Author Topic: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy  (Read 86493 times)

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Emperor_Nikolai_I

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #75 on: November 30, 2005, 09:01:37 AM »
Isabella I & Fernando V:

(Sep 1500)
Don Fernando e doña Ysabel por la graçia de dios rey e reyna de Castilla de Leon de Aragon de Seçilia de Granada de Toledo de Valençia de Galizia de Mallorcas de Sevilla de Çerdeña de Cordova de Coréga de Murçía de Jahen
de los Algarves de Algezira de Gibraltar e de las yslas de Canaria
condes de Barçelona e
señores de Viscaya e de Molina
duques de Atenas e de Neopatria
condes de Ruysellon e de Cerdania
marqueses de Oristan e de Goçiano
a los yllustrisimos principes don Felipe e doña Juana archiduques de Austria duques de Borgoña eçétera
nuestos muy caros e muy amados fijos


Juana I & Felipe I

(Sep 1506)
Don Felipe e dona Joana, por la gracia de Dios, rey e reyna de Castilla, de Leon, de Granada, de Toledo, de Galizia, de Sevilla, de Cordoba, de Murçia, de Jahen, de los Algarbes, de Algezira, de Gibraltar e de las Yslas de Canaria y de las Yndias, Yslas y Tierra Firme del Mar Oçeano,
principes de Aragon e de las Dos Seçilias, de Jerusalem,
archiduques de Austria,
duques de Borgoña e de Brabante etc.,
condes de Flandes e de Tirol, etc.,
señores de Bizcaya e de Molina etc.


Carlos I:

(Sep 1542)
Nos, Carolus, divina favente clemencia romanorum imperator, semper augustus,
rex Germanie;
Ioanna, eius mater, et idem Carolus, Dei gracia, reges Castelle, Aragonum, utriusque Sicilie, Hierusalem,
Hungarie, Dalmatie, Croatie, Legionis, Navarre, Granate, Toleti, Valentie, Galletie, Maioricarum, Hispalis, Sardinie, Cardube, Corsice, Murtie, Giennis, Algarbii, Algezire, Gibraltaris, insularum Canarie Indiarumque insularum et terre firme maris oceani,
archiduces Austrie,
duces Burgundie et Brabantis et cetera,
comites Barchinone, Flandrie, et Tiroli, et cetera,
domini Viscaye et Moline,
duces Atthenarum et Neopatrie,
comites Rossilionis et Ceritanie,
marchiones Oristanni et Gotiani


Felipe II:

(Aug 1587)
Nos, Philippus, Dei gratia Rex Castelle, Aragonum, Legionis, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Portugalliae,
Hungariae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae,
Navarrae, Granatae, Toleti, Valentiae, Gallecie, Maioricarum, Hispalis, Sardiniae, Cardubae, Corsicae, Murtiae, Giennis, Algarbii,
Algesirae, Gibraltaris, Insularum Canariae, necnon Indiarum Orientalium et Occidentalum, Insularum ac Terrae firmae Maris Oceani,
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Burgundiae, Brabantiae, Mediolani, Athenarum et Neopatriae,
Comes Abspurgi, Flandriae, Tirolis, Barcinonae, Rossilionis et Ceritaniae,
Marchio Oristani, et
Comes Goceani


Felipe III:

(May 1615)
Nos, Philippus, Dei gratia Rex Castellae, Aragonum, Legionis, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Portugalliae,
Hungariae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae,
Navarrae, Granatae, Toleti, Valentiae, Gallecie, Majoricarum, Hispalis, Sardiniae, Cardubae, Corsicae, Murtiae, Giennis, Algarbii,
Algezirae, Gibraltaris, Insularum Canariae, nec non Indiarum Orientalium et Occidentalum, Insularum ac Terraefirmae maris Oceani,
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Burgundiae, Brabantiae, Mediolani, Athenarum et Neopatriae,
Comes Abspurgi, Flandriae, Tirolis, Barcinonae, Rossilionis et Ceritaniae,
Marchio Oristani, et
Comes Goceani


Felipe IV:

(Jan 1664)
Nos, Philipus, Dei gratia rex Castellae, Aragonum, Legionis, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Portugaliae,
Hungariae, Dalmaciae, Croaciae,
Navarrae, Granatae, Tolleti, Valenciae, Galletiae, Maioricarum, Hispalis, Sardiniae, Cardubae, Corsicae, Murciae, Giennis, Algarbii,
Algezirae, Gibraltaris, Insularum Canarie necnon Indiarum Orientalium et Occidentalium, insularum et terrae firmae Maris Oceani,
archidux Austriae,
dux Burgundiae, Bravantiae et Mediolani, Attenarum, Neopatriae et
comes Habsburgii, Flandriae, Tirolis, Barchinonae, [Rossilionis] et Ceritaniae,
marchio Oristanni et
comes Gotiani


Carlos II:

(1693)
Don Carlos, por gracia de Dios, Rey de Castilla, de León, de Aragón,
de las dos Sicilias, de Hierusalem, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mallorca, de Sevilla,
de Cerdeña, de Córdova, de Córcega, de Murcia, de Jaén, de los Algarbes, de Algeciras, de Gibraltar,
de las islas de Canaria, de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, islas y Tierra Firme del Mar Océano,
Archiduque de Austria,
Duque de Borgoña, de Brabante y Milán,
Conde de Absburgo, de Flandes, Tirol y Barcelona,
Señor de Vizcaya y de Milina, etc, etc.


Felipe V:

(1720)
Nos Don FELIPE, por la gracia de Dios, Rey de Castilla, de Leon, de Aragon,
de las dos Sicilias, de Jerusalen, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mallorca, de Sevilla,
de Cerdeña, de Córdoba , de Córcega, de Murcia, de Jaen, de los Algirbes, de Algecíra, de Gibraltar,
de las Islas de Canaria, de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, Islas y Tierra-Firme del Mar Océano;
Archiduque de Austria;
Duque de Borgoña, de Brabante, y de Milan;
Conde de Habspurg, de Flandes, del Tirol, y de Barcelona;
Señor de Vizcaya y de Molina, &c.


Carlos III:

(1782)
Don Carlos por la gracia de Dios, Rey de Castilla, de León, de Aragón,
de las dos Sicilias, de Jerusalén, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mallorca, de Sevilla,
de Cerdeña, de Córdoba, de Córcega, de Murcia, de Jaén, de los Algarbes, de Algeciras, de Gibraltar,
de las Islas de Canarias, de las Indias Orientales, y Occidentales, Islas, y Tierra-Firme del Mar Océano,
Archiduque de Austria, Duque de Borgoña, de Brabante, y de Milán,
Conde de Habsburgo, de Flandes, Tirol, y Barcelona,
Señor de Vizcaya, y de Molina, &c.


Carlos IV:

(1792)
Don Carlos por la gracia de Dios, Rey de Castilla, de León de Aragón, de las dos Sicilias, de Jerusalén, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mallorca, de Menorca, de Sevilla, de Cerdeña, de Córdoba, de Córcega, de Murcia, de Jaén, de los Algarbes, de Algeciras, de Gibraltar, de las Islas de Canaria, de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, Islas y Tierra-firme del Mar Océano;
Archiduque de Austria,
Duque de Borgoña, de Brabante y Milán;
Conde de Habsburgo, de Flandes, Tirol y Barcelona;
Señor de Vizcaya y de Molina, &c


Fernando VII:

(1816)
Don Fernando VII, por la Gracia de Dios, Rey de Castilla, de León, de Aragón, de las dos Sicilias, de Jerusalén, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mayorca, de Menorca, de Sevilla, de Cerdeña, de Córdoba, de Córcega, de Murcia, de Jaén, de los Algarves de Algecira, de Gibraltar, de las islas de Canaria, de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, islas y Tierras Firme de la Mar Océano,
Archiduque de Austria,
Duque de Borgoña, de Brabante y de Milán,
Conde de Ausburgo, de Flandes, del Tirol y Barcelona,
Señor de Vizcaya y de Molina, etc.

Isabella II:

(Jan 1836)
Doña Isabel II por la Gracia de Dios, Reina de Castilla, de Leon, de Aragon, de las Dos Sicilias, de Jerusalen, de Navarra, de Granada, de Toledo, de Valencia, de Galicia, de Mallorca, de Sevilla, de Cerdeña, de Córdoba, de Córcega, de Murcia, de Menorca, de Jaen, de los Algarbes, de Algeciras, de Gibraltar, de las Islas Canarias, de las Indias Orientales y Occidentales, Islas y Tierra firmé del mar Océano;
Archiduquesa de Austria;
Duquesa de Borgoña, de Brabante y de Milan;
Condesa de Aspurg, Flandes, Tirol y Barcelona;
Señora de de Vizcaya y de Molina &c. &c.: y
en su Real nombre Doña Maria Cristina de Borbon, como Reina Gobernadora durante la menor edad de mi excelsa Hija

(July 1857)
Doña Isabel II, por la gracia de Dios y la Constitución de la Monarquía española Reina de las Españas


Amadeo I:

(Jan 1873)
AMADEO 1º POR LA GRACIA DE DIOS Y LA VOLUNTAD NACIONAL, REY DE ESPAÑA


Alfonso XII:

(1876)
DON ALFONSO XII, por la gracia de Dios Rey Constitucional de España


Alfonso XIII:

(1906)
Don Alfonso XIII, por la gracia de Dios y la Constitución Rey de España


Juan Carlos I:

(May 1999)
Don Juan Carlos I Rey de España
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by Emperor_Nikolai_I »

David_Pritchard

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #76 on: November 30, 2005, 12:39:15 PM »
Thank you for such a wonderful list!

I would like to add that in the years that the Spanish Habsburgs ruled the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarve, they did use the additional Portuguese titles of:

d'aquem e d'alem mar, em África senhor da Guiné, e da conquista, navegação, comércio da Ethiópia, Arábia, Pérsia e da Índia

of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and the Conquest, Navagation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia and India

David

Emperor_Nikolai_I

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #77 on: November 30, 2005, 01:33:38 PM »
No problem. ;)
I found the titles of all kings from Fernando V & Isabella I except Fernando VI, but his title should be similiar to Felipe V's.
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by Emperor_Nikolai_I »

Offline Prince_Lieven

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #78 on: November 30, 2005, 05:35:19 PM »
Is the King of Spain still titled 'His Most Catholic Majesty'?
"How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?"
-Sherlock Holmes

"Men forget, but never forgive; women forgive, but never forget."

Emperor_Nikolai_I

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #79 on: November 30, 2005, 05:59:52 PM »
Quote
Is the King of Spain still titled 'His Most Catholic Majesty'?

I think so.

Grand_Duke

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #80 on: November 30, 2005, 06:44:27 PM »
Kings of

Spain - His Catholic Majesty

Portugal - His Most Faithfull Majesty

France - His Most Christian Majesty

England - Defender of the Faith


These were all titles given by the Popes.

Eric_Lowe

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #81 on: December 01, 2005, 10:57:55 AM »
I don't think England was still considered "Defender of the faith" by the Popes after Elisabeth I came to the throne...

Offline Prince_Lieven

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #82 on: December 01, 2005, 10:59:24 AM »
Well, I don't want to go off at a tangent, but since Elizabeth I was excommunicated, you're probably right. That said, papal authorities had probably forgotten about the title by then, and it was never officially revoked. And of course, for the English monarchs, it took on a new meaning - Defender of the Anglican Faith.
"How often have I said to you that when you have eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth?"
-Sherlock Holmes

"Men forget, but never forgive; women forgive, but never forget."

Eric_Lowe

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #83 on: December 01, 2005, 11:15:49 AM »
Yes...The present Queen is still technically Defender of that faith. When Ena had to switch her faith to become Queen of Spain, she was haunted by the fact that she had to turn her back on the faith she was bought up with and believe that she was caursed...Later Queen Sofia also had to change her faith to marry.

David_Pritchard

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #84 on: December 01, 2005, 11:40:38 AM »
Quote
Is the King of Spain still titled 'His Most Catholic Majesty'?


He does not use this title.

The title of Catholic King was granted to King Carlos I in 1516 by His Holiness Pope Leo X.

Below is an excerpt from the granting document:

Nos dicto Carolo Regi & ejus legitimae conjugi pro tempore existenti, nomen, & titulum Regum Catholicorum in Dei nomina assignamus, eisque, & eorum cuilibet, quod de cetero Carolus Rex, & ejus conjux Regina praefati, cum eorum nominibus propriis, vel sine illis Rex, & Regina Catholici denominari, & intitulari possint, seu quod dum, et quoties verbo, vel scriptis de Rege Catholico aut Regina Catholica simpliciter nomine proprio non adjecto mentio facta fuerit, solum, & dumtaxat dictus Carolus Rex, & ejus conjux Regina praefati, & nullius alius Rex, sive Princeps saeculi intelligi debeat, auctoritate Apostolica tenore praesentium indulgemus

The Constitution of 1978 defined the King's official constitutional title and styles but allowed him to use his traditional titles, see this excerpt from the Constitution of 1978:

La Constitución Española de 1.978 establece en su artículo 1, apartado 3 que "la forma política del Estado español es la Monarquía parlamentaria".

El Título II de la Constitución trata de "La Corona" en sus artículos 56 a 65:

Art. 56
1. El Rey es el Jefe del Estado, símbolo de su unidad y permanencia, arbitra y modera el funcionamiento regular de las instituciones, asume la más alta representación del Estado español en las relaciones internacionales, especialmente con las naciones de su comunidad histórica, y ejerce las funciones que le atribuyen expresamente la Constitución y las leyes.
2. Su título es el de Rey de España y podrá utilizar los demás que correspondan a la Corona.
3. La persona del Rey es inviolable y no está sujeta a responsabilidad. Sus actos estarán siempre refrendados en la forma establecida en el artículo 64, careciendo de validez sin dicho refrendo, salvo lo dispuesto en el artículo 65.2.


Despite the Constitution of 1978 specifying the title of the king to be His Majesty the King of Spain, none of the historical titles and styles were abolished, thus should King Juan Carlos choose to use the style of His Most Catholic Majesty he is free to do so.

David
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by David_Pritchard »

David_Pritchard

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #85 on: December 01, 2005, 12:05:47 PM »
Quote
I don't think England was still considered "Defender of the faith" by the Popes after Elisabeth I came to the throne...


You are correct. The title of Fides Defensor was granted to Henry VIII by His Holiness Pope Leo X in 1521 for writing the book A Defence of the Seven Sacrements against the heresy of Martin Luther. Henry VIII was really quite an accomplished theologian and was familiar with Canon Law when he requested a Papal Dispensation in order to marry his elder brother's widow Catherine of Aragon. For some reason he forgot his Canon Law training when he tried to have this same marriage annuled after he moved heaven and earth to have the marriage in the first place.

Because Henry VIII rebeled against the supremacy of Papal authority, thus breaking his coronation oath, the pope revoked the title. Henry VIII had the title regranted by an Act of the English Parliament thus it was no longer a papal title when it was inherited by his usurping heretical bastard daughter.

David
« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by David_Pritchard »

Grand_Duke

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #86 on: December 01, 2005, 06:08:04 PM »
Quote
The title of Catholic King was granted to King Carlos I in 1516 by His Holiness Pope Leo X.


I thought that the title was granted first to King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella I (the ones who unificated Spain, conquered Granada and were the sponsors of Colombus's travels) - they were called and are still known as Reyes Catolicos = Catholic Kings. Then the title passed to their heirs.

Am I right?

David_Pritchard

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #87 on: December 01, 2005, 08:47:58 PM »
No you are not.

The use of Reyes Católicos by Isabela and Ferdinand was assumed rather than granted formally by the pope. It was however first used by His Holiness Pope Alexander VI in a 1493 bull congratulating the couple on their conquest of Granada and the expulsion of the Jews from Spain. The formal grant to Carlos I by a later pope was in honour of the services to the Catholic Church rendered by his grandfather King Ferdinand and Queen Isabela.

David

« Last Edit: December 31, 1969, 06:00:00 PM by David_Pritchard »

Eric_Lowe

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #88 on: December 02, 2005, 12:00:18 AM »
Something off the subject but I think it also belongs in the Spanish thread. Does the Queens of Spain traditionally recieves the golden rose by the vatican ? I know Ena got one, but not sure if Sofia recieved one as well.  ???

David_Pritchard

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Re: Titles, orders, royal law, regalia & rituals of the Spanish monarchy
« Reply #89 on: December 02, 2005, 01:52:51 AM »
The last lady to receive the Golden Rose as far as I know was HRH Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg in 1956. The last Queen of Spain to receive the Golden Rose was HM Queen Victoria Eugenia in 1925.

I too am curious as to why Queen Sofia has not received the Golden Rose from the pope just as I am curious as to why King Juan Carlos I has not received the Supreme Order of Christ or the Order of the Golden Spur. At this time the highest papal order that His Majesty holds is that of the Golden Collar of the Pian Order which he received from His Holiness Pope John Paul II in 1977.

David