Discussions about the Imperial Family and European Royalty > The Windsors

Change of name to Windsor in 1917

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Imperial.Opal:
I used the search engine , nothing came up on the change of name of the Saxe Coburgs to their new name Windsor in 1917, must be a user problem
I like to get more information on the name changes on the Royal Family and their relatives
Thanks

Naslednik Norvezhskiy:
Lol, I knew that Wettin (which was considered, but discarded) sounds funny in English, as in "wettin' one's pants"), but I had never realized that with the correct, German pronunciation with stress on the second syllable (because it is a Slavic place name) it sounds just as bad (at least today, perhaps not in 1917! Like "wet teen". (Oh and imagine "de Wettin"! Like "dah Wet Teen"..... They could just as well have kept good old Sexy-Cowboy-Gotcha then!)

Wonder if they considered Dicks, as a short and easy patronymic in honour of the first known Wettiner, Count Thiedericus of Liesgau!? :-)
Or what about the Plantagenetesque name Plantarue or Plantarute, considering the Saxon arms feature a crown of rue!?

CHRISinUSA:
The name of the reigning British royal house has changed numerous times over the centuries.  At the death of Queen Victoria, her son and successor King Edward VII became the first monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (being the son of Victoria's husband, Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha).

High anti-German sentiment amongst the people of the British Empire during World War I reached a peak in March 1917, when the Gotha G.IV, a German heavy aircraft capable of crossing the English Channel began bombing London directly.  This obviously caused concern since the aircraft bore the same name as the part of the name of the Royal Family. Additionally, the bombings were coupled with the abdication of King George's first cousin, Nicholas II, the Tsar of Russia on 15 March 1917, which raised the possibility of abolition of other monarchies in Europe.

The King was finally convinced to abandon all titles held under the German Crown, and to change German titles and house names to anglicized versions. On 17 July 1917, a Royal Proclamation issued by George V which changed the name of the House and Family to Windsor and specified that all descendants in the male line of Queen Victoria who are subjects of these Realms, other than female descendants who may marry or may have married, shall bear the said Name of Windsor...

The King also decided that he and his various relatives who were British subjects relinquish use of all German titles and styles, and adopt British-sounding surnames. George compensated several of his male relatives by creating them British peers. Thus, overnight his cousin, Prince Louis of Battenberg, who earlier in the war had been forced to resign as First Sea Lord through anti-German feeling, became Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, while his brother-in-law, the Duke of Teck, became Adolphus Cambridge, 1st Marquess of Cambridge. Others, such as Princess Marie Louise and Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, simply dropped their territorial designations.

In Letters Patent  gazetted on 11 December 1917, the King restricted the style "His (or Her) Royal Highness" and the titular dignity of "Prince (or Princess) of Great Britain and Ireland" to the children of the Sovereign, the children of the sons of the Sovereign and the eldest living son of the eldest living son of a Prince of Wales.  The Letters Patent also stated that "the titles of Royal Highness, Highness or Serene Highness, and the titular dignity of Prince and Princess shall cease except those titles already granted and remaining unrevoked".

Relatives of the British Royal Family who fought on the German side, such as Prince Ernst August of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale (the senior male-line great grandson of George III) and Prince Carl Eduard, Duke of Albany and reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (a male-line grandson of Queen Victoria), were cut off; their British peerages were suspended by a 1919 Order-in-Council under the provisions of the Titles Deprivation Act 1917. George also removed the Garter flags of his German relations from St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, under pressure from his mother, Queen Alexandra.

Naslednik Norvezhskiy:

--- Quote from: CHRISinUSA on October 11, 2010, 04:07:35 PM ---The name of the reigning British royal house has changed numerous times over the centuries.  At the death of Queen Victoria, her son and successor King Edward VII became the first monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (being the son of Victoria's husband, Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha).
--- End quote ---
Come to think of it, why didn't the family just become Saxe-Great Britain and Ireland? It can't have been because they were a junior line subject to the main line S-C-G, because the main line itself, for the first 150 years known as Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was itself a junior line of Saxe-Gotha with whom it only shared the Saxon designation.


--- Quote from: CHRISinUSA on October 11, 2010, 04:07:35 PM ---Others, such as Princess Marie Louise and Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein, simply dropped their territorial designations.
--- End quote ---
They should have started calling themselves Princesses of South Jutland! :-)

Naslednik Norvezhskiy:
Cool idea: Take a look at what's behind Mountbatten-Windsor: (In Prince Philip's case) it's S-H-S-Glücksburg - and Saxe-C-G. Glücskburg is situated in Angeln.
Voilà: The Royal House of Anglo-Saxons! What could be more Ænglisc English?

Well, at least that's better than the Royal House of Old Sex, which is what you get if you start to deconstruct Essex, Sussex, Wessex, Middlesex and Eald Seaxe ((Lower) Saxony proper)!

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