Author Topic: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy  (Read 86187 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline Stefan22

  • Newbie
  • *
  • Posts: 51
    • View Profile
Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #105 on: December 15, 2008, 01:25:51 PM »
But in 1975 there was not only the Ceremony at the Parliament a few days later there was also a Mass at the San Jeronimo Church which was quiet glittering.

Only recently i found it on youtube:

There are many other spanish Videos in the Links.


  • Guest
Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #106 on: December 15, 2008, 01:39:27 PM »
Yes, this is quite true. However, that was not a State ceremony, legitimising the reign of Juan Carlos.  That legality took place in the  Cortes.


  • Guest
Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #107 on: December 18, 2008, 12:58:23 PM »
3. What are the criteria for receiving a knighthood such as the Golden Fleece? Does a knighthood include a grant of a coat of arms?


  • Guest
Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #108 on: December 19, 2008, 06:19:55 AM »
Order of the Golden Fleece

The Order of the Golden Fleece was modeled on the English Order of the Garter, but dedicated to Saint Andrew. Philip had been elected to membership of the Garter in 1422, but had declined to avoid offending the king of France. Like the Garter it was restricted to a limited number of knights, initially 24 but increased to 30 in 1433 and 50 in 1516—plus the sovereign. It received further privileges unusual to any order of knighthood: the sovereign undertook to consult the order before going to war; all disputes between the knights were to be settled by the order; at each chapter the deeds of each knight were held in review, and punishments and admonitions were dealt out to offenders, and to this the sovereign was expressly subject; the knights could claim as of right to be tried by their fellows on charges of rebellion, heresy and treason, and Charles V conferred on the order exclusive jurisdiction over all crimes committed by the knights; the arrest of the offender had to be by warrant signed by at least six knights, and during the process of charge and trial he remained not in prison but in the gentle custody of his fellow knights. The order was explicitly denied to "heretics", and so became an exclusively Catholic award during the Reformation, though the choice of the pagan Golden Fleece of Colchis as the symbol of a Christian order caused some controversy.

The badge of the Order, in the form of a sheepskin, was suspended from a jewelled collar of firesteels in the shape of the letter B, for Burgundy, linked by flints; with the motto "Pretium Laborum Non Vile" ("Not a bad reward for labour") engraved on the front of the central link, and Philip's motto "Non Aliud" ("I will have no other") on the back (non-royal knights of the Golden Fleece were forbidden to belong to any other order of knighthood).

With the absorption of the Burgundian lands into the Habsburg empire, the sovereignty of the Order passed to the Habsburg kings of Spain, where it remained until the death of the last of the Spanish Habsburgs, Charles II, in 1700. He was succeeded as king by Philip of Anjou, a Bourbon. There followed a dispute between the Houses of Habsburg and Bourbon over the Golden Fleece, which resulted in the division of the Order into Spanish and Austrian branches. In either case the sovereign, as Duke of Burgundy, writes the letter of appointment in French.

The American clothiers Brooks Brothers of New York, New York, derive their symbol and highest quality line from this Order.

[edit] The Spanish Order
The Duke of Wellington wearing the Spanish Fleece
Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria as Grand Master of the Fleece

The Spanish Order of the Fleece has been a source of controversy in the past, particularly during the Napoleonic period. The award of the Order to Napoleon and his brother Joseph angered the exiled king of France Louis XVIII and caused him to return his collar in protest. These, and other awards by Joseph, were revoked by king Ferdinand on the restoration of Bourbon rule in 1813.

In 1812 the acting government of Spain illegally awarded the order to the Duke of Wellington, an act confirmed by Ferdinand on his resumption of power, with the approval of the pope. Wellington therefore became the first Protestant to be awarded the Fleece. It has subsequently also been awarded to non-Christians, like Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand.

There was another crisis in 1833 when Isabella II became Queen of Spain in defiance of Salic Law. Her right to award the Fleece was challenged by Carlists and the prestige of the Order inevitably suffered due to the political controversies of the period.

Sovereignty remained with the head of the Spanish house of Bourbon during the republican (1931-39) and Francoist (1939-1975) periods and is held today by the present king of Spain, Juan Carlos.

    * Weltliche und Geistliche Schatzkammer. Bildführer. Kunsthistorischen Museum, Vienna. 1987. ISBN 3-7017-0499-6
    * Fillitz, Hermann. Die Schatzkammer in Wien: Symbole abendländischen Kaisertums. Vienna, 1986. ISBN 3-7017-0443-0
    * Fillitz, Hermann. Der Schatz des Ordens vom Goldenen Vlies. Vienna, 1988. ISBN 3-7017-0541-0

    * The Society of the golden fleece, an association of those interested in the Order

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

   1. ^ Spanish: [1] BOE 07-10-02, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on June 13, 2007)
   2. ^ Spanish: [2] BOE 07-04-14, Spanish official journal (accessed on June 9, 2007)
   3. ^ Spanish: [3] BOE 07-06-09, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on June 9, 2007)
   4. ^ Spanish: [4] BOE 07-06-16, Spanish Official Journal (accessed on June 23, 2007)

Of Interest to you maybe is this: King Juan Carlos dishonors the Order of the Golden Fleece


long history of the Knighthood of the Golden Fleece and the Order,M1