Discussions about the Imperial Family and European Royalty > Iberian Royal Families

Braganza royal family & Brazilian royalty

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kmerov:
What was the story about the empire of Brazil? I know that the Royal family moved to Brazil because of the Napoleonic wars. But how did that go about? Did the Brazilian population like them, and who did they work with in the country?
I find it a bit complicated with some of the family going back to Portugal, due to the civil wars of Portugal with Maria II da Gloria and such. (Much like the Isabella story).

ipflo:
hi,

you can find some info about the Brazilian empire on the following page:

http://books.guardian.co.uk/reviews/history/0,6121,1333371,00.html

Also there is a website on the summer palace of the brazilian emperors:

http://www.museuimperial.gov.br/

Eurohistory:
When Napoleon invaded the Iberian Peninsula, the Portuguese royal family, aided by Britain, migrated to Brazil, which was the crown jewel of the Portuguese colonial empire.

The Braganças remained in Brazil until 1822 when most of the family returned to Portugal.  That same year, and in agreement with his father King Joao VI, Crown prince Pedro declared brazil's independence from Portugal and had himself proclaimed Emperor of Brazil.  When Joao VI died, Pedro I of Brazil renounced the imperial throne on his only son, Pedro II, and sailed to Lisbon to occupy his father's throne.  Then Pedro abdicated his Portuguese throne in favor of his eldest daughter Maria, whose second husband was Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

The Brazilian Imperial Family are the descendants of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.

The descendants of Maria II ruled Portugal until 1910 when her great-grandson Manuel II was exiled.  This line became extinct in 1932 when Manuel II died suddenly, leaving no children from his marriage to Princess Augusta Viktoria of Hohenzollern.

Today's Portuguese royals are the descendants of Infante dom Miguel, the younger son of King Joao VI and borhter of Pedro I.  Dom Miguel claimed the Portuguese throne for himself in 1828, but was exiled by his brother after six years of war in 1834.  Miguel had been expected to become the husband of baby Queen Maria II, but that never happened.  His descendants were raised in austria and were not able to return to Portugal until the 1930's.  The present Head of the Portuguese Royal Family, Infante dom Duarte, Duke of Bragança, an extremely nice and welcoming gentleman, is a great-grandson of dom Miguel.

Arturo Beéche

Grand Duke:
Arturo, I'm sorry but I must made some corrections:


--- Quote ---The Braganças remained in Brazil until 1822 when most of the family returned to Portugal.  That same year, and in agreement with his father King Joao VI, Crown prince Pedro declared brazil's independence from Portugal and had himself proclaimed Emperor of Brazil.
--- End quote ---
The Braganças returned to Portugal in 1821.
Brazil's independence (1822) was a rebelious act: in fact, Portugal and King João VI recognized Brazil's independence only in 1825.


--- Quote ---When Joao VI died, Pedro I of Brazil renounced the imperial throne on his only son, Pedro II, and sailed to Lisbon to occupy his father's throne. Then Pedro abdicated his Portuguese throne in favor of his eldest daughter Maria
--- End quote ---
When João VI died (1826), Pedro I of Brazil became also Pedro IV of Portugal.
Since nobody wanted the 2 countries united again, Pedro granted the Constitutional Chart to Portugal and abdicated the Portuguese throne in favor of his infant daughter, Maria da Glória, who became Queen Maria II.
Since she was then only 7 years old (not a baby like Arturo said), he nominated his brother Dom Miguel, an absolutist, as Regent, on the promise that he would marry her and respect the Constitution.
But in 1828, Miguel usurped the throne from young Queen Maria and became an absolutist King. This act started a civil war, known as Liberal Wars.
In 1831, Pedro abdicated the throne of Brazil in favor of his son, Dom Pedro II, who was still a minor. This decision, prompted in part by differences with the Brazilian Parliament, was also motivated by an adventurous spirit which took him back to Portugal to oust his brother Miguel and put Maria II again as Queen.
In 1834 the War ended:
- Miguel lost and went to Austria in exile;
- Maria II was restored as a constitutional Queen;
- Pedro died that same year of tuberculosis, in the same palace room where he was born, with only 36 years old.

It is very ironic to think that today's Portuguese royals are the descendants of the exiled ex-king Miguel and they would be on the throne, if Portugal was a Monarchy. LONG LIVE THE REPUBLIC!

Eurohistory:
I have double checked my sources and you are correct, Joao VI returned to Portugal in 1821, not 1822.

Pedro I of Brazil abdicated his imperial crown on April 7, 1831 - Pedro II was only 5 years old (having been born at the end of 1825), and he was placed under a regency lasting until 1840, when at the age of 15 he assumed full control of his inheritance.  In 1843 he married by proxy in Naples Princess Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1822-1889) and religiously at Rio de Janeiro on 4 September 1843.

Arturo Beéche

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