Author Topic: Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Queen of Portugal  (Read 25047 times)

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Offline aron

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Re: Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Queen of Portugal
« Reply #30 on: September 19, 2007, 02:05:20 PM »
It was king José's wish on his deathbed (he died 24 Feb 1777) that Maria Francisca Benedita would marry Jose. They married on 21 Feb 1777. Since Jose (1761-1788) was also the son of King Jose's brother Pedro III, once could consider Maria Francisca Benedita as a cousin of Jose (besides being his aunt on his mothers side). That was the reason that the Pope gave permission for this marriage.

Offline José

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Re: Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Queen of Portugal
« Reply #31 on: April 23, 2008, 11:25:33 AM »
Just read in a bio on Queen D.Carlota Joaquina that Madame Elizabeth, Louis XVI's sister could have become eventual Queen of Portugal.

During D.José's reign and under the firm hand of his Prime-Minister the Marquis of Pombal, Portugal stretched its alliance with Britain.
It was a time when portuguese and spanish interests were completely opposite, with Spain following France against Britain namely at the Seven Years War.
After the king's death, his daughter D.Maria I started an approach to Madrid, possibly influenced by her mother D.Maria Ana Victoria, Carlos III's sister.

Shortly after the king's death, Portugal and Spain signed the Santo Ildefonso treaty, regulating their south american borders.
One year later, in 1778, a new treaty - Treaty of Prado - aimed for a "more intimate and unbreakable friendship between the two countries".
It was the beginning for a true iberian alliance.

To cement this new friendship, as always, a wedding project was dealt:
Infante D.João would marry Infanta Carlota Joaquina and Infante Gabriel of Spain would marry D.João's sister Infanta Maria Ana Victoria.

London and Versailles, who took for grant the ascendance of its two allies, were not happy and did all they could not to loose their influence.
The french ambassador approached the heir to the throne Pr. D.José, Prince of Brazil, who was married to his aunt D. Maria Benedita, reproaching her for the fact that after all those years of marriage the couple remained childless, and induced him to ask for a divorce.

In turn France would gladly agree that the Prince would marry Madame Elizabeth, Louis XVI's sister.
But the plan aborted as the spanish ambassador, count of Fernan Nuñez heard of it and ran to the the Princess of Brazil warning her of what the french ambassador was planning
His letter to Madrid reveals his purposes:
"We had to do all in our power, both in Lisbon and in other courts, to prevent the divorce or if that was not possible, that the Prince of Brazil would marry a spanish Infanta".

The problem was that, at the time, there was no spanish Infanta available. D.Carlota Joaquina had been sent to Lisbon at the age of 10 to marry D.João.

With the sudden death of the Prince of Brazil in 1788, the spanish ambassador could breath with relief.
D.João was the new Prince of Brazil and a spanish Infanta would be the next Portuguese Queen.

Wonder what was Mme Elizabeth reaction to the possibility of becoming Portuguese Queen (if she ever knew that her name was being juggled by the chancelleries).
Well, at least she would have not had to endure the prison and death sentence passed by the french revolutionaires.
Unless, as a recent childless widow, she would have gone back to France...

Offline Mari

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Re: Carlota Joaquina of Spain, Queen of Portugal
« Reply #32 on: April 25, 2008, 02:48:47 AM »
She was opposed to the Portugal match. She had three Suitors and none of the Matches worked out. According to some Sources the one She felt regret for was Joseph II of Austria, Marie Antoinette's Brother. There are no written Sources I know of  verifying this. If only She had married one of these and  been saved from the horror of imprisonment and the guillotine.

On the 17th of May, 1778, the Court went to Marly. The king having determined to give his sister an establishment, she was on that day resigned into his hands by her then governess, the Princess de Guéménée, and His Majesty gave her the Comtesse Diane de Polignac as lady of honor, with the Marquise de Sérent as lady-in-waiting. From that moment there was question of her marriage. Her hand seemed, in the first instance, destined to the Infant of Portugal, Prince of Brazil, who was the same age as herself and would eventually have brought her the title of queen. While she saw the conveniences of this alliance, Madame Élisabeth was far from wishing it, and though she personally put no obstacle in the way, she was comforted on learning that the negotiations were broken off. [Page 9]

Ruin of a Princess as told by the Duchesse d'Angoulême, Madame Elisabeth, Sister of Louis XVI, and Cléry, the King's Valet de Chambre, translated by Katharine Prescott Wormeley. New York: The Lamb Publishing Co., 1912.