romanov Family tree from the first Romanov Tsar right through to todays generation listing as many descendants as possible. I am stuck with three of Ivan V's daughters and was hoping to get some help with the following:
#Tsarevna Maria Ivanovna: when was she born and when did she die?..............

The Russian Wikipedia has the answers: Википедия: Иван V: Семья (http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD_V#.D0.A1.D0.B5.D0.BC.D1.8C.D1.8F)
Title: Re: Tzar Ivan V and his family
Post by: Ausmanov on October 21, 2013, 05:30:46 PM
Thankyou Превед. Its probably staring right at me, is there way to accuratly translate that page into English?
Title: Re: Tzar Ivan V and his family
Post by: Превед on October 21, 2013, 05:32:25 PM
Thankyou Превед. Its probably staring right at me, is there way to accuratly translate that page into English?

Google Translate can translate both excepts and whole pages. (Just copy the url into Google Translate.)
Title: Re: Tzar Ivan V and his family
Post by: Ausmanov on October 21, 2013, 06:11:32 PM
WOW, I really cant thank you enough, I had no idea. Cheers. My names Blake, if I can ever return the favour don't hesitate to ask.
Title: Re: Tzar Ivan V and his family
Post by: Ausmanov on October 21, 2013, 06:26:25 PM
OK, ive read a few sources and have found conflicting results. Some sources say Tsarevna Praskovia Ivanovna had a son and others say she didn't. Anyone know the truth?
Title: Re: Tzar Ivan V and his family
Post by: Ausmanov on October 21, 2013, 06:45:09 PM
Does anyone know where I could find a free copy of this book:

Five Empresses: Court Life in Eighteenth-century Russia Anisimov, Evgenii V./ Ca
On the internet or does some one have a copy of the book who would be willing to scan a few pages for me?
Title: Re: Tzar Ivan V and his family
Post by: agordon2000 on December 15, 2013, 09:19:00 PM
Anna Ivanovna was chosen to rule because her sister was married to Karl Leopold who was a grand jerk and even though she left him the Russian nobility  did not want to risk him taking over. This left Anna as Praskovia was retarded. The  family of Ivan Dmitriev-Mamonov did not like Praskovia, perhaps because she was retarded, her mother approved the match. She was very well loved by her mother as she was pretty but she was know to be moody. Anna was cheerful and lived with her mother after leaving her husband. Anna was described as ugly, and stupid. Peter did not think she could rule Courtland and sent down Peter Bestuzhev to rule for her. The nobility invited her to rule because they thought they could control her and they had not seen her in 20 in  years. She killed 20,000 people and all the nobles who wanted her to rule as proxy for them were imprisoned, sent to exile or killed.  Her lover ruled with Ostermann  except in domestic cases or if she herself was slandered. He was clever but angered the Russians by hiring Germans and using thugs to impose his will.
Title: Re: Tzar Ivan V and his family
Post by: ivanushka on December 16, 2013, 06:39:57 AM
Anna Ivanovna was chosen to rule because her sister was married to Karl Leopold who was a grand jerk and even though she left him the Russian nobility  did not want to risk him taking over. This left Anna as Praskovia was retarded.

Hello agordon and welcome to the forum!

That's what I understood too.  Of the three sisters, Catherine, being the eldest, would have been the first choice were it not for her husband.  Though she and Karl Leopold had been separated for years he seems to have been hated by everyone who knew him and the Russian aristocracy were concerned that if Catherine took the throne he might turn up in Russia and try and throw his weight around.  As Anna was a widow (and appeared very humble from all of her letters to Peter the Great etc) she seemed like a far more satisfactory choice.  Little did they know...