Author Topic: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha  (Read 27743 times)

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Offline rgt9w

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1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« on: May 11, 2008, 01:02:07 PM »
Here is a contemporary news article of the assassination attempt on Stolypin at his dacha. In the attempt many were killed including his daughter who died from her injuries.

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9B05E0DB173EE733A25755C2A96E9C946797D6CF&oref=slogin




« Last Edit: May 07, 2009, 10:48:25 AM by Alixz »

Offline rgt9w

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #1 on: May 11, 2008, 04:40:52 PM »
NEW YORK TIMES: AUGUST 26, 1906

BOMB KILLS 28;
HURTS STOLYPIN
___________________

PREMIER’S DAUGHTER
AND HIGH OFFICIALS DEAD.
____________________

COUNTRY HOUSE WRECKED
____________________

GUESTS AT RECEPTION
BLOWN TO PIECES.
____________________

TWO TERRORISTS SLAIN
____________________

PLOTTERS DISGUISED IN OFFICERS’
UNIFORMS—BOMB MADE TO LOOK
LIKE A HANDSOME VASE
____________________

ST. PETERSBURG, AUG 25—Twenty-eight persons are dead and thirty-three injured as the result of an attempt this afternoon to assassinate Premier Stolypin with a bomb while he was holding a public reception at his country house on Aptekarsky Island.  The Premier was slightly wounded in the face and neck by flying splinters.
Among the dead are the Premier’s fifteen-year-old daughter, both of whose legs were broken and who subsequently succumbed to her injuries; Gen. Zemaetin, the Premier’s personal secretary, who was Chief of Communications in the war with Japan; Prince Nakashidge; M. Khovostoff, ex-Governor of the Province of Penza; Col. Federoff, chief of the Premier’s personal guard; Court Chamberlain Davidoff, Court Chamberlain Voronin, Aide Doubassoff, several guards, several servants, and four women and two children.

STOLYPIN’S SON INJURED

The wounded included M. Stolypin’s three-year-old son, who is seriously though not mortally injured, and a number of persons prominent in the social and official worlds.
Of the four conspirators who engineered the outrage two were killed with their victims, while the third, who acted as coachman for the party, and the fourth, who remained inside the carriage which took them to the Premier’s residence, were badly injured and are now in the St. Peter and St. Paul Fortress.
Whether the assassins who entered the house intentionally or accidentally dropped the bomb will probably never be known, as all the immediate witnesses were killed.  The tremendous force of the explosion absolutely blew out the front of the Premier’s residence and carried away the ceilings above and the floors below as well as the walls of the adjoining rooms.
Persons were literally blown to pieces.  Those who were not killed instantly were horribly maimed or lacerated, and all the others present were prostrated by the shock.
The Premier’s escape was miraculous, for only a moment before the explosion occurred he had stepped inside his study at the rear of the salon to speak to Prince Shakovsky.  Although he was but slightly injured he is completely prostrated by the calamity.

TERRORISTS IN A CARRIAGE

   The four revolutionists arrived at M. Stolypin’s villa at 3:20 P.M.  Two of them were dressed in the uniforms of officers of gendarmes, the third was dressed as a driver and was on the box of the carriage, and the fourth man was in private clothes.  The plotters evidently tried to make it appear that they were escorting a political prisoner.  Two of the men entered the villa under the pretext of making an important report to the Premier.
   The authors of the outrage reached the Premier’s residence after the list of visitors had been closed.  The servants refused admission to them, and they attempted to force an entrance to the house.  A struggle ensued at the entrance to the anteroom adjoining the reception room, in the course of which on of the Terrorists dropped a bomb, which exploded, destroying the anteroom, the adjoining guard room, part of the reception room, and also the balcony of the first floor.  The principal loss of life occurred in the anteroom.
   From one of the Premier’s secretaries, from a Sargeant of Police, and from some of the survivors the following account of the outrage has been obtained.
   The Police Sargeant, who was standing at a corner of the house, about twenty yards from the entrance, noticed a landau, drawn by a good pair of horses, roll up the carriageway and stop in front of the door.  Two of the occupants of the carriage, who wore uniforms of officers of the gendarmes, and who were ostentatiously laughing and chatting as they approached the house, descended from the carriage, one of them carrying an article about a foot high, resembling a gilded vase.  They ascended the steps, passing directly in front of the policeman at the door, and had scarcely disappeared inside the house when a terrible explosion was heard.  The explosion, which was louder than the report of a cannon, tore out a large section of the front wall of the villa, demolished the partition walls inside, and brought up the upper story down in clouds of mortar and splintered wood.
   When the dust had cleared away slightly the Sargeant saw the mangled remains of four persons on the ground in front of the door.  The landau, which had been stopped directly in front of the entrance, was lying on the driveway, a mass of twisted and shattered wood and iron.  About ten yards from the door was the wounded driver. The horses were injured, but only in their hind legs, showing they were partly protected from the force of the explosion by the wall of the villa.
   At the moment of the explosion a large reception room at the left of the anteroom was filled with a great concourse of officials and visitors, as today was the Premier’s reception day.  Every one in the villa and its vicinity were thrown to the ground by the shock.
   After the explosion of the bomb a few moments of stupefaction followed among the uninjured survivors.  Persons in the neighborhood, including a number of soldiers

Offline rgt9w

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #2 on: May 11, 2008, 04:42:43 PM »
from a grenadier regiment, rushed to the spot and began to carry away the dead and wounded from the villa, which had caught fire as a result of the explosion of the bomb.  For over an hour after the explosion there was a scene of the greatest confusion at the villa. A great concourse of spectators gathered there, handling horrible remnants of the tragedy and carrying some of them away as souvenirs.  The police apparently had lost their presence of mind, for they did little or nothing until the arrival of M. Makaroff, the Assistant Minister of the Interior, under whose orders the villa and grounds were cleared and an investigation of the tragedy was begun.

CAMPHOR DYNAMITE WAS PROBABLY USED

   According to statements of the survivors none of the overpowering fumes accompanying the explosion of melinite, lyddite, or pyroxoline were noticed after the explosion, and it is thought that the bomb was charged with camphor dynamite, which is extensively used in loading the revolutionists’ bombs and which was employed in the assassination of Alexander II.  Among its advantages is the fact that it is safer to handle than ordinary dynamite, and it is also more powerful.
   A revolutionist with whom the correspondent of the Associated Press conversed conjectured that the bomb was either the one which was prepared last summer for the assassination of Gen. Trepoff and which was made so as to resemble a handsome gilded vase, or one similar to it.  A woman was to present the bomb to Gen. Trepoff, but she lost her nerve owing to a long wait in his ante-room and departed without seeing the General.  Later the woman was arrested, but the bomb, which was a very expensive article and difficult to prepare, is said to have been held in reserve for another occasion.
   With what was left of the revolutionists, three revolvers, two of them automatic pistols, were found.
   The children of M. Stolypin were not injured by the actual explosion, but by falling to the ground when the floor of the room which they were occupying was blown up by the explosion.
   M. Stolypin’s first inquiry was for the members of his family.  He himself freed his children from the piled-up debris with which they were covered.  Later in the evening he visited them twice in the hospital, where his daughter died.
   According to one account, the Premier, just previous to the explosion, had received Count Alexei Alexeivitch Mukhanoff, ex-Marshall of the Nobility of Chernigoff, who was a member of the Lower House of Parliament, and whose arrest had previously been ordered for political reasons.
   According to the official account of the attempt on M. Stolypin’s life, Gen. Zameatin was instantly killed, and M. Voronin, a Court Chamberlain, who was attending the Premier’s official reception, was decapitated.  The legs of M. Stolypin’s daughter, the official account adds, were so severely injured that they had to be amputated.  His son had a leg broken.  Prince Shachowskoi, who was in an apartment adjoining the antechamber, was injured.

HAD OTHER  BOMBS READY?

   The police authorities this evening declared that the assassins carried portfolios which, it is believed, contained bombs.
   The havoc wrought by the explosion is indescribable.  Bodies were so torn or mangled as to make identification impossible.  Pieces of flesh and clothing clung to the shattered rafters overhead, and some lodged in the branches of the elm trees which border the roadway separating the Premier’s residence from the river.  When the Associated Press Correspondent this evening succeeded in obtaining permission to pass the cavalry guarding the approaches to the house the dead and injured had already been removed to a neighboring hospital, but by the light of flaring torches the police were still picking out from the wreckage fragments of bodies and placing them in towels for transportation by ambulance to the morgue.
   At the hospital the correspondent saw frantic attendants trying to arrange the shattered bodies into some semblance of human form for identification by weeping and wailing relatives outside.
   The Terrorist who carried the explosive into the house was torn to pieces by the force of the explosion.  Inside the gendarme officer’s coat which he wore was found the death sentence of Premier Stolypin that he had tried to execute.  The police refuse to make public the contents of this document, which, contrary to the usual custom, had not been sent to the Premier in advance.
   As a result of the inquiry it was learned to-night that the men who threw the bomb came here from Moscow, via Warsaw.  They took lodgings in Morskaia Street, and to-day hired a carriage in which they visited one of the open-air Summer theatres prior to going to Premier Stolypin’s.  The chief of the assassins, whose body is now guarded by troops, was apparently about 25 years old.  He wore a brand new uniform, beneath which he had on a civilian vest of very dirty linen.
   A few days ago a retired officer named Bodorykin attempted to warn M. Stolypin of threatened assassination, but admission to the Premier was refused to him.  On the order of Deputy Minister Makaroff, Bodorykin has been examined before a Magistrate.
   The tragedy created a tremendous sensation here, and extra editions of the newspapers were sold in the streets until midnight.  In the clubs where officials and officers gather the most intense indignation prevailed.  The prediction was freely made that the revolutionaries would pay dearly for such senseless crimes, and no doubt was entertained that their only effect would be to drive the Government to more severe methods of repression.
   From information obtained from revolutionary sources it is certain that the crime was committed by the “Fighting Organization” of the Socialist Revolutionists in retaliation for the war the Government has been waging against them.  Since M. Stolypin’s accession to the Premiership over 1,000 of them have been arrested, 400 in St. Petersburg alone, and many of these have been deported.

TERRORISTS IN HIDING

   To fight this repression the Fighting Organization, which is composed of a wing known as Matimists, who believe in setting up a purely Socialistic State upon the ruins of the autocracy, has deliberately entered upon a duel with the Government, such as that which characterized the famous fight of the Nihilists in the late seventies, and which ended in the assassination of Emperor Alexander II.  Within a single year at that time a litter coterie of Nihilists under the direction of Jeriaboff made twenty-eight attempts against the Emperor and high officials, fourteen of which were successful.  At the head of the present organization is a revolutionary who is considered to be an organizer equal if not superior to Jeriaboff.  All the members of the organization had due notice that to-day’s attempt of the Premier would be made, and went into hiding.

Offline rgt9w

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #3 on: May 11, 2008, 04:43:55 PM »
   It has become known that an attempt upon M. Stolypin was frustrated ten days ago by the discovery of the beginning of a subterranean passage from the wall of the Grenadier Church, adjoining his residence.  The mining of palaces and residences was formerly a favorite method of the Nihilists, but has not been used in recent years.

STOLYPIN EXPECTS DEATH

   When M. Stolypin accepted the Premiership he was perfectly conscious of his danger.  One of his remarks at a recent interview was: “I have no doubt attempts will be made upon my life, but I hope that order will be restored and stability established in Russia before they are successful.”
   Emperor Nicholas, when apprised of to-day’s disaster, sent his personal congratulations to Premier Stolypin on his escape.  The Cabinet Ministers and many members of the Diplomatic Corps, including Mr. Eddy, The American Charge d’Affairs, tendered expressions of sympathy.  News received here from Peterhof is to the effect that feeling runs high against the revolutionaries in Court circles.
   Repressive measures are now to be tried against the army as well as the people.  The Emperor to-day issued a ukase increasing all along the line the penalties for the complicity of officers and men in political conspiracies and insubordination of any kind. More import is the fact that the discretion now permitted to military courts in the matter of the reduction of the penalties incurred by convicted men is entirely withdrawn.  Soldiers and sailors henceforth now the immutable price of mutiny and treason.  The Emperor issued the ukase as a permanent law under the power of the fundamental law excluding military laws from the competency of Parliament.
________________________________________
STOLYPIN’S SEVERE RULE.
_______________________________________
JAILS IN RUSSIA ARE FULL—MANY
REVOLUTIONISTS EXECUTED

   Appointed Prime Minister after the dissolution of the Duma, M. Stolypin announced that his policy would be one of “strong-handed reform”—that everything possible would be done to restore calm in Russia, and that various concessions to popular sentiment would be made.
   Actually the Government since M. Stolypin has been at the head of affairs has ordered repressive measures of greater severity and of a more extensive character than has been the case in Russia in many years.  The jails all over the empire are full, the number of persons banished to Siberia has been enormous, newspapers have been suppressed, many Revolutionaries have been executed, and outrages by Terrorists have frequently been followed by indiscriminate shooting by the troops and the killing of inoffensive persons.
   The Premier has sent several circulars to the provincial authorities ordering them to exert increased vigilance and to spare no effort in repressing the revolutionists, and instructing them that political offenders are to be dealt with by administrative order—in order words, without trial.
   In the meantime the terrorists have become more active than ever.  In the week ended Aug. 18 fifty-eight officials were assassinated and forty-three were wounded in Russia proper, and fifty stores of bombs were discovered.  The number of policemen killed was not stated in official figures, which also failed to say anything about agrarian troubles.
   M. Stolypin was formerly Governor of Saratoff.  Last Aug. 4, while he was holding that position, an attempt was made to assassinate him.

I am_Tatianochka

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #4 on: May 11, 2008, 05:47:24 PM »
Tatiana was present at the real assasination...right?

Offline rgt9w

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #5 on: May 11, 2008, 06:03:35 PM »
Grand Duchesses Olga Nicholaevna and Tatiana Nicholaevna were present at the Kiev Opera House when Stolypin was shot in September 1911.  He died from his injuries four days later.

Offline Nadya_Arapov

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #6 on: May 11, 2008, 07:34:55 PM »
Thank you for posting the articles Rgt9w!

Here are some diary entries by members of the IF mentioning the attempt made on Stolypin's life.

GD Xenia’s diary – 12 August 1906 (25 August N.S.) – Gatchina
There has been a nightmarish attempt on the life of poor Stolypin – but neither he, nor his wife, were hurt. Some men in policemen’s uniforms came to his villa during a reception. It appears one of them got inside the house and there was immediately a terrible explosion. Part of the ground and first floor collapsed and were blown to splinters, and all the people in the front hall were killed or wounded. His children, his fourteen-year-old daughter and three-year-old son, who were upstairs, fell as the floor collapsed, both her legs were broken and her life is in danger. The boy has a fractured hip! Poor children! What for? About 60 people were killed or wounded. Many of the injured died soon afterwards. Among the dead are: General Zamiatin, who served various ministers of the interior over many years, and Governor Khvostov, the husband of Unkovskaya, who has an enormous family! The poor old doorman was killed. What a horror!

Nicholas II’s diary – 12 August 1906 (25 August N.S.) – Peterhof
Heard about the explosion in Stolypin’s house, thank God he was not hurt, but his son and daughter have been injured. A lot of people killed and wounded, half the house destroyed.

Nicholas II to Stolypin – 16 October 1906 (29 October N.S.) – Peterhof
Pyotr Arkadyevich!
A few days ago I received a peasant from the Tobolsk district, Grigory Rasputin, who brought me an icon of St. Simon Verkhoturie. He made a remarkably strong impression both on Her Majesty and on myself, so that instead of five minutes our conversation went on for more than an hour. He will soon be returning home. He has a strong desire to bless your injured daughter with an icon. I very much hope that you will find a minute to receive him this week. This is his address: St. Petersburg, 2 Roszdestvenskaya, 4. He is staying with the priest Yaroslav Medved.


Peter Arkadyevich Stolypin (1862-1911) and his wife Olga Borisovna Neydgart (1858-1944) had six children: Maria, Elena, Natalia, Olga, Alexandra and Arkady. Elena (b. 1892) and Arkady (b.1903) were the children wounded in the assassination attempt. They must have fully recovered from their wounds as they both lived well into old age, married, and had children. Elena died in France in 1985 and Arkady died there in 1990.

PS: Helen, you do not have to pay to view the NY Times articles. They offer free online subscriptions.

Offline rgt9w

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #7 on: May 11, 2008, 08:54:55 PM »
Nadya, Thank you posting the statements of members of the Imperial Family and for the clarification that Stolypin's daughter did not die. I searched the news articles again and found one that corrected the erroneous reporting of the death of Stolypin's daughter. The link is below, I will post the text of the article later for those who may not be able to open the link. The article also describes the assassination of General Min. These articles illustrate just how treacherous it was to be a member of the Imperial Government at this time.


http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=940DEED8113AE733A25754C2A96E9C946797D6CF&oref=slogin




Offline rgt9w

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #8 on: May 12, 2008, 05:50:55 PM »
Here is the text of the above link. It details not only the condition of Stolypin's daughter and events connected to the bombing, but also addresses other assassinations that had recently occurred when the article was written....if the article is to be believed, the vicinity of  Peterhof was not a very safe place.


New York Times: Published August 27, 1916

GIRL KILLS GEN. MIN;
WIFE SEIZES SLAYER
_____________________

THIRD ATTEMPT ON THE
NOTORIOUS OPPRESSOR’S
LIFE SUCCESSFUL
_____________________

STOLYPIN’S DAUGHTER ALIVE—
TERRORISTS SAY THEY WILL
ASSASSINATE HUNDREDS

St. Petersburg, Aug. 26—Yesterday’s unsuccessful attempt on the life of Premier Stolypin, with its slaughter of thirty-two persons, was followed to-night by the killing of Gen. Min, who was commander of the Seminovsky Guard Regiment, and who since his promotion to be a General has been attached as a personal adjutant to the suite of the Emperor.  Gen. Min was shot on the station platform at Peterhof by a young woman, who fired five shots into his body from an automatic revolver and then, without resistance, submitted to arrest.  The capture of the girl was effected by Gen. Min’s wife, who held her until the arrival of an officer.
This was the third attempt on the life of Gen. Min, who was condemned to death by the Terrorists immediately after the Moscow revolt last December on account of the stern repression practiced by a battalion under his command, and especially for the wholesale execution of persons condemned by drumhead court-martial for being caught with arms in their hands.
Gen Min was returning from the capital to his Summer residence at Peterhof and had just greeted his wife and daughter on the platform when a young woman—almost a girl—approached from behind and fired two shots into his back and then three more into his body as it sank to the ground.  Further shots were prevented by Mme. Min who threw herself onto the assassin and seized the hand which held the pistol.  The woman did not attempt to escape, but she cautioned Mme. Min not to touch a handbag which she had placed on the platform before shooting the General, explaining that it contained a bomb.
Any one of the five wounds of Gen. Min would have resulted fatally.  Two of the shots entered under the left shoulder and ranged downward, while the others penetrated to the chest from the back.
To the police the girl acknowledged that she had done the deed, saying she had executed the sentence of the Fighting Organization of the Social Revolutionists, but she refused to give her name.
   Gen. Min only last week, after the conclusion of manoeuvres at Krasnoye-Selo, dismissed the bodyguard which had accompanied him since the first attempt was made on his life, saying that the ordinary police of Peterhof would be sufficient to guard him and his villa there.
During the Moscow revolt Min, who was then a Colonel, commanded the First Battalion of the Seminovsky Guard, which is operated within the city itself.  The Second Battalion of the Guard, under the command of Col. Riman, conducted repressive measures along the railroad to Kazan, for which acts Riman was also condemned to death.  Undeterred by several attempts to execute this sentence Riman accepted an appointment on the staff of Gen. Skallon, Governor General of Warsaw, after the bomb outrages at Warsaw, and left two days ago to assist in the suppression of anarchy in Poland.
The Central Committee of the Social Revolutionists has drawn up a proclamation which declares unless the Government forthwith alters its policy such acts as the attempt on the life of Premier Stolypin will be pursued to the utmost and the Government representatives will be killed by the hundreds.
The daughter of M. Stolypin, who was injured by the bomb explosion in the Premier’s summer home yesterday, and who was erroneously reported to have died, is still alive at the Calmeyer Hospital.  Her condition, however, is critical, and it is feared gangrene will set in.  She is in under the care of the famous surgeon, Dr. Pavloff.  The hospital doctors intended to amputate her legs, but Dr. Pavloff advised that the operation be postponed.  After the explosion M. Stolypin’s one thought was for his daughter, and he kept exclaiming: “For God’s sake, fetch a doctor! Oh, my poor girl!”
The Premier’s three-year-old son, who was also hurt, is better to-day.
Mlle. Stolypin is one of seven daughters of the Premier. The wounded boy is his only son. Mme. Stolypin, who was driving at the time of the explosion, is constantly at the bedside of her daughter.
M. Stolypin moved last night to his town residence, in Morskaia Street, which is almost next door to the house where the assassins had their lodging.  The Premier frequently visits the latter house, which is the property of Princess Mestchersky, and is devoted to furnished rooms of the highest class.
The Associated Press representative revisited the wrecked villa to-day and found firemen tearing away the shattered walls.  An imposing force of police was keeping all comers, even high officers, at a distance from the villa.
At the Hospital of the St. Peter and St. Paul there was a disgraceful scramble of thousands of curiosity seekers around the mangled remains of twenty-six of the victims of the explosion, which had lain exposed on the grass in the hospital yard during the whole of last night and to-day, and which were still there at 6 o’clock this evening.  Society women fought and jostled street laborers and peasant women for a chance to view the sight.  Many of them were accompanied by children of tender years.
The telegram sent by the Emperor Nicholas to M. Stolypin after the explosion was as follows:
“I cannot find the words to express my indignation. I hope with all my heart that the health of your son and daughter will soon be restored and likewise that of the other persons injured.”
The Dowager Empress this morning made inquiries as to the condition of the Premier’s children.  M. Stolypin has received touching telegrams of sympathy from the Grand Dukes, Grand Duchesses, ex-Premier Witte, and other personages.
Two more persons injured by the explosion died in the night, bringing the total number of deaths up to thirty-two.  Twenty-six persons were instantly killed.

Offline rgt9w

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #9 on: May 12, 2008, 05:51:59 PM »
Another of the assassins is said to have died to-day, but no confirmation of this report could be obtained.
M. Polianvoff, who was talking to M. Stolypin at the time of the explosion gives the following account of it:
“After discussing the matter of Zemstvo finances and indulging in a little talk on the general political condition in the Province of Simbirsk, I had risen to depart.  The Minister was extending his hand to me when the explosion occurred.  It seemed as though there were two or three shocks in succession.
“I felt myself lifted in the air and then hurled violently to the floor.  I did not lose consciousness.  After a moment I regained my feet and made my way out through a window into the garden, the doors of the study being blocked by broken furniture and other debris.
“The Minister’s first words were: ‘Where is my family?  What has happened?’  I answered that probably a bomb had been thrown from the garden.  We then went to the front of the house and as soon as possible I hailed my coachman and departed.  Of those in the reception room ante-chamber all were killed or injured.  I and my colleagues, who were with M. Stolypin, alone escaped.”
M. Moukhanoff, a member of the late Parliament, who at the time of the explosion was waiting to see Premier Stolypin concerning permission to hold a congress of the Constitutional Democratic Party, says:
“I was sitting with some twenty other visitors, including several ladies, at a long table in the waiting room, M. Stolypin then being engaged with M. Polivanoff, a Marshall of the Nobility of the Province of Simbirsk and the President of the Simbirsk Zemstvo deputation.  After waiting for some time I changed my seat and joined M. Prizolkoff, a Chamberlain of the Court, in a bay window overlooking the avenue leading up to the house.
“A few seconds after the arrival of the carriage bearing the assassins, which attracted my attention because visitors usually come in smaller carriages, I was suddenly hurled backward against the wall, which my head struck.  I was so stunned that I did not even hear the explosion.  When I recovered consciousness I saw that the ceiling and one of the walls were gone and that the room was heaped with debris from the floor above.
“The first words I heard came from the lips of a Mother Superior who was standing amid the ruins in a corner of the room, praying before an icon, ‘Save us! Save us!’ at the same time crossing herself.  She was one of six who escaped uninjured.  The occupant of the chair I had formerly occupied was killed on the spot.
“I then went into the garden, where I came face to face with M. Stolypin.  He had complete mastery over himself and was perfectly calm.  I urged him not to go back into the house, saying there might be another bomb there; but he insisted on returning, saying, ‘There may be wounded persons in there.’  The Premier’s face was bespattered with ink, thrown there by the force of the explosion.”
M. Stolypin is greatly grieved at the death of the old hall porter, who had served in the Ministry of the Interior for forty years, under sixteen ministers.
It appears that the assassins were well supplied with funds.  They paid $125 in advance for the rooms they engaged.  Before leaving these apartments they disguised themselves and made the house porter drunk.
The extraordinary power of the explosion may be judged by the fact that houses on the opposite side of the Neva were shaken and windows broken.
One of the most painful features of the tragedy was the delay in obtaining medical aid for the injured, as over an hour elapsed before an ambulance arrived.  It was fully half an hour before a beginning was made in systematically clearing the wreckage, during which the injured suffered agonies.  At dusk torches were lighted and by the light from these the work was continued and the walls were shored up with strong beams.
Many trees in the avenue were blown down by the force of the explosion, and the aspect of the house and grounds was one of complete desolation.  Parts of human bodies were thrown a great distance.  An officer chanced to knock against a small tree, and a bloody, dust-covered hand that had lodged among the branches fell at his feeet.
Though dozens of suspected Revolutionists were gathered in to-day in the capital, no important arrests have been chronicled.  The police have been unsuccessful in getting on the track of the conspiracy, beyond establishing, from the text of the death sentence found on the body of one of the dead assassins, that the band belonged to the Maximists, better known as the “Flying Group” of the Social Revolutionists.  This group is thus designated because it operates on an unfixed base.
It has been responsible for most of the recent assassinations, and did not accept the order of the larger “Fighting Organization” of the Social Revolutionists to discontinue activity during the session of Parliament.  Among its members, who do not exceed a few hundred, were Mlle. Spiridonovo, who shot Chief of Secret Police Luzhenoffsky at Tambo; Mlle. Barbara Printz, who committed suicide after the premature explosion of a bomb intended for Governor General Kaulbars; the slayer of Gen. Kozloff of the Headquarters Staff, who was murdered in the park at Peterhof July 14, and Belenzoff, the principal of the great Moscow bank robbery.
The group is financed largely with the proceeds of that robbery.  A peculiarity of its workings is that its decrees are never executed by residents of the same city in which the victim lives, but the assassins are drafted from other localities, which diminishes the chance of police detection.
At Odessa last evening a girl dropped a bomb in the Nicholas Boulevard fifty paces from the palace of Governor General Kaulbars.  There was a deafening detonation and a wild stampede of the promenaders.  No one was injured except the girl who dropped the bomb, whose hand was shattered.  It is supposed that the bomb accidentally fell from her hand before she had reached the entrance to the palace.  She and another girl and a university student who was accompanying them were arrested.
Private advices received here from Tiflis are to the effect that a plot on the life of Count von Vorontzoff-Dashkoff, Viceroy of the Caucasus, has been discovered, and that many persons have been arrested, including several officers.
After a meeting of workmen at Yudovka to-day, which was addressed by ex-Deputy Michailchenko, shots were fired.  This resulted in an encounter between the workmen and Cossacks and police, the latter firing nine volleys, which killed eight persons and wounded thirty-two.
Talk of a military dictatorship is again in the air.  According to a report current a meeting of the Court Camarilla discussed the question to-night at Peterhof and the majority were in favor of such a step.
The Grand Duke Nicholas Nicholaievitch, who had just returned from calling on Premier Stolypin, was especially in favor of the plan.  It is said that after the meeting the Grand Duke Nicholas and others of the Grand Dukes went to the Emperor to demand his authorization, but up to present this has not been obtained

« Last Edit: May 12, 2008, 05:55:45 PM by rgt9w »

Offline Helen_Azar

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #10 on: May 12, 2008, 05:52:58 PM »
Thanks for posting the article, rgt9w!

Offline rgt9w

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Re: 1906 Assassination Attempt on Stolypin at his Dacha
« Reply #11 on: May 12, 2008, 05:58:42 PM »
Helen A, You are very welcome. I find these contemporary reports very interesting. They make the choas of the times more vivid.